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A BRIEF SYNOPTICAL LIST OF THE PRINCIPAL

ARCHITECTS,
Α Ν Ο Ι Ε Ν Τ AND MODERN,
WITH THEIR CHIEF WORKS,

REVISED BY WYATT PAPWORTH

Nore. Many of the Names herein are more fully noticed in the body of this work, and

some few others will be found by reference to its Index.

BEFORE CHRIST.

7th. Century. 1. AGAMEDES and TROPHONIUS of Delphi.--Mentioned only in mythology; tum; le

to Apollo at Delphi; a temple to Neptune near Mantinæa. 11. THEODORUS and Rhacus, of Samos.- Labyrinth at Lemnos; some buildings at

Sparta ; the temple of Jupiter at Samos; foundations of one of the teinples of

Diana at Ephesus. 11. HERMOGENES of Alabanda. — Temple of Bacchus at Teos; and that of Diana at Magnesia.

6th, Century. IV. DEMETRIUS and Pæonius, of Ephesus.-Continuation of one of the temples of

Diana, at Ephesus, which had been begun by CHERSIPH Ron or Ctesiphon and

his son Metagenes. v. Daphnts of Miletus. -. With Peonius, temple of Apollo at Miletus. vi. EUPALINUS of Migara.—Tunnel for the aqueduct, and some edifices at Samos. VII. CATROSOPHUS of Crete.— Temple to Ceres and Proserpine ; another to the Paphian

Venus, and one to Apollo; all at Tegea. viu, MANDROCLES of Samos. --Bridge of boats over the Thracian Bosphorus, for King

Darius. ix. Memno of Persia.-A magnificent palace at Ecbatana for Cyrus.

5th. Century. x. Pythius of Priene.-Mausoleum at Halicarnassus ; the temple of Minerva at

Priene, and wrote a treatise on it. In the former he was assisted by Satyrus. XI. SPINTHARUS of Corinth.-Rebuilt the temple of Apollo at Delphi, which had

been destroyed by fire. XII. Libo of Elis.-- Temple of Jupiter Olympius at Olympia. X111. ICTINUS of Athens.- Parthenon at Athens, and wrote a treatise upon it; perhaps

the temple of Ceres and Proserpine at Eleusis ; temple of Apollo Epicurius

near Phigaleia. xv. CALLICRATES of Athens.-Assisted Ictinus in the erection of the Parthenon. xv. MNESICLES of Athens.--Propylea of the Acropolis at Athens. xvi. ANTISTATES of Athens.-A temple of Jupiter at Athens. XVII. Scopas of Paros.-One side of ihe Mausoleum at Halicarnassus; a column of the

temple at Ephesus. Employed on temple of Minerva at Tegea. XVIII. HIPPODAMUS of Miletus.--The Piræus at Athens. XIX. CoRaBus and METAGENE3 XY PETIUS of Athens.-Perhaps the temple of Ceres at

Eleusis. xx. POLYCLITUS. — A theatre with a doine at Epidaurus, bighly praised by Pausanias. XX. ARCHIAS of Corinth.-Many temples and other edifices, at Syracuse. XXII. Callias of Aradus.-Machinery. XXII. TARCHESIUS and ARGELIUS.— Wrote treatises on Architecture; the former is

supposed to have erected the temple to Æsculapius at Tralles. xxiv. MNESTHES.- - Pseudodipteral temple of Apollo at Magnesia.

BEFORE CHRIST.

4th, Century xxv. Dennocrates or Disoch ARES of Macedonia. — Rebuilt the last temple of Diana at

Ephesus; laid out the city of Alexandria, and designed many edifices there ;

proposed to transform Mount Athos into a colossal figure of Alexander, XXVI. CALLIMACHUS of Corinth. ---Reputed inventor of the Corinthian order. Vitruvius,

b. iv. chap. 1. XXVII. Sostratus of Cnidus.—The Pharos near Alexandria. xxvII. EUPOLEMUS of Argos. ---Several temples and a theatre at Argos. The Heræum near Mycenæ,

Srd. Century. XXIX. PHxAX of Agrigentum. —Var ous buildings at Arrigentum. xxx. Cleodamas of Byzantium.-Restored, with Athenæus, the cities destroyed by the Scythæ and others.

