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A BRIEF SYNOPTICAL LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL
REVISED BY WYATT PAPWORTH
Nore. Many of the Names herein are more fully noticed in the body of this work, and
some few others will be found by reference to its Index.
7th. Century. 1. AGAMEDES and TROPHONIUS of Delphi.--Mentioned only in mythology; tum; le
to Apollo at Delphi; a temple to Neptune near Mantinæa. 11. THEODORUS and Rhacus, of Samos.- Labyrinth at Lemnos; some buildings at
Sparta ; the temple of Jupiter at Samos; foundations of one of the teinples of
Diana at Ephesus. 11. HERMOGENES of Alabanda. — Temple of Bacchus at Teos; and that of Diana at Magnesia.
6th, Century. IV. DEMETRIUS and Pæonius, of Ephesus.-Continuation of one of the temples of
Diana, at Ephesus, which had been begun by CHERSIPH Ron or Ctesiphon and
his son Metagenes. v. Daphnts of Miletus. -. With Peonius, temple of Apollo at Miletus. vi. EUPALINUS of Migara.—Tunnel for the aqueduct, and some edifices at Samos. VII. CATROSOPHUS of Crete.— Temple to Ceres and Proserpine ; another to the Paphian
Venus, and one to Apollo; all at Tegea. viu, MANDROCLES of Samos. --Bridge of boats over the Thracian Bosphorus, for King
Darius. ix. Memno of Persia.-A magnificent palace at Ecbatana for Cyrus.
5th. Century. x. Pythius of Priene.-Mausoleum at Halicarnassus ; the temple of Minerva at
Priene, and wrote a treatise on it. In the former he was assisted by Satyrus. XI. SPINTHARUS of Corinth.-Rebuilt the temple of Apollo at Delphi, which had
been destroyed by fire. XII. Libo of Elis.-- Temple of Jupiter Olympius at Olympia. X111. ICTINUS of Athens.- Parthenon at Athens, and wrote a treatise upon it; perhaps
the temple of Ceres and Proserpine at Eleusis ; temple of Apollo Epicurius
near Phigaleia. xv. CALLICRATES of Athens.-Assisted Ictinus in the erection of the Parthenon. xv. MNESICLES of Athens.--Propylea of the Acropolis at Athens. xvi. ANTISTATES of Athens.-A temple of Jupiter at Athens. XVII. Scopas of Paros.-One side of ihe Mausoleum at Halicarnassus; a column of the
temple at Ephesus. Employed on temple of Minerva at Tegea. XVIII. HIPPODAMUS of Miletus.--The Piræus at Athens. XIX. CoRaBus and METAGENE3 XY PETIUS of Athens.-Perhaps the temple of Ceres at
Eleusis. xx. POLYCLITUS. — A theatre with a doine at Epidaurus, bighly praised by Pausanias. XX. ARCHIAS of Corinth.-Many temples and other edifices, at Syracuse. XXII. Callias of Aradus.-Machinery. XXII. TARCHESIUS and ARGELIUS.— Wrote treatises on Architecture; the former is
supposed to have erected the temple to Æsculapius at Tralles. xxiv. MNESTHES.- - Pseudodipteral temple of Apollo at Magnesia.
4th, Century xxv. Dennocrates or Disoch ARES of Macedonia. — Rebuilt the last temple of Diana at
Ephesus; laid out the city of Alexandria, and designed many edifices there ;
proposed to transform Mount Athos into a colossal figure of Alexander, XXVI. CALLIMACHUS of Corinth. ---Reputed inventor of the Corinthian order. Vitruvius,
b. iv. chap. 1. XXVII. Sostratus of Cnidus.—The Pharos near Alexandria. xxvII. EUPOLEMUS of Argos. ---Several temples and a theatre at Argos. The Heræum near Mycenæ,
Srd. Century. XXIX. PHxAX of Agrigentum. —Var ous buildings at Arrigentum. xxx. Cleodamas of Byzantium.-Restored, with Athenæus, the cities destroyed by the Scythæ and others.
