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munication with Spain to be open at least and the proclamation which the President
for large bodies of troops. Lord Wellington bad issued in consequence, and of which we
bas also received soine additional troops have already spoken. The message notices
from this country.

the growing prosperity of the United States,
la Spain the French are evidently gain- and recommends the revisal of their laws re-
ing ground. It is said to be the intention of lative to trade and navigation. It recom.
Bonaparte to anner that country to France. mends also the institution of a national uni-

The Hanse Towns have at length been versity. We were particularly pleased to
formally annered to France. We may ex-

observe that the President strongly de-
peet shortly to bear of some change in Den. nounces the African slave trade still carried
mark. The confiscation of ships and car- on by American citizens, and recommends it
gues from this country, and of British pro- to Congress to take farther steps for repress-
dece and manufactures, proceeds with great ing the evil.
tigoer.

The papers laid before Congress, as well
Bocaparte, in addition to his demands on as some documents from France of a later
the Hanse Towns, and on Sweden and Nor- date, prove that America has been far too
way, for seamen to man his fleets, has issued precipitate in supposing that Bonaparte had
a decree for organizing a marine conscrip- any serious intention of altering his com-
tion to be raised in the maritime depart- mercial policy. He seems still determined
pents, which are therefore to be exempted to retain all the American property he has
from the military conscription. The number already seized, and to seize as much more
to be raised is 40,000, and they are to con- as he can, without any regard to the remon-
sist of youths from 13 to 16 years of age. A

strances of America. America now demands farther military conscription is likewise or- of England not only the revocation of the dered.

Orders in Council of Nov. 1807 and April
Another decree announces Bonaparte's 1809, but also those of May 1806, block-
purpose of joining the Baltic to France by ading the coast from the Elbe to Brest, and
meas of inland canals. The thing is witli- of January 1807, prohibiting neutral vessels
out doubt practicable, the greatest part of from carrying on trade between hostile ports.
the distance being already navigable by This shiews that their complaints are directed
means either of rivers or canals.

full as much against Lord Grenville's admi-
A dreadful insurrection of the Janissaries nistration as the present,
took place lately at Constantinople; but Mr. Pinckney, the American Ambassador,
they appear to have been subdued, after has been ordered to suspend his functions at
comminuing great excesses, by the troops of our court, and to commit the management

of any affairs which may require the inter.
The message of the American President vention of a minister, to a Chargé d'Affaires.
at the opening of Congress, gives that This is done avowedly because we have at
view of the foreign relations of the United present in America no minister of Mr.
States which might be expected; complains Pinckney's rank; no step having yet been
of all the belligerents, but announces the taken to replace Mr. Jackson.
tevocation of the Milan and Berlin decrees,

tize Grand Seignior.

GREAT BRITAIN.
Tuz present state of political affairs, though Oppositionists generally become more calm
on the whole peculiarly cloudy and por- and measured in their language when they
tentous, is not altogether without its brighter approach the threshold of office. They na.
parts. The illness of our beloved Monarch rurally reflect, that conciliation will soon be-
has called forth the affectionate sympathy come their leading interest; and that they,
bath of his immediate servants and of the like the King or Regent whom they serve,
people; and the yet untried political cha- must day aside the colours of a party, if they
facter of his Royal Highness the Prince of hope successiully to govern a great nation.
Wales, has led persons of very different Mr. Perceval is generally allowed to have
parties to entertain favourable hopes re- risen in general credit by the very able and
specting him; hopes in which we cordially manly manner in which he has contended
participate, and which are much encou- in favour of his own views on the subject of
Faged by the dignified silence, as to the the regency; and if he has erred on this
question who shall be his ministers, which point, he has erred by following the example
be bas maintained up to the present period of Mr. Pitt; and he ksas ulso erred in comie
The violence of party has a little abated. mon with Lord Grenville. His lordslrip has

