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fill prelerved, on the like occafion, af the leveral decorations) conveying this day. We find that, when the first in the miyd an ilca of talle, grandeur, fone of a Cathedral was laid, the and magnificence. King, Queen, Bithops, and the prin
Founturile Not one antient remain cipal of the Nobility, of both texes, of this nature to be pointed out in the afifted at the worl, either by laying kin don (at leati as far as our research each a fune, as making pari of the has carried 115), mefs itie relick of the foundation, or contributing largely Liver, or Conduit, in the area of the towards the intended editice.
choiliers of Durham cathedral, may be Futs. du many of our antient allowed to be of difficient confequence buildings, this material has been used to comer a thought of what once it to contract the walls. in fonie re- was, aplendid fountain.
However, fpects they are but partially imroduceil, in our litials are to be feen a few exwith the usual fione courses, in order amples of fuch objects, both of plain to give the face of the wall various work, or enriched with ftatues, peutgeometrical forms; and, in a few in- ing water, &c.
; liances, they are feen squared and Fruter-koule, or 11, tory. The joined to init nicety, fo as to render hall, or chamber, in our monalte. the work a inalier of curiosity and ries, wherein the brethren took their wonder. Specimens of this kind at cily repaits. This building was usually Norwich.
fruared on the Soui ide of the cloil. Floor. In our ancient structures they ters, provided the cloiters were on the are made with oak, but prelent no South side of the church, as at Weltparticular architectural figure, orna- mintier, Durham, Salilbury, &c. ment, &c.
Freed jool. A feat in our monafleFlutings. Indents, of a half round, ries, made of fione, whereon, when cut in columns, and other decorations, seatel, it prored a fancluare for those A variety of fpecimens of this kind in who had fled there for protection. The our Saxon Architecture, and are given first granted was by Albellian 10 John in lines, perpendicular, fpiral, dia- de Beverly, in which minlier it now monded, or diagonal-wise.
Another is in the Priory Foliage. That fpecies of enrich. church of Hexham. ment, which either represents, in a Irier. The babit of this religious certain degree, particular flowers, was very imple, yet graceful; and may plaus, or fuch flowing leafage as is be seen exprelled in our antient Sculpimagined by the talie of the carver. tures and Paintings.
funt. In our antient churches their Freeze. The second, or middle memdefins are varied to an infinity of ber of an entablature. In our anrient workmanship, which seems to have no Architecture it always thews a hollow, bounds. Some are extremely humple and is given plain, or filled with ornain their make; and others profulėlyment, figures, &c. grand, being charged with religious Frott. An ornament, consisting of and historical subjects. A few of the fillets, interfecting one another at right original covers belonging to them are angls. Examples to be met with in yet remaining, of beautiful and ex- Saxon architecture. At this hour there quifiue carpentry and fculpture. One is a rage for this fpecies of ornament, of this nature is in Sudbury church, in every class of building. Suffolk. Fool. In our autient Sculptures and Mr. URBAN,
June 25. Paintings, the dress and paraphernalia TF I might be fo bold, I would wish of this characier are fet forth according to reconimend to the lovers of Gray, to the feveral ages, and ftions, in and the Pindaris, an ode, which, from which fo lively and entertaining a clor the fingular manner in which it has been metic was employed and encourired. prefenied to the publick, may not have
Form. Architeciurally explainedl, is met with all the notice which I think the shape or appearance of any build- jt deterres. At the fame time, in reing, religions or civil. Contitering the um for the farour I thus confer npon plun, it is either fquare, oblon, round, them, I request ihe aid of their per. octangular, irregular, &c. in the cle- fpecuity to undertiand several obfcuri. vation, it is either lofts, or of a pro- ties in it, which I cannot penetrate..
cribed height, constructed with piain At the end of “ Brouilh Monachisin, walls, or set forth with coluinos, receres, * Engraved in No. 12, ut Ancieel Ar,rches, towers, spires, ác. and to critecture of England
by T. D. Fotbrooke" (a recent publica- a fincere admirer of a very large portion tion), is an Ode, entiiled “ Vengeance, of that Ode.
