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others, which was particularly necessary in the land of Israel in those times ; and whenever it is the Divine Will to inflict judgments, which to human apprehension appear severe, we must recollect, that this life is not the whole of our existence, but there is a future state, where God will bring every work into judgment, and every secret thought, whether it be good, or whether it be evil, and reward us accordingly.

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THE REIGN OF ABIJAM, CALLED ALSO ABIJAH,

KING OF JUDAH.

From 1 Kings, Chap. xv. 2 Chron. Chap. xiii. Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat, reigned Abijam over Judab.

... I Three years reigned he in Jerusalem ; and he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before

him : and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his . God, as the heart of David his father.

Nevertheless, for David's sake did the Lord his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem; because David did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, and turned not aside from any thing that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite. · And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life... in. : .

And Abijam set the battle in array with an army of valiant men of war, even four hundred thousand chosen men. Jeroboam also set the battle in array against him with eight hundred thousand chosen, men, being mighty men of valour. It a

E . .
And Abijam stood up upon mount Zemaraim, which is

the water; and He shall root up Israet out of this good land, which he gave to their fathers, and shall scatter thet beyond the river, because they have made their groves, provoking the LORD to anger :

· And he shall give Israel up, because of the sin of Jero: boam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin.

And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, and eame to Tirzah : apd when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died.

And they buried him, and all Israel moürned for him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake bg the hand of his servant A hijah the propliet. . And the days which Jeroboam reigned, were two and twenty years : and he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in kis stead.

· ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS. · Jeroboam soon forgot the admonitions of the prophet, and brought the curse of God upon himself by the abouninable practice of idolatry. It seems that he apprehended Rehoboam would have the advantage, and entice the people back to himself, if they continued to resort to the Temple at JERUSALÉM ; he therefore studied for an expedient to prevent them.'

In Solomon's reign the people built them high places on every high hill, and under every green tree; and did according to all the abominations of the nations, which the LORD cast out before the children of Israel ; so they were easily induced to forsake the LORD...

Jeroboam knew that he had not the meanis to build a temple to vie with that of Solomon, but something he thought he must do to prevent the desertion of his people. Having resided for a long time in Egypt, he wished to form an alliance with that country, with a view to trengthen his power. Among their numerous idols the

Egyptians

to expedient to prieign the peoplereen trees and

Egyptians had two oxén which they worshipped one at he eitg of Memphis called Apis ; the other at Hjempolis, called Mnepis. That he might therefore gdid the favoar of his peoples Jeroboant made idols in the form of these oxen, and placed then likewise in different parts of his kingdom. Dan was farnous, in the time of Mically for his Teraphim ; and Bethel was esteemed a sacred plaće ob account of Jacob's tisiųñ of the ladder; and the Lord's frequeñt appearance to him. By setting up his golden calves in these places, which had long been esteemed ; sacred, Jeroboami contrived at once to please the Egyp: tians, and to gratify his owh subjects.

Zoan; the city at which the new rate of Egyptian king's Pésided, was not far from the borders of Canaan. It is the interest of former kings to be upok good terms with David's race; but Shishak had cause to fear, that Sblomon's sont would be ready to join the deposed family in Egypt; for this reason it was politic for him to encou. rage Jeroboam, who appeared to be an usurper also.

All the order of priests and Levites adhered to the Temple service, by which they drew the displeasure of Jeroboam upon them; and having occasion før ministers, he chose such as we'read of. This was a great act of pres. sumption, but Jeroboam stopt at nothing to effect his am. bitious purposes ; for, without the least regard to the order nances of the LORD, he instituted netru festivals ; so that he totally subverted the public worship, and the people plunged themselves Keadlong into the grossest idolatry, and entirely forsook the LORD ; but, in his infinite mercy, the Loró vouch safed to call them to repentance, by sendo ing a prophet, and working such miracles as must have converted them, if they had not hardened their hearts.

The mercy of God was shewn to Jeroboam in warning kind of the destruction he would bring on his family, and also to his son, the good young Abijah, by taking him

Forpt; for this he appeared to

Levites adh

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into a happier state : his death, which was a punishment
to the parent, was a blessing to the child, by removing
him to a better world. : i . . . .,
• The Lord threatened, by the mouth of His prophet,
that," he would give Israel up, because of the sin of Jero-
boam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin." We must
not from this suppose, that Israel would have been punished
for the wickedness of their sovereign, if the people had
adhered to their duty. They well knew that Jeroboam's
proceedings were directly contrary to the law of Gon; yet
they willingly made themselves partakers of his crime, and
therefore deserved to be given up. It is called Jeroboam's
sin, because he introduced it; but the people must have
been inclined to idolatry, or they would not have been so
easily influenced by him. ;
..Jeroboam and the Israelites were as undeserving as the
people of Judah of God's favour ; and one is lost in admi-
ration of the divine forbearance, that they were suffered
to remain on the face of the earth?

The prediction, which the prophet delivered respecting JOSIAH, was a very remarkable one, and it was afterwards exactly accomplished *. We are told, that the young prophet who spake it came to a very untimely end; for he suffered himself to be persuaded by another prophet, who pretended to be also inspired, to go to his house, instead of obeying the Lord's commands, which the young prophet had himself received by divine iuspiration : to punish him for thus inconsiderately preferring the word of a man to the word of God, he was torn to pieces by a lion (to save him from which he was perhaps directed to return home another way). This punishment appears very severe, because it seems that the young prophet really thought the old prophet spake truth ; but we may suppose God permitted him to be slain for a warning to * 1 Kings 'xiii. 20. &c.

to all th others, which was particularly necessary in the land of Israel in those times ; and whenever it is the Divine Will to inflict judgments, which to human apprehension appear severe, we must recollect, that this life is not the whole of our existence, but there is a future state, where God will bring every work into judgment, and every secret thought, whether it be good, or whether it be evil, and reward us accordingly.

ini others,

lim: at God, a

SECTION XLVIII.

THE REIGN OF ABIJAM, CALLED ALSO ABIJAH,

KING OF JUDAH.

From 1 Kings, Chap. xv. 2 Chron. Chañ. xiii. Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat, reigned Abijam over Judah. . . i

Three years reigned he in Jerusalem; and he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him : and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father..

Nevertheless, for David's sake did the LORD his God - give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him,

and to establish Jerusalem: because David did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, and turned not aside from any thing that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.

And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life... im

. ; And Abijam set the battle in array with an army of valiant men of war, even four hundred thousand chosen men. Jeroboam also set the battle in array against him with eight hundred thousand chosen, men, being mighty men of valour.

E i n And Abijam stood up upon mount Zemaraim, which is

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