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est machine for making bricks, superior to any 169*. For the second best account; the silver hitherto known or in use, whereby the labour medal, or twenty guineas. It is required that and expense of making bricks in the usual morie, an accurate account of the method used, and by hand, may be greatly diminished; the gold every expense attending it, together with satismedal or forty guineas. A model, with certi- factory certificates of its being effectual, be delse ficates that a machine at large, on the same con- vered to the Society on or before the first. Tucsstruction, has been used to good effect for the day in March, 1804. purpose of making bricks, and that at least one 170. Cleansing CHIMNIES. To the person hundred thousand statute-bricks have been made who shall invent and produce to the Ssciety the Therewith, to be produced to the Society on or nost effectual mechanical or other means for before the first Tuesday in March, 1804. cleansing chimnies from soot, and obviating the
165. BORING AND BLASTING Rocks. To necessity of children being employed within the the person who shall discover to the Society a flues; the gold niedal. more simple, cheap, and expeditious method 171. For the next in merit; the silver than any hitherto known or in use of boring and medal. The mechanical, or other means, with D'asting rocks in mines, shafts, wells, &c.; the certificates of their having been used with progold medal, or thirty guineas. Certificates of per effect, to be produced to the Society on or The method having been practised with success, before the first Tuesday in Jan. 1804. with a full description thereof, to be delivered 172. CHIMNIES CLEANSED. To the person to the Society on or before the first Tuesday in who shail, during the fear 1803, cleanse, or January, 1804.
cause to be cleansed, the greatest number of 166. HEATING ROOM$ FOR THE PURPOSES chimnies, at least two stories high, not fewer OF MANUFACTURERS. To the person who than three hundreol, hy any mechanical or other. sball invent and discover to the Society a me- process which does not require the employment thod of heating rooms, superior to any hitherto of boys within the flues; the gold medal. Cere. nowo or in use, and at a moderate expense, tificates, signed by not less than two thirds of for the purposes of painters, japanners, and other those housekeepers on whose premises the said manufacturers, so as to avoid the necessity of means have been employed, and an account of iron or copper tunnels going through the rooms
process, to be produced to the Society on or to convey the smoke, whereby the danger from before the first Tuesday in February, 1804. soch tunnels may be prevented; the gold medal, 173. To the person who shall cleanse, or br forty guineas. A model, or complete draws cause to be cleansed, the next greatest number of ing and description of the method, with certific chimnies, not lewer than one hundred and filty, fates that it has been successfully practised, to be upon
similar conditions to the above; the silver delivered to the Society on or before the last medal. Tuesday in March, 1804.
174. RAISING THE BODIES OF PERSONS WHO 167. IMPROVED VENTILATION. To the HAVE SUNK UNDER WATER. person sho shall invent and produce to the So- who shallinvent and produce to the Sociсty a ciety a mode of permanently ventilating the cheap and portable drag, or other machine, suapartments in hospitals, workhouses, and other perior to those now in use, for the purpose of crowded places, superior to any now known or taking up in the best and most expeditious inanused; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. A model ner, and with the least injury, the bodies of perof the apparatis, and a full account of the means sons who have sunk under water; the gold meby which the effect has been produced, with dal, or thirty guiueas. The drag, or machine proper certificates, to be delivered to the Society to answer the purpose intended, to be produced on or before the last Tuesday in February, 1804. to the Society, on or before the first Tuesday in - 168. PREVENTING ACCIDENTS
PREMIUMS OFFERED FOR THE AD. produce to the Society a method superior to any
VANTAGE OF THE COMMERCE OF hitherto knowo or in use, to prevent accidents
THE UNITED EMPIRE. from the falling of horses with two-wheel carriagts, especially on steep declivities; the silver 175. TAKING PORPOISES. To the people in Inedal, or fifteen guineas. A model of the ap. any boat or vessel, who, in the year 1803, sball paratus, and a full account of the means by take the greate-t number of porpoises on the which the effect has been produced, with proper
coast of Great Britain or Ireland, by gun, harcertificates that the same has been used with suc- poon, or any other method, not fewer than cess, to be delivered to the Society on or before thirty, for the purpose of extracting oil from the second Tuesday in Jan. 1804.
