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CURIOUS ADVENTURE OF GEORGE BRUCE;

WITH INTERESTING PARTICULARS OF THE ISLAND OF NEW ZEALAND

EXTRACTED

FROM THE CALCUTTA GAZETTE.

GEORGE Bruce, son of John Bruce, clerk | lutely to this painful ceremony; and his cousto Mr. Wood, distiller at Limehouse, was born tenance presents a master specimen of the art in the parish of Radcliffe-highway, in 1779. of tattowing. Ju 1789 he entered on board the Royal Admiral Being now tattowed in due form, Bruce was East Indiaman), Captain Bond, as boatswain's recognized as a warrior of the first rank, na. boy. Sailed from England for New South' turalized as a New Zcalander, receired into Wales, and arrived at Port Jackson in 1790, the bosom of the King's family, and honoured where, with the consent of Captain Bond, he with the hand of the Princess Aetockoe, the quitted the ship and remained at New South | youngest daughter of Tippahee, a maiden of Wales.

fifteen or sixteen years of age, whose native At Port Jackson Bruce entered into the na- beauty had probably been great, but which val colonial service, and was employed for has been so much improved hy the fashionable several years under Lieutenants Robins, Flin- embellishments of art, that all the softer ders, and others, in exploring the coasts, sur- charms of nature, all the sweetness of origi. veying harbours, headlands, rocks, &c. During val expression, are lost in the bolder impres. this time Bruce experienced various adven- sions of tattowing. tures, which do not come within the design Bruce now became the chief member of the of this narrative. After being thus employed King's family, and was vested with the goverafor several years, he was turned over to the ment of tbe island. Lady Nelson, Captain Siinmonds, a vessel Six or eight months after his marriage, the fitted up for the express purpose of conveying | English ships Inspector,'the Ferret, SouthTippahee, King of New Zealand, from a visit Sca whaler, and several other English vessels, which he made to the Goveroment of Port touched at New Zealand for supplies, and all Jackson, to his own country. The King em

of them found thebeneficial influence of harbarked, and the Lady Nelson sailed on her ing a countrymautand friend at the head of destination. During the passage Tippahee | affairs in that island; they were liberally supwas taken dangerously ill, and Bruce was ap- plied with fish, regetables, &c. &c. pointed to attend him; he acquitted bimself Our Englishman and his wife were now conso highly to the King's satisfaction, that be tented and happy, in the full enjoyment of was honoured with his special favour; and, domestic comfort, with no wants that were on their arrival, the King requested that he || ungratified, blessed with health and perfect should be allowed to remain with bim, to independence. Bruce looked forward with sawhich Capt. Simmonds consented, and Bruce tisfaction to the progress of civilization which was received into the family of Tippahee. he expected to introduce amovg the people

Bruce spent his first few months in New with whom, by a singular destiny, he seemed Zealand in exploring the country, and in ac- doomed to remain during his life. While enquiring a knowledge of tbe language, manners, joying these hopes, the ship General Wellesley, and customs of the people. He found the about fourteen months ago, touched at a point country healthy and pleasant, full of romantic of New Zealand where Bruce and his wife scenery, agreeably diversified by bills and chanced to be. This was at some distance dales, and covered with wood. The people from the King's place of residence. Captaia were hospitable, frank, and open; though Dalrymple applied to Bruce to assist him ia rude and ignorant, yet worshipping neither procuring a cargo of spars and benjamin, and images nor idols, nor ought that is the work requested specimens of the principal articles of hunian hands; acknowledging one omnipo- of produce of the island, all which was cheertent Supreme Being.

fully done. Captain Dalrymple then proposed As the king proposed to place the young to Bruce to accompany him to North Cape, Englishman at the head of his army, it was a distant about thirty leagues, where it was repreviously necessary step that he should be ported that gold-dust could be procured, and tattowed, as without having undergone that Caya. Dalrymple conceived that Bruce might ceremony, he could not be regarded as a war- prove useful to bim in the search for the goldrior. The case was urgent, and admitted of dust. With great reluctance, and after many no alternative. He therefore submitted reso- entreaties, Bruce consented to accompany

