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country of the VANES; but the Vanes delivered him up an hostage to the Gods, and received in his place Haner. By this means a peace was re-established be. tween the Gods and the Vanes. Niord took to wife Skada, the daughter of the Giant Thialle. She prefers dwelling on the spot where her father inhabits, that is, in the land of the mountains ; but Niord loves to reside near the sea : yet they came åt length to this agreement between themselves, that they thould pass together nine nights among the mountains, and three on the shore of the sea Niord, returning from the mountains, composed this song; " How do I hate the abode of the mountains ? “ I have only passed nine nights there; but how “ long and tedious did they seem! There one hears “ nothing but the howling of wolves, instead of the “ sweet singing of the fwans *, who dwell on the fea“ shores." In answer to this. Skada composed the following verses : “ How is it possible for me to enjoy my rest on the couch of the God of the Ocean; « whilst birds in flocks returning each morning from " the forest, awake me with their screamings ?" Then Skada returned to the mountains, where her father dwells ; there fnatching up her bow, and fastening on her snow-skates, lhe often employed herself in the chase of savage beasts.


* It is very remarkable, that the ancient Icelandic bards should have got hold of that fabulous opinion of the Swan's being a singing bird ; which so generally prevailed among the Greek and Roman poets. It would be a curious subject of disquisition, to inquire what could have given rise to so arbitrary and groundless a notion.—There can be no mistake about the bird here ; for the Icelandic words are the same with our English : Sangui Suana, " The song, or finging of Swans.". Cantus Cygnorum.


(A) « He seems to dart forth to the other nations of Europe i rays

of light.”] Of all the na- It seems to me probable, that Baltions who have formerly adhered der is the same God, whom the to the · Gothic' religion t, none Noricians and Gauls worshiped have given us such a particular under the name of Belenus. This description of it as the Icelanders. was a celebrated God among the If we are not therefore always Celtes. Many inscriptions make able to prove, that some of the mention of him. We even find points contained in the do&rine monuments, where he is exhibited of the EDDA have been univer- according to his attributes. That sally received by other ancient na- which hath been long preserved tions of Europe ; must it be thence at the castle of Polignac, repreconcluded, that these doctrines sents him with a radiated head, were unknown to them ? Analo- and a large open mouth; which gy authorises us to judge the con- exactly agrees with the picture trary. The conformities, we dif- here given of him in the EDDA; cover in that part which we know, as a God resplendent and cloquent. may serve to answer for what re- We casily see, that Belen and Bal. mains unknown. But this rea- der came from the sanie origin, soning, which I think well found that is, from the Phrygian word ed, shall not hinder me from seek- Bal or Balcn, which fignifies King, ing more positive proofs of that and which they formerly applied resemblance and conformity, as to the Sun. Selden (de Diis Syris. far as one can discover any traces Synt. Il. c. I.) thinks that the an, of it amid the ruins of antiquity. çient Britons called him Belertur There is in this place matter for cades. This was the Apollo of the the exercise of investigation. Who Greeks and Romans, the Sun con. is this God Balder? Was he known fidered as a benign and falutary


+ Fr. La Religion Celtique.

constellation, who chased away persuaded that men owe hini maladies, animated the spirits, and yearly tribute; and that when any warmed the imagination, that body is drowned, this God hath fruitful mother of poetry and all carried him away. They call him, the other arts.

in Germany, Der Nix, and for.

