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be but the force of air, makes a strange havock where it comes ; but devouring flames, or exhalations set on fire, have still a far greater violence, and carry more terror along with them. Thunder and earthquake are the sons of fire, and we know nothing in all nature more impetuous or more irresistibly destructive than these two. And accordingly in this last war of the elements, we may be sure they will bear their parts, and do great execution in the several regions of the world. Earthquakes and subterraneous eruptions will tear the body and bowels of the earth, and thunders and convulsive motions of the air rend the skies. The waters of the sea will boil and struggle with streams of sulphur that run into them, which will make them fume and smoke, and roar beyond all storms and tempests; and these noises of the sea will be answered again from the land, by falling rocks and mountains. This is a small part of the disorders of that day.
But it is not possible from any station, to have a full prospect of this last scene of the earth, for it is a mixture of fire and darkness. This new temple is filled with smoke, while it is consecrating, and none can enter into it. But I am apt to think, if we could look down upon this burning world, from above the clouds, and have a full view of it in all its parts, we should think it a lively representation of hell itself. For fire and darkness are the two chief things by which that state, or that place uses to be described; and they are both here mingled together, with all other ingredients that make that tophet that is prepared of old. Here are lakes of fire and brimstone, rivers of melted glowing matter; ten thousand volcanoes vomiting flames all at once ; thick darkness, and pillars of smoke twisted about with wreaths of flame, like fiery snakes; mountains of earth thrown into the air, and the heavens dropping down in lumps of fire. These things will be literally true concerning that day and that state of the earth.
But if we suppose the storm over, and that the fire hath got a complete victory over all other bodies, and subdued every thing to itself; the conflagration will end in a deluge of fire, or in a sea of fire, covering the whole globe of the earth ; for when the exterior region of the earth is melted into a fluor, like molten glass or running metal, it will according to the nature of other fluids, fill all vacuities and depressions, and fall into a regular surface, at an equal distance every where from its centre.
Where are now the great empires of the world, and their great imperial cities? Their pillars, trophies, and monuments of glory? Shew me where they stood, read the inscription, tell me the Victor's name. What remains, what impressions, what difference or distinction do you see in this mass of fire ? Rome itself, eternal. Rome, the great city, the empress of the world. whose domination and superstition, ancient and modern, make a great part of the history of this earth; what is become of her now?
She laid ber foundations deep, and her palaces were strong and suinptuous : She glorified herself, and lived deliciously; and said in her heart, I sit a queen, and shall see no sorrow. But her hour is come, she is wiped away from the face of the earth, and buried in perpetual oblivion. But it is not cities ORly, and works of men's hands, but the everlasting hills, the mountains and rocks of the earth are melted as wax before the sun ; and their place is no where to be found. Here stood the Alps, a prodigious range of stone, the load of the earth, that covered many countries, and reached their arms from the ocean to the Black Sea : this huge mass of stone is softened and dissolved as a tender cloud into rain. Here stood the Alrican mountaius, and Atlas, with his top above the clouds. There was frozen Caucasus, and Taurus, and Imaus, and the mountains of Asia. And yonder towards the north, stood the Riphæan hills, clothed in ice and snow. All these are vanished, dropt away as the snow upon their heads, and swallowed up in a red sea of fire. The earth will now undoubtedly assume that form and condition which is intimated (that it will assume on that day of fire) Rev. xx. 14. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. It is plain therefore, that he of whom it is said-strong is the Lord God who judgeth herwill at this period of the earth's dissolution, sling it as out of the midst of a sling, from its orb, into the lake of fire which, no doubt, is somewhere located in the great field of space, and flames and sparkles as a coinet, or burns as a sun to some other system, or rolls as a globe of darkness, encompassed with its own smoke and horror. How can it be otherwise since this lake of fire is spoken of in the scriptures, as being the place prepared for the devil and his angels, and therefore a work Created, and if so, it possesses location and occupies space. How dreadful will this day of vengeance be to those who had pleasure in unrighteousness, when the earth shall take its eternal farewell of its cooling breezes, and of its fountains of waters, its verdent forests and flowery mountains, to sink into that sea of fire whose burnings shall not be quenched. Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of Saints. Who would not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name, for thy judgments are made manifest.
On this passage of Holy writ Infidels have remarked that St.
Peter expressed himself unphilosophically when he intimated that Gold was Perishable; Dr. A. Clarke's note on this passage is well worthy attention.
As the apostle, on verse 7. mentions gold, and gold chemically examined and tried : and as this figure frequently occurs in the Sacred Writings; I think it necessary to say something here of the nature and properties of that metal.