Captain Dalryinple, under the most solemn would patiently wait at Malacca for a short assurances of being safely brought back and time, as some ships might probably touch landed at the Bay of Islands. He accordingly there on their passage from Bengal to New embarked with his wife on board the General. South Wales, by which he would procure a pasWeilesley, representing at the same time to sage for himself and his wife ; and that, in the Capt. Dalrymple the dangerous consequences mean time, he would write to Penang, desiring of taking the King's daughter from the island; that his wife should be returned to her hus. but that fear was quieted by the sulemn and re- band at Malacca. peated assurances of Captain Dalrymple, that After waiting for three or four weeks, ac. he would, at every hazard, reland them at the counts were received of Captain Dalrymple's Bay of Islands, the place from which they em- arrival at Penang; npon wbicb Bruce obtained barked. Being at length all on board, the the Commanding Officer's permission, and left Wellesley sailed for the North Cape, where Malacca, in the Scourge gun.brig, for Penang, they soon arrived and landed. Finding that where, upon his arrival, he found that his wife they had been eutirely misiuformed as to the bad been bartered away tv Captain Ross. On gold-dust, the Wellesley made sail in order to waiting upon the Governor of Penang, be was return to New Zealand ; but the wind becom- asked what satisfaction he required for the ill ing foul, and continuing so for forty eight treatment he had experienced? Bruce answerbours, they were driven from the island. 00 ed, tbat all he wanted was to have his wife the third day the wind became more favour. l'estored, and to get a passage, if possible, to able, but Captain Dalrymple did not attempt New Zealand. Through the interference of to regain the island, but stood on for India, the Governor his wife was restored to him. Bruce now gently remonstrated, and reminded With her he returned to Malacca, in hope of him of his promises; to which Captain Dal- the promised passage to New South Wales; rymple replied: " That lie liad something but as there was no appearance of the expected else to think of than to detain the ship by re. ships for that port, he was now promised a turning with a valuable cargo to the island; passage for himself and his wife to England besides, he had another and better island in in one of the homeward-bound Indiamen from view for him."

China. By getting to England he hoped from On reaching the Feegee, or Sandalwood thence to find a passage to New South Wales; Islands, Captain Dalrymple asked Bruce if he but the China feet only ancbored in Malacca chose to go on sbore and remain there? which Roads for a few hours during the night, so be declined, on account of the barbarons and that he had no opportunity of proceeding by sanguinary disposition of their inhabitants. any of the ships of that fieet. He then enCaptaiu Dalrymple desired that he would treated the Commanding Officer to get him a choose for himself; and then took from him passage in the Sir Edward Pellew to Penang, several little presents which he bimself and his where he hoped to overtake the lodiamen. A Officers bad given him at New Zealand; these passage for bimself and his wife was accordnow were given to the natives of the islands ingly provided on board the Pellew; and on in the boats then alongside the vessel.

his arrival at Pemang be found the Indianen Leaving the feegee Islands, they steered standing still there; but he could not be actowards Sooloo, visiting two or tbree islands commodated with a passage to Europe within their passage. After remaining four or five out the payment of four hundred dollars. Not days at Sooloo, they sailed for Malacca, where having that sum, and without the means to they arrived in December. At Malacca, raise it, he came on with the Sir Edward Pel. Captain Dalrymple and Bruco went on shore. lew to Bengal, where he and his wife, the afThe latter was anxious to see the Governor or fectionate companion of his distress, have been Commanding Officer, to state his grievances; most hospitably received, and where their but as it was late in the evening when he hardships and long sufferings will be soothed landed, he could not see hiin till the following and forgotten in the kindness that awails them. morning, by which time Captain Dalrymple ! Opportunities will probably occur in the course had weighed from Malacca Roads, leaving of a few months, of a passage to New South Bruce on shore, and carrying off his wife ou Wales, from whence they will find no dificulty board the Wellesley to Penang.

in regaing in New Zealand. Bruce acquainted the Commanding Officer It was believed that the visit of Tippahce of Malacca with his case, and expressed his to Port Jackson had partly for its object to wish to regain his wife, and to return with her inquire after his favourite daughter and bis to New Zealand. The Commanding Officer son in-law, who had been carried so unacendeavoured to console him, desired that he countably from bis coast.