2nd. Century. XXXI. Cossutius of Rome.- Designed the additions to the temple of Jupiter Olympius

at Athens. XXXII. Philo of Athens or of Byzantium.- Enlarged the arsenal and the Piræus at Athens; erected the great theatre, rebuilt by order of Hadrian.

Wrote on Architecture. XXXIII. Hermoporus of Salamis.- Temple of Jupiter Stator in the Forum, and temple

of Mars in the Circus Flaminius, at Rome. XXXIV. Carus Mutius of Rome.—Temples to Honour and Virtue near the troplies of Marius at Rome.

1st. Century. xxv. Batrachus and Saurus, of Laconia.- These two architects built the temple and enclosed by the portico of Octavia, at Rome. The name of the first (Bar paxos)

signifies a frog; and that of the latter (ravpos), a lizard. They are considered to have perpetuated their names by the representation of those animals in the eye of the volutes of the Ionic order, of which a capital has been found ; and in the churches of St. Eusebius and of St. Lorenzo fuori le Mura, at

Rome, are pedestals sculptured with them.
XXXVII. DEXIPHANES of Cyprus, or Cnidos.--A causeway; and rebuilt or repaired the

Pharos at Alexandria, erected by Sostratus,
XXXVIII. VALERIUs of Ostiuin.-Covered in a theatre at Rome.
XXXIX. Cyrus of Rome. Architect to Cicero and his brother.

XL. POSTHUMIUS of Rome.—Many works at Rome and Naples.
XLI. Lucius Cocculus Auctus of Rome.--Grotta della Sibella from Lacus Arernus to

Baiæ; a temple at Pozzuoli; tunnel of Cumæ, near the Lacus Avernus, xlii. Fussitius or Fufitius of Rome.-Several buildings at Romne. The first Roman

who wrote copiously on architecture. XLIII. Messiplus and PHILOxENUS.— Formed an aqueduct near Rome fur Cicero's

brother.

XXXVI.

AFTER CHRIST.

1st. Century. 1. Marcus VITRUVIUS Pollio of Fano.- Basilica Justitiæ at Fano. Writer on architec

ture, the oldest work extant on the art. 2. Vitruvius Cerdo of Verona. — Triumphal arch at Verona. 3. CELER of Rome.---Golden house of Nero, with SEVERUS of Rome. 4. Rabirius of Rome.-Palace of Domitian and works connected therewith, on Mount

Palatine. 5. Mustius of Rome.— Temple to Ceres at Rome.

2nd, Century. 6. Julius FRONTINUS of Rome. He has left a work on aqueducts. 7. A POLLOporus of Damascus.—The forum of Trajan, the column of Trajan, and other

buildings at Rome; a stone bridge over the Danube in Lower Hungary, the remains of which are still visible.

AFTER CHRIST.

8. Caius Julius Lacer of Rome. - Bridge over the Tagus at Alcantara, in Spain ; a

temple there, now dedicated to San Giuliano. 9. DETRIANUS of Rome. --Moles Hadriani and the Pons Aelius ; now called the Castello

and Ponte Sant' Angelo ; removed the colossal statue of Nero for Hadrian. 10. ANTONINUS, Senator, of Rome.- Pantheon at Epidaurus; baths of Æsculapius, in the same city.

4th, Century. 11. METRODORUS of Persia. – Many buildings in India, and some at Constantinople. The

first known Christian architect. 12. Alypius of Antioch.--Employed by Julian to lay the foundation of a new temple at Jerusalem,

5th. Century. 13. Cyrianes, Consul, of Rome.—A basilica and bridge for Thevdosius, carried on by

Auxentius, senator, Symmachus, prefect, and Afrodisius, consul. 14. SENNAMAR of Arabia.–Sedir and Khauvarnack, two celebrated palaces in Arabia.