them; the gold medal, or thirty pounds. Certi. 169. CLEARING THE TURNPIKE AND OTHER fwates of the number, signed by the persons to ROADS FROM MUD, AND Dust. To the per- whom they have been sold or delivered for the son who shall discover to the Society the most purpose of extracting the oil, to be produced to effectual and the cheapest method, verified by the Society on or before the last Tuesday in experiments, of clearing the turnpike and other January, 1804. roads of great resort, from inud, and dust, or
RPOISES. To the person most effectually preventiog the accumulation of who shall manuiacture ibe greatest quantity of either; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. oil from porpoises taken on the coast of Great
To the person
(June, Britain or Ireland, in the year 1803, not less 182. The same premium is extended one than twenty tons; the gold medal, or thirty year further. Certificales to be produced on or pounds. Certificates of the oil having been before the first Tuesday in January, 1805. made from porpoises actually caught on the
183, KALI FOR BARILLA. To the person coast of Great Britain or Ireland, and two galwho shall have cultivated, in the Bahamalons of the oil as a sample, to be produced to Islands, or any other part of his Majesty's dothe Society on or before the last Tuesday in minions in the West Indies, or any of the February, 1804.
British settlements on the coast of Africa, or 177. Curing HERRINGS, BY THE DUTCH the several islands adjacent thereto, in the year METHOD. To the person or persons who shall, 1802, the greatest quantity of land, not less before January 1804, cure the greatest quantity than two acres, with Spanish kali, fit for the of white herrings, not less than thirty barrels, purpose of making barilla ; the gold medal, or according to the method practised by the Dutch, thirty guincas. and equal in all respects to the best Dutch her- 184. For the next greatest quantity, not less rings, the same being caught in the British or than one acre, the silver medal, or fifteen gui Irish seas, and cured in a British or Irish vessel neas. Certificales, signed by the governor, op or port; the gold medal, or fifty guineas. commander in chief, for the time being, of the
178. For the next greatest quantity, not less quantity of land so cultivated, and of the state' than fifteen barrels; the silver medal, or twenty of the plants, at the time of signing such certi. guincas. A sixteen-gallon barrel of the hero ficates, to be delivered to the Society, with rings to be produced to the Society on or before samples of the kali, on or before tho second the first Tuesday in February, 1804, with certi- Tuesday in January, 1804. ficates that the conditions of the premium have 185, 186. The same premiums are extended been completely fulfilled, and that the whole one year farther. Certificates to be produced were cured in the same manner as the specimen, on or before the second Tuesday in Jaii. 1805. together with a full description of the process
187. DESTROYING THE INSECT COMMONL employed, in order that the Society may judge CALLED THE BORER. To the person who shall how far the Dutch method has been adopted. discover to the Society an effectual method of
destroying the insect commonly called the bor. PREMIUMS OFFERED FOR THE AD-er, which has, oi late years, been so destructive VANTAGE OF THE BRITISH COLO
to the sugar-canes in the West India islands,
the British settlements on the coast of Africa, NIES.
and the several islands adjacent thereto; the 179. NUTMEGS. For the greatest quantity gold medal, or fifty guineas. The discovery to of merchantable nutmegs, not less than ten be ascertained by satisfactory certificates under pounds weight, being the growth of his Majes- the hand and scal of the governor or commanty's dominions in the West Indies, or any of 'der-in-chiet, for the time being, and of some the British settlements on the coast of Africa, other respectable persons, inhabitants of the or the several islands adjacent thereio, and equal islands, or other place, in which the remedy to those imported from the islands of the East has been successfully applied; such certificates Indies; the gold medal, or one hundred gui- to be delivered to the Society on or before the neas. Satisfactory certifwates, from the governor, tirst Tuesday in January, 1804. or commander in chief, of the place of growth, 188. CULTIVATION OF HEMP IN UPPER with an account of the number of trees, their AND LOWER CANAVA. To the person who age, nearly the quantity of fruit on each tree, shall sow with hemp the greatest quantity of and the manner of culture, to be procluced on land in the province of Upper Canada, not less or before the first Tuesday in December, 1805. than six arpents (each four-fifths of a statute
180. The same prernium is extended one acre, in the year 1803, and shall at the proper year further. Certificates to be producerl on or season cause to be plucked the summer hemp before the first Tuesday in Decetuber, 1804. (or male hemp bearing no seed) and continue
