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. Here he learned fo vour, that he thought he had dilo many new circumstances concern- covered the mystery, and was now ing the functions of the several in a condition to cope with his riGods, and the worship to be paid val. them in order to secure their fao
THE FOURTEENTH FABLE.
Of the God Tyr.
AR answered, There is the God Tyr, who is
the most bold and intrepid of all the Gods. 'Tis he who dispenses victories in war; and therefore warriors do well to pay their addresses to him. It hath become proverbial to say, of a man who furpasses others in valour, that he is as BRAVE AS TYR. Let me give you a proof of his intrepidity. The Gods one day would fain have persuaded the wolf Fenris, their enemy, to permit himself to be chained úp ; but he, fearing left they should never afterwards unloose him, perfifted in his refusal, till Tyr put his hand, by way of pledge, into the mouth of this monfter. The Gods not judging it proper to redeem the pledge by unchaining the wolf, he bit off the God's hand, levering it at that part, which has been ever fince called · Ufitbror' The Wolf'S JOINT. From that time this God hath had but one hand. markable prudence has given occasion to this form of expression, such a one is “ sagacious as Tyr :" but it is believed, that he does not love to see men live in peace.
There is another God, named Brage, who is celebrated for his wisdom, eloquence and majestic air. H
He is not only eminently skilled in poetry, but the art itself is called from his name Brager, and the moft distinguished poets receive their names from himn. His wife is called Iduna. She keeps in a box cere tain apples, which the Gods taste of, whenever they feel old age approaching ; for these apples have the virtue of restoring youth to all who eat them : it is by this means that the Gods will subfift till the dark. ness of the last times. Hereupon Gangler cried out, Certainly the Gods have committed a great treasure to the guardianship and good faith of Iduna. Har fmiling, says to him, And hence it happened, that they once ran the greatest risk in the world; as I shall have occasion to tell you, when you have learnt the names of the other Gods.
REMARKS ON THE FOURTEENTH FABLE,
Tyr was some inferior divinity, Tuesday, (See Vol. I. pag. 83.). who presided particularly over Tacitus, here, as almost every battles. I do not believe that where else, perfectly agrees with mention is made of him any where, our monuments. He renders the elre
except in the Edda and other name Ter, by that of Mars, and Icefandic monuments. And yet makes him a fybaltern, and infer, it is certain that this God hath rior divinity to the God Odin, been adored by all the northern whom he describes under the name, nations;
since in all the different of Mercury, dialects of this people, the name As to the God BRAGE, we know of the third day of the week, nothing more of which the Romans confecrated to we learn from the
yet Mårs ( Dies Martis ) hath been the Gauls had likewise a God of formed from the name of Tyr. eloquence, named by the Romans This day is called Tyrsdag in Dañ-' Hercules Ogmius'; 'but whe
whether he ifh and Swedish : and in the other was the same with Brage does not diale&ts by a somewhat fofter mo- appear." The apples of Iduna are dulation, Thisdag, Diffag, Tufdago a very agreeable Aidion. In this H.
What part of the storý we again discover tinual decay of nature, and of the the favourite system of the Celtes, Gods, who were united to it, and respecting the insensible and con- depended upon it.
THE FIFTEENTH FABLE.
Of Heimdall, and some other Gods,
H E R E is another very sacred and powerful
Deity, who is called HEIMDALL. He is the fon of nine Virgins, who are lifters. He is likewise called the.God with the Golden Teeth,” because his teeth are
t metal. He dwells at the end of the bridge Bifrost, or the RAINBOW, in a castle called
the Celestial Fort.” He is the sentinel or watchman of the Gods. The post afligned him is to abide at the entry into him, to prevent the Giants from forcing their way over the bridge. He fleeps less than a bird; and sees by night, as well as by day, more than a hundred leagues around him. So acute is his ear, that he hears the grass growing on the earth, and the wool on the theep's back, nor doth the smallest sound escape him. Besides all this, he hath a trumpet, which is heard through all the worlds. This God is celebrated in the following verses :“ The CELESTIAL For's is the castle where Heim“ dall refideth, that sacred guardian of heaven, who « drinketh divine hydromel in the secure and tran“quil palaces of the Gods."
Among the Gods we reckon also HODER, who is blind, but extremely strong. Both God and Men would be very glad if they never had occasion to pro.
nounce his name *
; yet Gods and Men will long preserve the remembrance of the deeds performed by his hands. The ninth God is the silent VIDAR, who wears very thick shoes, but of so wonderful à con. texture, that by means of them he can walk in air, and tread upon water. He is almost as stộong as the God Thor himself; and in all critical conjunctures, affords the Gods great confolation. The tenth God, VILE, or Vall, is one of the sons of Odin and Rin
He is bold in war, and an excellent archer. The eleventh is ULLER, the offspring of Sifia, and fon-in-law of Thor. He is so quick in shooting his arrows, and so nimble in the use of his skates, that nobody can stand before him. He is also very handsome in his person, and poffeffes every quality of a he. ro; wherefore it is very proper to invoke him in duels, or single combats. FORSETE is the name of the twelfth God: he is the son of Balder. He hath a palace in heaven, named Glitner. All who refer to him the decision of their controversies, return from his tribunal mutually satisfied. It is the most excellent tribunal that is found among Gods or Men, according to these verses, 66 Glitner is the name of a
palace, which is upheld by pillars of gold, and co“ vered with a roof of silver. There it is that For“ fete refides the greatest part of his time, who re$ conciles and appeases all sorts of quarrels."
This, I presume, alludes'to FABLE XXVIII.
REMARKS ON THE FIFTEENTH FABLE,
I have no remark to offer upon unknown to the other " Gothic this fable, but what every reader and Celtic nations, and are only may make as well as myself. Most to be considered as companions of the divinities, mentioned here, of the great northern conqueror, are only known to us by the Ed- who were deified in subsequent PA. Perhaps some of them were ages.
THE SIXTEENTH FABLE.
OME reckon Loke in the number of the Gods ;
others' call him, " The calumniator of the “ Gods," "« The artificer of fraud," “ The disgrace
of Góds and Men." His name is Loke. He is the son of the Giant Farbautes and of Laufeya. His two brothers are Bìleipter and Helblinde, or Blind Death." As to his body, Loke is handsome and very well made; but his soul is evil, light, and inconstant. He surpasses all beings' in that science which is called Cunning and Perfidy. Many a time hath he exposed the Gods to very great perils (A), and hath often extricated them again by his artifices. His wife is called Siguna. He hath had by her Nare, and some other children. By the Giantess Angerbode, or Mesfenger of Ill, he hath likewise hay three children. One is the wolfe Fenris, the second is the great Ser. pent of Midgard, and the third is Hola, or Death.