« PreviousContinue »
Aghmát,' a city in Maghreb,on the borders of Marakesh.
Iklíl,' a village of Syria.
ÁLENJEK, a fortress in the province of Ázerbaíján.*
Alerták," a town of Armenia, in the territory of Míáfárekin.
ALIJAH,' a city of the first climate situated towards the east: at this place are mines of emerald.
اغات 1 .or Western Africa مغرب
.or Marocco مراكش
tion from the words eis ten polin (els tnv Toler), signifying “ to the city;" an answer commonly given to strangers inquiring the road towards Constantinople, styled, like most great capitals, “ the town,” or “the city,” kat' eoxnu. But some zealous Muhammedans have, by a puerile alteration, changed Istanbul into Islámbúl, affecting thereby to describe the city as "chief seat of their religion.” We find Islámbúl on gold coins of Ahmed III. (A. H. 1115.) and others.
• The celebrated Persian geographer, Hamdallah Mastou fi Kazvíni, enumerates Alenjek among the strong castles (with Súrmári, Mughan, and others,) belonging to the territory of Nakhchuván in Armenia.
ANDAMÁNKÚh, a fortress in the territory of Herát: it is also called Askilcheh.
ANDAKHÚD, s a territory in the province of Khurásán, on the borders of Balkh * and Shuburghán.
ANDULUS, a considerable region in the west, called after Andulus, the son of Ham, the son of Noah, or, as some relate, after Andulus the son of Japhet.
Uján, (equivalent to Dúrán,) a city in the province of Azerbaiján.*
* Even when Chardio visited Persia, (above a hundred and fifty years ago,) Uján was in ruins. It had once been a considerable city: vear to it the celebrated French traveller saw some circles of stones, an ancient monument ascribed to the Persian giants, named Caous, &c.; and another ingenious Frenchman, Monsieur D'Hancarville, regards these circles as resembling and probably coeval with the stupendous British monument, Stonehenge. (See the “ Voyages de Chardin,” Tome iii. p. 13. Rouen, 1723 ; and D’Hancarville's “Recherches sur l’Origine et les Progrès des Arts de la Grèce,” Supplem.) But Sir William Ouseley, who examined these stone inclosures, (now called Jángú, the “scene of debate,” or “ consultation,') found that whatever had been the original design in their construction, they had latterly been used as cemeteries. (See Sir W. Ouseley's Travels, Vol. iii. p. 397.)
UzKAND,' a city of Turkistan.
Ahr, (equivalent in pronunciation to the word Shahr,“ ) is the name of a river in Ázerbaíján.
Írván, a fortress in Armenia.
Áighúr, a tribe of Turks or Turkománs, after whom a tract of country in the fifth and sixth climate has been called the Khat Aighúri, 9 and Belád Aighúri: 10 in this region are situated Kalígh al Maligh, Bish baligh, Khalkh, 13 Chikil, 14 Fáráb, 15 and other places.
. ÍLAH, 16 a town on the sea-shore, at the distance of twenty farsangs from Misr. 17
- اومان هدان generally pronounced ایروان
“ íraván.” See, in a subsequent page, the note respecting Chukhúr Sad, and Iraván or Erivan, as the name is frequently written.
قليغ الباليغ - فاراب
بیش بالیغ ايله
BÁB AL A BUÁB,' a city in the province of Shirván, founded by Núshirván,** on the borders of the Dasht-i-Kibchák: it is called by the Moghuls “Demúr Kápí, which signifies the “mansion or residence of Demúr," the man who first constructed the castle or fortress of that place.t
BÁKHARZ,* a territory of Khurásán on the borders of Khwáf.5
BáshGHAR,R and BÁSHGARET,” a country of the seventh climate between Constantinople and Bulghár: its inhabitants for the greater number are Christians.
Bálígh : 8 so the Turks call “a city;” but this name is composed of Bái,9 signifying a wealthy person, and Ligh,o a place of residence; so the compound word expresses the abode of rich or opulent persons.
* A celebrated Persian king of the Sassanian dynasty, who reigned in the sixth century.
+ Of this name (Demúr Kápí), the proper signification in Turkish is the " iron gate."
Bándhú,' a territory of Hindustán," on the south of Alehábád.3 *
BUHMID, † a city of Shám (or Syria), near to Berút.
Berávishtán, a village of Kum:? from this place Majd al Mulk derives the surname of Berávishtáni Kúmi.9
Bardsír,1° a city in the province of Kirmán: " it is also called Kaváshír. 12
Bursa,13 a celebrated city in the province of Rúm,
* Under the article “ BAND,” Mr. Hamilton, in his “East India Gazetteer,” notices two places so called in the province of Allahabad,
+ In the original manuscript, between the names of “ BANDHÚ” and “ BUHMID,” we find the word “ BAIANDUR” (wil) of the same signification as Ák Kunlah (before noticed in p. 2.) and applied to the “ tribe of the white sheep.” The denomination of Báiandur they derived from Báiandur Khán, the son of Gúzkhán, the son of Aghúz Khún (u! ula ile
). geographical information ; and the tribes of Turkománs wander even to the most southern part of Persia.
But this article does not furnish any .(کوز خان بن آغوزخان