THE SCYTHIAN DEVASTATIONS. 15. Aloistu's of Padua or Rome. - Buildings for Theodoric; assisted Daniel in the erection

of the celebrated mausoleum at Ravenna, the cupola of which is of one stone, 36 feet diam. outside, 30 feet inside, and hollowed within.

6th, Century. 16. ETHERIUS of Constantinople. — The vestibule called Chalce in the Imperial Palace int

Constantinople, for Anastatius 1 ; and a wall in Thrace 54 miles long. 17. ANTHEMIUS of Tralles. ----Sta. Sophia at Constantinople; he was assisted by Isipokus

of Miletus. 18. Chryses of Alexandria.- Constructed the embankments along the Euripus, near Dara, in Persia, to keep the river in its channel, and to keep out the sea.

7th. Century. 19 and 20. ISIDORUS of Byzantium, and Joannes of Milelus.—The city of Zenobia, on the river Euphrates, in Syria, for Justinian.

8th. Century. 21. AEDELRRAHAMAN I. of Spain.-Gave the designs for the mosque at Cordova.

9th. Century: 22. Romualdus of France.—Cathedral at Rheims, the earliest example of Gothic archi23. Magnus EgiNHARDUS of Odenwald, in Germany. - Præfect of buildings to Charlemagne,

The monastery at Mulinheim, now Seligenstadt; diawing of monastery for Gozpertus, abbot of St. Gall in Switzerland. 24. Tiona of Spain.-- Palace for King Alphonso the Chaste, at Oviedo, now the epis

copal palace; churches of St. Salvador (since destroyed), St. Michael, and St. Mary, and St. Julius outside the walls.

10th, Century. 25. EBERHARD, abbot, of Switzerland. -Church and monastery at Einsiedlen, in Swit

zerland, and completed by TIETLAND, abbot. 26. ABDALLAH BEN Said of Spain. - Eastero aisles of the mosque at Cordova.

11th. Century. 27. BUSKETUS or BUSCHETTO. — Church of S. Paolo at Pistoja, 1032. Duomo at Pisa,

the earliest example of the Lombard style of architecture. It was built in 1063. 28. Humbert, archbishop, of Lyons.--Erected the stone bridge over the Saone at Lyons,

and is recorded as the architect. 29. PIETRO DI UsTamber of Spain. - Crypt of the cathedral at Chartres, or by bishop

Fulbert; rebuilt the church of St. Isidorus at Leon, and erected a bridge there. 30. CariLEPHO, bishop of Durham, of England.—Began the cathedral church of Durham,

son a plan which he had brought with him from France," where he had been abbot of St. Vincent, in Normandy.

12th. Century. 31. LANFRANcus of Italy.—The cathedral at Modena, 1099-1108. 32. Landfridus of Normandy.-Erected the castle of Pithiviers in Normandy, and then

that of Ivry; after which this “architect” was beheaded, that he might not erect another elsewhere.

tecture.

AFTER CHRIST.

33. GUNDULPHUS, bishop of Rochester, of England.—Considered to have designed Rochester

Castle ; his house, and the abbey for nuns at Malling in Kent; White Tower of the Tower of London, and western portion of Rochester Cathedral; the eastern

portion erected later by Bishop ERNULF. 34. Odo, prior of Croyland, of England. - Church of Croyland Abbey. Arxold, a lay

brother of the abbey, was employed as mason. 35. Lalys of the Land of Canaan. - Neath Castle, Glamorganshire, and other castles,

monasteries, and churches; built Lalyston ; appointed architect to King Henry I. 36. RAYMUNDO of Montfort, of France. --Cathedral at Lugo, in Spain, all but the belfry

and facade. 37. Dioti Salvi, or D. De Perroni, of Italy.-Baptistry at Pisa, in the Lombard style. 38. Buono of Ravenna.- Palaces and churches at Ravenna ; tower of St. Mark at Venice,

which is 330 feet high, and 40 feet square, built 1148-54 ; the Castel del Lovo

and the Castle Capuano, at Naples; and palazzo de' Signori at Arezzo. 39. GRUAMONS of Pistoia.- Part of churches of St. Andrea and of St. Giovanni at

Pistoia. 40. Alvar Garcia of Estella, in Spain.—The reputed designer of the cathedral at Avila

del Rey, in Spain. 41. Sugger, abbot of St. Denis, of France.—Rebuilt the church of St. Denis, near Paris. 42. Pietro Cozzo of Limena in Italy.—Sala della Ragione at Padua, which is abont 261

feet long, 88 feet wide, and 87 feet high inside. The roof was burnt in 1420, and restored by Rizzio and Piccino, of Venice; it was dismantled by a whirlwind in

1756, and restored by B. Ferracina. 43. Wilhelmus of Germany.—Campanile at Pisa, 178 feet high, with Bonano of Pisa.

