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merset had thought proper to delay his re- temptation to slave-trading was the growth turn in order to avoid inquiry. He could, of sugar; and, therefore, some imperfect however, assure the House, that the Noble confirmation of the increase of the slaveLord had had no opportunity of leaving the trade might be found in the increase of Cape at an earlier period. He could not the growth of sugar. In 1810, very little make his departure till the arrival of the sugar was grown at Mauritius'; but in two Lieutenant-Governor, which did not take or three years afterwards it exported half place till the 12th of February. He had a million of pounds. In 1822 (the last expressed the greatest anxiety to return, year for which he had been able to procure and no one could feel greater regret than any returns on the subject) the export of himself that he had not yet arrived. sugar from Mauritius was no less than
The hon. member (Mr. Beaumont) had 30,000,000 of pounds; so that between not adverted to the law which is established the years 1810 and 1822, the growth of at the Cape of Good Hope. Dutch law sugar had increased sixty-fold in the might not be so good as English law; but island. (Hear, hear !). It was not, as it was the duty of the Governor to admi- might be at first supposed, that the Colonister the law as established. It was not nists had turned their attention exclusively for him to consider whether the law was to that from other articles, for they raised good or bad. He had acted according to other articles of produce in an almost the opinion of his legal advisers ; by his ac- equally increased ratio. In 1813 the price tions he was ready to stand. He courted
of sugar was 30s. per cwt., and the island the fullest inquiry, satisfied that every exported 50,000 cwt.
In 1823, sugar charge would be repelled, every insinuation was reduced to the ruinous price of 17s. crushed, and his character completely vin- per cwt., and yet it exported that year dicated.
230,000 cwt.; so that under such an enorThe petition was afterwards withdrawn mous depreciation of price, the amount of owing to an informality.
this produce had, during the interval in May 9.
question, been increased between four and
five-fold. The hon. member, after an eloMr. J. S. Buckingham.-Lord John quent picture of the horrible character of Russell presented a petition from Mr. J. S. the slave traffic, concluded by stating that Buckingham, complaining of the treatment he was afraid the conduct of this country experienced by him from the government furnished an apology to the world for the of India.
existence of the slave trade. When the After some remarks from Mr. Wynn, Mr. government remonstrated with France on Scarlett, Col. Johnson, and Mr. Astell, the the subject, she might fairly tell them to petition was brought up, and Lord John
look at home, and pointing to the MauriRussell moved that it be referred to a select tius, might argue with justice, that greater committee, to examine into the matter cruelties were practised under the sancthereof, and to report their opinion there- tion of this country than any with which upon to the House ; which, after some she could be charged. (Hear !) In what observations by Dr. Phillimore and Col.
prostrate degradation, then, was this counTrant, was carried by a majority of three. try placed, bound as it was by its interest, Slave Trade ut the Mauritius.-Mr. T.
its honour, and its duty, to set an exam. Fowell Buxton moved for a Select Com
ple to the world, that it should be proved mittee to inquire whether the Slave-Trade
not only criminal, but set up as the apohad prevailed at the Mauritius, to what logist for crimes in others ! (Hear hear!) extent, and the causes hereof. The hon. If the charges which he had brought for. member entered into very copious details ward were false, he would be content to respecting the Slave-trade in this quarter be set down as the basest libeller that had and the state of the slaves in the island, ever existed ; if they were true, he hoped He contended that the traffic continued, that the authors of the cruelties which he and offered to prove the fact by evidence had depicted would meet with their due in the committee. There had been ninety- punishment—not only the authors, but all nine decided disembarkations of slaves in those who had at all connived at them.the island, besides siave-ships captured, (Hear, hear !) If the present charges were amounting to forty-four. These 143 ves- to be overlooked, if the alleged facts were sels might probably contain 30,000 slaves. to be disregarded, then he, for one, would This fact afforded sufficient ground for the advise the house to give up all further motion, but there were other facts. The legislation or interference in the slaveimported slaves were mostly males, and trade! (Hear !) whereas in the West-Indies, the aggregate Sir R. Farqubar entered into a very slave population showed an excess of fe- minute justification of himself and his gomales; in Mauritius, the number of the vernment against the accusations of the male slaves was 41,000 and that of female hon. member. He declared that he had slaves only 22,000. In the Seychelles exerted himself to the uttermost to put a there were five males to one female. It stop to the trade, and it was his firm conwould be readily admitted that the great viction, and that of other persons of high
authority, that in Mauritius and its de sequence of the new measure, if it were pendencies the slave-trade was no longer not in some degree obviated by the adopcarried on.