V. W. or the Count of Julian." Few mien, I prefume, would think of finding a DESCENT
ALLIANCES Pindaric Ode at the end of Tuch a WILLIAM EGERTON, LLD. work; and few Poets, probably, would PREBENDARY
CANTERBURY, think of opening fuch a work. My AND HIS HEIRS. presumption, therefore, in libmitting Lord O'TAYCELLOR EGERTON. may have overlookeel, will not, I hope, Chancellor Ellefinere, de founder incuir their difpleafure; and though the otihe honte of Bridgewater, is too well difficulties I labour under, in imder- known to require much notice or 60 standing this poein, may to them ap- largement here. llis lite mav be found pear ridiculous, I hope they will not in all our national works of Biography; ihe lefs a:lift me with their fóperior fa and his memory yet lives, not only in gacity. I wish to know, in the firit the records of the Court of Chancery, fianza, what is meant by the blazing but in the annals of onr general bítory. Stream of Fire ?" and whether “ the lo 1581, he was appointed Solicitor thunder of their way” is an anachro- Gearral; in 1509, Auomey General; nilin i l'hether the descriptions of an in 36 Eliz. he was appointed Mafier of approaching army in the farli ftanza, the Rolls; and iivo years afterwards and of an awaiting one in the second, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal. are descriptions of one and the fime, On the acceflion of King James he or of two different armies ! and if the was raised to the Peerage, and three lauer case, which is intended for the days afterwards conftituted Lord Chan-" Gothic, and which for the Moorish: cellor of Eaglund. No:7, 1610, he I conclude Julian is with the lioorith, was created Filcount Brackley, and and thould give the second fianza to the died March 15, 1610-17, aged 77. Moorilh, and the first to the Gothir, JOHN, FIRST EARL OF BRIDGEWATER. did not the first auliver better to an in- His eldelt turvaving fun and heir, vading army, which the Moorish was, John, who fuccceled bimirithe Barony “They,” in the firii lauza, and " of Elielinere and Vicomty. Of Bracklev, in fecond, seem to make them dit was imine: ly afterwards, var 27, ferent armies. And who are meant by 1617. crenteri Earl oi Bridgwater. His “ We ?" And whofe by “our Bar- charaflis may be feer in his epitapha, ners;" and “our driving battle,” in at Little Gagiden, in Herfordihire, subsequent stanzas ? If by our is meant which is printed in Collins's Perage. the Moorish, and we are made parties But, perhaps, the circumstan
tace which with them because Julian is with them; will oiake his name moft ficred to pofyet, in the first fianza of the second fyf- teritv, is his patronaze of Milton, who tem, we leem to leave their camp, and wroie for hiin the exquifite Mik of are shewn it at a distance, and seein 10 Corus, which was presented before point it out to the Gothic king ; yet, him, 1034, at Ladloiv Caitle, where in the very farne farza, we become he kept his court as Lord Prefident of parties again with the Moors, and the the Marches of Wales. He died Dec. Count of Julian, bidding," Revenge 4, 1040, aged 70. unfurl our banners thus," &c. The THE MARRIAGE OF JOIN, FIRST Poet, in short, seems sometimes fpeak in his own person, sometimes in The marriage of this earl with Lady that of Julian, and sometimes in that Frances Stanley, focomddariter and coof one of the two armies engaged ; heir of Ferdinando, Eirl of Durby, gave which occasions confusion and obscu- bis pofterity a descent from nearly all rity. My lall question is, why “the the most illustrious blood in the kingwinter's food" is introduced in the fe- dom. This marriage was probably procond stanza, of the second svilem ? If duced by the preceding alliance beiween any of your readers should feel inclined the families ; for the mother of Lariy to elucidate any of these obscurities, Frances, Alice, Countess Dowager of they would greatly conduce to iny fatif Derby, who was danghter of Sr John faction. If the Author of the Ole Spencer of Althope, remarried, in fhould be a reader of your Miscellany 1000, the eari's father, Lord Chancel. himself, he will be the belt able to ex- ler Ellermere. plain his own performance ; and pro- The character and aingillar death of bably will not feel unwilling to gratify Ferdinando, Earl of Derby, has given
DARL OF DRIDGEWATER.
hm much interest and some celebrity. the Lady Margaret Clifford, afterwards Lis premature and unhappy fate un- Coumeis of Derby. doubledly arose from his immediate “ The Lady Margaret Clifford, when defcent from the crown. For his mo- The was about tilicen years old, was ther, the Lady Margaret, was only married, in much glory, in the chapel child of Henry Clifforil, Earl of Cum- at Whitehall, King Philip and Queen berland, by Lady Eleanor Brandon, his Mary being both prelent at the laid firit wile, daughter and co-heir of marriage, 10 Henry Stanley, Lord Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, by Strange, on February 7, 1555 ; which Mary Tudor, daughter of King Henry Lor Strange, by the death of his father VII. and! widow of Louis XT1. King Elward, becanie Earl of Derby on of France.
