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no pleasure in the death of him that “ man the abominations of his eyes (u), “ dieth, saith the Lord God: wherefore “ and defile not yourselves with the idols “ turn yourselves, and live ye.”

“ of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.” CHAP. XX. (p)

“ 8. But they rebelled against me, and And it came to pass in the seventh 6 would not hearken unto me: they did year (2), in the fifth month, the tenth day not every man cast away the aboof the month, that certain of the elders of

“ minations (u) of their eyes, neither Israel came to enquire of the Lord, and

“ did they forsake the idols of Egypt : sat before me(r). 2. Then came the word

" then I said, “I will pour out my fury of the Lord unto me, saying, 3.“ Son

upon them, to accomplish my anger “ of man, speak unto the elders of Israel, against them in the midst of the land “ and say unto them, “ Thus saith the “ of Egypt.” 9. But I wrought for my 66 Lord God, Are you come to enquire

“ name's sake, that it should not be “ of me? as I live, saith the Lord God,

“polluted (x) before the heathen, among “ I will not be enquired of by you.

“ whom they were, in whose sight I “6 4. Wilt thou judge (s) them, son of

“ made myself known unto them, in “ man, wilt thou judge them ? “ bringing them forth out of the land " them to know the abominations of “ of Egypt. 10. Wherefore I caused “ their fathers : 5. And say unto them,

“ them to go forth out of the land of « Thus saith the Lord God, In the “ Egypt, and brought them into the

day when I chose Israel, and lifted “ wilderness. 11. And I gave them

up mine hand (t) unto the seed of the my statutes, and shewed them my “ house of Jacob, and made myself

“ judgments, which if a man do, he 66 known unto them in the land of

66 shall

live in them (y). Egypt, when I lifted up mine hand

“ 12. Moreover also, I gave them my “ unto them, saying, “I am the Lord “ sabbaths, to be a sign between me “ your God;" 6. In the day that I lifted " and them, that they might know that 66 up (t) mine hand unto them to bring

I am the LORD that sanctify them. “ them forth of the land of Egypt, into

13. But the house of Israel rebelled “ a land that I had espied for them, against me in the wilderness : they “ flowing with milk and honey, which

66 walked not in my statutes, and they “ is the glory of all lands: 7. Then

“ despised my judgments, which if a " said I unto them, “Cast ye away every

“ man do, he shall even live in them (y); (p) God refuses to be enquired of by 5, 6. It was part of the Jewish form of the Jews, refers to many instances of their swearing to lift up the hand to heaven. idolatries and his forbearance, threatens a (u) v. 7, 8. “ The abominations of his strict visitation, and promises their ulti- “ eyes," i. e. “images," visible objects of mate acceptance.

worship. (9) v. 1. “ Seventh year,” i. e." of Zede- (3) v. 9. “ Polluted,” i. e. “ lightly " kiah's reign,” about fourteen years from spoken of.” The argument Moses used the commencement of the Babylonish cap- with God, Numb. xiv. 15, 16. was this, tivity. B. C. 592.

“ If thou shalt kill all this people as one (r) “ Me," i. e. “ Ezekiel," who was “ man, then the nations which have heard then a captive in Babylon.

“ the fame of thee, will speak, saying, (s) v. 4. “ Judge," or “ plead for. Dr. “ Because the Lord was not able to bring “ Hamm. on Rom. ii. 4."-or read “judge “ this people into the land which he sware “ them, son of man, judge them.” The “ unto them, therefore he hath slain them same expression occurs, Ezek. xxii. 2. “ in the wilderness.” And see Exod. xxxii. and xxiii. 36. The verb is in the imper- | 12.-Deut. ix. 28.—and Ezek.xxxvi. 21,22. ative mood: and it is the same verb as in (y) v. 11. 13. “ Live in them," i. e. verses 35. and 36. is rendered "plead

“ obtain life thereby.” The same expres“ with," and in 1 Sam. c. 12. v. 7. " that sion, and the same language in the original “I may reason with.”

as Levit. xviii. 5. “ye shall therefore (t) v. 5, 6. 15, &c.

keep my statutes and my judgments: “ hand,” i. e.“ sware." See Gen. xiv. 22. « which if a man do, he shall live in them : -Exod. vi. 8.-Deut. xxxii. 40.-Rev.x. “ I am the Lord.”