181. Cloves. For importing into Great the winter hemp (or female bemp bearing seed) Britain or Ireland, in the year 1803, llic great- on the ground until the seed is ripe ; the gold est quantity of cloves, not less than twenty medal, or one hundred dollars. pounds weight, being of the growth of some of 189. To the person who shall sow with hemp the islands of the West Indies subject to the the next greatest quantity of land in the saine British empire, or any of the British settlenrents province of Upper Canada, not less than five on the coast of Africa, or the several islands arpents, in the year 1803, in the manner aboveauljacent thereto, and equal in goodness to the mentioned ; the silver medal, or eighty dollars. cloves brought from the East Indies; the gold 190. For the next greatest quantity of land, medal, or fity guineas. Samples, not less ihan in the same province, and in a similar manner, two pounds weight, with certificates that the not less than four arpents; sixty dollars. whole quantity is equal in goudness, together 191. For the next greatest quantity of land, in with satisfactory certificates signed by the go- the same province, and in a similar manner, dot vernor, OT cominander in chiet, of the place of less than three arpents; forty dollars. growth, with an acrount of the number of trees 192. For the next greatest quantity of land, growing on the spa their age, and the manner in the same province, and in a similar manner, of culture, to be produced to the Society on or not less than one arpent; twenty dollars. before the first Tuesday in January, 1804. tificates of the number of arpents, the method
of culture, of the plucking of the hemp, with than one ton, of the Bhaugulpore-cotton, from a general account whether sown broad-cast or which clothes are made in imitation of nankeen, in drills, the expense, soil, cultivation, and pro- without dying; the gold medal. A quantity duce to be transmitted to the Society, certified of the cotton, not less than five pounds weignt under the hand and seal of the governor or lieu- in the pod, and five pounds carded, to be protenant-governor, together with 281b. of the duced to the Society, with proper ert fuales, hemp, and two quarts of the seed, on or before signed by the secretary to the board of trade of the last Tuesday in November, 1804.
Bengal or Bombay, on or before the last Tues193, 194, 195, 196, 197. The same pre- day in February, 1804. miums are extended one year farther. Certi- 214. The same premium is extended one ficates, &c. as before-mentioned, to be trans- year farther. Certificates to be produced on or mitted to the Society, on or before the last Tues- before the last Tuesday in February, 1805. day in November, 1805.
215. ANNATTO. To the per on who, in the 198 to 208. Premiums exactly sinılar in all year 1803, shall import into the port of Lonrespects to those held out for the province of don, from any part of the British settiements in Upper Canada, are also offered for the province the East Indies, the greatest quantity of annatto, of Lower Canada, and are extended to the not less than five hundred weight; the gold same period.
medal. A quantity of the annatto, not less 209. IMPORTATION OF Hemp FROM CA- than ten pounds weight, to be produced to the NADA. To the master of that vessel, which Society, with proper rertificates, signed by the shall bring to this country the greatest quantity secretary of the board of trade of the respective of marketable hemp, not less than one hundred settlement, that the annatto is the produce of tons, in the year 1803, the produce of Upper such settlement, on or before the last Tuesday or Lower Canada; the gold medal.
in February, 1804. 210. To the inaster of that vessel which shall 216. The same premium is extended one bring the next quantity, not less than fifty tons; year farther. Cerlificates to be produced on or the silver medal. Certificates satisfactory to the before the last Tuesday in February, 1805. Society to be produced by the master of the 217. True COCHINEAL. To the person who, vessel on or before the first Tuesday in February, in the year 1803, shall import into the port of 1804, to testify that such hemp was grown and London, from any part of the British settleprepared in Canada.
ments in the East Indies, the greatest quantitv 211, 212. The same premiums are extended of true cochineal, not less than five hundred one year farther. Certificates to be produced weight;, the gold medal. A quantity of the on or before the first Tuesday in February,
cochineal not less than ten pounds weight, 1805.
with proper certificates, signed by the secretary of ihe board of trade of the respective
settlement, that the cochineal is the produce of PREMIUMS OFFERED FOR THE AD
such settlement, to be produced to the Society VANTAGE OF THE BRITISH SETTLE
on or before the first Tuesday in Feb. 1804. MENTS IN THE EAST INDIES.
218. The same premium is extended one 213. BRAUGULPORE-Cotton. To the per- year farther. Certificates to be produced on or son who shall import into the port of London, before the first Tuesday in February, 1805. in the year 1803, the greatest quantity, not less
CONDITIONS FOR THE POLITE ARTS. No person who has gained the first premium in any class shall be admitted a candidate in a class of an inferior age; and no candidate shall receive more than one premium in one year; nor shall they, who for two successive years have gained the first premium in one class, be again admitted as candidates in that class.
No person shall be admitted a candidate in any class, who has three times obtained the first premium in that class.
No more than one performance in any class shall be received from the same candidate.
