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illustrated by an analysis of Mallet's beautiful ballad of Edwin and Emma, which is conducted with acuteness and perfpicuity, and is certainly an excellent method of making the pupil in. timately acquainted with the subject. The fecond chapter creats of the cases or modes of nounsı; by which, it is to be observed, the author understands whatever may, by being placed before or after nouns, be equal to those terminations used in fome languages, which have been denominated cases or inflections. Of these he distinguishes feven, nominative, accusative, oblique, ellipzical, vocative, interjective, redundant, and exemplifies them by a fecond resolution of Edwin and Emma. The possessive or genitive care of all former grammarians he utterly discards, contidering it as a fort of adjective, like the words onion and brick in onion fauce and brick house; the s being a contraction of the german word es equivalent to that or the, and belonging to the latter noun as it's article. On this ingenious theory, as well as the manner in which he attempts to account for the anonalous phrase shas qubom, we fhall not hastily hazard a decision; but shall conclude by observing, that this grammar is particularly well adapted for the use of those who have commenced, or are about to commence, the Itudy of latin. ART. XLI. Abrégé de la Grammaire Françoife, &c.-An Abridgement

of the Abbé de Levizac's French Grammar. 8vo. 129 pages, Dulau and Co. 1798.

OF Lovizac's French Grammar our readers will fee that we have spoken in strong terms of approbation, if they will take the trouble to turn to Anal. Rev. vol. XXVI, P. 304. The abridgement now before us is made hy the author himself, to serve as an introduction to his former work, and also for the use of those, who are delirous, without entering deeply into french grammar, to become acquainted with it's general and fundamental rules, or who, having made a regular ftudy of the language, with occasionally to sefresh their memories on it's effential principles. For each of these purposes it appears to be well adapted; and experience, we have no doubt, will soon afford the moit indubitable of all testimonics in it's favour.

ART. XLII. An English Kry to Xenopbon's Memorabilia of So

crates; literally translating the Passages which appear difficult to young Beginners ; and explaining ibeir grammatical Construction, Intended as an Introduction to confiruing the Greek Claffics into English without the Use of Latin. For the Use of Schools. 8vo.

in boards. Matthews. 1797. That in a system of classical education the study of the greek language should take the lead, seems as natural, as that, in tracing the windings of a river, we should proceed from it's source. But it has been our practice in this case, ever fince the restoration of learning, to strive against the stream ; and while matters continue in the same train, it seems but fair, that boys Ahould be allowed to avail themselves of what afliltance they can derive from the know: ledge of latin, which it has cost them so much paios to acquire. * To teach greek, without the least assistance from latin,' to one who has already ftudied the latter language, is not only unnecefiary, but even imposible ; for the numerous and close analogies-between the structure of both must and will present themselves to every student. Of latin versions, however, we have already expressed our disapprobation, and for these we think such performances as the present inay prove an excellent substitute, as well as very useful in cases, where the greek idiom is more happily elucidated by the english phraseology.

281 pages.



A. C.


ART. XLIII. A Narrative of the Sufferings and Escape of Charles

Jackson, late Resident at Wexford in Ireland, including an Account, by way of Fournal, of several barbarous Atrocities. committed in June 1798, by the Irish Rebels in that Town, while it was in their Pollefion, to the greater Part of which he was an Eye-witness. 12mo. 82 pages. Price 2s. Wright. 1798.

MR. JACKSON tells us, that he was born in England, but repaired at a very early period of life to Ireland, married there, and in the beginning of the year 1797, settled in Wexford, as a carver and gilder.

The number of insurgents, who attacked that town, is computed at 15,000. On this occasion, he and his wife got on board a vessel in order to proceed to Wales, but no sooner was the place taken and a white Hag displayed, than the captain answered it by a similar ygnal, and returned to the harbour.

• We passed through crowds of the rebels,' says he, ' who were in the most disorderly state, without the least appearance of discipline. They had no kind of uniform, but were most of them in The dress of labourers, white bands round their hais and green cockades*, being the only marks by which they were distinguished. They made a most fantastic appearance, many having decorated themselves with parts of the apparel of ladies, found in houses which they had plundered. Some wore ladies hats and feathers; others caps, bonnets, and tippets. From the military which were routed, they had also collected some clothing, which added to the motley now. Their arms confifted chiefly of pikes, of an enormous length, the handles of many of them being fixteen or eighteen feet long. Some carried ruity mukets. They were aca companied by a great number of women shouting and huzzaing for the Croppies, and crying, who now dare say, “ Croppies, lie down?” alluding to a popular long. It was imposible for a mob to be more wild and frantic:-many of the men seemed in a state of intoxication.'