So far as his conduct or cha- tion of such a principle as he spoke of. racter might seem to be impugned by the The Chancellor of the Exchequer obmotion, he was most anxious for the ful served, that the present was not the proper lest inquiry. (Hear, hear!)
time for discussing the principle of the Mr. Canning said, that as the hon. change of the currency. He should member (Mr. Fowell Buxton) had made quite prepared to justify the course which this question one which affected the na- had been taken by his Majesty's Governtional honour, as he pledged bimself to ment in this matter; but it was desirable prove that the continuance of this detest- that the House should previously be put able traffic bad been encouraged or con- in possession of returns and documents nived at by the local government; as it necessary to show what this paper money was thus an accusation against the coun- really was; and he would take an opportry, rather than against individuals, he tunity of submitting a motion for the pro(Mr. Canning) thought that it would look duction of such papers accordingly. In ill in foreign countries if the motion for the meantime, he hoped the House would inquiry was rejected.
He should upon
not make up their minds quite so decidedthat ground offer no opposition to it. ly, as the hon. Gentleman had done, as (Hear, hear!)
to what he called the iniquity or injustice May 19th.
of the course which the Government had
adopted. When the hon. gentleman Lord C. Somerset. -- Lord E. Somerset inquired of the under Colonial Secretary at the Cape with the paper-money
(Mr. Baring) compared the paper-money if he was prepared to lay before the House the papers connected with the charges
he compared things essentially different against his noble relative, who had now
The paper issued at the Cape of Good
Hope, when issued, whether by the arrived in this country and was anxious to
Dutch Government or by individuals meet them. Mr. Wilmot Horton intimated that the
there, was not made payable on demand,
nor limited by law as to its amount, and, papers were not ready. Mr. Beaumont complained of the want principles of depreciation. Upon the
therefore, contained within itself all the of disposition to prosecute this inquiry. If he had a seat in Parliament next session
same grounds, too, there never existed, he should bring the subject before the
on the part of his Majesty's Government, House the first opportunity.
any actual obligation to pay that paperCurrency of the Cape.- Mr. Baring
money at all. --- (Henr, hear from the Oppresented a petition from Col. Bird, position.) — These facts would appear from
the documents he would hereafter move complaining of the alteration in the curs
for, and without which it was impossible rency of the Cape of Good Hope. The hon. member condemned, in strong terms,
that this question could be properly or
beneficially discussed. the measure contemplated by ministers (for he hoped they had not decided upon it) of sending out a silver currency to
MISCELLANEOUS. replace the paper of the colony.
SWEDISH TRADE WITH INDIA. By accounts which had been furnished
The commercial convention concluded from an authority in whom he reposed
between Great Britain and Sweden, on every confidence, it appeared that the
the 18th March last, contains the followaverage value of the rix-dollar was
ing articles respecting the trade of Sweden s. d.
with British India. From 1806 to 1810
Article 8.--In respect to the com1810 to 1814.
merce to be carried on in vessels of 1814 to 1821
Sweden or Norway with the British do1821 to 1825
minions in the East-Indies, or now held The monstrous injustice of such a pro- by the East-India Company in virtue of ceeding as that contemplated by Govern their charter, his Britannic Majesty ment, 'if it was meant to be adopted consents to grant the same facilities and without any modification, would be appa- privileges, in all respects, to the subjects rent from this statement.