All performances (io which premiums or bounties are adjudged) shall remain with the Society till after the public distribution of rewards in May, when they will be re-delivered unless mentioned in the premiums to the contrary.
No performance shall be admitted, that has obtained a premium, reward, or gratification, from any other society, academy, or school, or been offered for that purpose.
All performances that obtain premiums in the Polite Arts must have been begun after the publication of such premiums, except line engravings.
To encourage real merit, and prevent attempts to impose on the Society, by producing drawings made or retouched by any other person than the candidate, the Society require a specimen of the abilities of each successful candidate, under the inspection of the Committee of Polite Arts, in every instance where such proof may appear necessary.
All candidates in the Polite Arts are required to signify, on their drawings, their age; and, whether the performances are originals or copies; and it copies, whence they were taken. GENT. MAG. June, 1803.
SOCIETY'S OFFICE, ADELPHI, JUNE 1st, 1802. ORDERED,
That the several Candidates and Claimants to whom the Society shall adjudge Promiums or Bounties, do attend at the Society's Office in the Adelphi, on the last Tuesday in May 1803, at Twelve of 'lock at Noon precisely, to receive the same ; thut Day being appointed by the society for the Distribution of their Rewards : And before that Time no Premium or Bounty will be deliverei, ercepting to those who are about lo leave the Kingdom.
In Cases cohere the Society may think fit to admit Ercuses for not attending in Person, Deputies may be substituted to receive the Rewards, provided such Deputies are either Members of the Society, or the superior officers thereof.
GENERAL CONDITIONS. As the great object of the Society in rewarding individuals is to draw forth and give currency to those inventions and improvements, which are likely to benefit the public at large, candidates are requested to observe, that if the means, by which the respective objects are effected, do require an expense or trouble too great for general purposes, the Society will not consider itself as bound to give the offered reward; but, though it thus reserves the power of giving in all cases such part only of any premium as the performance shall be adjudged to deserve, or ot' withholding the whole if there be no merit, yet the 'candidates may be assured the Society will always judge liberally of their several claims.
It is required that the matters for which premiums are offered, be delivered in without names or any intimation to whom they belong; that each particular thing be marked in what manner each claimant thinks fit, such claimant sending with it a paper sealed up, having on the outside a corresponding mark, and, on the inside, the claimant's name and address; and all candidates are to take potice, that no claim for a premium will be attended to, unless the conditions of the advere tisement are fully complied with.
No papers shall be opened, but such as shall gain premiums, unless where it appears to the Society absolutely necessary for the determination of the claim; all the rest shall be returned unopened with the matters to which they belong, if inquired after by the mark, within two years.
All models of machines, which obtain preiniums or bounties, shall be the property of the Society; and, where a premiunı or bounty is given for any machine, a perfect model thereof shall be given to the Society.
All the premiums of this Society are designed for Great Britain and Ireland, unless expressly mentioned to the contrary.
The claims shall be determined as soon as possible after the delivery of the specimens.
No person shall receive any premium, bounty, or encouragement, from the Society, for any matter for which he has obtained, or purposes to obtain, a patent.
A candidate for a premium, or a person applying for a bounty, being detected in any disingenuous method to impose on the Society, shall forfeit such bounty, and be decued incapable of obtaining any for the future.
No membet of this Society shall be a candidate for, or entitled to receive, any premium, bounty, or reward, whatsoever, except the honorary medal of the Society. The candidates are, in all cases, expected to surnish a particular account of the subject of their claims; and, where certificates are required to be produced in claim of premiums, they should be expressed, as nearly as possible, in the words of the respective advertisements, and be signed by persons who have a positive knowledge of the facts stated.
Where premiums or bounties are obtained in consequence of specimens produced, the Society mean to retain such part of those specimens as they may judge necessary, making a reasonable allowance for the same.
No candidates shall be present at any meetings of the Society or committees, or admitted at the Society's rooms, after they have delivered in their claims, until such claims are adjudged, una less summoned by the committce.
N. B. The Society farther invite the communications of scientific and practical men upon any of the subjects for which premiums are offered, although their experiments may have been conducted upon a smaller scale than the terms of each require, as they may afford ground for more extensive application, and thus materially forward the views of the Society and contribute to the advantage of the public. Such communications to be made by letter, addressed to the Society, and directed to Mr. CHARLES Taylor, the Secretary, at the Society's Office, in the Adelphi, London.
