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Joshua : and Moses went up into the mount have believed that thou didst send me." of God.

(John xvii. 8.) 14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye Under that hill where the Lord thus aphere for us, until we come again unto you; and, peared Moses built an altar, and offered behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come

burnt offerings and peace offerings ; and then unto them.

sprinkled the people with the blood of the 15 And Moses went up into the mount, and

sacrifices which had been offered; and thus a cloud covered the mount.

ratified and confirmed the whole (v. 4–6). 16 And the glory of the Lord abode upon May we not here again see Jesus, in his memount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six

diatorial capacity, as our sacrifice and peace? days: and the seventh day he called unto

It was only by the altar of the burnt offering Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD

and peace offering that a way was opened

to God on the mount. was like devouring fire on the top of the mount

It was by the blood in the eyes of the children of Israel.

of that offering they found acceptance and 18 And Moses went into the midst of the peace. Is it not so with us ? Is not Christ cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and the true offering for sin ? Hath he not made Moses was in the mount forty days and forty

peace with God by the blood of the cross ? nights.

Is it not, as having done this great work of reconciliation and peace,

that he acts as our In this chapter we have some important gracious mediator with the Majesty on high ? matters to be considered and improved; may Is not the gospel of our salvation confirmed the Lord give us grace to profit by them all. by his blood? Is not every promise of the Moses, Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy gospel, and every precept likewise, sprinkled of the elders of Israel, are admitted to the with his blood ? Is not sin done away by mount. The people were to worship afar off; his blood ? Are not our souls washed in but Moses alone shall come near the Lord. his blood ? Is it not his blood that speaks The others were not to approach ; and none pardon and peace ? Must not all our works, of the people were to be with him.

our prayers, and praises, be sprinkled with Why may Moses alone come near? Be his blood ? In short, is not the whole salvacause of the relation in which he stood, as a tion of Christ, from first to last, altogether typical mediator between God and the people. a salvation by blood; even his own most Here, then, we behold the way of access to precious blood, which he shed for our reGod by Christ. No man can come to the demption, pardon, life, and peace? Father but by Christ. (John xiv. 6.) In that In consequence of these typical offerings, capacity, Christ stands alone; none of the Moses, Aaron, and the others with them, were people are with him ; there is no joint me admitted to the mount. They saw the glory diator, nor mixed mediation. He that trode

of God and lived; they eat and drank in his the wine-press alone (Is. lxiii. 3) stands

presence; the people witnessed the glory all before God alone, as the one mediator be around (v. 9–11). tween God and man. (1 Tim. ii. 5.) We

Is not all this really verified in the exmay draw near through him, and find mercy; | perience of every believer in Christ? All but not conjointly with any other than him, believers may draw near. To all believers, nor without him alone, if we would be saved.

more or less of the glory of God is made In this capacity, Moses told all the words known. In the face of Jesus Christ that of the Lord to the people; "and all the glory is seen, tempered with the mildest people answered with one voice, and said, beams of mercy and love. Thus, drawing All the words which the Lord hath said will near, instead of death they find life. Instead we do" (v. 3). As the true mediator, Christ of being condemned, they are pardoned and declares of all his people, “I have given unto justified. Instead of being devoured with them the words which thou gavest me; and the fiery element, they taste his love, they they have received them, and have known feed upon the riches of his grace, they rejoice surely that I came out from thee, and they in his favour, they glory in his salvation.



Oh, may that “God, who commanded the light 18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of to shine out of darkness," shine in our hearts, gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them,

in the two ends of the to give the light of the knowledge of the


mercy glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ !"

19 And make one cherub on the one end,

and the other cherub on the other end : even (2 Cor. iv. 6.)

*of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof.