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“ Lifted up my

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“ and my sabbaths they greatly pol- “ I would pour out my fury upon them “ luted: then I said, I would pour out “ to accomplish my anger against them

my fury upon them in the wilderness, “ in the wilderness. 22. Nevertheless, " to consume them. 14. But I wrought “I withdrew mine hand, and wrought “ for my name's sake, that it should “ for my name's sake, that it should not “ not be polluted before the heathen, “ be polluted in the sight of the “ in whose sight I brought them out. “ heathen, in whose sight I brought “ 15. Yet also I lifted up my hand " them forth. 23. I lifted up mine “ unto them in the wilderness, that I “ hand unto them also in the wilder“ would not bring them (z) into the ness, that I would scatter them (a) “ land which I had given them, flowing “ among the heathen, and disperse “ with milk and honey, which is the “them through the countries; 24. Be“ glory of all lands : 16. Because they “cause they had not executed my

despised my judgments, and walked “ judgments, but had despised my sta

not in my statutes, but polluted my “tutes, and had polluted my sabbaths, “ sabbaths: for their heart went after “ and their eyes were after their fa“ their idols. 17. Nevertheless, mine 6 thers' idols. 25. Wherefore I gare “ eye spared them from destroying “ them (6) also statutes that were not “them, neither did I make an end of good (c), and judgments whereby “ them in the wilderness. 18. But I they should not live (d); 26. And " said unto their children in the wil- “I polluted them in their own (e) “ derness, “ Walk ye not in the statutes “gifts (g), in that they caused to pass “ of your fathers, neither observe their through the fire all that openeth the “ judgments, nor defile yourselves with “ womb, that I might make them “ their idols; 19. I am the LORD your “ desolate, to the end that they might “ God; walk in my statutes, and keep “ know that I am the LORD. 27. There“ my judgments and do them: 20. And fore, son of man, speak unto the house “hallow my sabbaths; and they shall “ of Israel, and say unto them, Thus “ be a sign between me and you,

that “ saith the Lord God, “Yet (h) in this ye may know that I am the LORD

your fathers have blasphemed me, your God.” 21. Notwithstanding the “ in that they have committed a tres“ children rebelled against me: they

“pass against me. 28. For when I “ walked not in my statutes, neither “had brought them into the land, for “ kept my judgments to do them, which “ the which I lifted up mine hand to

if a man do, he shall even live in them; give it to them, then they saw every they polluted my sabbaths: then I said, high hill, and all the thick trees, and

(z) v. 15. “Would not bring them, &c.” (d) Whereby they should not live," Agreeably to Ps. xcv. 11. “ unto whom I “ which had no life in them," " which could “sware in my wrath, that they should not “ not confer life,” “ by which life could -“ enter into my rest." See ante, 'p. 3. “pot be obtained,” in opposition to those note on Ps. xcv. 8.

mentioned in v. 11. 13. 21. (a) v. 23. “Scatter them.” See Deut. (e) v. 26. 31. “ Gifts," or " offspring." xxviii, 25. 41. 64, 65.

(g) “ Polluted them in their own (6) v. 25. “ Gave them," or rather “gifts," i.e. (probably) “ left them to

gave them up to,” “ left them to," " let “make offerings which disgraced and 6 them follow.'

" reduced them." (c) “ Statutes that were not good, &c." (h) v. 27. “ Yet, &c.” or “ unto this i.e. (probably) “the rites and pollutions “ day have your fathers blasphemed me, “ of the heathen." The meaning probably " in the trespasses which they committed is, when they despised my statutes, &c. against me.” The meaning perhaps is this, I left them to follow their own imaginations, “the reproach upon me from the idolatry of and they chose for themselves the worship your fathers still continues, for you still and religious institutions of the heathen, “ look with reverence and respect to statutes which were not good, and judg- “the high places where they worshipments which never could give life. See “ped." 3 Shuckf. Connect. 159.

