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Karáchár,' grandson of Káchúli Berlás, grandfather in the eighth degree of the emperor Taimúr Gurkán ; and those Turkománs, during the insurrection of the descendants of Chaghtái Khán," settled in this country, and they are at present styled Káchár.

Gong-i-Dizh, a town of the second climate, in Túrán : it is the first inhabited place in the eastern direction.*




- قراچار قاچار - چغتاي خان- قاچولي برلاسه

كنك دژه

كنك بهشت) and Gong-i- Behisht (كنك دز) Gong-i-Diz

• This name has also been given to Jerusalem, the “ Beit al mukuddes” (white ) or “Holy house ; " which, says the Dictionary “Burhan-i-Káeta,” is called in the Syriac language “Ilia.” (Qücülge lului musy) Here we find the Hierosolyma Capitolina, erected on the ruins of old Jerusalem by Hadrian Ælius, and named after that emperor, Ælia. The

-i-) --) was also an edifice constructed at Babylon, by the ancient king Jemshád; afterwards ruined, then repaired by Alexander ; but since reduced to a mere heap or pile, still visible near the town of Hilleh (ala), as the Dictionary “Jehángíri” and other manuscripts inform us. It was a name likewise for one of the imaginary paradises or seats of beatitude, as the learned Hyde has remarked in his “ Historia Religionis Veterum Persarum," (c. 10.) “Ex imaginariis locis Beatitudinis est Ghang-diz,&c.

Gílán,' a celebrated province of Irán (or Persia), extending in length from Sefidrúd” to Múghán.



LAKNAHÚTi," a city of Bengál,* founded by Muhammed Bakhtyár Khilji, who was one of the learned men and nobles under the old Khilji Sultáns; and the whole territory was in former times called Laknahúti; but the city is now ruined, and in its place is a jangle or forest, at the distance of four leagues from Pandwah.


کیلان سفیدرود

محمد بختیار خلجي

پند وه



* “ Lucknouti,” says Major Rennell, “a city also called Gour,' the ancient capital of Bengál, and supposed to be the Gangia Regia of Ptolemy, stood on the left bank of the Ganges about twenty-five miles below Rájemál. It was the capital of Bengál 730 years before Christ. No part of the ancient Gour is nearer to the present bank of the Ganges than four miles and a half; and some parts which were originally washed by that river are now twelve miles from it. Gour must have extended fifteen miles in length, and from two to three in breadth.”—“Memoir of a Map of Hindoostan," 2nd edition,

p. 55.


MÁREB,' a city of Yemen: it is also called Sabá, and is mentioned in the Korán, chapter of Saba. .

Máchín, a considerable region near Chín : it derives its name from Máchín, the son of Japhet, the son of Noah, on whom be peace! The chief city of Máchín is called Tanktásh ;* and this country is situated in the first and second climates : and in the work entitled ،، Jamia Rashidi ”5* it is affirmed that the name Machín was

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* In a very curious MS. belonging to Sir W. Ouseley's Collection, and numbered in his printed Catalogue 676, (being an original list of the most rare and excellent chronicles Arabic and Persian,) the Jamia Rashidi is described as a genealogical and historical account of Changiz Khan and his descendants, with anecdotes of the Moghúl nobles

جامع رشیدي - انساب واحوال چنگیز خان واولاد اور امرا مغول را بتفصيل حاوي است

This must not be confounded with another chronicle mentioned in the same Persian Catalogue, the Táríkh Rashidi, composed

originally Mahá-Chín ;' in which the Indian word “maha” signifies "great,” and “Chín” is the same as Khitá? (the country so called and already mentioned in its place).

MazINDERAN, a province of Iran, on the shore of the Sea of Gilán (or the Caspian): this country is also called Tabristán.

MÁSBENDÁN,' a town of Shirvan in the third climate.

MáhánESAR," a castle or fortress in the province of Mazinderan.

Madáin, a celebrated city in îrák Ârab, one of the works of King Tahmuras :: here is the Aivan-ikesri. This place was called Madáin, because it was the most considerable of the seven Madáin, or “ cities" of îrak Arab; and in the time of the Akasreh 9 these cities were Madain (above mentioned), and the other six, Kádesíah,19 Rúmíah," Heirah,12 Bábel,13 Halwán, 14 and Nahrván.15

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by Mirza Haider Dúghlát Gúrkán, on the history of the Kháns or Sovereigns of Kashghur

تاریخ رشیدي - تالیف میرزا حيدر دوغلات کورکان در ذکر خانان كاشغر

Medinah ar’rasúl," (the city of the prophet,) in Arabia; there are seven other towns which claim the title of Meden or Medíno (cities); these are Isfahán, Marvshábján, Níshápúr, Kazvín, Bokhara, Samarkand, and Nasaf, which is generally called Nakhsheb.;

MARHAT,8 (the final letter being the Indian t with four dots or points above,) a territory in the Dekkan of India : it gives name to the race of people called Marhatah, and comprises Ahmednagar,1° Dowletábád" and Aurungabád.12 In former times this territory was called Gihrgi, 13 " the gate or door, opening into the Dekkan.”






مدينه الرسول مدین or مدن مروشاهجان

بخارا - قزوین * مرهتة - نخشب - نسف اورتکاباد - دولت آباد - احمد نگر" - قوم مرهته و




• Between the article “ MARHAT” and “MASKÚ is inserted in the MS. one of those passages to which Sir W. Ouseley alludes in his letter (see the Preface) as belonging rather to history than geography, since it does not mention any place. This passage appears under the title of Mazhdak (;o), who is described as a learned magian or fireworshipper in the time of king Kobád, father of the great Núshirván: having introduced some heretical doctrines, he was put to death by the monarch with three hundred, or, according

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