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T'oung pao

ARCHIVES

POUR SERVIR A

L'ÉTUDE DE L'HISTOIRE, DES LANGUES, DE LA GÉOGRAPHIE ET

DE L'ETHNOGRAPHIE DE L'ASIE ORIENTALE

(CHINE, JAPON, CORÉE, INDO-CHINE, ASIE
CENTRALE et MALAISIE).

RÉDIGÉES PAR MM.

GUSTAVE SCHLEGEL

Professeur de Chinois à l'Université de Leide

ET

HENRI CORDIER

Professeur à l'Ecole spéciale des Langues orientales vivantes et à l'Ecole libre des

Sciences politiques à Paris.

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GIFT OF

ERNEST GOODRICH STILLMAN

1937

IMPRIMERIE CI-DEVANT E. J. BRILL, LEIDE.

Articles de Fonds.

Pages

G. SCHLEGEL, On the invention and use of fire-arms and gunpowder in
China, prior to the arrival of Europeans.

J. BEAUVAIS, Kouang-si

M. DE MAROLLES, Souvenirs de la révolte des Taï-Ping
HENRI CORDIER, Les marchands hanistes de Canton

SOMMAIRE.

Mélanges.

Ancient Chinese Phonetics, by S. H. Schaank
Abel-Rémusat, bibliographe, par Henri Cordier
Le traité Russo-Chinois sur la Mandchourie

"

Situation de l'Indo-Chine (1897-1901). Rapport par M. Paul Doumer.

Peinture au Japon

Les douanes impériales maritimes chinoises, par Henri Cordier.

Le Laos Siamois, par M. Suzor

Variétés.

Shichi kō Zōshik wan no uta, Lied der Daishichi Kōtōgakko Zōshi-kwan, von Dr. Gramatzky

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Traité Anglo-Japonais.

Une histoire de l'art japonais, par Thiébault-Sisson.
XIII Congrès international des Orientalistes

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1

12, 59, 145

201 281

Anglo-Chinese Treaty.

Convention entre la France et le Siam.

.

. 106 109

. 119

. 122

. 167 222 240

30 32 33

35, 316

132 . 134

. 177

. 179

. 183

. 184

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Nécrologie.

Professor Carl Arendt, Pierre Heude, par Henri Cordier; Cornelis Petrus

Tiele, par G. Schlegel . .

Eugène Buissonnet, Marquis Saigo, Robert James Forrest, Mary Summer,
Léon Feer, par Henri Cordier
Alexandre Michie, Jonathan Lees, James H. Hart, Angelo Zottoli, Lieou
K'ouen-yi, par Henri Cordier.
. 338

37

248

ON THE INVENTION AND USE OF FIRE-ARMS AND GUNPOWDER IN CHINA, PRIOR TO THE ARRIVAL OF EUROPEANS.

BY

G. SCHLEGEL.

We read in the History of the expedition sent by Kubilai Khan in 1293, to punish the King of Java, that, on the 15th of the third month, the army was divided into three bodies in order to attack Kalang; it was agreed that on the 19th they should meet at Daha 1) and commence the battle on hearing the sound of the p'au 2).

Groeneveldt dared not translate this character p'au by "cannon", although he wonders that the sound this p'au produced was strong enough to be audible to three bodies of troops (who were each at a great distance one from the other). So he thought it was some kind of rocket. (Notes, p. 24, note 2). But, by this explication, the

1) Daha was situated in the actual residency of Kediri in East Java (Hageman, History of Java, Vol. II, p. 97).

2) 三月十五日分軍爲三道。伐葛郎。期十 九日會答哈。聽 210 and 聲接戰。Vide元史,Book

Groeneveldt's "Notes on the Malayan Archipelago", p. 24. This is a common chinese phrase. We read in the Hoa-tsien ki, Chap. 51, that it was agreed that the besieged should make a sally with all their troops the next evening, in the second

watch, as soon as they heard the sound of a gun EA, 銃响鎭兵齊殺出。

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