Gold is defined by chemists to be the most perfect, the most ductile, the most tenacious, and the most unchangeable of all metals. Its specific gravity is about 19.3. A cubic foot of pure gold, cast and not hammered, weighs 13481b. In its native state, without mixture, it is yellow; and has no perceptible smell nor taste. When exposed to the action of the fire, it becomes red hot before it melts; but in melting suffers no alteration; but if a strong heat be applied while in fusion, it becomes of a beautiful green colour. The continual action of any furnace, howsoever long applied, has no effect on any of its properties. It has been kept in a state of fusion for several months, in the furnace of a glasshouse without suffering the smallest change. The electric and galvanic fluids inflaine and convert it into a purple oxyd, which is volatilized in the form of smoke. In the focus of a very powerful burning-glass it becomes volatilized, and partially vitrified; so that we may say with the apostle, that, though gold is tried by the fire, abides the action of all culinary fires, howsoever applied, yet it perisheth by the celestial fire and the solar influence, the rays of the sun, collected in the focus of powerful burning-glass, and the application of the electric fluid, destroy its colour, and alter and impair all its properties. This is but a late discovery; and, previously to it, a philosopher would have ridiculed St. Peter for saying, gold that perisheth
Gold is so very tenacious that a piece of it drawn into wire, one-tenth of an inch in diameter, will sustain a weight of 500lb. without breaking.
One grain of gold may be so extended, by its great malleability, as to be easily divided into two millions of parts; and a cabic inch of gold into nine thousand, five hundred, and twentythree millions, eight hundred, and nine thousand, five hundred
and twenty-three parts; each of which may be distinctly seen by the naked eye!
A grain and a half of gold may be beaten into leaves of one inch square; which if intersected by parallel lines, drawn at right angles to each other, and distant only the 100dth part of an inch, will produce twenty-five millions of little squares, each of which may be distinctly seen without the help of glasses!
The surface of any given quantity of gold, according to Mr. Magellan, may be extended by the hammer 150,092 times !
Eighty books, or two thousand leaves, of what is called leaf-gold, each leaf measuring 3.3 square inches, viz. each Jeaf containing 10.89 square inches, weighs less than 384 grains; each book, therefore, or twenty-five leaves, is equal to 272.23 inches, and weighs about 4.8 grains ; so that each grain of gold will produce 56.718, or nearly fifty-seven square inches!
The thickness of the metal thus extended, appears to be no more than the one 283.020th of an inch! One pound, or sixteen ounces of gold, would be sufficient to gild a silver wire sufficient, in length, to encompass the whole terraqueous globe, or to extend 25,000 miles !
Notwithstanding this extreme degree of tenuity, or thinness, which some carry much higher ; no pore can he discerned in it by the strongest magnifying powers; nor is it pervious to the particles of light; nor cau the subtlest fluids pass through it! Its ductility has never yet been carried to the uttermost pitch; and to human art and ingenuity is, probably, unlimited.
AN ACCOUNT OF THE STRANGE FACULTY OF WATER FINDING
POSSESSED BY SOME PERSONS.
Water Finding: being an extract of a Letter from Charles de Salis, Esq. at St. Trone, near Marseilles to his brother, the Rev. Mr. de Salis, in England, dated June 17, 1772.
A Boy here of twelve years of age, has the faculty of discovering water under ground. This gift of his was discovered about a year ago in the following manner. He was standing at work, by his father who was digging, and on a sudden called out, “Do not dig too deep, or the water will appear.” The man had the curiosity to dig about three feet deep, and found a considerable spring. This singular thing being known in the pro
vince, several people of distinction, who wanted water on their estates, sent for him. Among others Mons. Borelle sent for him to an estate of his where, according to tradition, there had been three springs. The boy, without hesitation, carried him to every one of them. Mons. de Bompart, commander of the squadron of Toulon sent for him to a house of his near town; Mons. de Bompart was so convinced of the boy's skill, that he immediately fell to work, and has succeeded. At a house which the Duke de Villiers lived in, some of the water conduits under it were choked
up; and as the direction of them was not known they to save the expense of taking up the floors, sent for the boy; who on being carried to the spot, pointed to the place and said, “Here the conduit begins, and goes in such a direction, &c."
-So much upon the relation of others: now for what I have seen myself.
There was a neighbour of mine, as curious as myself to find out whether this boy had such a gift. We agreed to put water in a large earthen pan, hermetically covered with another, and then placed it in a hole two feet under ground, in a vineyard that had been lately tilled. In order that nobody should inform him of it, at night we dug the hole ourselves, then covered it over, and smoothed the ground for twenty feet round. This we did in two places. The boy arrived next morning, and we took him about the country to shew his skill. He went before us alone, with his bands in a short waist coat, and stopped short whenever he found water, spoke of it, and followed to the spring head. By little and little we brought him to the place where the water was hid; and I never was so astonished in
life as to see him go out of the way, stamp upon the spot, and say, "There
“ is water here; but it does not rup.” The earth was removed, and the pan found directly under. We took him by the second place, which he also discovered; but was angry at being deceived.
He then found out a large spring near my neighbour's house, which he was greatly in want of for an oil mill he has there.
“The purpose of my writing to you is, to confirm the credibility of the letter from Charles de Salis, Esq. relative to discovering water under ground. Li Portugal there are many who possess the same power. I cannot aver to have been a witness myself, but have my information from gentlemen of undoubted veracity, and in particular from Mr. Warre, brother-in-law to. the Consul, and from Mr. John Olive, of Oporto. I was at