merly in the north, Nocken. They (B) “ He checks the fury of had no other, phrase to express a " the sea, storms and fire.”] This person's dying in the water, but God, ' or at least a God with « Nocken hath taken him ;" and • these attributes,' hath been a- hence, without doubt, is derived dored by all the ancient ' nations the French word Noyer, to drown of Europe, as well Goths as The Gauls called this divinity Celtes :' as also by the Persians, Neitb. They believed that he re and the people who dwell around fided in the sea, and in pools. the Euxine and Caspian feas. There was near Geneva, in the They all of them alligned a Geni. lake which goes by the name of us or God to the waters, whether that town, a rock confecrated to of the sea, or of rivers, or foun- him, which still retains the name tains. This God would not fail of Neiton ; a word approaching to be adored, and loaded with pre- very near to that of Noatun, which, fents. In many places among the according to the Edda, is the reGauls, they every year confecrat- sidence of the God of Waters. ed to him animals, precious stuffs, The Romans retained both the fruits, and gold and silver. Such worship and name of this God, was that small piece of water near who was adored by the ancient Toulouse, into which great rich- Celtic nations of Italy. In gene. es were thrown in honour of this ral, all the several people of EuDeity. They looked upon him as rope have had a great veneration easily provoked, and upon his for this Divinity, and nothing was goodness as not a little precari- more difficult than to bring them ous; but such as was not ill adap- off from the worship they paid ted to the temper of him who was this furnished subject for the the master and director of fo de prohibitions of many a council. ceitful an element. Thus the Ed. Even within the bosom of the DA scruples to alınit him into the Christian Church, the people long family of the Gods. The com- continued to repair in crouds to mon people, in divers places of certain fountains, in order to adore Germany and the north, are still the beneficent Genius, who, by



an incomprehenfible power, made vered them with flowers, and
the waters flow in equal and un- presents; and poured out libam
interrupted abundance; they co- tions.

O fons Bandufiae, splendidior vitro;
Dulci digne mero ; non fine floribus,
Cras donaberis boedo

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Of the God Frey, and of the Goddess Freya.

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TIORD had afterwards, at his residence of Noa

tun, two children, named Frey, and FREYA ; both of them beautiful and vigorous. Frey is the mildest of all the Gods. He presides over the rain, and the sun, and all the productions of the earth. He is to be invoked in order to obtain either fine seasons, or plenty, or peace ; for it is he who difpenses peace and riches. Freya is the most propitious of the Goddef. ses. The place which she inhabits in heaven is call. ed « The union of the people.” She back to every place where battles are fought, and afserts her right to one half of the flain; the other half belong to Odin. Her palace is large and magn ficent ; thence she fallies forth in the chariot, drawn by two cats. She lends á very favourable ear to the vows of those who fue for her assistance. It is from her that the Ladies have received the name, which we give them in our language. She is very much des lighted with the songs of lovers; and such as would be happy in their amours ought to worship this Goddess.

goes on horse


Then says Gangler, All these Gods appear to me to have great power: and I am not at all surprised (A) that you are ble to perform so many gieat atchieve. ments, since you are to well acquainted with the attributes and invictions of each God, and know what is proper to alk of each in order to succeed. there itill any more of them, besides those


have already named?

But are


Frre is some inferior intelli- cipal virtues of every brave wargence or divinity, who resided in rior, it was but right that the the air : FREYA, who has often Goddess of Love should have the been taken for Frigga, is the charge of rewarding one half, at Goddess of Love, the Venus of least of those who had died with the Scandinavians. The ladies are their swords in their hands. called, in Danish, Fruer ; and, in ancient Gothic, the word Freya (A) “ I am not at all surprize appears to have signified the same

“ ed, &c.”] The people settled thing. This name has a remarke in Scandinavia, before the arrival able analogy to the following of Odin, were a very simple race, words in the French language, and easily astonished. viz. Frayer, to engender or spawn queror subdued them as much by as files do; and Friand, which imposing on their minds, as by anciently signified “ full of de- vanquishing their arms.. Amazfire:" as also to Frijd, which in ed at those fuccefies, which their Swedish fignisies to be amorous, own ignorance had occasioned, and to seek in marriage ; and Fri- and was not able to account for; @r, a gallant. The name aphro- they very wisely fent to Odin 'ditis, which was given to Venus himself, to inquire the cause. We by the people of Greece, seems have seen that this was the end also to bear some affinity to this. which GANGLER, or the king Gallantry being one of the prin. who assumed that name, proposed

I his con


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