maintained his consistency on the great con- Houses waited on the Prince of Wales, and stitational doctrive at issue, and this unques read to him these joint resolutions. The antionably bas been the chief matter. He swer of the Prince signifies his acceptance of has evidently magnified in an undue degree the Regency under the limitations proposed; the smaller points of difference between him- but feelingly regrets that, by the imposition „self and Mr. Perceval

of such limitations, he was prevented from Kuniour says that Earl Grey is to be the manifesting towards his father that affection Premier under the Regent, and that his and reverential delicacy which he should Jordship's party, and that of Lord Grenville, have rejoiced to have shewn him. The without any addition, are to constitute the Queen likewise accepted the trust reposed new ministry. In the mean time, the com- in her, with the aid of a council, of the care mercial difficulties of the country are great; and custody of the royal person. A Bill and onr inanufacturing interests more and having been brought in, fonnded on the ba more decliving. The burning decrees of sis of the Resolutions, it has passed throngda Bonaparte appear effectual for the present. the House of Commons and also through the America is returning tu her former ill-hour House of Lords, without undergoing any mour withi os, and France is urging her to very material alterations, thougb by very direct hostility. Affairs in Spain and Porr small majorities. tugal are in a very doubtful state. A vast French navy is preparing; and the coasts of

NAVAL INTELLIGENCE. Europe are almeost all under the power of Farther accounts from the East Indies anour enemy. How important is it, in these nounce the re-capture of the Isle de Passe, circumstances, to be at peace at least amoug by the French. The Iphigenia frigate feli ourselves : and if we cannot now unite the into their hands at the same time. Another discordant parties in the state, let us hope frigate, the Africaine. Captain Corbet, has at least that the nore respectable members since been taken by the sanje squadron, but of each body way in some degree approx. was afterwards abandoned by the French, immie, and that the difficulties which they and has been retalen. severally experience may prepare for some Severe losses have been experienced at future and truly patriotic union.

sea, in consequence of the severity of the The whole of this month has been con- weather. A British seventy-four, the Misumed in Parliament in de the dif- notaur, was wrecked on the coast of Holferent stages of the proceedings respecting land, and of her crew, consisting of 590 the appointment of a Regency. Resolutions men, only 110 were saved. The Elizabeth having passed both Houses relative to the Indiaman was also wrecked on the French restrictions under which a Regent should coast, near Dunkirk. The crew consisted be apprinted, differing little in their import, of 100, besides 250 Lascars, and 30 passenexcept in what regarded the royal house- gers. The whole perished, except the cap hold, from the outline given in our last tain and his two mates, three passengers, Dumber (p. 794), a deputation from both and 16 Lascars.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

K. S.'s Jymon contains lines of good promise ; but we recommend it to him to read and

write much more before he ventures before the public. We are much obliged to CLERICUs for his manuscript of the Consecration Service. We should think it right for E. W. to read the books to which he reters before he publicly

discusses the subject of it, W.; MONIALIS; Hano; PHILEMON ; have been received, J. A. B. bas told us to return his paper, but he has not stated to whom it is to be returned. T. Y.; THEOLOGUS; A BAXTERIAN; will appcar, We agree with Duo Beb20s, but think the discussion which he proposes inexpedient. We are much obliged 10 E. S. for the correction of a mistake into which we were led in

our review of Bishop Horsley's Sermons, by not consulting original authorities on the pwint.

We shall take an opportunity of publishing his letter.
We do not recollect to have seen the Sermon mentioned by L. B. S.

CHRISTIAN OBSERVER.

No. 110.]

FEBRUARY, 1811.

[No. 2. Vol. X.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

begun.”

