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sitated a much briefer treatment of the subject in the journals referred to than is here attempted, and to these essays, now presented to the reader in a consolidated form, considerable additions have been made.

That the subject admits of still further amplifica-
tion the author is well aware ; but “ars longa vita
brevis est,and the materials at present collected
have already assumed such dimensions, that it has
been deemed preferable to offer them to the reader
in their present form, rather than postpone publica-
tion indefinitely, in the hope of some day realizing an
ideal state of perfection.
Should the present volume pave

the
way

for future research on the part of others, the Author will be amongst the first to welcome the result of their labours. He has already to acknowledge his indebtedness to Dr. J. A. Smith and Messrs. Edward Alston, J. A. Harvie Brown, and J. P. Hoare, whose taste in the same line of research has prompted them to favour him with several interesting communications, which have been embodied in the following pages ; while to Dr. Smith he is especially obliged for the use of four woodcuts which were prepared to illustrate papers of his own in the “Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.”

In regard to that portion of the present work which treats of the ancient breed of wild white cattle, it may be thought, by some, a little presumptuous on the part of the writer to deal with a subject on which an entire volume has been so recently and so ably written by the late Mr. Storer. But it should be stated that almost all the materials for this portion of the book were not only collected long before Mr. Storer's work was published, but were on the eve of being incorporated in an important essay by Mr. Edward Alston, which was nearly ready for the press

when Mr. Storer's volume appeared. It would be ungenerous, however, on the part of the writer were he to withhold an acknowledgment of his indebtedness to Mr. Storer's work for many useful additions to his own (each, in fact, containing something which the other had not), and in particular for several details of the former extent of ancient forests, which have been embodied in the Introduction.

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PAGE THE BEAR

II Fossil Cranium of Bear, Dumfriesshire.

13 Recent Cranium of Bear. Under Surface

15 Bear Hunt. From an old print

18 Anglo-Saxon Gleemen's Bear Dance

20 Bear-baiting. From a carved seat of the 14th century 25 THE BEAVER.

33 Cranium from the English Fens. Upper Surface

44 The same. Under Surface

45 Lower Jaw of Beaver from the English Fens 51 A Beaver at work

60 THE REINDEER

61 Fragments of Reindeer's Horn, from Caithness

71 Antler of Reindeer, from Orkney

75 THE WILD BOAR

77 Wild Boar Hunting. From a MS. of the 9th century

79 Spearing a Boar. From a MS. of the 14th century 85 Skull of Wild Boar

86 Tracking a Wild Boar. Sixteenth century · 103 Group of Wild Boars, from a carved horn.

109 The Boar's Head, Eastcheap

III THE WOLF

• 115 Skull of Wolf.

. 117 Cranium of Wolf. Upper Surface

I 20 Cranium of Wolf. Under Surface

I21 Teeth of Wolf. Natural Size.

123 Wolf hunt. Sixteenth century

151 Irish Wolf-hound

• 188 Ancient Hunting Horn

205 The Relay

209 WILD WHITE CATTLE

213 Skull of Wild Ox, Fifeshire

216 Skull of Wild Ox, Lancashire

217 Coin of Cunobelin, with Wild Ox on reverse 219 Wild Bull of Chartley

• 231 Wild Bull of Chillingham

· 233

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