October 4, 1572. The celebrated Aune, Countess of “ He died 1593 ; and the said MarDorset, Pembroke, aud Montgomery, garet ovestived him three years and in her MS Memoirs of her ancefiors mure; for fae died Sept. 29, 1596, in the Cliffords, gives the following ac- her house, then newly built, in Clero, count. Speaking of Henry, the firli kenwell, without the Clole, ai London, Esl of Cumberland, The says, “ Alier when she was about fifty-fix vears old, many royal favoars, the greaielt, where and was buried in the Abbey; at Weitin King Henry VIII. did express the minster. She had two fons by hin, mot of his fiction and relpect into who were successively, one after ariothis earl, was his willingnefs to have ther, earts of Derby. his niece, the Lady Eleanor Brandon, “ Her elder fon Ferdinando, Earl of his youngeli Sister's youngest daughter, Derby, died before her, April 16, 1594, married to this earl's eldeđe son, Henry, leaving only daughters behind him. Lord Clifford ; which marriage was “ Her 2d lon William, Earl of accomplished and foleninized at Md. Derbs, died a little before Michaelmas, funimer, the 27th year of his reign, in in 1641, leaving his fon James, Earl 1537, in the house of her father, Charles of Derby *, to lucceed him; who was Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, which was belieaded at Bolton, in Lancashire, in then a goodly palace, in Southwark, October 16517.." near London, and hard-by St. Mary John, SECOND EARL OF BRIDGEOvery's there; the king himself being present in person at the marriage ; Sir Henry Chauncy has given the which marriage was celebrated that following characier of this ainiable notime four years, afier the death of the bleman in his History of Hertford vire. Lady Eleanor's nothck, who was Mary “He was a person of a middling siathe French Queen.
ture, fomewhat corpulent, with black “ For the more magnificent enter- hair, a round vilage, a modes and grave tainment of the young lady, the great aspect, a sweet and pleasant countegallery and tower at Skipton were built: nance, and a comely presence. He which gallery and tower, to fiuddenly was a learned man, delighted much in built, were the chief residence, when his library, and allowed free access to in Craven, of the Countess of Pem- all who had any concerns with him. broke and Dorfet; the round tower His piety, devotion in all acis of relithere being the faid Countess's lodging gion, and firmness to the established chamber; the said calile being totally church of England, were very exemdemolished in December 1049, having plary; and he had all other accombeen made a garriton on both sides. plithnients of virtue and goodness. He
“ Henry, 2d Earl of Cumberland, was very temperate in eating and drinkwas horn 1517, and was about twenty ing, but remarkable for hospitality to years old when he was married to the his neighbours, charity to the poor, and Lady Eleanor Brandon, who lived wile liberality to firangers. He was complaito ihis earl about seu rear's and tive fant in company, spoke sparingly, but months; half of the lime thereof when always very pertinently i was true' to he was Lord Clifford, the other half bis word, faithful to his friend, loval to when her busband was Ei of (um- bis prince, wary incouncil, berland; for the died in Brougham justice, and punctual in all his actions,“ (aftle, in Westmoreland, about the (To be concluded in our ne?t.) Jalter end of November, in 1547, and
Hs reweled blive and dicir is the prewas buried in the sault in Skipton sent Duke of Athol. church, in Craven, leaving but one † From a copy of t!e Memoirs, in chuld after her at her death, which was Bril. Miuf. Hirl MSS. 6177.