EXTRACTS FROM THE CORRESPOND- naging the whole so far as to keep

ENCE OF THE FIRST PROTESTANT up things, not only in the state MISSIONARIES TO INDIA.

wherein they are at present, but (Continued from p. 6.)

also, through his unwearied applica

tion and care, under Divine Provi. TOWARDS the close of the dence, more and more to advance

year 1714, Ziegenbalgh left them. And that particularly, our India in order to visit Europe. A printing press might not be unemletter from him to the Society for ployed with books of the Malabar promoting Christian Knowledge, character, I committed into the dated at the Cape of Good Hope, hands of my fellow-labourer one January 15, 1715, explains the rea- part of the New Testament, revised: sons for this step to have been, the likewise a book of hymns, and one hindrances they bad hitherto met treating on doctrinal divinity, with with in carrying on their work, and several others, composed for the use their desire to see such obstacles of our schools; and I do not quesremoved as had hitherto lain in tion, but he will take all possible their way, and obstructed the con- care to see them exactly printed, version of the Gentiles, so happily since he very much applies himself

to the study of the Malabar tongue. "My departure from India” (he His assistant has also solemnly prosays)

was, for divers reasons, not mised, faithfully to discbarge all only oneasy to myself, but also to such things as relate to the books many others, both Christians and to be printed in the Portuguese heathens. The members of our language. As to my labour on board church did particularly express a the ship, I beg leave to acquaint deep concern at this voyage: but you, that I have discharged híthernevertheless we judged it very ne- to my pastoral duty, with respect to cessary in respect of their future ad- those that travel with me. I have Tantage, which we hope will cer- also begun to translate part of the ainly ensue, some fair prospect of. Old Testament into the Malabar fering itself to our view. Every one tongue. Besides this, I hope to of our young and old men have get time for composing a small DaWet even my hands and feet with mulian grammar, to be printed in their tears, and would not consent Germany, for the service of those to my departure, till I had solemnly who desire to learn this language engaged my word, that, with God's in Europe *. But lest this tongue, leave, I would most cerlainly re- during so long a voyage, should be turn to India. I have undertaken this come less familiar to me, I have voyage with the greater confidence, brought with me a young man out (and without wbich indeed it would of our Malabar school, in order to have been jvery grievous to me), converse with him in this tongue, that I know that my beloved fellow and constantly to hear it from his labourer, Mr. Grundler, is capable, * This grauimar he completed, during the in my two years' absence, of ma- voyage, i the Latin tongue. Canut. OBSERV. No. 110.

K

own mouth. He writes down every planted churches, and thereby thing with his steel pen which is to brought many souls to salvation, be translated into the Malabar lap- and noticing some other points, he guage. He is a youth of a good thus concludes. disposition, and who, by the quick- “ The divine oracles give us just ness of his genius, comprehends ground to believe, the time is comthings easily, and communicates ing, when all the nations of the them to others again, by a lively earth shall bow to Christ's sceptre, way of speaking and writing in his and with one heart, and one voice, native language. I hope this voy- glorify the God of heaven. Why age will give an addition to the qua- should we not hope, that this may Jities of his mind, and that he will be accomplished in our days? Let be able, after his return to India, us do those things which conduce to describe the spiritual happiness to so great a happiness, and leave of Europe to the men of his own the mighty event to God, who hath nation, and to sow the seeds of true promised, and is faithful. Go on wisdom among the unwise.” ihen, worthy sir, to deserve well of

Ziegenbalgh having reached Ham- your own country, of us, and the burgh, writes thence to the society, whole world, firmly hoping, that soliciting their attention to a va. you will find the great and good riety of points connected with the God a plentiful rewarder of all the propagation of the Gospel in the labours you sustain, for the enlargeEast, but observing, that, after all, ment of bis church and kingdom “ his greatest hope is in the semi- ou earth.” nary or college of missionaries, de- The answer of Ziegenbalgh was signed to be erected in India itself.” also in Latin. I give it entire, as it This work, I need not say, remains was translated by direction of the still to be accomplished. Froin society. Hamburgh he went to Copenhagen, " Rev. and honoured Gentlemen, where he states himself to have suc- “ All praise and glory to Alceeded better than he could have mighty God, who, of bis infiniro expected, the Danish East-India mercy, bath raised up, in divers Company having sent ample and parts, and daily stirs up among pressing instructions to the gover-Christians, men, who are not only nor at Tranquebar, to see the mis- solicitous in promoting the practice sion set on a better foundation, and of true piety in The Christian to remove the difficulties wbich had

world, but employ also much of hitherto obstructed its progress. their labour, study, diligence, and He then visited Hall in Saxony, care, in planting and propagating where he printed his Tamul gram- Christianity in heathen countries, mar, and some narratives respect- that the worsbippers of idols may be ing the mission. He came to Eng. invited, by the preaching of the land in December 1715, and on the Gospel

