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Halleck and Grant—Reorganization—The three army corps-Grant snubbed and

humiliated— The abuse heaped on him—His reply to a correspondent—Halleck's
loss of time—A digging and shoveling campaign—Slow progress toward
Corinth-Results of Shiloh lost—The Confederates strengthen Corinth—And
play a trick on Halleck-Cornith an empty capture-Further waste of time-
The army of 120,000 men divided up—Buell off to Chattanooga—Halleck to
Washington-Grant's army reduced-Forced to defend a wide section against

odds—His plan of operations-Kept constantly on the alert by Van Dorn-
Battle of luka—Getting ready at Corinth-Strategic disposition of his forces-
Wisdom of his work on the fortifications—Van Dorn's attack on Corinth-The
two days' fight-Confederate defeat—The losses and pursuit--West Tennessce
out of danger-Grant's congratulatory order--His modesty and the misrepre-
sentations-Character as an officer, . .

101

CHAPTER VII.

PREPARING FOR VICKSBURG.
Importance of the Mississippi Valley -- Meaning of Grant's victories—Object of

the respective armies_Opening of the Mississippi-Farragut and his fleet-
Defences of Vicksburg—Combined Federal fleets—The canals-- Bombardment
by mortar flotilla and gunboats-Running past the batteries-Failure of the
seventy days' siege—Grant's new plan of attack-He moves from Grand Junc-
tion toward Grenada-Sherman goes to mouth of Yazoo -- Pemberton falls back
to Grenada-New arrangement of forces-Grant's communications cut at Holly
Springs—Forced to retreat Northward-Sherman's Yazoo enterprise—He fails
to get a foothold--Grant's determination-Ile organizes a third expedition
against Vicksburg—Takes command in person-At Milliken’s Bend and
Young's Point-Trying expedients, Failure of the different plans---He sees
what must be done—His persistency and originality, ..

III

CHAPTER VIII.

SIEGE AND CAPTURE OF VICKSBURG,

Vicksburg—Situation and fortifications-Department of Tennessee—The army

at Young's Point and Milliken’s Bend-Grant's move to the south of Vicks-
burg-Meets with disfavor among his officers—The movement begins-To New
Carthage and Perkins-Grierson's cavalry raid--Porter running the Vicksburg
batteries–Naval attack on Grand Gulf-Its failure-Grant crosses the Missis.
sippi with his army-Lands on East side at Bruinsburg-Gets a foothold on
Mississippi soil—Sherman's diversion at Hayne's Bluff-Grant's quick march
inland-Battle of Port Gibson-Abandonment of Grand Gulf-Maneuvers to
keep Pemberton and Johnston apart-Johnston driven from Jackson—Pember-
ton beaten at Champion Hills-—Battle of Black River Bridge—Pemberton's
retreat upon Vicksburg-Grant's investment of the place—His danger from
Johnston-Grant's right reaches the Yazoo_Capture of Hayne's Bluff-Com-
munication opened with the upper Mississippi—Sherman's opinion of the cam-
paign-Grant assaults the enemy's entrenchments—They prove too strong for
capture-A second and more general assault-Porter co-operates with the fleet-
The terrible fire-A second failure-Regular siege operations begun, The

CHATTANOOGA TO WASHINGTON.

Burnside and Longstreet-Knoxville attacked—Effect of Chattanooga on Longstreet

--His retreat--Congratulations for successes--Amedal to Grant—Busy with other
plans--Feeling Bragg's position-Winter quarters—Perilous trip to Nashville-
Sherman at Vicksburg—A winter expedition into Mississippi -Features of the
Western campaigns of 1863—What they proved-A single leader demanded -
The Confederate situation, The Federal situation—Bill to revive the grade of

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