The models required by the Society should be upon the scale of one inch to a foot. The Winchester bushel is the ineasure referred to for grain; and, as the acres of different districts vary in extent, it is necessary to observe, that the Society mean Statute Acres, of five and a half yards to the rod or pole, when acres are mentioned in their list of premiums; and they request that all communications to them may be made agreeably thereto.
The Society desire that the Papers on different subjects sent to them may be full, clear, explicit, fit for publication, and rather in the form of Essays than of Letters.
Presents to the Society of Books for their Library will be thankfully received. *** To persons inclined to leave a sum of money to this Society by will, the following form is offered for that purpose: Item. I give and bequeath to A. B, and C. D. the sum of
upon condition and to the intent that they, or one of them, do pay the same to the collector for the time being, of a Society in London, who now call themselves the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce; which said sum of I will and desire may be paid out of my personal estate, and applied towards the carrying on the laudable designs of the Society.
By Order of the Society,
CHARLES TAYLOR, Secretury.
Society of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce.
ADELPHI, June 15th, 1803. N Orowe hotele Wednesday in soutien neved the last Meeting of that Session, and adjourned
to the fourth October next. On Tuesday the 31st of May last, agreeably to the Resolutions of the Society, the Premiums and Bounties which had been then adjudged during the Session, were deliver«d to the Claimants from the Chair, by his Grace the Duke of Norfolk, the President, in presence of a very numerous and respectable Assembly. The Business was begun by an appropriate Speech from the Secretary, noticing the Objects of the Society from its Institution, in the year 1754, to the present Time, and particularising the Rewards which had been then adjudged this Session.
The Rewards awarded were arranged under the following Classes:
To Mr. Robert Green, of Westurrating, in To the Right Hon. the Earl of Fife, for his Cambridgeshire, for a drill machine for sowing extensive plantations of forest trees, and other peas, beans, &c. the silver medal and ten gui. agricultural improvements in North Britain, the gold medal.
IN POLITE ARTS. To Lord Viscount Newark, for encouraging To Mr. Thomas Ryder, of Titchfield-street, the growth of oak timber, by sowing acorns and Oxford Road, for a line engraving, class 116. planting oaks, in Nottinghamshire, the gold The meeting of Vortigern and Rowena, the gold medal.
medal. To John Shirreff, Esq. of Captain Head, North To Mr. Richard Austin, of Paul's Alley, Briton, for his plantation of osiers, class 9, the Barbican, for an engraving on wood. The subgold medal,
ject England, Scotland, and Ireland, receiving To the Rev. T. C. Munnings, of East Dere- the offerings of genius, alluding to the rewards ham, in Norfolk, for his experiments on the cul- of this Society, extending to the united empire, ture and preservation of turnips, the gold medal. the silver medal and ten gaineas.
To Mr. John Knapping, of South Shoebury, To Miss Jackson, of Hanover-street, Hanin the county of Essex, for gaining 230 acres of over-square, for a drawing in chalks, of a vestal, land from the sea, the gold medal.
class 103, the gold medal. To Mr. John Wright, of Pickworth, in Rut- To Miss Emma Farhill, of Mortimer-street, Jandshire, for comparative experiments in agri- Cavendish-square, for an original drawing, class culture, the gold medal,
104, the death of Cleopatra, the silver medal, To John Christian Curwen, Esq. M. P. of To Miss Blackburne, of Park-street, West. Workington Hall, in Cumberland, for his ex- minster, for a drawing of Jupiter Ammon, the periments on feeding cattle with potatoes, the silver medal. silver medal.
To Miss Paytherus, of Norfolk Street, for an To the Rev. Edmund Cartwright, of Woburn, original portrait of her sister, the silver medal. in Bedfordshire, for a three-furrow plough, the To Mr. J. T. James, of the Charter House silver medal.
School, for a drawing of Worcester Cathedral, To Dr. H. Ainslie, of Dover Street, London, class 102, the silver meda!. for his plantations of timber trees, near the lakes To Miss Mary Ann Gilbert, of Devonshireof Windermere and Coniston, the silver medal. street, Portland Place, for a painting, a view of
To Benjamin Waddington, Esq. of Lanover St. Mark's Place, in Venice, the silver medal. House, near Abergavenny, for improvements of To Miss Beauchamp, of Wiinpole-street, for boggy land, in South Wales, the silver medal. a painting, a sea view, a copy from De Vlieger,
To Mr. David Charles, of Westioead Lang- the silver medal. horne, Carmarthenshire, for a machine for lay- To Miss Emma Smith, of King-street, Co. ing land level, the silver medal,
vent Garden, for an historical drawing of Acute