Tomaso, also of Pisa, completed it in the 14th century. 44. William of Sens.—Choir of Canterbury Cathedral, after the fire of 1174; completed by William the Englishman.

13th. Century. 45. ISENBERT of XAINctes, in France.—Bridges at Xainctes and Rochelle. Recommended

by King John to the citizens of London as a proper person to finish London Bridge,

begun by Peter of Colechurch, in 1176. 46. Helyas de BERHAM or Derham, canon of Salisbury, of England. --Overseer for

twenty years of the works at Salisbury Cathedral, from its foundation. He was succeeded by a certain Robert. He may be the same person who is called Elyas the Engineer, in records of the reigns of Kings Richard I. and John, relating to

the repair of the king s houses at Westminster. 47. EDWARD Fitz-Opo of England. -Supposed master of the works at Westminster Abbey

Church for King Henry III. 48. Robert de LUZARCHES of France. -Cathedral of Amiens; continued by THOMAS DE

Cormont, and finished by his son Regnault, as stated in the labyrinth in the nave. 49. ESTIENNE DE BONNUEILL of Paris. —Church of the Trinity at Upsala, in Sweden,

built after the model of Notre Dame at Paris, with ten companions and as many

pupils. 50. WilaRS DE HONEcort of France. ~Author of a vellum sketch book, preserved at

Paris ; published by Lassus and Darcel in 1858, and translated by Professor
Willis 18.59. Church of St. Elizabeth at Cassovia, now Kaschau, in Hungary; and

of St. Yved de Braine; and one at Cambray. 51. PIERRE DE CORBIE of France.- Many churches in Picardy, and perhaps the apsidal

chapels at Rheims Cathedral. 52. Jacopo or LAPO of Florence (there were several other artists of this name).-Church

de' Monaci Cassinensi (afterwards the Vescovado, and now the cathedral i at Arezzo,

continued by Margaritone. The piers of the ponte della Carraja at Florence. 53. JEAN DE CHELLES of France.--Gabled fronts of the transept and first chapels of the

choir at the cathedral of Notre Dame at Paris. 54. PIERRE DE MONTEREAU or DE MONTREUIL, in France. The first Sainte Chapelle at

Vincennes; the refectory, dormitory, chapter-house, and chapel of the Virgin in the monastery of St. Germain des Prés, near Paris ; the Sainte Chapelle at Paris,

and other churches. 55. Hues LIBERGIERS of Rheims, in France. — Church of St. Nicaise at Rheims, now de

stroyed. He was succeeded by ROBERT DE Coucy. It is one of the early specimens

of pure Gothic in France. 56. San Gonsalvo of Portugal.- A bridge and a church at Amaranto, 57, San Pietro Gonsalvo of Tui, in Portugal

. --Sione bridge at Tui. 58. San Lorenzo of Portugal. - Stone bridge at Cavez.

AFTER CHRIST.