20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth CHAPTER XXV.

their wings on high, covering the mercy seat 1 What the Isruelites must offer for the muking of the taber with their wings, and their faces shall look

10 The form of the ark. 17 The mercy seat, with the cherubims. 23 The table, with the furniture thereof.

one to another; toward the mercy seat shall 31 The candlestick, with the instruments thereof.

the faces of the cherubims be. ND the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put that they bring me an offering: of every the testimony that I shall give thee. man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye

22 And there I will meet with thee, and I shall take my offering.

will commune with thee from above the mercy 3 And this is the offering which ye shall seat, from between the two cherubims which take of them ; gold, and silver, and brass, are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things

4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and which I will give thee in commandment unto 3 fine linen, and goats' hair,

the children of Israel. 5 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' 23 | Thou shalt also make a table of skins, and shittim wood,

shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length 6 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and and for sweet incense,

a cubit and a half the height thereof. 7 Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the 24 And thou shalt overlay it with pure ephod, and in the breastplate.

gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round 8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that

about. I may dwell among them.

25 And thou shalt make unto it a border 9 According to all that I shew thee, after of an hand breadth round about, and thou the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern shalt make a golden crown to the border of all the instruments thereof, even so shall

thereof round about. ye make it.

26 And thou shalt make for it four rings of 10 And they shall make an ark of shittim gold, and put the rings in the four corners wood: two cubits and a half shall be the that are on the four feet thereof. length thereof, and a cubit and a half the 27 Over against the border shall the rings breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the be for places of the staves to bear the table. height thereof.

28 And thou shalt make the staves of 11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and that the table may be borne with them. shalt make upon it a crown of gold round 29 And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, about.

and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and 12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold bowls thereof, 'to cover withal: of pure gold for it, and put them in the four corners there shalt thou make them. of; and two rings shall be in the one side of 30 And thou shalt set upon the table shewit, and two rings in the other side of it. bread before me alway.

-13 And thou shalt make staves of shittim 31 | And thou shalt make a candlestick of wood, and overlay them with gold.

pure gold : of beaten work shall the candle14 And thou shalt put the staves into the stick be made : his shaft, and his branches, rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall may be borne with them.

be of the same. 15 The staves shall be in the rings of the 32 And six branches shall come out of the ark: they shall not be taken from it.

sides of it; three branches of the candlestick 16 And thou shalt put into the ark the out of the one side, and three branches of the testimony which I shall give thee.

candlestick out of the other side : 17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat of 33 Three bowls made like unto almonds, pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the with a knop and a flower in one branch; and length thereof, and a cubit and a half the three bowls made like almonds in the other breadth thereof.

branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the



to see.

six branches that come out of the candle- way, the truth, and the life.” (John xiv. 6.) stick.

Though the accompaniments have been 34 And in the candlestick shall be four

diverse, the method itself has always been bowls made like unto almonds, with their

the same. knops and their flowers. 35 And there shall be a knop under two

A right understanding of this point is needbranches of the same, and a knop under two

ful for a profitable improvement of the series branches of the same, and a knop under two of typical preparations now opening before us. branches of the same, according to the six How astonishing is that fact, the spoils of branches that proceed out of the candlestick. the Egyptians are now converted into the

36 Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten

means of furthering the worship and service

of Almighty God! From those very spoils work of pure gold. 37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps

the people made their offerings; and of thereof: and they shall • light the lamps there

those offerings Moses prepared the whole of, that they may give light over against 'it. visible apparatus for God's public worship.

38 And the tongs thereof, and the snuff- Does not this prove that the silver and the dishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.

gold are the Lord's, and that he can make 39 Of a talent of pure gold shall he make

what use he pleases of them, when there is it, with all these vessels.

need? (Haggai ii. 8.) 40 And look that thou make them after

Let us notice these facts. God will have their pattern, which was shewed thee in the

a sanctuary, that he might dwell among them.

Moses must make that sanctuary according (1) Heb. take for me.

(5) Or, to pour out withal. (2) Or, heave offering.