Mr. Jackson relates many atrocities, part of which he himself witnelled; it is to be observed however, that his prejudices are very Irong, particularly respecting the rornan catholics.

* Green has been adopted as an emblem by the irish rebels, with a reference to the trefoil, or fhuanrock.'


ART. XLIV. Buonaparte in Egypt: or, an Appendix to the Enquiry into

bis jurposed Expedition to the East. By Eyles Irwin, Esq. 8vo. 23 pages. Price is. 6d. Dublin, printed; London, reprinted for Nicol. 1798.

We have already noticed the pamphlet, to which this is intended as an appendix, (see the last number of our Rev. pa. 324) and detailed the opinions of the author. Mr. I. now allows, that, after the moft discouraging difficulties, Buonaparte has obtained confideralle success in Egypt: but he still thinks, that the chances are against his final success, and on this occasion he reverts to a former period of the french history:

P.9.-' And here the fate of a similar expedition, incited by fimilar motives, must occur to the reader the crusade into Egypt under St. Lewis of France! The rage of that day was to recover the holy places and to christianize the infidels! and what is the present but a crufade, to rob the turks of a rich acquisition, and to revolutionize a servile and mixed race of mahometans and copts? St. Lewis failed, to the great happiness of his country, in his superstitious adventure; the fuccefs of Buonaparte is not nore likely to contribute to the power or commerce of democratic France.

• If we turn to the ingenious and elegant Savary, whole travels convey no less amusement than instruction, we find that St. Lewis reached the mouth of the Nile with a fleet of 1,800 fail of transports and ships of war. 'The force contained in such an armament muft, at least, have exceeded four times the numbers of Buona parte's army. Damietta, the key of the eastern branch of the Nile, though strongly fortified and garrisoned, was taken by assault, and with little loss to the victors; and a circumstance favoured their march to Cairo, which was wanting, and has proved the chief obstacle, to Buonaparte. The french monarch arrived early in june, before the inundation and when the Nile was at the loweft; the general, when the inundation had probably taken place, and the Delta was a sheet of water.

• One false step lost all these advantages to St. Lewis; and a fimilar one may blait the ripening projects of Buonaparte. The king waited unluckily for a reinforcement under the count of Poitiers. The republican general, from the comparative smallness of his force and the losses it must have sustained, muft of necessity wait for fupplies to preserve his new acquisitions. To open a communication with the sea, such detachments must be made from his main army as to reduce it, in my idea, to 10,000 men at utmost! We will admit them to be lions,-but they are lions in the toils; surrounded by as brave and persevering hunters, in the hovering hordes of arabs, as ever attacked the king of heasts in the neighbouring deserts. • At Mansura, not

a fourth part of the road to the capital, St. Lewis was first endangered and his career ter: inated. The new sultan, Touran Shah, displayed as much skill as courage in his unceasing attacks on the french camp, which was defended with the molt heroic spirit and constancy: but the destruction of their cavalry exposed their lines to the arab horse, and the capture of their fleet of boats cut off all hope of succour. In this extremity they endeavoured to fight back their way to Damietta; but at Farescour, about half the distance, after exhibiting prodigies of valour, St. Lewis and the remains of his army, amounting to 10,000 men, were obliged to surrender themselves prisoners of war; and to relinquish, on the part of France, all further attempts on Egypt, till that now on foot under the auspices of Buonaparte.'


