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"The venom of this remark happens to be too weak to do


mischief. Casuifts of all sects and complexions have done justice to the honesty of men who adhered to their principles and persuasions, though they might judge wreng in the choice of them.

He goes on, “And if he thought the - office ministerial only, he certainly “ might have honestly retained it under « the King.” Not quite so certainly. But Milton's and Dr. Johnson's notions of honesty are so widely different, that we cannot adınit the Doctor to estimate Milton's honesty by his own scale. In the end, however, he questions the fact.

" But this tale has too little evidence * to deserve a disquisition : large offers

.66 and

*6 and sturdy rejections are among the "" most common topicks of falsehood.” That is, in plain unaffected English, " No man could ever reject a large of;" fer, though on conditions ever so re

pugnant to his professed principles.” But the Doctor is but an individual, and his experience from his own particular cafe will not be admitted as the standard of other men's integrity; and yet this is · the only reason he gives for rejecting this anecdote, so honourable to Milton.

Milton's attachment to Cromwell was evidently founded on different considerations. The narrowness of the Presbyterians in their notions of Liberty, and particularly of religious liberty, had ap'peared upon many occasions. He more


than hints, in his Areopagitica, their inclination to govern by the episcopal and oppressive maxims of the Stuart race. He saw and abhorred their attempts to thackle the faith of Protestants and Christians in the bonds of systems, confeffions, tests, and subscriptions.

Cromwell's plan was of a more generous complexion; and Milton's Sonnet *

* To O, CROMWELL. CROMWELL, our Chief of Men, that through a Noi of war only, but distractions rude, (crowd, (Guided by Faith and matchless Fortitude) To Peace and Truth thy glorious way hast plow'd, And fought Gob's battles, and his works pursu'd, While Darwent streams with blood of Scots imAnd Dunbar field refound thy praises loud, (bru’d, And Worcester's laureat wreath. Yet much re. To conquer still: Peace has her vitories [mains No less than those of War. New foes 'arise, Threat’ning to bind our Souls in secular chains : Help us to fave free conscience from the paw Of hireling wolves, whose gospel is their maw.


addressed to him, was evidently a compliment founded on the expectation that he would lay the ground-work of a free toleration in matters of religion, without which he saw (what Dr. Johnson never will see) that civil liberty can never be established



basis. Milton's adherence to Cromwell, therefore, was founded on the most liberal views"; and while there was a prospect of realiz"ing the idea, was certainly irreprchensible.

Dr. Johnson however, in spite of every presumption to the contrary, will have Milton's

agency in political matters to have been considered as of great impor

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“ When a treaty,” says the Doctor, 56 with Sweden was artfully suspended,

the delay was publicly imputed to Mr. “ Milton's indisposition; and the Swedish

agent was provoked to express his 6 wonder, that only one man in Eng“ land could write Latin, and that man (6 blind."

But Whitelock, who was a principal hand in negotiating this treaty, instead of pleading Milton's indisposition for the delay, only says, “the employment of “ Mr. Milton” (to translate the treaty)

was excused to him” (the Swedish ambassador] “ because several other servants

of the council, fit for that employment, were then abfent.” Here then



* Milton's Life, p. 68.


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