81 Philofophical Transactions of ibe Royal Mr. H. inclines to think that the time
Suiety of London, for tbe Year 1802. is perhaps not very dittant when some Part I.
of the newly-discovered metals, and WHILE the advertisement prefix: oher fubfiances now contidered as fini.
ed to esen publication proclaims ple, primitive, and distinct bodies, will the increase of members who form this be found to be conipounds. Sociery, che leiection of papers proves Art. IV. “A Description of the either the increasing pancity, of com• Anatomy of the Oxyrynchus Paramunications, or relignation of particu- doxus. “By Mr. Home." This fingular tubjects to oiher inodes of publica- lar animal is only found in the freihtion; as, Antiquities to the Society of water lakes, where it comes up occaAntiquaries, Medical Papers to the fionally to breathe. It is 17 inches and Medical Society, Natural History to an hall long, from the point of the bill the Linnean Society, &c. &c.
to the top of the tail; has a slrong claw We Thill coulinue our riview of what on each foot; the tail, in its general the present volume affords; which opens, shape, is very like that of a beaver, as itinal, with the ('roonian lecture, with long, sirong, coarse hair ; the on the power of the eve to adjust itelf tongue is two inches long in the holto aderent distances when deprived of low between the two jaws, not prothe cr dalline lens: by Everard Hoine,' jecting into the bill; the structure of eq. Mr. H, in 1721, laid before the the bones of the chest is peculiar, and Society fome experiments suggested and il bears fome resemblance to the kanmule on this libject by the late Mr. garoo : there is a peculiarity allo in the Ramilen, whole eloge is here given. organs of generation, which do not Di Young, in his Bakerian lecture last appear outwardly, and the penis does year, had advanced fome experiments not convey the urine, and in fome reio prove that the adjustment of the eye fpects approaches to the bird; the feto-different diliances depends on the male organs open into the rectum, as cryBalline lens, and ascribes Mr. Ramf- in birds. The fooi, tongue, skeleton, den's phænomena to different caules. and organs of generation, are engraved. He framed an optomer, carrying the It relembles the amphibia in its tiruca eye through a finall convex leuis with ture and mode of living. It seems to a card with two narrow llits before it, connect the aquatic birds and repuiles ; whereby the eve will see the line as the heart contains two auricles and two lives, croiling each other at the two ventricles, and, like the lizard, is point of perfect vision, in different oriparous. places, at different distances. With Art. V. “On the Independence of ihis inftrument improved experiments the analytical and geometrical Methods were made on a carpenter, whose eryf- of Investigation, and on the Advantallıne lens had been extracted for a tages to be derived from their Separacataract at the age of 50, yet retained tion. By Robert Woodhouse, A. M." his light.
Art. VI. “Observations and Exper The Bakerian lecture, by Dr. Young, riments upon oxygenized and hyperis on the theory of light and colours. oxygenized Muriatic Acid; and upon
Arı. III. "An Analysis of a Mineral fome Combinations of the Murialic Substance from North America, con- Acid in its Three States. By Richard taining a Metal hitherto unknown. By Chenevix, Elg." Charles Hatchett, Esq.”. This metal, Art. VII. , -. Experiments and Ob. preserved in Sir Hans Sloane's collec- fervations on certain Stony and Metaltion in the British Museum, and fent line Substances which at different Times to him by Mr. Winthrop, is so very are said to have fallen on the Earth; different from those hitherto discover- also on r'arious kinds of Native Iron. ed, that Mr. H, thinking it proper it By Edward Howard, Elq.". This is should be distinguished by some pecu- an enumeration of stones which have liar name, has, with the concurrence fallen from the clouds in different parts of several eminent and ingenious che. of the world, with the moli unphilomilts of this country, given it that of fophical and unfatisfactory a tempt to Columbium, and thinks it came from account for them. Instead whereof we the mines of Matachusets. Liule can Mall refer to the easy, simple, and clear be learnt from analyzing fo fmall a folution of the dilliculty which was portion of this unknown metal. But transmitted 10 Mr. Urbani, figned T.P. Genr. Mag. June, 1803.
and inserted in our vol. LXVII. p. bling :lunder; and that a number of None 180, a very learned Prelate on the were luid to have fallen from it, nea" Irich bench, wbo, when he was a liu. Kraklı't, a village on the North fide of dent, &c. at Cambridge, was dilin- the river Gron 'v, about 14 miles troin guished for his fuperior atainmenis'in the city of Benares.