of his Swedish Majesty, as are or may be tion was, that they ought to take some- enjoyed under any treaty or acts of parthing like a graduated scale of the engage- liament, by the subjects or citizens of the ments under which the holders of this most favoured nation ; subject to the paper miglit be at the period of the issue laws, rules, regulations and restrictions of the metallic currency, and allow for the depreciation according to the dates of ships and subjects of any other foreign
which are or may be applicable to the their engagements. A great variety of country enjoying the like facilities and cases had been stated to him, in which privileges of trading with the said dothe total ruin of parties must be the con. minions.
His own nos
FRENCH OFFICERS IN THE EAST.
Additional Article.- As it may some
ARCHDEACON BARNES. times happen that a Swedish or Norwegian The Bishop of Exeter has conferred vessel, trading to the possessions held by on the Rev. Geo. Barnes, D.D., late the British East-India Company in the Archdeacon of Bombay, the Rectory of East-Indies, under the 8th article of the Sowton, in the county of Devon. convention of this date, may find it expedient to dispose of the whole or part of her cargo, on her homeward-bound voyage, in other ports than those of Sweden A Paris journal contains the following and Norway, it is hereby agreed, that any
curious statement:- “ A short time after such vessel may proceed, with such cargo, the restoration, some French officers went to any foreign place or port whatsoever, and offered their services to foreign counnot being within the limits of the East
Some of them having reached India Company's charter, and excepting Persia, attached themselves to the eldest the United Kingdom of Great Britain and son of the present sovereign, and left the Ireland and its dependencies.
country on the death of that prince in
1822. Others, who were in greater numA letter from Stockholm gives the fol- ber, entered the service of the hereditary lowing account of the prosperity of this prince, Abbas Mirza, for the purpose of branch of the Swedish commerce :-'
“Our training his troops in the European mancommerce with the East-Indies, which is ner. They had all obtained a higher rank now carried on for the account of private than they had in France. Their pay was persons, seems to be more flourishing pretty considerable, and they were in than when it was carried on exclusively general satisfied with their situation. At for the East-India Company. Within the same time, some English officers these few days the Syren, Capt. Mohen, were likewise in the service of Abbas has arrived in our roads, with a rich cargo Mirza, who likewise instructed in Eufrom Batavia and Singapore. The Cal- ropean tactics Persian soldiers, who were cutta also returned lately from the same clothed in English cloth, armed with voyage; and the Preciosa, which has
English muskets. and received all their sailed from these seas, will be back this accoutrements from England. year."
England paid to Fit’h Ali Shah the
last part of a military contribution which DANISH TRADE WITH CHINA.
was due to him. It annexed, as a conThe following is an extract of a letter
dition, the discharge of all the French from Copenhagen, dated April 25 :
officers, without any exception, and this Last Wednesday, the frigate Christian
condition was immediately executed. shavn, Capt. Stage, went off for China.
“ Almost all the French officers then This ship is the property of the Danish returned to Europe, by way of Tiflis and Asiatic Company; it caused a hard strife Constantinople. last summer between the directors and “ Two of them only, a former aide-demembers of that Company before they camp to Marshal Brune, and another agreed on fitting out this expedition, the officer of the army of Buonaparte, a nathird only since 1819.
