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Father of it.' ee, to inti. ld know to ce between e with that ece to Man w the Law mpressed on Which shew
eir thoughts Eng one
an. den Tree,
And he edience reo upright.' rks, was a The Life e afforded
could have claimed that Life upon his Obedience ; yet not in the Way of proper Merit ; because his perfect Obedience was no more than what was due from him by the Law of his Creation, before he entered into that Covenant: Luke xvii.9. 10. 'Doth he
thank that servant, because he did the things that were commanded him? I trow not. So likewise ye, when ye shall have done all those things which
are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable • fervants : we have done that which was our duty
to do. The only way he could have claimed it, was by Compact, namely, in virtue of the Covenant-promise made to his work.
The Penalty, of the Covenant of Works was Death, Gen. ii. 17. forecited. The Death threatened was also twofold ; namely, one accompanying Sin at its first Entrance, another following after as its full Reward. The Death accompanying Sin at its first Entrance, was temporal Death, in the Loss of the Vigour and Comfort of natural Life ; and spiritual Death, in the Loss of the I. mage of God with his Favour and Fellowship. And Adam died this Death, according to the Threatening, that very Day he fioned : Gen. iii. 7. 8. 9. 10. 'And the eyes of them both were
opened, and they knew that they were naked : ' and they sewed fig-leaves together, and made
themselves aprons. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day : and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God,
amongst the trees of the garden. And the Lord . God called unto Adam, and said unto him, " Where art thou? And he said, I heard thy ' voice in the garden : and I was afraid, because
ary Obedierfecting of
during the was natural nd spiritual
with God, rd of Obe n afforded Cernal Life x. 16. 17.
at I may
o him, if commandObedience obedient,
I was naked; and I hid myself.' The Death following after, as the full Reward of Sin, was the natural Death of the Body with the Sting in it, and eternal Death in the consummate Misery of Soul and Body for ever : 1 Cor. xv. 55.' O death,
where is thy fting ? O grave, where is thy victo* ry? Matth. xxv. 41. ' Then shall he fay also un
to them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye * cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil
and his angels. And this was comprehended in the express Threatening of Death to accompany Sin ; inasmuch as the one was a sure Pledge of the other, natively issuing therein.
Queft. 13. Did our first Parents continue in the Estate wherein they were created ?
Ans. Our first Parents, being left to the Freedom of their own Will, fell from the Estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God.'
EXPLICATION. Our first Parents were Adam and Eve. The State wherein they were created, was a holy and happy State : But they fell from it; and that by their finning against God: Gen. iii. 6. 7. 8. 10. . And when the woman saw that the tree was * good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise; se took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did
eat, &c.' The first that sinned was the woman : I Tim. ii. 14. 'And Adam was not deceived, but
*the woman being deceived was in the trans.
gression.' And it was the Devil that insnaredi her : Gen. iij. 13. And the woman said, The fer. • pent beguiled me, and I did eat. The Woman having finned, infaared Adam, verf. 6. forecited. But their being tempted to fin, did not excuse them ; because it was of their own free Will that they linned. Freedom of Will is a Power in the Will, whereby it doth of its own accord, without Force'upon it, chuse or refuse what is proposed to it by the Understanding. And Man hath this Freedom of Will in whatever State he be. But this Power of the Will is not of the same Extent in all States. In the State of Innocence, it extended both to Good and Evil ; that is to say, Man had a Free dom of Will, whereby he could wholly turn, either to the one side or the other, to Good or Evil, proposed by his Understanding : And that Man was created thus mutable, was suitable to the State of Trial. Now, the special Act of Prą. vidence about the Fall of our first Parents, was that God left them to the Freedom of their oun Will: And the Ufe they made of that, was, that they went freely, of their own accord, to the Side of Sin. But in the State of corrupt Nature, the. Power of the will extends only to Evil : Gen. vi. 5. 'And God saw that the wickedness of man
was great in the earth, and that every imagination 6 of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continu.
ally." In the State of Grace, it extends partly to Good, and partly to Evil: Rom. vii. 23. 'But I see . another law in my members, warring against the ' law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity
to the law of fin, which is in my members. And in the State of Glory it extends only to Good : Heb.
xii. 23. 'To the spirits of just men, made perfect:
Quest. 14. What is Sin?
Ans. Sin is any Want of Conformity unto, or Transgression of, the Law of God.
By Sin is meant Transgression of the Law of God; and therefore nothing can be Sin, but what one way or other is a Tranfgression of some Law of God: 1 John- ii. 4. Whosoever committeth sin, transgrefseth also the law : for sin is the
transgression of the law. Transgression of the Law of God, is any Want of Conformity to it whatfoever, i John iii. 4. forecited. So the least coming short of the Perfection required by the Law, is Sin; because so far there is a Want of Confor. mity to the Law: Matth. v. 48. ' Be ye therefore
perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven
is perfect. Compared with i John iii. 4. above cited. Now, the Law of God requires a twofold Conformity to it in the reasonable Creatures ; namely, a Conformity of their Natures to it, and a Conformity of their Lives to it: Psal. xxiv.. 3. 4 : Who Mall afcend into the hill of the Lord ?
and who shall stand in his holy place? He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lift his foul unto vanity, nor sworn de
ceitfully.'' Hence there are two general kinds of Sin; namely, original Sin, and actual Sin : And each of them is a Want of Conformity to the Law of God. Original Sin is a Want of Confor. mity of our Natures to the Law of God. Actual
Sin is a Want of Conformity of our Lives to the Law of God, whether by Omisfion or Commif. sion. The chief Evil of Sin lies in the Filthiness of it. The Filthiness of Sin is its being the quite contrary of God's Holiness expressed in his Law ; whence it is, in the Sight of God, the Object of his greatest Loathing and Abhorrence : fer. xliv. 4. ' Howbeit, I fent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early, and sending them, saying, Oh do not this abominable thing that I hate !
aw of God.
the Law of
Sin, but what of some Law
committeth er fin is the effion of the Fy
to it what the least co. by the Law, t of Confor: ye
therefore is in heaven iii. 4. above es a twofold Creatures ;
Quest. 15. What was the Sin whereby our first Parents fell from the Estate wherein they were created ?
Ans: The Sin whereby our first Pan rents fell from the Estate wherein they were created, was their eating the form bidden Fruit.
es to it, and
Psal. xxiv., the Lord ? e! He that ; who hath or sworn de eneral kinds al Sin : And
EXPLICATION. The Sin whereby Man fell, was the eating the förbidden Fruit : Gen. iii. 6. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and
that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to ' be desired to make one wise ; Me took of the ' fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto "- her husband with her; and he did cat.' There was no Evil in the Fruit itself, - for which it was forbidden : Gen. i. ult. • And God saw every thing
that he had made, and behold, it was very good.' The Evil of the Matter lay in Man's eating it aa
nity to the ut of ConforGod. Actual