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By force, harh overcome but half his foe.
Space may produce new worlds; whereof so rife
There went a fame in Heav’n that he ere long 651
Intended to create, and therein plant
A generation, whom his choice regard
Should favor cqual to the sons of Heav'n:
Thither, if but to pry, shall be perhaps 653
Our first eruption, thither or elsewhere:
For this infernal pit shall never hold
Celestial spi'rits in bondage, nor th' abyss
Long under darkness cover. But these thoughts
Full council must mature : peace is despair’d, 660
For who can think submission? War then, war
Open or understood must be resolv’d.

He spake: and to confirm his words, out-flew Millions of flaming swords, drawn from the thighs Of mighty cherubim; the sudden blaze 665 Far round illumin'd Hell: highly they rag'd Against the Highest, and fierce with grasped arms Clash'd on their sounding shields the din of war, Hurling defiance tow'ard the vault of Heav'n.

There stood a hill not far, whose grisly top 670 Belch'd fire and rolling smoke; the rest entire Shone with a glossy scurf, undoubted sign That in his womb was hid metallic ore, The work of sulphur. Thither wing'd with speed A numerous brigade hasten'd: as when bands 675 Of pioneers with spade and pickaxe arm'd Forerun the royal camp, to trench a field, Os cast a rampart. Mammon led them on,

Mammon, the least erected spi'rit that fell From Heav'n, for e'en in Heav'n his looks and thoughts

680 Were always downward bent, admiring more The riches of Heav'n's pavement, trodden gold, Than aught divine or holy else enjoy'd In vision beatific: by him first Men also, and by his suggestion taught, 685 Ransack'd the center, and with impious hands Rifled the bowels of their mother Earth For treasures better bid.' Soon had his crew Open'd into the hill a spacious wound, And digg'd out ribs of gold. Let'none admire 690 That riches grow in Hell; that soil may best Deserve the precious bane. And here let those Who boast in mortal things, and wond’ring tell Of Babel, and the works of Memphian kings, Learn how their greatest monuments of fame

695 And strength and art are easily out-donc By spirits reprobate, and in an hour What in an age they with incessant toil And hands innumerable scarce perform. Nigh on the plain in many cells prepar'd, 700 That underneath had veins of liquid fire Sluc'd from the lake, a second multitude With wondrous art founded the massý ore, Seve’ring each kind, and scumm’d the bullion dross': A third as soon had form’d within the ground 705 A various nivald, and from the boiling cells

By strange conveyance fill'd each hollow nook,
As in an organ from one blast of wind
To many a row of pipes the sound-board breathes.
Anon out of the earth a fabric huge

Rose like an exhalation, with the sound
Of dulcet symphonies and voices sweet,
Built like a temple, where pilasters round
Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid
With golden architrave; nor did there want 7
Comice or freezc, with bossy sculptures graven;
The roof was fretted gold. Not Babylon,
Nor great Alcairo such magnificence
Equall'd in all their glories, to inshrine
Belus or Serapis their gods, or seat

720 Their kings, when Egype with Assyria strove In wealth and luxury. Th'ascending pile Stood fix'd her stately highth, and strait the doors Opening their brazen folds, discover wide Within her ample spaces o'er the smooth 725 And level pavement : from the arched roof Pendent by subele magic many a row Of starry lainps and blazing cressets fed With Naphtha and Asphaltus, yielded light As from a sky. The hasty multitude 730 Admiring enter'd, and the work some praise And some the architect: his hand was known In Heav'n by many a lowered structure high, Where scepter'd angels held their residence, And sat as princes, whom the supreme King 733

Exalted to such power, and gave to rule,
Each in his hierarchy, the orders bright.
Nor was his name unheard or unadorn'd
In ancient Greece; and in Ausonian land
Men call'd him Mulciber; and how he fell 740
From Heav'n they fabled, thrown by angry Jove
Sheer o'er the crystal battlements; from morn
To noon he fell, from noon to dewy eve,
A summer's day; and with the setting sun
Dropt from the zenith like a falling star, 745
On Lemnos th' Ægean ile: thus they relate,
Erring, for he with this rebellious sout
Fell long before ; nor ought avail'd him now
To'have built in Heav'n high tow'rs; nor did he 'scape
By all his engins, but was headlong sent 750
With his industrious crew to build in Hell.

Meanwhile the winged heralds by command
Of sovian pow's, with awful ceremony
And crumpet's sound, throughout the host proclaim
A solemn council forthwith to be held 755
At Pandemonium, the high capital
Of Saran and his peers: their summons call'd
From every band and squared regiment
Hy place or choice the worthiest ; chey anon
With hundreds and with thousands trooping came
Axtended : all access was throng'd, the gates, 761
And porches wide, but chief the spacious hall
(Though like a cover'd field, where champions bold
Wons side in arm'd, and at the Soldan's chair

Defy'd the best of Panim chivalry

765 To mortal combat, or career with lance) Thick swarm’d, both on the ground and in the air Brush'd with the hiss of rustling wings. ' As becs In spring time, when the sun with Taurus rides, Pour forth their populous youth about the hive 770 In clusters; they among fresh dews and flowers Fly to and fro, or on the smoothed plank, The suburb of their straw-built citadel, New rubb'd with balm, expatiate and confer Their state affairs. So thick the


crowd 775 Swarm’d and 'were straiten'd; till the signal given, Behold a wonder! they but now who seem'di In bigness to surpass Earth's giant sons, Now less than smallest dwarfs, in narrow room Throng numberless, like that pygmcan race 789 Beyond the Indian mount, or faery elves, Whose midnight revels by a forest side Or fountain some belated peasant secs, Or dreams he sees, while over-head the Moon Sits arbitress, and nearer to the earth Wheels her palecourse, they on their mirth and dance Intent, with jocund mụsic charm his ear; At once with joy and fear his heart rebounds. Thus incorporeal spi'rits to smallest forms Reduc'd their shapes immense, and were at large, Though without number still amidst the hall 791 Of that infernal court. "But far within, And in their own dimensions like themselves,


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