(6) Or, cause to ascend. (3) Or, silk, (7) Heb. the face of it.

to the pattern thereof in every particular; (4) Or, of the matter of the mercy (8) Heb. which thou wast caused

and where does he begin? First, he comseat.

mences with the ark in which was to be As there can be no true knowledge of the deposited the testimony which the Lord Lord but what emanates from his own revealed would give him. Then, the next part was word and will, so all true knowledge of his the mercy seat, which was to be placed revealed word and will, will lead to the ac- above upon the ark wherein the testimony ceptable and reverential worship of his holy was to be deposited, and where the Lord “ God is a spirit: and they that

would meet and commune with him of all worship him must worship him in spirit and that concerned his people. After these he in truth." (John iv. 24.)

(John iv. 24.) Two things are was to make the table for the shewbread, essential for such divine worship. God must

and the candlestick for the lights, according teach us how and in what manner he may be to the pattern shewed him in the mount. thus worshipped. God must enable us to What were all these things to them, but worship him aright, when he hath taught us significant types and shadows?

What are

they to us, but the consecrated tokens of true It is clear that no man, as a sinner, can

and blessed realities. In the mercy seat beapproach a holy God as such, without some hold Christ. God hath set him forth to be a devised and acceptable method by which that propitiation through faith in his blood; that access may take place. Ever since the is the true place of meeting. In him God entrance of sin into the world, that method and the sinner may meet in peace. There has been in and through Jesus Christ, either we learn all the Father's will concerning his foretold, typified, or come.

Thus the way

children; there we find reconciliation, paropened to Adam, immediately upon the fall, don, and life (ver. 22 with Rom. iii. 20). is the same as that prescribed to the Israelites Next, view the ark on which the mercy after their Egyptian release; and the same as seat was placed. Therein was the testimony that revealed unto us in the gospel of our

deposited; and the law, which we have broken, Lord Jesus Christ. The types and oblations, was covered over by the propitiatory placed coupled with the predictions and the pro- thereon. How precious are these truths! He mises, were to them what the Saviour plainly who hath made reconciliation for our iniquity, revealed in the gospel is to us, namely,

hath also fulfilled the law which we have


the way.

" the


broken! His righteousness covers all our 11 And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, offences, and puts them away, never to be seen and put the taches into the loops, and couple any more! Oh! blessed propitiation! Oh!

the 'tent together, that it may be one.

12 And the remnant that remaineth of the glorious righteousness! Everything connected

curtains of the tent, the half curtain that rewith this gracious work is as real and precious maineth, shall hang over the backside of the as the purest gold! May we daily meet our tabernacle. gracious God at that merey seat! May we 13 And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit daily put on that glorious righteousness ! on the other side of that which remaineth in May we daily feed upon Christ as the true the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall living bread, and walk in the light and com

hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this

side and on that side, to cover it. fort of his salvation !

14 And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering

above of badgers' skins. CHAPTER XXVI.

15 And thou shalt make boards for the 1 The ten curtains of the tabernacle. 7 The cleren curtains tabernacle of shittim wood standing up. of goats' hair. 14 The covering of rums' skins. 15 The

16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a boards of the tabernacle, with their sockets and burs. 31 The vail for the urk. 36 The hanging for the door. board, and a cubit and a half shall be the OREOVER thou shalt make the taber

breadth of one board.

17 Two “tenons shall there be in one board, linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with set in order one against another : thus shalt cherubims 'of cunning work shalt thou make

thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle. them.

18 And thou shalt make the boards for the 2 The length of one curtain shall be eight tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side and twenty cubits, and the breadth of one

southward. curtain four cubits: and every one of the cur- 19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of tains shall have one measure.

silver under the twenty boards; two sockets 3 The five curtains shall be coupled toge- under one board for his two tenons, and two ther one to another; and other five curtains sockets under another board for his two shall be coupled one to another. 4 And thou shalt make loops of blue upon

20 And for the second side of the taberthe edge of the one curtain from the selvedge nacle on the north side there shall be twenty in the coupling; and likewise shalt thou make

boards: in the uttermost edge of another curtain, in 21 And their forty sockets of silver; two the coupling of the second.

sockets under one board, and two sockets 5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one

under another board. curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the

22 And for the sides of the tabernacle edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of westward thou shalt make six boards. the second ; that the loops may take hold one

23 And two boards shalt thou make for the of another.

corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. 6 And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, 24 And they shall be . coupled together and couple the curtains together with the beneath, and they shall be coupled together taches : and it shall be one tabernacle. above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall

7 | And thou shalt make curtains of goats' | it be for them both; they shall be for the two hair to be a covering upon the tabernacle : eleven curtains shalt thou make.