2nd. Century. XXXI. Cossutius of Rome.- Designed the additions to the temple of Jupiter Olympius
at Athens. XXXII. Philo of Athens or of Byzantium.- Enlarged the arsenal and the Piræus at Athens; erected the great theatre, rebuilt by order of Hadrian.
Wrote on Architecture. XXXIII. Hermoporus of Salamis.- Temple of Jupiter Stator in the Forum, and temple
of Mars in the Circus Flaminius, at Rome. XXXIV. Carus Mutius of Rome.—Temples to Honour and Virtue near the troplies of Marius at Rome.
1st. Century. xxv. Batrachus and Saurus, of Laconia.- These two architects built the temple and enclosed by the portico of Octavia, at Rome. The name of the first (Bar paxos)
signifies a frog; and that of the latter (ravpos), a lizard. They are considered to have perpetuated their names by the representation of those animals in the eye of the volutes of the Ionic order, of which a capital has been found ; and in the churches of St. Eusebius and of St. Lorenzo fuori le Mura, at
Rome, are pedestals sculptured with them.
Pharos at Alexandria, erected by Sostratus,
XL. POSTHUMIUS of Rome.—Many works at Rome and Naples.
Baiæ; a temple at Pozzuoli; tunnel of Cumæ, near the Lacus Avernus, xlii. Fussitius or Fufitius of Rome.-Several buildings at Romne. The first Roman
who wrote copiously on architecture. XLIII. Messiplus and PHILOxENUS.— Formed an aqueduct near Rome fur Cicero's
1st. Century. 1. Marcus VITRUVIUS Pollio of Fano.- Basilica Justitiæ at Fano. Writer on architec
ture, the oldest work extant on the art. 2. Vitruvius Cerdo of Verona. — Triumphal arch at Verona. 3. CELER of Rome.---Golden house of Nero, with SEVERUS of Rome. 4. Rabirius of Rome.-Palace of Domitian and works connected therewith, on Mount
Palatine. 5. Mustius of Rome.— Temple to Ceres at Rome.
2nd, Century. 6. Julius FRONTINUS of Rome. He has left a work on aqueducts. 7. A POLLOporus of Damascus.—The forum of Trajan, the column of Trajan, and other
buildings at Rome; a stone bridge over the Danube in Lower Hungary, the remains of which are still visible.
8. Caius Julius Lacer of Rome. - Bridge over the Tagus at Alcantara, in Spain ; a
temple there, now dedicated to San Giuliano. 9. DETRIANUS of Rome. --Moles Hadriani and the Pons Aelius ; now called the Castello
and Ponte Sant' Angelo ; removed the colossal statue of Nero for Hadrian. 10. ANTONINUS, Senator, of Rome.- Pantheon at Epidaurus; baths of Æsculapius, in the same city.
4th, Century. 11. METRODORUS of Persia. – Many buildings in India, and some at Constantinople. The
first known Christian architect. 12. Alypius of Antioch.--Employed by Julian to lay the foundation of a new temple at Jerusalem,
5th. Century. 13. Cyrianes, Consul, of Rome.—A basilica and bridge for Thevdosius, carried on by
Auxentius, senator, Symmachus, prefect, and Afrodisius, consul. 14. SENNAMAR of Arabia.–Sedir and Khauvarnack, two celebrated palaces in Arabia.
THE SCYTHIAN DEVASTATIONS. 15. Aloistu's of Padua or Rome. - Buildings for Theodoric; assisted Daniel in the erection
of the celebrated mausoleum at Ravenna, the cupola of which is of one stone, 36 feet diam. outside, 30 feet inside, and hollowed within.