As we were un willing to interrnpt the course Cabbages, the common and the sweet po. of the preceding warrative by any matter not lator, yams, parsnips, turnips, carrots, &c. immcdiately connected with the parties, we rank among their garden vegetables. They reserved for this place a short account of the have a plant somewhat resembling a fern, with natural productions of New Zealand ; an ac a large farinaceous root, which, when roasted, count that must be considered as valuable in is a pleasant, wholesome food, and is a most coming from 3 man long resident in the excellent substitute for bread. They have also country, and who had opportunities of satis fruit trees, some of which are indigenous, fying himself on the points to which le others are exotic. The orange and the peach speak:

have both been introduced from the Cape of Bruce relates, that New Zealand abonds Good Hope, and are in a very thriving way. with a great variety of useful timber, among Breeds of swine and goats have been lately a hishi are the pine and the fir; the forests are brought into New Zealand, and are increasing of great extent, and may be considered as 111- rapidly Fish they possess in great variety exhaustible Flax and beinp, which are both and profusion, and during all the months of ju digenous to that country, grow in the utmost

In the suminer season they are profission. Immense plains are entirely co visited by shoals of mackarel; and during the vered with these plants, some of which is cul winter their coasts are frequented by immense živated, but much the greater part is of spon- quantities of berrings. tancous growth. The tree producing the

The island is watered by many fine rivers, white benjamin, is also found in many parts of which abound with fish, some of wbich are the island.

well known in Europe, while others seem peMines of different valuable metals are known culiar to the countries in the Southern Ocean. to exist in the interior. Specimens of their

The shores of the rivers and their lakes are ores liave been obtained; but from the total frequented by wild geese and wild ducks; but ignorance of the people in metallurgy, or it is remarkable that they have no tame webin any other art of civilized countries, their li fuoted birds. The only quadruped on the mines remain unwrought. Ironores are foundland is a kind of fox, and ibeir only reptile in great abundance, and wilb these the natives a dull sluggisli lizard. paint both themselves and their canoes.

the year.

SOME ACCOUNT OF A BOOK ENTITLED THE REGULATIONS AND ESTABLISHMENT OF HENRY A. PERCY,

THE FIFTH EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND. BEGUN IN 1312.

The original manuscript is in folio, on | rude, not to say barbarous age, as well as the strong thick paper. In the year 1770, the price of commodities. A few of them are iben Duke of Northumberland caused it to be extracted from that piece, which gives a true printer in one volume octavo, containing 505 picture of ancient manners, and is one of the pages, with an excellent prefice. The book most singular monuments ibat English antiis an exact copy of the MS. both in style and quity affords us; for we may be confident, orthography, and even the very errors: there however rude the strokes, that no Baron's faare no points or stops in the original, there-mily was on a nobler or more splendid footing. fore none in the printed copy, but the want The family consists of 166 persons, masters of them is occasionally supplied by the proper and servants; 57 strangers are reckoned upon disposal of the capital letters. The only in every day; on the whole 223. Twopence novation is the subjoining to some articles the balfpenny are supposed to be the daily exalgebraic mark of equation, not them known. pence of each for mcat, drink, and firing. The All pombers are expressed not by figures but preface says:by numerical letters. There are frequent “A thousand pounds was the sum assigned arithmetical mistakes, and the sum total does for keeping my Lord's house. The number of not aiways agree with the enumeration of the persons was 166 ; £6:0:51 each person anarticles; these are left as they stand in the nually, or 2s. 3! d. weekly. At a time when MS.

wheat was sold at 58. sd per quarter, £0: 0:51 It contains many curious particulars, which would purchase just 22 quarter 34 bushels of mark ihe maupers and way of living in that wheat; which, at 5o. a.busbel now fin 1770),

ACCOUNT OF THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND.

