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KHÁVERÁN,' a district of Khurásán, between Sarakhs and Ábivard:3 the chief town of it is called Mahnah.*
KHARRAKÁN, a territory of Jám.
KHURREM, a place in the province of Fárs; from which came Bábek Khurrem Dín.o
KHAZAR, the name of a son of Noah, on whom be the peace of God! and this name has been given to the Dasht-i-Khazar,1o a region of the sixth climate on the north of the sea of Khazar, that is, the sea of Gílán (or the Caspian); and this region is also called Khazarán" and Dasht-i-Kibchák, and it comprises Serái," Balenjer," Burtás," and other towns.*
*Here after the article "KHAZAR we find in the manuscript "KHISRAU" (for so the word is erroneously accented), being the name of Khusrau (from which the Greeks formed Chosroes). This name, says our author, signifies in the Deri language (or old Persian dialect) a king; and the Arabs express it by. But in this article there is not any geographical reference.
KHATTA,1 a village in an island of the Bahr-iFárs, near to Yemámeh3 from this place the spears called Nízeh Khatti derive their name.
KHITA, (the Arabs spell this name with t and the Persians with t ) a great region in the East, the capital of which at present is Khánbálígh. The last place of this country in the direction of Máwerelnahr is Sakával; and from Samarkand to Sakával is a distance of one hundred and one manzils (or days' stages), in the following order: from Samarkand to Káshghar twenty-five stages; from Káshghar to Khoten 9 fifteen; from Khoten to Karákhuájeh 10 thirty-five; and from Karákhuájeh to Sakával, thirty-one.
KHÚZISTÁN," a celebrated region, between the provinces of Fárs and îrák Ârab: its capital in ancient times was Ahwáz; 12 but at present Shushter 13 is the chief city. To this province belong Askermokrem, 14 Rámhormuz, 15 Arján, 16 Jondishápúr," Havízeh,18 Dizh-e-fúl, 19 and other towns;
and originally the name of this province was Khuázistán,' (the letter á coming in immediately after ú,) for in the old Persian dialect called "Deri" (or the Court language) Khuázeh signified a bower, arch, or dome, which was constructed in honour of brides and bridegrooms; and as the inhabitants were very expensive in the celebration of nuptials, the province derived its name from the Khuázeh above mentioned.*
DÁR EL MARZ, a region of Irán (or Persia), comprehending the provinces of Jurján Mázinderán, Gílán, Dílmán,' Rustemdár, and places adjoining.
DÁGHISTÁN: this name signifies "a mountainous country;" for the word Dágh in the Turki (or Turkish) dialect, as spoken in Irán or Persia,
* According to the Dictionary “ Burhán-i-Kátâ,” (in 8;ļ,÷) this bower, arch, or dome, was constructed of flowers and
or rather, as may be کل و ریاحین سازند) ,fragrant herbs از
supposed, decorated and perfumed with them.
is used to express "a mountain; whilst in the Turki of Túrán (which is the proper and original dialect of the Túránians, as the Fársi is of the Iránians or Persians,) the word ták1 signifies "a mountain; " so that in the name Dághistán, t is changed into d, and k into gh. This region borders on the province of Shírván."
DIJLAH, a celebrated river, the source of which is among the mountains of Arzenar'rúm and Nisíbín; it falls into the sea of Fárs (the Persian Gulf) near Abádán: in the Pársi (or pure Persian dialect) this river is called Arvend Rúd."
DEJÍL, a stream (or canal), one of the memorials of Ardashír Bábekán,9* in the territory of Baghdád and Ahwáz: it is called Dejíl because the water which supplies it flows from the Dijleh (or Tigris).
DARGAZÍN, 10 a town in the territory of Kazvín.
The celebrated founder of the Sassanian dynasty of Persian sovereigns: he overthrew the Arsacidan or Parthian race in the beginning of the third century; and is called Artaxares and Artaxerxes by the Greek and Latin historiaus.
DASHT (or DESHT),' a district in the territory of Káín: it is also called Dasht-i-Biáz (the white plain or desert).
DAMÁVAND,* a mountain eastward of Rai: the original name of this mountain was Duniá ávand, " signifying "the vase or bottle of the world." It is said to be in height four farsangs, and the highest mountain in the world: on the summit is a level piece of ground, from which emanates a shining light; by the brightness of this at night a person is enabled to see the country to a considerable extent; and in the day-time smoke issues from this spot. It is related that King Solomon (on whom be the blessing of God!) imprisoned there the Jin or Demon Sakhreh. This mountain comprises several inhabited places, constituting what is called Damávand; the chief town among these being Dímeh."
DÚRBEST, a village in the territory of Rai: it is at present called Duresht and Turesht.10
-Derbest, ac دوربست Driest, as written, or دوریست
cording to the orthographical explanation.