Freedom of the Press: Hearing, Ninety-second Congress, First and Second Sessions
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972 - 1332 pages
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action advertising agree Amendment American answer appear apply asked BASKIR believe bill broadcast called Chairman Commission committee communications concern confidential Congress constitutional course criticism decision disclosure discussion editor effect established example expression fact fairness doctrine Federal force free press freedom freedom of speech gather give Government groups hearings ideas important interest involved issue journalists jury Justice kind legislation license limited major matter means ment newsmen newspapers officials opinion person political position present President privilege problem protection published question radio reason recent regulation reporter respect responsibility restraint result rule Senator Ervin serve situation society sources statement stations story subcommittee subpoena Supreme Court television testimony Thank things tion truth United witness York
Page 715 - In each case [courts] must ask whether the gravity of the 'evil,' discounted by its improbability, justifies such invasion of free speech as is necessary to avoid the danger.
Page 14 - The very purpose of a Bill of Rights was to withdraw certain subjects from the vicissitudes of political controversy, to place them beyond the reach of majorities and officials and to establish them as legal principles to be applied by the courts.
Page 189 - ... that it is time enough, for the rightful purposes of civil government, for its officers to interfere when principles break out into overt acts against peace and good order; and, finally, that truth is great and will prevail if left to herself; that she is the proper and sufficient antagonist to error and has nothing to fear from the conflict unless by human interposition disarmed of her natural weapons, free argument and debate...
Page 141 - The question in every case is whether the words used are used in such circumstances and are of such a nature as to create a clear and present danger that they will bring about the substantive evils that Congress has a right to prevent.
Page 357 - It is the right of the public to receive suitable access to social, political, esthetic, moral, and other ideas and experiences which is crucial here. That right may not constitutionally be abridged either by Congress or by the FCC.
Page 188 - The liberty of the press is indeed essential to the nature of a free state ; but this consists in laying no previous restraints upon publications, and not in freedom from censure for criminal matter when published.
Page 175 - In prosecutions for the publication of papers investigating the official conduct of officers, or men in a public capacity, or where the matter published is proper for public information, the truth thereof may be given in evidence. And, in all indictments for libels, the jury shall have a right to determine the law and the facts under the direction of the court as in other cases.
Page 8 - The greater the importance of safeguarding the community from incitements to the overthrow of our institutions by force and violence, the more imperative is the need to preserve inviolate the constitutional rights of free speech, free press and free assembly in order to maintain the opportunity for free political discussion, to the end that government may be responsive to the will of the people and that changes, if desired, may be obtained by peaceful means. Therein lies the security of the Republic,...
Page 684 - These later decisions have fashioned the principle that the constitutional guarantees of free speech and free press do not permit a State to forbid or proscribe advocacy of the use of force or of law violation except where such advocacy is directed to inciting or producing imminent lawless action and is likely to incite or produce such action.* As we said in Noto v.