6th, Century. 16. ETHERIUS of Constantinople. — The vestibule called Chalce in the Imperial Palace int
Constantinople, for Anastatius 1 ; and a wall in Thrace 54 miles long. 17. ANTHEMIUS of Tralles. ----Sta. Sophia at Constantinople; he was assisted by Isipokus
of Miletus. 18. Chryses of Alexandria.- Constructed the embankments along the Euripus, near Dara, in Persia, to keep the river in its channel, and to keep out the sea.
7th. Century. 19 and 20. ISIDORUS of Byzantium, and Joannes of Milelus.—The city of Zenobia, on the river Euphrates, in Syria, for Justinian.
8th. Century. 21. AEDELRRAHAMAN I. of Spain.-Gave the designs for the mosque at Cordova.
9th. Century: 22. Romualdus of France.—Cathedral at Rheims, the earliest example of Gothic archi23. Magnus EgiNHARDUS of Odenwald, in Germany. - Præfect of buildings to Charlemagne,
The monastery at Mulinheim, now Seligenstadt; diawing of monastery for Gozpertus, abbot of St. Gall in Switzerland. 24. Tiona of Spain.-- Palace for King Alphonso the Chaste, at Oviedo, now the epis
copal palace; churches of St. Salvador (since destroyed), St. Michael, and St. Mary, and St. Julius outside the walls.
10th, Century. 25. EBERHARD, abbot, of Switzerland. -Church and monastery at Einsiedlen, in Swit
zerland, and completed by TIETLAND, abbot. 26. ABDALLAH BEN Said of Spain. - Eastero aisles of the mosque at Cordova.
11th. Century. 27. BUSKETUS or BUSCHETTO. — Church of S. Paolo at Pistoja, 1032. Duomo at Pisa,
the earliest example of the Lombard style of architecture. It was built in 1063. 28. Humbert, archbishop, of Lyons.--Erected the stone bridge over the Saone at Lyons,
and is recorded as the architect. 29. PIETRO DI UsTamber of Spain. - Crypt of the cathedral at Chartres, or by bishop
Fulbert; rebuilt the church of St. Isidorus at Leon, and erected a bridge there. 30. CariLEPHO, bishop of Durham, of England.—Began the cathedral church of Durham,
son a plan which he had brought with him from France," where he had been abbot of St. Vincent, in Normandy.
12th. Century. 31. LANFRANcus of Italy.—The cathedral at Modena, 1099-1108. 32. Landfridus of Normandy.-Erected the castle of Pithiviers in Normandy, and then
that of Ivry; after which this “architect” was beheaded, that he might not erect another elsewhere.
33. GUNDULPHUS, bishop of Rochester, of England.—Considered to have designed Rochester
Castle ; his house, and the abbey for nuns at Malling in Kent; White Tower of the Tower of London, and western portion of Rochester Cathedral; the eastern
portion erected later by Bishop ERNULF. 34. Odo, prior of Croyland, of England. - Church of Croyland Abbey. Arxold, a lay
brother of the abbey, was employed as mason. 35. Lalys of the Land of Canaan. - Neath Castle, Glamorganshire, and other castles,
monasteries, and churches; built Lalyston ; appointed architect to King Henry I. 36. RAYMUNDO of Montfort, of France. --Cathedral at Lugo, in Spain, all but the belfry
and facade. 37. Dioti Salvi, or D. De Perroni, of Italy.-Baptistry at Pisa, in the Lombard style. 38. Buono of Ravenna.- Palaces and churches at Ravenna ; tower of St. Mark at Venice,
which is 330 feet high, and 40 feet square, built 1148-54 ; the Castel del Lovo
and the Castle Capuano, at Naples; and palazzo de' Signori at Arezzo. 39. GRUAMONS of Pistoia.- Part of churches of St. Andrea and of St. Giovanni at
Pistoia. 40. Alvar Garcia of Estella, in Spain.—The reputed designer of the cathedral at Avila
del Rey, in Spain. 41. Sugger, abbot of St. Denis, of France.—Rebuilt the church of St. Denis, near Paris. 42. Pietro Cozzo of Limena in Italy.—Sala della Ragione at Padua, which is abont 261
feet long, 88 feet wide, and 87 feet high inside. The roof was burnt in 1420, and restored by Rizzio and Piccino, of Venice; it was dismantled by a whirlwind in
1756, and restored by B. Ferracina. 43. Wilhelmus of Germany.—Campanile at Pisa, 178 feet high, with Bonano of Pisa.
