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l'esprit; et quand nous prions, ce n'est pas la statue que nous prions, mais celui qui est représenté par la statue: au reste nous reconnoissons que c'est Dieu qui est le Maître absolu et le seul Tout-puissant.”*

M. Ziegenbalg, one of the first missionaries sent by the king of Denmark to Tranquebar,+ having asked different Brahmins,

* Voyages de Bernier, tom. ii. pp. 157-159.

+ Tranquebar was granted to the Danes, by the Rajah of Tanjore, in 1621.-The king of Denmark having, in the year 1705, applied to M. Franck, professor of theology at Halle, to recommend persons fit to be sent as missionaries to India; Franck proposed M. Ziegenbalg and M. Plutchau. They sailed from Copenhagen the 29th of November in that year, and arrived at Tranquebar the 9th of July, 1706. M. Plutchau, after a few years residence, returned to Europe and remained there. M. Ziegenbalg visited Europe in 1715; came from Denmark to England, embarked there the 4th of March, 1716, landed at Madras the 9th of August in the same year, and died at Tranquebar the 23d of February, 1719. He translated into the Malabar, or Tamoul language, the whole of the New Testament, and at his death had nearly completed a translation of the Old. He wrote a Malabar grammar, which was printed at


the reason of their not offering worship to the Supreme Being, they uniformly replied; that God was a Being without shape, incomprehensible, of whom no precise idea could be formed; and that the adoration before idols, being ordained by their religion, God would receive, and consider that, as adoration offered to himself.

He gives some literal translations of sages from their writings:



The Being of beings is the only God, eternal, and every where present, who comprises every thing; there is no God but He."

"O Sovereign of all beings, Lord of the Heavens and the Earth, before whom shall I deplore my wretchedness, if thou abandon me ?"*

"God is, as upon a sea without bounds;

Halle; and a dictionary, printed at Tranquebar in 1712, which then contained 20,000 words, and was afterwards augmented.-See Hist. du Christ. des Indes par la Croze.

*From a book named Vara-baddu.

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those who wish to approach him must appease the agitation of the waves-they must be of a tranquil and steady mind, retired within themselves, and their thoughts being collected, must be fixed on God only."*

In a letter written to M. Ziegenbalg, by a Brahmin, he says, God may be known by his laws, and wonderful works,—by the reason and understanding he has given to man, and by the creation and preservation of all beings. It is indispensably the duty of man to believe in God, and love him. Our law enjoins this.-Those two principles ought to be in his speech, in his mind they should guide all his actions, in which being well founded, he should invoke God, and endeavour in every thing to conform himself to his will."


A Hindū having been converted to Christianity by the Danish missionaries, his father wrote to him, You are yet unac


* From a book named Tchiva-Vackkium.

quainted with the mysteries of our religion. We do not worship many gods in the extravagant manner you imagine. In all the multitude of images, we adore one Divine essence only. We have amongst us learned men, to whom you should apply, and who will remove all your doubts."*

M. de la Croze, says, on the authority of M. Ziegenbalg and another missionary, M. J. E. Grundler: "In one of their books, they (the Hindus) express themselves in the following manner: The Supreme Being is invisible, incomprehensible, immovable, without figure or shape. No one has ever seen him; time never comprised him; his essence pervades every thing; all was derived from him.'

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Father Bouchet, superior of the Jesuit missionaries, writes to the bishop of Avranches,+ from Madura, in the Carnatic:

* Histoire du Christianisme des Indes, tom. ii. liv. 6. + The celebrated P. D. Huet, chosen by Bossuet to be preceptor, under him, to the dauphin, eldest son of Louis XIV. As a recompense for his ser

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"The Indians acknowledge one eternal God, infinitely perfect."

"They say, that the great number of divinities which they worship, are only inferior deities, entirely subject to the will

vices, he obtained the Abbacy of Aunai, and afterwards the bishopric of Soissons, which he changed for that of Avranches. Having vacated this last see, he procured the Abbacy of Fontenay in Normandy, near Caen: thence he retired into what was called la Maison Professée des Jésuites at Paris, spending the day in literary pursuits, the evenings in society; and died in 1721, at the age of ninety-one years. All the learned missionaries in eastern countries, seem to have corresponded with him. There is a well executed account of Huet, in the Memoirs of Mademoiselle de Montpensier. He left numerous works both in French and Latin. Some of them have been criticised. He is said to have shewn more learning than taste and elegance in his compositions, which in the age of Louis XIV., was not a trifling charge. It was Huet who suggested the publication of the classics ad usum Delphini, but on a much more extensive plan than that on which they were executed.

See also Dr. Aikin's translation of Huet's Commentarii de Rebus ad se pertinentibus, published at London, 1810, in two vols. 8vo.

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