59. Jacopo of Germany. - Remodelling the buildings of the monastery of St. Francisco

at Assisi ; the Palazzo del Barjello ; and the facade of the archbishop's Palace,

buth at Florence, 60. Nicola of Pisa.—Monastery and church of the Dominicans at Bologna; church of

San Micheli ; some palaces ; and the octagonal campanile of the Augustins at Pisa; church del San Antonio at Padua; church of Santa Maria at Orvieto ; church de' Fratri Minori at Venice ; abbey in the plains of Tagliacozzo, near Naples, as a memorial of the victory by Charles I. over Conrad; design for the church of San Giovanni at Siena, and for the church and monastery della Santissima Trinita at Florence; Dominican monastery at Arezzo, carried out by Maglione, his scholar. Repairs and alterations to the duomo at Volterra, and the

Dominican monastery at Viterbo. 61. HENRI DE NARBONNE of France.- Cathedral at Gerona, in Spain, which city he

undertook to visit six times a year. 62. JACOBUS DE FAVariis of Narbonne, in France.-Succeeded him at Gerona. 63. Fuccio or Fucios of Italy.-Perhaps restored the church of Santa Maria sul' Arno at

Florence. The gate and towers near the river Volturno at Capua. Finished the
Castel Capuano, now the Vicaria, and Castello dell'Uovo, at Naples, commenced

by Buono. 64. FERRANTE MAGLIONE of Pisa.—Cathedral and church of San Lorenzo at Naples.

Palazzo Vecchio and many churches at Naples, in conjunction with Giovanni
Benincasa. Dominican monastery at Arezzo, from the designs of Nicolo da

Pisa. 65. Masuccio of Naples.—Completed the Castel Nuovo, and the church of Santa Maria

della Nuova ; designed the churches of San Domenico Maggiore and San Giovanni Maggiore; restored the cathedral of San Gennaro ; designed the Palazzo Sant'

Angelo and Palazzo Colombrano; all at Naples. 66. GIOVANNI DA Pisa, in Italy (son of Nicola da Pisa).- Campo Santo or public cemetery,

and the tribune of the Duomo, at Pisa; Castel Nuovo, and the church of Santa Maria della Nuovo at Naples ; façade of the cathedral at Siena ; many buildings at Arezzo and other towns in Italy. He was the first architect in the modern style

of fortification. 67. ERWIN VON STEINBACH, in Germany. - The portail of the cathedral at Strasbourg,

from 1277 till his death in 1318. His son continued the work. 68. STEPANO Masuccio of Naples.-Church of Santa Chiara at Naples. The lower part of the campanile was designed by his pupil Giacomo DE SANCTIS.

14th. Century. 69, Arnolfo di Cambio or ARNOLFO DI LAPO of Florence. — Restoration of the ponte di

Trinità; the church of Santa Croce; the walls of the city, with the towers ; tbe loggia of the Or San Michele ; the principal chapel of the Badia, enlarging the church and the campanile; Palazzo della Signori, now Palazzo Vecchio; design, model, and foundation of the cathedral of Sta. Maria del Fiore, with the Loggia and

the Piazza dei Priori; all at Florence, 70. Pietro Perez of Spain. -Commenced the cathedral at Toledo. 71. JOHANNES DE MIDDELTON, of Durham.-As mason erected the lower part of the dore

mitory of the monastery; completed by Peter Dryng in 1401. 72. ANDREA Da Posa in Italy.- Designed the Castello della Scarperia at Mugello, at the

foot of the Apennines ; designed the church of San Giovanni at Pistoja ; fortified

and enlarged the ducal Palazzo Gualtieri at Florence. 73. AGOSTINO DA SIENA, or pa Pisa, in Italy, and his brother Angelo Da Pisa.- North

and west façades of the cathedral at Siena, and two gates ; church and monastery of San Francisco; Palazzo de' Nove Magistrati; grand fountain in the piazza opposite the Palazzo della Signoria ; ball of the council chamber, and Palazzo Publico; church della Santa Maria in Piazza Manetti, all at Siena, and all built by

him in conjunction with bis brother; also several works at Assisi, Orvieto, and other 74. William BoYDEN of England. Chief architect (or master mason) for the chapel of

the Virgin at St. Albans Abbey Church. 75. HENRY (Latomus, or stonemason) of Evesham, in England.-Chapter-house, refec

tory, abbot's hall, and kitchen of the monastery at Evesham. 76. WALTER DE WESTON of England. -- Clerk of the works at Westminster, kept the rolls

of expenses of the erection of St. Stephen's Chapel. 77. Thomas oF CANTERBURY, in England. - Master mason, 1330, a St Siephen's Chapel,

Westminster,

towns.

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