Tomaso, also of Pisa, completed it in the 14th century. 44. William of Sens.—Choir of Canterbury Cathedral, after the fire of 1174; completed by William the Englishman.
13th. Century. 45. ISENBERT of XAINctes, in France.—Bridges at Xainctes and Rochelle. Recommended
by King John to the citizens of London as a proper person to finish London Bridge,
begun by Peter of Colechurch, in 1176. 46. Helyas de BERHAM or Derham, canon of Salisbury, of England. --Overseer for
twenty years of the works at Salisbury Cathedral, from its foundation. He was succeeded by a certain Robert. He may be the same person who is called Elyas the Engineer, in records of the reigns of Kings Richard I. and John, relating to
the repair of the king s houses at Westminster. 47. EDWARD Fitz-Opo of England. -Supposed master of the works at Westminster Abbey
Church for King Henry III. 48. Robert de LUZARCHES of France. -Cathedral of Amiens; continued by THOMAS DE
Cormont, and finished by his son Regnault, as stated in the labyrinth in the nave. 49. ESTIENNE DE BONNUEILL of Paris. —Church of the Trinity at Upsala, in Sweden,
built after the model of Notre Dame at Paris, with ten companions and as many
pupils. 50. WilaRS DE HONEcort of France. ~Author of a vellum sketch book, preserved at
Paris ; published by Lassus and Darcel in 1858, and translated by Professor
of St. Yved de Braine; and one at Cambray. 51. PIERRE DE CORBIE of France.- Many churches in Picardy, and perhaps the apsidal
chapels at Rheims Cathedral. 52. Jacopo or LAPO of Florence (there were several other artists of this name).-Church
de' Monaci Cassinensi (afterwards the Vescovado, and now the cathedral i at Arezzo,
continued by Margaritone. The piers of the ponte della Carraja at Florence. 53. JEAN DE CHELLES of France.--Gabled fronts of the transept and first chapels of the
choir at the cathedral of Notre Dame at Paris. 54. PIERRE DE MONTEREAU or DE MONTREUIL, in France. The first Sainte Chapelle at
Vincennes; the refectory, dormitory, chapter-house, and chapel of the Virgin in the monastery of St. Germain des Prés, near Paris ; the Sainte Chapelle at Paris,
and other churches. 55. Hues LIBERGIERS of Rheims, in France. — Church of St. Nicaise at Rheims, now de
stroyed. He was succeeded by ROBERT DE Coucy. It is one of the early specimens
of pure Gothic in France. 56. San Gonsalvo of Portugal.- A bridge and a church at Amaranto, 57, San Pietro Gonsalvo of Tui, in Portugal
. --Sione bridge at Tui. 58. San Lorenzo of Portugal. - Stone bridge at Cavez.