tive of the Duchy of Modena, resolved to go and offer their services to the King
of Cabul, or to Runjeet Singh, chief of The following communication from
the Seiks at Lahore. Though watched Smyrna, dated April 3, appears in a
by the English, whom they persuaded German paper :- Sir Hudson Lowe,
that they intended to embark in the Perwho is here on his way to India, was near
sian Gulf to return to France, they found falling by the hand of a fanatic French- means, on their arrival at Ispahan, to man, who probably meant, according to
elude observation, and disguised as his notions, to avenge his country. The
Georgians, proceeded toward Cabul. French consular agent, Perry, got into the
They were favoured in the execution of house where Sir Hudson Lowe resided ;
their project by the advantage which Mr. and finding the doors of the apartments
Ventura (said to be of Jewish origin) shut, he broke them open, and destroyed
had of being able to speak the languages all the effects of Sir Hudson Lowe, who
of the East so perfectly, as not to be diswas fortunately absent on board a ship. tinguished from the natives of the country. Perry was armed with a dagger, and in “ A long time elapsed without any his blood-thirsty rage, declared aloud that news being received of those two officers: he should find means to get at the mur- only a report was spread that, on reaching derer of Napoleon, his former master. the dominions of Runjeet Singh, they had He was arrested, and is now kept in been given over by him to the English strict confinement in the consulate. Since East-India Company, which, it was said, this event Sir Hudson has remained on bad orders to embark them for France. board the English ship.
“ It is, therefore, with great surprise Asialic Journ. Vol. XXI. No. 126.
SIR HUDSON LOWE.
that a letter has been received from Tiflis, assistance, and if necessary, to appoint him
very important services to the mission. He
rangement which would
space ended with the Pundjub, which forms of twenty days. - When the Brazen arrived part of the dominions of Runjeet Singh. at Wydah, Captain Clapperton and Pr. We may therefore hope to receive one Dixon went on shore, to inquire if the day information concerning those coun
messengers, which the King of Tohatdo tries, which will be important to science promised to send to this place, had arrived. and to commerce, and cannot be indif.
- They were received with great coolness ferent to the English--the present pos- by the King and a rich Brazilian named sessors of India.
De Suzza, resident at his court, no doubt
in consequence of liberating the slaves DEBTORS IN INDIA.
which belonged to the Spanish schooner. A petition from Mr. Henry Howell, a
But they conducted their negociations with free merchant of India, presented to the
so much address, that they both declared House of Commons, April 25, calls the
themselves friendly to the mission, and attention of Parliament to the hardships
invited them next morning to a grand endured by prisoners confined for debt in breakfast, where the King of England's the gaols of India, where (there being no
health was drank, with military honours
, bankrupt or insolvent laws) debtors are succeeded by the King of Dahomey's and at the mercy of their creditors. It states other Chiefs, according to their supposed that there are debtors in the gaol of Cal
rank. De Suzza has so great influence cutta who have been confined from eight among many of the African Princes, that to fifteen years, without hope of release;
he deposed the King of Popoe, who had one man has declared that his prisoner
offended him, and placed the next heir on should never leave the walls alive, unless
the throne ; and he has promised to do al he paid his debt. The extension of the
in his power to forward the mission througla
Dahomey. He even offered to accompany
proceed to the capital without delay, and
objection to their proceeding through
large town on the banks of the Niger, not
journey. Captain Clapperton intends des-
leaving England, the mission thought the « Our travellers, when at Cape Coast, greatest obstacle to their proceeding from purchased a large canoe to carry them up the sea-coast, would arise from the inone of the creeks of the Formoso to Benin. fluence of the Portuguese and Spanish at When they arrived at Wydah, they had the the native courts. It shows, therefore, how good fortune to meet with Mr. Houston, admirably adapted the members of the the merchant who was instrumental in mission must be to accomplish their periprocuring permission for Belzoni to travel
lous undertaking, to have conducted their through Benin, he having just arrived from
arrangements so ably at the outset, as to America. The mission was instructed by convert the greatest obstacle to their proGovernment to request this gentleman's gress into a protection and support lo
sin is ! sid
them in their adventurous journey. A more
May); Assist.surg. D. Campbell to be surg., v.
Alexander app. to 6th Drags. (27 Apr.); Assist. worthy persevering character than Captain
surg, W. M. Wilkins, from Ceyl. Regt., to be Clapperton could not have been sent out, assist.surg., v. Ralph dec. (20 Apr.)