, to adore the true God, and 29th of that mouth he was receive so, as the great apostle of the Gened by an assembly of the Society tiles teacheth, be turned from for pronoting Christian Knowledge; darkness unto light.' on which occasion the Rev. Wil. “ lo the number of these persons liam Nicols, rector of Stockport in I rank you in a particular manner, Cheshire, addressed him in the name most worthy patrons: for when it of the society in a Latin speech, in became known in Europe (some which, after congratulating him on years ago), that the light of the having so “ fervently and happily Gospel began to shine out to the performed the work of an evange. Indian heathen in the east, you, nolist, brought light to them that sat ble sirs, excited by the divine Spiin darkness, mightily promoted the rit, did, by your counsel and assistkingdom of Christ, erected schools, ance, greatly furtber the propagation of it. You did not only invite to life eternal, will for ever thank us, most unworthy teachers of the you for it in that happy state. pagans, to a friendly correspond- « If we consider the success of ence with you by letters; you did this mission from its first beginning; not only testify to us by several emi- it hath not yet indeed been answerDent instances, your singular good able to our desires. The iniquity will and favour; not only vouchsafe of the times, fewness of the la us many helps for the increase of bourers, the perverse lives of some ear church and schools; not only Christians among us, the rudeness procure us many other contributors of the pagans, the dignity of the emto this design in Great Britain: bul ployment itself, and our own insufalso, of your own free will, you ge- ficiency for it; the want still of Derously furnished ns with a print- more necessary helps, together with ing press, for publishing the divine other impediments, have been the oracles in the Malabarick tongue, cause, why this work hath hitherto for the benefit of that nation: made no greater advances. The

"Hence it is, that you have not seed of the word sown here and only his most serene majesty, Fre- there, would have seemed as dead derick IV. king of Denmark (the to us, unless we had believed in first and great promoter of this mis- hope even against hope,' that after sion) very much your friend; but so many tempests and commotions, also gained to yourselves the wishes, it would in time spring up, and and prayers, and congratulations of bring forth fruit abundantly. Alall good men, by supplying the in- mighty God, who is never wanting habitants of the coast of Coroman- either to the planter or to the wadel, their children and latest poste- terer, can give that increase to us, ity, with the happy means of being or to those who may come after us instructed from their infancy in the in this arduous affair, as was hardly way to eternal life. Add to this, to be expected from so small bethat the calumnies of our adversa. ginnings. ries, with which they have plenti- “ I was at the Cape of Good Hope Folly loaded the endeavours used for last January, when an English ship the conversion of the heathen (stu- arriving there, first brought advice dying thereby, to put a stop to the of king George's peaceable and course of the Gospel), have not happy accession to the throne of been able to alienate your minds Great Britain. Now that the Difrom us, nor from the whole design vine Provideoce hath raised up this of this mission.

great and good prince to sway the "Wherefore, I give you most British sceptre, and opened to him bumble thanks, illustrious gentle a large field both in the eastern and men, for the many benefits you western world, for spreading of the have so readily and abundantly con- Christian faith under his royal faferred on us, and on the members rour and protection, we justly conof oor church. And since neither gratulate you, and other nations on myself, nor my fellow-labourers, this mighty event, which nothing nor yet the pagans who have been but the finger of God could have partakers of these benefits, can ren- accomplished. der you in this world deserveď ac- In the mean time, I condole with knowledgments; we implore Al- you the death of the most reverend mighty God, the rewarder (as well archbishop Tenison, your friend, as author) of every good work, to and ours, whom I always embraced Fecornpence your beneficence to us with a most filial affection, even an bundred fold in the next; not in the distant Indies; whose favour. desbling but those pagans, pre- able opinion of, and good wishes to served through your kind assistance this mission (whereof he hath left

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