59. Jacopo of Germany. - Remodelling the buildings of the monastery of St. Francisco
at Assisi ; the Palazzo del Barjello ; and the facade of the archbishop's Palace,
buth at Florence, 60. Nicola of Pisa.—Monastery and church of the Dominicans at Bologna; church of
San Micheli ; some palaces ; and the octagonal campanile of the Augustins at Pisa; church del San Antonio at Padua; church of Santa Maria at Orvieto ; church de' Fratri Minori at Venice ; abbey in the plains of Tagliacozzo, near Naples, as a memorial of the victory by Charles I. over Conrad; design for the church of San Giovanni at Siena, and for the church and monastery della Santissima Trinita at Florence; Dominican monastery at Arezzo, carried out by Maglione, his scholar. Repairs and alterations to the duomo at Volterra, and the
Dominican monastery at Viterbo. 61. HENRI DE NARBONNE of France.- Cathedral at Gerona, in Spain, which city he
undertook to visit six times a year. 62. JACOBUS DE FAVariis of Narbonne, in France.-Succeeded him at Gerona. 63. Fuccio or Fucios of Italy.-Perhaps restored the church of Santa Maria sul' Arno at
Florence. The gate and towers near the river Volturno at Capua. Finished the
by Buono. 64. FERRANTE MAGLIONE of Pisa.—Cathedral and church of San Lorenzo at Naples.
Palazzo Vecchio and many churches at Naples, in conjunction with Giovanni
Pisa. 65. Masuccio of Naples.—Completed the Castel Nuovo, and the church of Santa Maria
della Nuova ; designed the churches of San Domenico Maggiore and San Giovanni Maggiore; restored the cathedral of San Gennaro ; designed the Palazzo Sant'
Angelo and Palazzo Colombrano; all at Naples. 66. GIOVANNI DA Pisa, in Italy (son of Nicola da Pisa).- Campo Santo or public cemetery,
and the tribune of the Duomo, at Pisa; Castel Nuovo, and the church of Santa Maria della Nuovo at Naples ; façade of the cathedral at Siena ; many buildings at Arezzo and other towns in Italy. He was the first architect in the modern style
of fortification. 67. ERWIN VON STEINBACH, in Germany. - The portail of the cathedral at Strasbourg,
from 1277 till his death in 1318. His son continued the work. 68. STEPANO Masuccio of Naples.-Church of Santa Chiara at Naples. The lower part of the campanile was designed by his pupil Giacomo DE SANCTIS.
14th. Century. 69, Arnolfo di Cambio or ARNOLFO DI LAPO of Florence. — Restoration of the ponte di
Trinità; the church of Santa Croce; the walls of the city, with the towers ; tbe loggia of the Or San Michele ; the principal chapel of the Badia, enlarging the church and the campanile; Palazzo della Signori, now Palazzo Vecchio; design, model, and foundation of the cathedral of Sta. Maria del Fiore, with the Loggia and
the Piazza dei Priori; all at Florence, 70. Pietro Perez of Spain. -Commenced the cathedral at Toledo. 71. JOHANNES DE MIDDELTON, of Durham.-As mason erected the lower part of the dore
mitory of the monastery; completed by Peter Dryng in 1401. 72. ANDREA Da Posa in Italy.- Designed the Castello della Scarperia at Mugello, at the
foot of the Apennines ; designed the church of San Giovanni at Pistoja ; fortified
and enlarged the ducal Palazzo Gualtieri at Florence. 73. AGOSTINO DA SIENA, or pa Pisa, in Italy, and his brother Angelo Da Pisa.- North
and west façades of the cathedral at Siena, and two gates ; church and monastery of San Francisco; Palazzo de' Nove Magistrati; grand fountain in the piazza opposite the Palazzo della Signoria ; ball of the council chamber, and Palazzo Publico; church della Santa Maria in Piazza Manetti, all at Siena, and all built by
him in conjunction with bis brother; also several works at Assisi, Orvieto, and other 74. William BoYDEN of England. Chief architect (or master mason) for the chapel of
the Virgin at St. Albans Abbey Church. 75. HENRY (Latomus, or stonemason) of Evesham, in England.-Chapter-house, refec
tory, abbot's hall, and kitchen of the monastery at Evesham. 76. WALTER DE WESTON of England. -- Clerk of the works at Westminster, kept the rolls
of expenses of the erection of St. Stephen's Chapel. 77. Thomas oF CANTERBURY, in England. - Master mason, 1330, a St Siephen's Chapel,