The me eur appearmathematicks and philolophy. After et in the Western part of the liemiphere,
and was but a thort time visible: it was enumerating the various accounts of
ohrerveil by leveral Europeans, as well as stones faid to have fallen from the
nilives, in different parts of the country. clouds in modern times, Mr. H. deier
In thi neighbourhood of Juanpoor, about mines chey all have purites of a pecu
13 miles from the spot where the stones liar character, a coating of black oxide
are luid to have fallen, it was very dir of iron, on alloy of iron and nickel, ti dily oblerved by leveril European genand the earths, which ferve as a fort Hemen ni Taries, who described it as a' of connecting medium, correfpond in large hall of fire, accompanied with a loud their nature, and nearly in their pro-' tumbling ro'fe, not onlike an ill-discharged porious. In the lione which fell Dec. platuon of musquetry. It was also seen, 19, 1799, after the appearance of a and the noise heard, by various persuas at meteor and a noile like thunder, 14
Binares. Mr. Davis observed the light niiles North from Benares, in ihe East cime into the room were he was, through Indies, pyrites and globular borlies are
a glass u indow, f strongly as to project exceedingly diftinct; in the others they thous, from the hars he ween the pares, are more or less definite; and that
on a clark coloured carpet, very diftinctly ; from Sienna had one of the globules and it appeared to him as luminous as the
brightest moonligh!. Wlien in account of transparent. Meteors or lightning at
the fall of the ones reached Benases, Mr. tended the defcent of the liones at both
Da is, the judge and magiftrate of the dir. places. Such coincidence of circum- triet, fent an intelligant person to make stances, and the ungueliionable autho- enquiry on the spot. When the person are rilies I have adduced, mult, l imagine, rived at the village n-ar which the stones remove all doubt as to the dercent of are Gid to have fallen, the nalives, in an. thicle liony lubliances ; for, 10 disbe- swer to bits enquiries, told him, that they lieve on the mere ground of incompre- had either broken to pieces, or given a bensibility, would be to difpute most way to the Tesseldar (nalive collector) ard of the works of Nature. All the kinds others, all that they had picked up; but of iron called mlive contain nickel. that he might easily find some in the adja. The following account of fioncs
cent, fields, where they would be readily fallen in the Eali lodies, which was
discovered (the crops being then not above
two or three inch-s above the ground), hy fent to Sir Joseph Banks by John Lloyd Williams,' Efq. is so iery re
observing where the earth appeared renarkable ihat we fhill pretent it to our
cenly turned up. Following there direc
ins, he found lour, which he brought to readers in the words of the author:
M:, Davis: most of these the force of the " A circumstance of so extraordinary a fill bad buried, according to a measure he natu: e as the fall of foues from the hea- produced, about fix inches deep, in fields ven« could not fail to excise the wonder, which femed to have been recently wa. and attract ihe attention, of every inquifi. tered; and it appeareil, from the man's
tise mind. Among a fuperftitious people description, thut they must have lain at , any prete natural appearance is viewed the distance of about a hundred yards from
with filent awe and revirence; attributing eich other. What he farther learnt from the causes to lie will of the Supreme Be- the inhabitants of the village, concerning ing, they do not preluime to judge the the plizoomenon, was, that about eight means by which they were produced, nor o'clock in the evening, when retired to the porpotes for which liey "ere ordered; their habitations, they observed a very and we are naturally led co lurpeat the in- briglit light, proceeding as from the sky, fluence of prejudice and Super Itit on in accompanied with a loud clap of thunder, their defcriptions of such plenomena; my which was immediately followed by the enquiries were therefire chiefly direćied to noile of heavy bolas falling in the vici. the Europeans, who were hul thinly dií mly. Vocertain whether some of their per fed about il a part of the country. The deities might not have been concerned in informations bevined wis, tha', on the this occurrence, they did not venture out 19th of December, 1-98, about 8 o'clock to enquire into it until the next morning, in the evening, a very laminons metror wheo the first circumftance which attractwas observed in the heavens, by the inla- ed their attention was, the apnearance of Hi t2015 of B: 1111es anjelia parte aliarent, the earth being turned up in different parts in the form of a larpe ball of fire; and that of their fields, as bef re mentioned, where, It was accempanied by a duud noise, resum- on examining, they found the Atones. The