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by the gallant Henry Lawrence. He had prepared the Residency for a long siege, and by his brave example inspired all to hold the position against every attack. He was killed early in the siege by the explosion of a shell fired by the sepoys, and lies buried near the
Residency. His simple epitaph, dictated by himself, has become famous the world over :
“Here lies one who tried to do his duty.” At the breaking out of the mutiny, Sir Henry Havelock was a lieutenant in the English army, after many years of service. His superior ability was displayed during the mutiny in conducting a small force through the very heart of the region in revolt, winning victory after victory, until at last they reached their goal and assisted in the defense of Lucknow.
After the relief of the city, Havelock, worn by the fatigues of his long task, was attacked by sickness and lived only a few days. He was rewarded by the grateful British government with rank and honors, and his name is placed high upon the roll of England's noblest soldiers.
John Nicholson, the commander of the British forces before Delhi, gained the most brilliant victory of the whole Sepoy Mutiny. In trying to express his admiration of Gen. Nicholson, a brave Sikh said of him, “The tramp of his war horse could be heard miles away.” He was loved by his soldiers, both English and native ; and the memory of his unflinching courage is an inspiration to duty, no matter how hard it may seem to be.
Many more brave men there were in those days of doubt and fear, but the four named were the most famous.
The great mass of the people had taken no part in the rebellion. The warlike Sikhs of the Punjab, under the powerful influence of Sir John Lawrence, had remained loyal to their English rulers. peace was rapidly restored.
Nana Sahib, the chief rebel, disappeared immediately after the capture of Cawnpore and was never seen again. The great treasure he was known to possess had been concealed in a well near his home. After long search, it was found and was seized by the English government. It made in all seventeen bullock loads of gold and silver, which were drawn to Calcutta.
The cannons captured after the siege of Delhi were wheeled over the road to Calcutta, being exhibited in
every town and village on the way, to show the natives what British power could do.
The control of India was now taken from the East India Company and was assumed by Queen Victoria. A royal proclamation was soon issued, assuring all the native people of protection and right treatment.
THE PEARL OF THE EASTERN SEAS.
At the southern extremity of the Indian Peninsula is the famous island of Ceylon. It is shaped like a pear, and appears to hang by a stem of islands and sandbars to the coast of India.
The Mohammedans have a legend that Adam, driven from the garden of Eden, crossed this isthmus on his way into Ceylon; and for this reason the name Adam's Bridge has been given to it.
This island, called the “ Pearl of the Eastern Seas," is thought by many travelers to be one of the most interesting places on the globe. Its size is nearly three times that of the state of Massachusetts.
The northern part of Ceylon is low, and is covered with forests and jungles. Among the many valuable woods growing here, the ebony, teak, and satinwood are most abundant.
The central and southern parts of the island are mountainous. The most famous mountain is Adam's Peak, where the legend says Adam took refuge. The summit of this peak is a rocky cone and is ascended by means of chains fastened to the rocks. Here you may see the so-called footprint of Adam, a natural indentation in the rock, but artificially made to look like a