3d Foot. Lieut. S. Ridd, from h. p. 60th F., to or one more likely to accomplish the im
be lieut., v. Wheatstone app. to 53d F. (13 Apr.); portant objects of the mission. Every step
Lieut. E. W. Antrobus, from h. p. 13th F., to be has hitherto succeeded beyond his most lieut., v. Ashhurst, whose app. has not taken place sanguine expectations. Two tracts
of (27 Mar.)
6th Foot. Assist.surg. to forces P. Campbell to be country, containing extensive kingdoms assist.surg., v. Hood, whose app. has been cancelled scarcely known by name in Europe, will (20 Apr.) be traversed by the divided mission, if the 13th Foot. 2d-Lieut. C. White, from Ceyl. Regt.,
ate unhealthiness of the climate do not arrest
to be ens., v. Pearson dec. (13 Apr.); Hosp.
P. Brodie to be assist.surg., v. Henderson prom, their progress. Even in this respect they in 87th F. (20 Apr.) are fortunate ; the rainy season is now 14th Foot. Brev. Maj. M. Everard, to be maj., v. over, and the country comparatively
Tidy prom. in 44th F.; Lieut. H. B. Armstrong to
be capt., v. Everard; Ens. B. V. Layard to be healthy, Captain Clapperton has perfectly lieut., v. Armstrong, and Lieut. J. Grant to be recovered from the consequences of his adj., v. Armstrong (all 4 May). last journey, and is now in excellent health
16th Foot. T. Douglass to be ens. by purch., V.
Kellett prom. (22d Apr.); Ens. W. F. Hannagan, and spirits, as are all his companions.- from h. p. 76th F., to be ens., v. J. M'Intosh, who
They commence their peregrinations to. exch., rec. dif. (20 Apr.) morrow morning."
30th Foot. Ens. C. H. Marechaux to be lieut., v. Gregg dec.; and E. R. Gregg to be Ens., v. Mare
chaux (both 6 Apr.) Accounts have reached Cape Coast of 40th Foot. Hosp. Assist. J. Mackenzie to be the death of Capt. Pearce, R.N., and Dr.
assist. surg. (12 Apr.)
41st Foot. Ens. J. G. Inglis, from 54th F., to be Morrison, the companions of Capt. Clap.
lieut. by purch., V. Gray, who rets. (22 Apr.) perton, who had reached Soudan, 160 miles 44th Foot. Ens. A. A. Browne, from 13th F., to in the interior, nearly in lat. 8 north, and be lieut. by purch., v. Hawkins prom. in 89th F.
(13 Apr.) ; Brev. Lieut. Col. F. S. Tidy, from 14th was, by the last advices received of him,
Ft. to be lieut. col., v. dec. (4 May.) descending the north of the Kong Moun
46th Foot. J. Lacy to be ens., V. Cumming dec. tains on his route to Timbuctoo.
47th Foot. Lieut. C. Walker, from h. p. 4th F.,
to be lieut., v. R. Cochrane, who exch. (27 Apr.) COLONIAL APPOINTMENTS.
54th F. ot. Ens. R. Burton to be lieut. by purch., His Majesty has been pleased to ap- v. Crofton, who rets. (12 Apr.); Lieut. F. T'inpoint A. Baxter, Esq. to the office of
combe, from h. p. 30th F., to be lieut., v. Tho
mas app. to 26th F. (13th Apr.); C. Daintry to be Attorney General in the colony of New ens. by purch., V. Inglis prom. in 41st F. (22 Apr.); South Wales, and James Holland, Esq.,
Lieut. J. Gray to be capt., v. Grindley dec. (20
Apr.): Ens. G. Holt to be lieut., v. Considine dec. late Attorney General of the Bermuda
(12 Sept. 25); Ens. R. Dodd, from h. p. 20th F., Islands, to be Solicitor General and Com- to be ens., v. Holt (29 Apr.) missioner of the Court of Requests in the
78th Foot. F. Montgomery to be ens. by purch., same colony, in the 3 tead of J. Stephens,
v. Holyoake prom. ; and Hosp. Assist. j. Thom
son to be assist. surg. (both 13 Apr.); Ens. T. M. Esq., promoted to be a Puisne Judge. Wilson to be lieut. by purch., v. Vassall prom.;
and T. Wingate to be ens. by purch., v. Wilson
(both 13 May); Ens. J. E. N. Bull to be ad., v. LOSS OF THE PERSEVERANCE.
