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gone in kirks constituted and settled : It being always free to the magistrate to advise with fynods of ministers and ruling elders, meeting upon delegation from their churches, either ordinarily, or, being inilicted by his authority, occasionally and pro re nata; it being also free to allenible together fynodically, as well pro re nata as at the ordinary times, upon delegation from the churches, by the intrinsical power received from Chriit, as often as it is necessary for the good of the Church foto aflemble, in case the magistrate, to the detriment of the church, with-hold or deny his consent; the necessity of occafional aslemblies being first remonflrate unto liim by humble suppliation.


Charles I. Parl. 2. Seff. 2. Act 16.

ACT anent the Catechisins, Confeffion of Faith, and ratification thereof.

At EDINBUGH, February 7. 1649. T

HE Estates of Parlianıcnt now prefently conveened in this second

Session of the second triennial Pa:liament, by virtue of an act of the committee of Estates, who had power and authority from the last Parliament for conveening the Parliament, having seriously confilered the Catechisms, viz. the Larger and Shorter ones, with the Confeffion of Faith, with three acts of approbation thereof by the Commissioners of the General Affembly, presented unto them by the Commissioners of the faic General Asembly; do ratify and approve the faid Catechisins, Confession of Faith, and Acts of approbaiion of the fame, produced as it is; and orlains them to be recorded, pub, Pilhed, and practised.

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A Part of the Covenanted Uniformity in Religion betwixt the

Churches of CHRIST in the Kingdoms of Scotland, England, and Ireland.

Approved by the General Assembly 1647, and ratified and establisha ed by Act of Parliament 1649, and 1690, as the public and avowed CONFESSION of the CHURCH of SCOTLAND.


E DIN BU R `G H: Printed for ALEXANDER KINCAID His Majesty's Printer,



the Holy Scripture.
II. Of God and of the Holy Trinity.
III. Of God's Éternal Decree.
IV. Of Creation.
V. Of Providence.
VI. Of the fall of Man, of Sin, and of the punishment

VII. Of God's Covenant with Man.
VIII. Of Christ the Mediator.
XI. Of Free Will.
X. Of Effectual Calling.
XI. Of Justification.
XII. Of Adoption.
XIII. Of Sanctification.
XIV. Of Saving Faith.
XV. Of Repentance unto Life. ? i
XVI. Of Good Works.
XVII. Of the Perseverance of the Saints.
XVIII. Of Alurance of Grace and Salvation.
XIX. Of the Law of God.
XX. Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience.
XXI. Of Religious Worship, and the Sabbath-Day.
XXII. Of lawful Oaths and Vows.
XXIII. Of the Civil Magistrate.
XXIV. Of Marriage and Divorce.
XXV. Of the Church.
XXVÍ. Of Communion of Saints.
XXVII. Of the Sacraments.
XXVIII. Of Baptism.

XXIX. Of the Lord's Supper.
XXX. Of Church-Cenfures,
XXXI. Of Synods and Councils.
XXXII. Of the State of Men after Death, and of the Re-

surrection of the Dead. XXXIII. Of the last Judgment,


Τ Η Ε ́


Agreed upon by the Asembly of Divines at Westminster : Examined and approved anno 1647, by the GENERAL AsSEMBLY of the CHURCH of SCOTLAND; and ratified by Act of Parliament 1649, and 1690,

Chap. I. Of the Holy Scripture. LTHOUGH the light of nature, and the works of cre

ation and providence, do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable a; yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God, and of his will, which is necessary unto salvation b: Therefore it

pleased I. a Rom. ii. 14. For when the night unto night sheweth knowledge. Gentiles which have not the law, do v. 3. There is no speech nor lanby nature the things contained in the guage, where their voice is not heard. law, these having not the law, are a Rom. i. 32. Who knowing the judge law unto themselves : v. 15. Which ment of God, (that they which comshew the work of the law written in mit such things are worthy of death) their hearts, their conscience also not only do the same, but have pleabearing witness, and their thoughts fure in them that do them. With the mean while accusing or else excuf- Rom. ii. 1. Therefore thou art inex ing one another. Rom. i. 19. Because cufable, O man, whosoever thou art that which may be known of God, is that judgest; for wherein thou judgmanifest in them; for God hath est another thou condemnest thyself; fhewed it unto them. V. 20. For the for thou that judgest doelt the same invisible things of him from the cre- things. ation of the world, are clearly seen, bi Cor. i. 21. For after that, in being understood by the things that the wisdom of God, the world by wifare made, even his eternal power and dom knew not God, it pleased God Godhead; so that they are without by the foolishness of preaching to fave excuse. Pfal. xix. I. The heavens them that believe. declare the glory of God; and the fir- Which things also we speak,not in the mament sheweth his handy-work, v. words which man's wisdom teacheth, 2. Dayunto day uttereth speech, and but which the holy Ghost teacheth;

B 3

I Cor. ii. 13.


pleased the Lord, at fundry times, and in divers manners, to reveal himself, and to declare that his will unto his church c; and afterwards, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more fure establishment and

comfort of the church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the same wholly unto writing d: which maketh the holy scripture to be most necessary e ; thofe former ways of God's revealing his will unto his people, being now ceased f. II. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the word of


comparing spiritual things with fpiri- ceedeth out of the mouth of God, v. tual. v. 14. But the natural man re- 7. Jesus said unto him, It is written ceiveth not the things of the Spirit of again, thou shalt not tempt the Lord God; for they are foolishness unto thy God. v. 10. Then faith Jesus him: neither can he know them, be- unto him, Get thee hence Satan: for cause they are spiritually discerned. it is written, Thou shalt worship the

c Heb. i. 1. God who at sundry Lord thy God, and him only shalt times, and in divers manners, spake thou serve. Isa. viii. 19. And when in time past unto the fathers by the they shall say unto you, Seek unto prophets.

them that have familiar spirits, and à Prov. xxii. 19. That thy trust . unto wizards that peep, and that may be in the Lord, I have made mutter: should not a people seek unknown to thee this day, even to thee. to their God? for the living to the V. 20. Have I not written to thee ex- dead? v, 20. To the law and to the cellent things in counsels and know- testimony: if they speak not accorledge? v. 21. That I might make thee ding to this word, it is because there know the certainty of the words of is no light in them. truth; that thou mightest answer the e 2 Tim. iii. 15. And that from a words of truth to them that send unto child thou hast known the holy scripthee? Luke i. 3. It seemed good to tures, which are able to make thee wife me also, having had perfect under- unto salvation, through faith which 1tanding of all things from the very is in Christ Jesus, 2 Pet. i. 19. We first, to write unto thee in order, most have also a more sure word of proexcellent Theophilus. v. 4. That phecy, whereunto ye do well that ye thou mightest know the certainty of take heed, as unto a light that shinech those things, wherein thou hast been in a dark place, until the day dawn, instructed. Rom. xv. 4. For what. and the day-ltar arise in your

hearts. sover things were written aforetime, f Heb. i. 1. God, who at fundry were written for our learning; that times, and in divers manners, spake we thro' patience and comfort of the in time past unto the fathers by the fcriptures might have hope. Matth. prophets. v. 2. Hath in these last iv. 4. But he answered and said, It is days spoken unto us by his Son, whom written, Man shall not live by bread he hath appointed heir of all things, alone, but by every word that pro- by whom also he made the worlds.

& Luke

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