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And the clear sun on his wide wat'ry glass
Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh wave largely drew,
As after thirst, which made their flowing shrink
From standing lake to tripping ebb, that stole
With soft foot to'wards the Deep, who now bad
His sluices, as the Heav'n his windows shut. (stop!
The ark no more now floats, but seems on ground
Fast on the top of some high mountain fix’d. 831
And now the tops of hills as rocks appear;
With clamor thence the rapid currents drive
Tow’ards the retreating sea their furious tide.
Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies,
And after him, the surer messenger,
A dove sent forth once and again to spy
Green tree or ground whereon his foot may light;
The second time returning, in his bill
An olive leaf he brings, pacific sign :

860
Anon dry ground appears, and from his ark
The ancient sire descends with all his train;
Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout,
Grateful to Heav'n, over his head beholds
A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow
Conspicuous with three listed colors gay,
Betokening peace from God, and covenant new.
Whereat the heart of Adam, erst so sad,
Greatly rejoic'd, and thus his joy broke forth:
O thou who future things canst represent

870 As present, heav'nly Instructor, I revive At this last sight, assur'd that man shall live With all the creatures, and their socd preserve,

Far less I now lament for one whole world
Of wicked sons destroy'd, than I rejoice
For one man found so perfect and so just,
That God vouchsafes to raise another world
From him, and all his anger to forget.
But say, what mean those color'd streaks in Heaven
Distended as the brow of God appeas'd, 880
Or serve they as a flow'ry verge to bind
The fluid skirts of that same wat’ry cloud,
Lest it again dissolve and show'r the earth ?

To whom th' Arch-angel: Dextrously thou
So willingly doth God remit his ire, saim'st;
Though late repenting him of man depravid,
Griev'd at his heart when looking down he saw
The whole earth fill'd with violence, and all flesh
Corrupting each their way; yet those remov'd,
Such grace shall one just man find in his sight, 890
That he relents, not to blot out mankind,
And makes a covenant never to destroy
The Earth again by flood, nor let the sea
Surpass his bounds, nor rain to drown the world
With man therein or beast; but when he brings
Over the Earth a cloud, will therein set
His triple-color'd bow, whereon to look,
And call to mind his covenant: day and night,
Seed-time and harvest, heat and hoary frost 899
Shall hold their course, till fire purge all things new,
Both Heav'n and Earth, wherein the just shall dwell.

The End of the Eleventh Booka

PARADISE LOST.

BOOK XII.

Che Argument. The Angel Michael continues from the Flood to relate what

shall succeed; then, in the mention of Abraham, comes by degrees to explain who that Seed of the Woman shall be, which was promised Adam and Eve in the fall; his incarnation, death, resurrection, and ascension ; the state of the Church till his second coming. Adam, greatly satisfied and re-comforted by these relations and promises, descends the hill with Michael ; wakens Eve, who all this while had slept, but with gentle dreams composed to quietness of mind and submission. Michael in either hand, leads them out of Paradise, the fiery sword waving behind them, and the cherubim taking their

stations to guard the place, As one who in his journey bates at noon, Though bent on speed; so here th' Arch-angel

paus'd Betwixt the world destroy'd and world restorid, If Adam aught perhaps might interpose ; Then with transition sweet new speech resumes:

Thus thou hast seen one world begin and end ; And man as from a second stock proceed. Much thou hast yet to see, but I perceive Thy mortal sight to fail ; objects divine Must needs impair and weary human sense :

10 Henceforth what is to come I will relate, Thou therefore give due audience, and attend. This second source of men, while yet but few, And while the dread of judgment past remains

Fresh in their minds, fearing the Deity,
With some regard to what is just and right
Shall lead their lives, and multiply apace,
Lab’ring the soil, and reaping plenteous crop,
Corn, wine, and oil; and from the herd or flock
Oft sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid,

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With large wine-offerings pour'd, and sacred feast,
Shall spend their days in joy unblam'd, and dwell
Long time in peace, by families and tribes,
Under paternal rule ; till one shall rise
Of proud ambitious heart, who, not content
With fair equality, fraternal state,
Will arrogate dominion undeserv'd
Over his brethren, and quite dispossess
Concord and law of nature from the earth,
Hunting (and men, not beasts, shall be his game) 30
With war and hostile snare such as refuse
Subjection to his empire tyrannous :
A mighty Hunter thence he shall be styl'd
Before the Lord, as in despite of Heav'n,
Or from Heav'n claiming second sovranty ;
And from rebellion ball derive his name,
Though of rebellion others he accuse.
He with a crew, whom like ambition joins
With him or under him to tyrannize,
Marching from Eden towa'rds the west, shall find
The plain, wherein a black bituminous gurge

41 Boils out from under

the mouth of Hell ; Of brick, and of that stuff they cast to build A city' and tower, whose top may reach to Heay'n;

And
get

themselves a name, lest far dispers'd
In foreign lands their memory be lost,
Regardless whether good or evil fame.
But God, who oft descends to visit men
Unseen, and through their habitations walks
To mark their doings, them beholding soon,

50
Comes down to see their city, ere the tower
Obstruct Heav'n-towers, and in derision sets
Upon their tongues a various spi'rit to rase
Quite out their native language, and instead
To sow a jangling noise of words unknown:
Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud
Among the builders ; each to other calls
Not understood, till hoarse, and all in rage,
As mock'd they storm; great laughter was in Heav'n
And looking down, to see the hubbub strange 60
And hear the din; thus was the building left
Ridiculous, and the work Confusion nam'd.

Whereto thus Adam fatherly displeas'd :
O execrable son so to aspire
Above his brethren, to himself assuming
Authority usurp'd, from God not given:
He gave us only over beast, fish, fowl,
Dominion absolute; that right we hold
By his donation ; but man over men
He made not lord; such title to himself
Reserving, human left from human free.
But this usurper bis encroachment proud
Stays not on man ; to God his tow'r intends
Siege and defrance : wretched man! what food

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