Cooper, who res. adjtcy. only (4 May). The free-trader Perseverance, Best, was
88d Foot. Qu. Mast. J. Stubbs to be adj., with lost on the Whale Rock, working out of
rank of ens., v. Swinburne prom.; and Serj. J.
Rusher to be qu. mast., v. Stubbs (both 20 Apr.) Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, on the
87th Foot. C. Urquhart to be ens. by purch., v. 12th March-Passengers and crew saved. Ramsay prom. (13 Apr.)
89th Foot. Lieut. W. Gorse, from h. p. 3d W. I. ARCH DEACON OF BOMBAY.
Regt., to be lieut., v. Palmer app. to 65th F. (22
Apr.); Lieut. T. W. Stroud, from h. p., to be The Rev. Jolin Hawtayne, some time lieut., v. W. Butler, whose app. has not taken since appointed Archdeacon of Calcutta,
place (27 Apr.); Assist.surg. J. Henderson, from
13th F., to be surg., v. R. Daun, who rets. on h. is now appointed Archdeacon of the Pre- p. (20 Apr.); Ens. Gray to be lieut., v. Olpherts sidency.of Bombay.
dec. (4 May); Ens. J. Dewes to be ens., v. La Roche, whose app. has not taken place (3 May);
C. Lee to be ens., v. Gray (4 May). PROMOTIONS AND CHANGES Ceylon Regt, 2d-Lieut. H. V. Kempen to be Ist. IN THE BRITISH ARMY.
lieut., by pur. v.Dempsey, who rets. (22 Apr.); W.
Hope to be ad-lieut., v. H. H.White dec. (12 Apr.); (SERVING IN THE EAST.)
J. Deaken to be 2d-lieut., v. C. White app. to 13th
F. (13 Apr.) ; 2d-Lieut. T. W. Rogers to be Ist4th Light Drags. Capt. H. Master, from h. p., to lieut., v, Lord W. Montagu prom. ; and J. Ed. be capt., v. T. D. Burrowes, who exch., rec. dif. wards to be 2d-lieut. by purch., v. Rogers (both 4 (27 Apr.); Corn. E. Harvey to be lieut. by purch., May). v. Richardson prom (4 May).
Allowed to dispose of their half-pay. Capt. W. 13th Light Drags. Capt. T. P. Lang, from 8th Kelley, 40th F.; Lieut. W. R. Knevett, 1fth L. F., to be capt., v. Maitland, who exch. (20 Apr.) Dr. ; Lieut. H. Green, 67th F. ; Capt. G. Price, 16th Light Drags. Lieut. J. Douglass, from Olst
46th F.; Capt. W. H. Burroughs, 69th F. (all 13 F., to be lieut. by purch., V. Smyth prom. (22
May); Ens. J. L. Clarke, 44th F. (20 May). Apr.)
20 Foot. Lieut. G. C. Mundy to be capt. by purch., v. Ford prom. (13 May); Ens. S. N. Fisher
East-India Volunteers. Capt. H. Johnson to be to be lieut by purch., v. Mundy (13 May);-Mac
adj., v. Dickenson, who resigns (17 Mar.); Lieut. Mahon to be ens., v. Torrens dec. (10 Sept. 25);
W. A. Hunt to be capt., V. Johnson app. adj. ; M. W. Lomax to be ens. by purch., V. Fisher (13
Ens. E. Parish to be lieut., v. Hunt; and G. Tre
5 M 2