Soon after this, Mr. I. inquires, is Egypt likely to be the prison or the grave of Buonaparte and his army?' In reply to this, he observes, chat Alexander with a smaller force set out on his conquelt of the world; and that the borders of the Nile might have been the firit theatre, on which Buonaparte wished to exhibit his valour and talents to the ealtern hemisphere. He presumes, however, that India is secure, both by nature and art, from the effects of this is. ruption, and that the storm mult spend itself at a distance from that favoured and secluded region, if the commanders of his majesty's fleet, and the governors of the company's settlements, but barely perform their duty.' After afferting, that the company's naval force alone might early defeat such an expedition as that still said to be meditated, either at Suez, Mocha, or the straits of Babelmandel, and deprecating the idea of a false security at home, Mr. I. concludes thus :

P. 21.- We are arrived at times, when probabilities are no longer to be weighed, but measures to be adopted against seeming impoflibilities. Buonaparte's appearance in Egypt has put calculation to the blush ; and his reaching the coast of India, is only wanting to make us dubioas of every thing, but the success of these marauders, in the breach of all faith, and the contempt of all rule and experience! Let the company, let the nation, be aware of the çataftrophe. Though the present moment be unfavourable to him, Buonaparte may so far succeed in his views, as to establish himself in Egypt. If the plague spare what his prowess and military genius may preserve from the sword, a year or two may produce a revolution at fea, to enable him to build and collect vessels for his projected expedition. An admiral, whom I am proud to call my friend, has been long appointed to the indian station. What delays the sailing of fir John Colpoys ? and why are his local knowledge and enterprising talents so long withheld from the threatened scene of action? If a pass be once made over the gulf that separates Egypt and India, by the undaunted perseverance of Buonaparte, the charm will be dissolved, and our poffeffions contested. No less fatal will it prove to the british grandeur, than the bridge which Satan threw over Chaos, to mankind, where

“ Sin and death amain
Following his track, such was the will of heaven,
Pav'd after him a broad and beaten way
Over the dark abyss."

Milton.' Art. xlv. Reply to Irwin : or, The Feasibility of Buonaparte's

fupposed Expedition to the East, exemplified. By an Officer in the Service of the East-India Company. 8vo. 53 pages. Pr. is. 6d. Cadell and Davies. 1798.


- We have already noticed the pamphlet to which this is intended as an answer (see the last number of our Rev.), and also the appendix to it (see the preceding article]. The dangers, the difficulties, the nearly insurmountable obstacles, to which an expedition to the East is subject, are all ably detailed in these two publications in the most glowing language, and most animated description. Here, on the contrary, many of them vanish, and all are diminiMed.

The author very justly observes, that the late brilliant nara! victory can have but little effect on the operations of the hero of Italy :

P. 10.-- For if, as I trust it will be admitted,' says he, the continuance of the french fleet in the Mediterranean could not have accelerated or co-operated in the measure of pushing forward a division of the army to the coasts of the Red Sea from Grand Cairo, how, it may be afred, can the defeat of that feet frustratè such an enterprise? Neither could its continuance on the southern coast of Egypt have aided their embarkation at, and progress from, Suez. It certainly might have operated to keep the natives in awe immediately on the coasts where it shewed itself, but it is not likely to have deterred the inhabitants of the interior from opposing the french army, provided they were disposed to do so.

• The inference then that I would draw, with respect to the effect of this victory on Buonaparte's expedition is, (provided it be a part of his plan to get to India,) that the situation of the french army, rendered more desperate by the intercourse with the mother country being interrupted, the general may feel the necessity of hazarding every thing in a prompt attempt to reach the shores of Asia by a coup de main, which in every respect is the moft likely, and perhaps the only plan by which he can hope for success to his views: for if he delays until the british governments of India are perfe@ly prepared for his arrival, the valour of the armies in that country, (which, though but poorly appreciated in Great Britain, needs not the teftimony of my humble pen to hand its achievements down to pofterity amongst the foremost ranks of british heroism and glory,) and the neceslary augmentation that will, it is presumed, take place in the establishments there, to receive with all due attention such mag. nanimous visitor, will in all probability produce the effect of blatting, in the tropical regions of Asia, all those laurels which he plucked from the more genial soil of Italy.

· The natural and other difficulties, predi&ted as terrific obstacles to the progress of the french army at Cairo, have all been surmounted with a spirit of enterprise and celerity that has feldom been exceeded.

« The debarkation of an army of more than 22,000 fighting men, with all their neceflary train of followers, baggage, ftores, guns, &c. &c. has been effecied in a foreign country, the important posts of Alexandria, Rosetta, and Damietta taken by assault, garrisons eltablished in those places, the civil government of them in some measure organised and confirmed; and the capital of Egypt, containing upwards of 400,000 inhabitants, has been triumphantly taken poliesion of by an invading army, in nearly as short a space of time as would be required by any body of troops, under the coincidence of every


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