25 And they shall be eight boards, and 8 The length of one curtain shall be thirty | their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets; two cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four sockets under one board, and two sockets cubits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of under another board.

26 | And thou shalt make bars of shittim 9 And thou shalt couple five curtains by wood; five for the boards of the one side of themselves, and six curtains by themselves, the tabernacle, and shalt double the sixth curtain in the fore- 27 And five bars for the boards of the front of the tabernacle.

other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for 10 And thou shalt make fifty loops on the the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for edge of the one curtain that is outmost in the the two sides westward. coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the 28 And the middle bar in the midst of the curtain which coupleth the second.

boards shall reach from end to end.



one measure.

The next part of Moses's appointed work was,

“ Thou shalt make the tabernacle." Every part of this tabernacle is mentioned; even to every curtain, board, loop, and pin. What was the use of this tabernacle ? Evi. dently it was to be a covering and protection for the several typical parts before mentioned. Within the compass of this tabernacle were those several parts to be placed; such as the ark, and the mercy seat, the table, and the candlestick.

But the compass of its extent was to be divided into two portions. Across one end of this tabernacle Moses was to hang a vail; that vail was to divide between the holy and the most holy place; within that vail, or the innermost part of the sanctuary, called the most holy place, Moses was to deposit the ark of the testimony and the mercy seat; the table and candlestick were to be in the other part, or the holy place; and these things were so ordered and arranged by God himself, in the pattern given to Moses on the mount.

Now, if you ask, What were all these things in their spiritual use then, and how are they to be viewed and improved by us now? I reply, they exhibit Christ Jesus Christ is the true tabernacle in which God dwells; in him is the covenant; he is the propitiation; he is the life and light of men. How delightful is this truth ! Christ is all and in all. Are we not expressly told, that “in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily?" (Col. ii. 9.) Is it not in him, and, , as we are interested in his salvation, God says, “I will dwell in them, and walk in them" (2 Cor. vi. 16.) Is it not in him that astonishing truth is verified, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men?” (Rev. xxi. 3.)

The outer part of the covering of the sanctuary was poor and mean to all appearance, goats' hair and such like; but the inner part was splendid and glorious. So, also, was it with Christ. In his human nature and deep abasement, he was mean and lowly. He was but a tender plant; a root growing out of a dry ground. There was no beauty or comeliness to attract the carnal eye. “A man of sorrows" (Is. liii.); the citizen of Nazareth; the poor wanderer, hated and despised by

29 And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for places for the bars: and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold.

30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was shewed thee in the mount.

31 | And thou shalt make a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims shall it be made:

32 And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood overlaid with gold their hooks shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of silver.

33 | And thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy.

34 And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of the testimony in the most holy place.

35 And thou shalt set the table without the vail, and the candlestick over against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: and thou shalt put the table on the north side.

36 And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework.

37 And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, and their hooks shall be of goid: and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them. (1) Heb. the work of a cunning (3) Heb. in the remainder, or, sur

workman, or, embroiderer. plusage. (2) Or, covering.

(5) Heb. twinned.

(4) Heb. hands.

We have seen the first part of the instituted preparation for the pure and holy worship of God under the law, namely, the ark, the mercy seat, the table of shewbread, and the candle. stick. These were placed in the sanctuary, which Moses was to make after the pattern shewed him in the mount. We have also briefly touched upon their typical use and intent. The ark contains the covenant; the mercy seat covers the law; it affords the place of meeting; the whole is Christ in his reconciliation, righteousness, and redemption; then comes his constant exhibition as the food and life of our souls, and the light of his word and Spirit by which we come to the saving knowledge of the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom he hath sent. (John xvii. 3.)

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