231

noon.

were per

would cost £44:17:6. Consequently at this penice; forty lambs at a shilling. These seem estimate the annual proportion to each person to be reserved for my Lord's table, or that of then was nearly equivalent to £45 per annum the

upper servants, called the knight's table; of our present money : a very great allowance the other servants, as they eat salied meat alo to be distributed through so large a family as most throuzlı th: whole year, and with few or tb::l of the Earl's household."

110 vegetables, bad a very bad and unhealthy At this time (May 1810) the average price of diet. So that there cau be nothing more errothe best wkeat at the London corn-market is neous than the nagniticent ideas of the Roust about £5 per quarter, or 128. 64. per bushel, Beef of Old England. which makes the annual allowance to each We must entertaio as mean an idea of its person about €114, or near nineteeu thousand cleanliness. Ouly seventy ells of linen, at pounds of our present woney for the 166 per- eightpence an ell, are annually allowed for this sons in the family.

great family. No sheets were used. This The whole expence of the Earl's family is linen was made into eight table-cloths for my managed with an exactuess that is very rigid, Lord's table aud a table-cloth for the kniglits. and if we make no allowance for aucient inan. This last, I suppose, was only washed once a pers, such as inay seem to border ou an ex- month. Only forty shillings are allowed for treme; insomuch, that the number of pieces washing throughout the whole year; and most which must be cut out of every quarter of beef,!l of it seeins expeuded ou the linen belonging to mutton, pork, veal, nay stock-fish and salmon, llie chapel. are determiued, and must be entered and ac. The drinking, however, was tolerable, namecounted for by the different clerks appointed 'y, ten tuns and two hugshcads of Gascony for that purpose.

wine, at the rate of £4. 13:4 a tun; only If a servant be absent a day his mess is struck ninety.one dozen of candles for the whole off. If he go on my Lord's business, board- year. vages are allowed him ; eightpence a day for The family rose at six in the morning, Lis journey in winter, and fivepence in sum- dined at ten, and supped at four in the afternier: when he stays in any place, twopence a

The gates were all shut at nine, and day are allowed him, beside the maintenance no further ingress nor egress of his borse,

mitted. Somewhat above a quarter of wheat is al- My Lord and Lady have set on their table lowed for every month throughout the year, for breakfıst, at seven o'clock in the morning, and the wheat is estimated at five shillings aud a quart of beer, as much wine, two pieces of eight pence a quarter. Two bundred and fifty salt fish, six red-herrings, fuur white ones, quarters of malt are allowed, at four shillings and a dish of sprats. Ou flesdi-days half a a quarter. Two hogsheads are to be made of || chyne of mutton, or a chyne of bees boiled. a quarter, which amounts to about a bottle Mass is ordered to be said at six o'clock, in and a third of beer a day to each person, and order, says the household book, that all my the heer will not be very strong.

Lord's servants may rise early. Ole hundred and nine fat beeves are to be Only twenty-four fires are allowel, besides bought at All-hallow-tide, at thirteen shillings || the kitchen and hall, and most of these fauva and fourpence a picce; and twenty-four leavonly a peck of coals a day allowed them. beeves to be bought at St. Flelen's, at eight || After Lady-day no fires are permitted in the shillings a piece. These are to be put into rooms except half-fires to my Lord's and the pastures to feed; and are to serve from Lady's, and Lord Percy's and the nursery. Midsummer to Michaelmas, wbich is conse- It is to be observed that my Lord kept quently the only time that the family eats house in Yorkshire, where there is certainly fresh beef. During all the rest of the year

much cold weather after Lady-day. Eighty they live on salted meat.

chaldrons of coals, at four shillings avd twoOne hundred and sixty gallons of mustard pence a chaldron, suttices thronghout the are allowed in a year; which seems indeed whole year; and because coal will not burn requisite for the salt beef. Six hundred and without wood, says the household book, sixtyforty-seven sheep are allowed, at twenty-pence four loads of great wood are also allowed, at each; and these seemn also to be all eat twelve-peuce a load. This is a proof that salted, except between Lamonas and Michael. grates were not tlien used.

