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Infcribed to the Founders, Benefactors and Trustees, of the CHARITY-SCHOOLS in and about the Cities of London and Westminster, and Bills of Mortality.
HE Honour and Truft you have conferred on me to prefide in the general Meetings of your Society, has engaged my Thoughts and Endeavours to do every thing within the Sphere of my Capacity, for promoting this moft pious, charitable and ufeful Defign, which had its beginning in this great City, and from a very small Seed, has by the Bleffings of the Almighty, and your good Examples and charitable Benefactions, diffufed itself into most parts of the Kingdom.
The Holy Bible, which for fo many Ages was concealed from, or denied to thofe that were called the Laiety, is now in the Poffeffion of almost every Family, and by the Inftitution of Charity-Schools Children of the meanest fort of the People, are not only taught to read, but are alfo inftructed in the Doctrines and Precepts of the Chriftian Religion; the Knowledge and Obfervance of which are abfolutely requifite to the obtaining eternal Salvation.
It must be allowed, that there are many excellent Catechifms, which contain the Principal Articles of the Christian Religion, and are admirably adapted for the Inftruction of Youth: But as the Bible is the Fountain from whence all these Rivulets are deriv❜d, whatever contributes to the Knowledge of the Holy Scripture cannot but be of great Ufe. The most learned Men that have wrote upon the Bible, have acknowledged that Scripture is the best Expofitor of itself. The Harmony that is found between the Books of Mofes, the Pfalms, the Prophets and the New Teftament do in a wonderful manner, both illuftrate and fupport the Authority of each other.
The New Testament is the real Light of the figurative Darkness of the Types and Myfteries of the Old, the very Confummation of the Prophecies of good Things to come. By comparing one part of the Holy Scriptures with another, many difficult Paffages are made clear and eafy to be understood; and the plaineft Doctrines which relate either to Faith or Practice, are ftrengthened and confirmed.
To this Effay I was induced by observing that the ufual Method of reading the Bible from one Chapter to another, as they stand in Order, makes it very difficult for thofe of low Capacities, to obferve the Connexion of the facred History, and the Illuftration that one part of it receives from the other, without having it pointed out to them; and therefore I thought it might be of fome Ufe, that where there
is a plain Reference and Analogy of one part to the other, the Hiftory, Application and Analogy might be seen in one View.
Great Part of the Holy Bible is Hiftorical; and as History is the moft apt and ufeful way of conveying Inftruction to the Mind, efpecially to thofe of tender Years, (because it carries with it the force of Example as well as Precept) fo by comparing and connecting the different Paffages that relate to each other, the whole is illuftrated and explained; and therefore makes a deeper and more lafting Impreffion upon the Mind..
The great Use of thus reading and comparing the Scripture is fo evident, that I need not enlarge upon it, and yet how few are there that will allow themfelves Time to do it? Nay, how many are there, that because they will not be at the Pains to confider and examine the Scriptures, refufe or neglect the Means by which thofe feeming Difficulties which they raise to themselves may be removed?
It was this Confideration that induced me to publifh this Effay, which was at firft intended only for my own private Ufe; and however imperfect this Attempt may be, however unfit for the Perufal of those, whofe Study and Profeffion renders them far more capable of undertaking a Work of this Nature, than I prefume to be; yet as nothing of this Kind, or at leaft in this Method, has been yet made publick, if from this imperfect Effay, the Charity-Children and common fort of People may reap any Benefit, I fhall think my Labour fully recompenfed.
I have avoided giving my own Thoughts by way of Comment upon any Texts of Scripture, not only out of a juft Sense how unequal I fhould be to fuch a Tafk, but also out of a firm Perfuafion that Scripture is never fo well interpreted as by itfelf. It is our beft, our fafeft, our only infallible Guide. There is a Concord and Harmony throughout the whole,
that carries with it the clearest Evidence of its being a Divine Revelation.
It is evident, that the Holy Scripture, if duly con- ' fidered, tends to fet forth and difplay the Infinite Wisdom and Providence of God in his Government of the World, and his ineftimable Love to Mankind in the Redemption of it: But yet fome of thofe Paffages, if confidered fingly by themselves, may seem obfcure by being but fhortly related, which in other parts of Scripture are made clear, plain, and obvious to the meaneft Apprehenfions.
First, The Account we have of the Creation of the World, in the Book of Genefis, is very much illuftrated by the magnificent Defcriptions that are to be found of it in other parts of the Scripture.
Secondly, The direful Confequences of the Difobedience of our first Parents upon themselves and all their Pofterity will more fully appear by what is expreffed in the New Teftament relating thereto.
Thirdly, Enoch, the feventh from Adam, was a Preacher of Righteousness, and not only warned that Generation of the approaching Flood, but also foretold the Destruction of the World by Fire.
His Tranflation to Heaven was a visible Affurance, that notwithstanding the great length of the Lives of those of that Generation, yet there was a future and eternal State, into which all Mankind were to pass.
This Miracle was again repeated, and the fame Hope of Immortality declared by the Afcent of Elijab to Heaven, and this at a Time when both the Princes, Priefts, and People of Ifrael, were funk into the groffeft Idolatries and other Impieties.
But this important Truth (upon the Belief of which all Religion depends) was confirmed beyond all Contradiction, by our Saviour's Refurrection and Afcent into Heaven, having by Death deftroyed him who had the Power of Death, that is the Devil, and deli