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well, that every foreign Protestant, who fled from the Tyranny and Persecution of his own Prince, would be the more active, in a free Country, to oppose the Pretensions of any Family, who claim such an unbounded Hereditary Right over his Liberty and Life, as never can be forfeited;

-- who are also obliged, by the Principles of their Church, and their Ties of Interest; to fupprefs the Protestant Religion, as foon as they have the Power of doing it. And when the Reader considers the Schemes in Agitation at the Juncture in which this Author wrote, he will easily account for the Clamours that were raised by a certain Set of Men, against the Naturalization of foreign Proteftants.

APTER having brought Matters to this Period of Queen Ann's Reign, I think it needlefs to descend lower down. Be it fufficient to obferve, that from a very late Instance it plainly appears, that all the former Biaffes ftill sublíft against Foreigners:- Though perhaps we now. have yet stronger Reasons for the Admission of them, which I shall endeavour more particularly to set forth in the Second Part of this Treatise.

In the mean Time, one general Observation certainly deserves the Attention of the Reader, viz. “ That every Legislature ought

more particularly to guard against thofe evil " Qualities in a People, to which they are

« molt

« moft inclined.” This was the point on which I first set out, and with which I now conclude. The English Nation do certainly excel in many good Qualities: But are there none of a different Nature to which they are addicted ? And indeed, hath not every Nation some bad, as well as good Dispofitions, by which it is characterised and diftinguished?*- The Aversion of the Inhabitants of this Hand towards Foreigners is no new Thing: For ie hath been taken Notice of near eighteen Hundred Years ago. Neither is it any Secret; if it were, I should have thought it improper to be divulged." But alas! all the World are agreed in the Fact; and if we deny the Charge, who will believe us? --There is, therefore, no other Way left of clearing ourselves of the Imputation, than by altering our Conduct towards them: This may produce fome good Effect; but it will be by very flow Degrees. For the Foreigners are too well acquainted with our natural Aversion against them, to be fond of coming over in such Numbers, as many ignorant or prejudiced Persons among us are pleased to suppose. And the Antipathies we have so long shewed, must first be forgot, before they can be persuaded to prefer England to many other Countries, where the Persecuted and Distressed have been invited to come, and have met with the greatest Encouragement, and kindest Reception.

bers, • The common People in Wales look upon the Englify to this Day, as Upstarts and Foreigners: And when an English Artificer comes among them, they generally express their contempt of, and Aversion to hiin, by saying, Rhyw Sais bach, yn dyfod ni wn i oble: That is, A little pitiful Saxon (Englishman) who comes orie knotus nas from where. I have had frequent Opportunities of obferving this Foible in the ancient Britons, as I am a, Native of the Country: And it is worth regarding, that the Englip themselves use almost the same Terms of Reproach against the French, and other Foreigners,

INDE E D, we give a most astonishing and scandalous Encouragement to Cooks, Fidlers, Dancers, Singers, &c. &c. of all Nations. But this is no Proof of our Regard to Foreigners, but of our excessive Love of Pleasure, which bears down every Thing before it. For at the same Time that so many Thousand Pounds a Year are squandered away upon Persons of any or no Religion, who come exprelly to debauch our Morals, encrease our Expences, lessen our Industry, impoverish our Country, introduce new Luxuries, and do every Thing that is prejudicial to our Well-being, as Members both of Church and State, refuse to naturalize those honest, industrious, and conscientious Protestant Families, who are persecuted for Righteousness Sake... .

In short, we discourage the Mechanick-the Merchant and the PROTESTANT, from coming to us; but invite and encourage ALL,





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Containing IMPORTANT QUERIES relating to Com

merce, -The Employment of the Poor,—The Landed and National Interest,_Taxes of all Kinds, particularly the Poor Tax,—The real Interest of Tradesmen,-Reformation of Morals,-Constitution both in Church and State, the Duties of Humanity, and the Principles of the Christian Religion.


Rector of St STEPHEN's in BRISTOL,


Chaplain to the Right Reverend the

Lord Bishop of BRISTOL.

L O N D ON: Printed for T. Trye, near Grays-Inn Gate, Holborn.


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