Here is an article “It is devised that from Only twenty-five bogs are allowed, at two henceforth no capons to be bought but only shillings each; twenty-eight veals at twenty- for my Lod's wa mess, and that the said ca.

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pons be bought for two-pence a picee, lean and One cart suffices for bis kitchen utensils, fed in the poultry: and master chamberlain cooks' beds, &c. and stewards be fed with capons, if there be One remarkable circumstance is, that he has strangers sitting with them.” Pigs are to be seven priests in his house, besides seventeen bought at threepence or a groat a-piece ;| persous, chanters, musicians, &c. belonging to geese at the same price, chickens at a half- || his chapel; yet he has only two cooks for a penny, hens at twopence, and only for the family of two hundred and twenty-three perabove mentioned tables.

But in p. 385, mention is made of four Here is another article—“ Item, it is thought cooks. Perhaps the two servants, called in good that no plover's be bought at no season p. 325, groom of the larder, and cbild of the but ouly in Christmas and principal feasts, scullery, are, in p. 398, comprehended in the and my Lord to be served therewith, and liis number of cooks. board end, and no other, and to be bought for Their meals were certainly dressed in the a penny a-piece, or a penny ballpenny at the slovenly manner of a ship's company. It is most. Woodcocks are to be bought at the amusing to observe the pompous and even same price, partridges at twopence, pheasants royal style assumed by this Tartar Chief: he at a shilling, peacocks the same."

does not give any orders, though only for the My Lord keeps only twenty-seven horses at right making of mustard, but it is used with his own charge; his upper servants have this preample :allowance for maintaining their owu borses. “ It seemeth good to us and our council.” These borses are, six gentle horses, as they If we consider the magnificent avd elegant are called, at hay and hard meat throughout manner in wbich the Venetian and other the year; fuur palfreys, three hobbies and Italan noblemen lived, with the progress made nags, three sumpter horses; six horses for by the Italians in literature and the fine arts, those servants for whom my Lord furnishes a we shall not wonder that they considered the horse, iwo sumpter horses more, and three ultramountaine nations as barbarous. The mill-liorses, two for carrying the corn, and Flemish also seem to have much excelled the one for grinding it; whence we may inter that English and even the French. mills, either water or wind-mills, were then

Yet the Earl is sometimes not deficient in unknown, at least very rare. Besides these, || generosity; he pays, for instance, an there are seven great trotting horses for the nual pension of a groat a year, to my Lady chariot or waggon.

He allows a peck of oats || of Walsingham, for her interest in heaa day, besides loaves made of beans, for his ven; and the same sum to the holy blood at principal borses, the oats at twenty-pence,

Hales. the beans at two shillings a quarter. The No mention is any where made of plate, Toad of hay is at two shillings and eight-pence. but only of the hiring of pewter vessels. The When my Lord is on a journey he carries servants seem all to have bought their own thirty-six horses along with bim, together clothes from their wages. Neither is any with bed and other accommodation. The glass nientioned. It only came into use about inns, it seems could afford nothing toler- 1577. able.

Specimens of the Spelling : “ Rewards to My Lord passes the year in three country- | Playars for Playes playd in Cbristymas by seats, all in Yorkshire ; Wrysel, Leckenfield, Stranegers in my house after xx d. every Play and Topciifle; but he has furniture only for by estimation. Somme xxxiii s. iiijd. in full one : be carries every thing along with him, I coutentaction of the said rewardys." beds, tables, chairs, kitchen utensils, all which “Every rokker in the purcy shall bave by *e may conclude were so coarse that they could yere xx s." not be spoiled by the carriage; yet seventeen The Earl was born in 1477, was a Knight of earts and one waggou suffices for the whole.

the Garter, and died in 1527.

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