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“they offered there their sacrifices, and “a stretched out arm, and with fury “ there they presented the provocation poured out. 35. And I will bring “ of their offering: there also they you into the wilderness of the “ made their sweet savour, and pour- people, and there will I plead with “ ed out there their drink offerings. you face to face. 36. Like as I “ 29. Then I said unto them, What (i) “ pleaded with your fathers in the wil" is the high place (i) whereunto ye

“ derness of the land of Egypt, so will go ? and (ie) the name thereof is called “ I plead with you, saith the Lord “ Bamah unto this day. 30. Where

37. And I will cause you to say unto the house of Israel, pass under the rod, and I will “ Thus saith the Lord God, “ Are ye bring you into the bond of the covepolluted after the manner of your

nant; 38. And I will purge out “ fathers ? and commit (1) ye whoredom “ from among you the rebels (0) and " after their abominations ? 31. For

“ them that transgress against me: I ye offer your gifts (e), when ye “ will bring them forth out of the “ make your sons to pass through the “ country where they sojourn, and they “ fire, ye pollute yourselves with all 6 shall not enter into the land of Israel, your idols even unto this day: and

shall know that I am the LORD. “ shall I be enquired of by you, O house “ 39. As for you, O house of Israel, " of Israel ? As I live, saith the Lord

“ thus saith the Lord God, “Go ye(p) “ God, I will not be enquired of by “ serve ye every one his idols, and you.

32. And that which cometh “ hereafter (9) also if ye will not “ into your mind, shall not be at all (m),

“ hearken unto me: but pollute ye my " We will be as the holy name no more with your gifts, and “ heatben, as the families of the coun- “ with your idols. 40. For in my (r) “ tries, to

serve wood and stone." “ holy mountain, in the mountain of “ 33. As I live, saith the Lord God, “ the height of Israel, saith the Lord “ surely with a mighty hand and with “ God, there shall all (s) the house of “a stretched out arm, and with fury

“ Israel, all of them in the land, serve “ poured out will I rule (n) over you.

“ me: there will I accept them, and “ 34. And I will bring you out from “ there will I require your offerings, “ the people, and will gather you out

" and the first fruits of your oblations, “ of the countries wherein ye are scat- “ with all your holy things. 41. I will “tered, with a mighty hand, and with accept you


your sweet savour, (i) v. 29. “ What," i.e. (probably),

“ minion," “ I will not suffer you to put “ of what value, benefit, or authority ?" “ yourselves under any other ruler.” “ how established or sanctioned ?"" or (c) v. 38. “ The rebels," " those who " whose,” “pointing it out as an abomina- « wish to cast me off, and to be as the “ tion, taking pains to explain the sin of “ heathen, according to verse 32."

(p) v. 39. “ Go ye, &c." (sarcastically,) (k) “ And,” or “ and yet," “ notwith- persist in your abominations, carry them standing my remonstrances, it still exists, “ to the utmost : only disavow me alto“ and is called “ Bamah," (a name of re- “gether, offer me no worship : worship spect,) unto this day."

them alone." (1) v. 30. “Commit, &c." “ by idle (9) “ Hereafter also," or " them

“ only." (m) v. 32. “ Shall not be at all, &c." i.e. (r) v. 40. “ In my holy mountain," not as your expectation, of being as the heathen, in v. 28. “ in every high hill," but in that " of being mixed with them and sharing place alone, which, according to Deut. xii. “their fate shall be disappointed, for God, 5.11. 18., the Lord hath chosen to put his “ who has chosen you to be his people,

name there. " shall search you out from amongst them, (s) “ All the house of Israel," i.e. " and shall visit you with his indignation (probably) “ all I shall suffer to remain : “ if you fall into their ways."

« all I shall not have cut off.” (n) v. 33. “Rule,” “ continue my do

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" it."

“ worship.”

“ when I bring you out from the people, “ and prophesy against the forest of the " and gather you out of the countries “ south field (x); 47. And say to the “ wherein ye have been scattered; and “ forest of the south, “Hear the word of “ I will be sanctified (t) in you before 66 the LORD, thus saith the Lord GOD, “ the heathen. 42. And ye shall know “ “Behold, I will kindle a fire(y) in thee, " that I am the LORD, when I shall “ and it shall devour every green tree “ bring you into the land of Israel, into “ in thee, and every dry tree (z): the “ the country for the which I lifted up “ flaming flame shall not be quenched, “ mine hand to give it to your fathers. 6 and all faces from the south (a) to “ 43. And there shall ye remember your " the north shall be burnt therein. “ ways, and all your doings, wherein ye 6 48. And all flesh shall see that I the “ have been defiled, and ye shall loathe « LORD have kindled it: it shall not “ yourselves in your own sight, for all “ be quenched.” 49. Then said I,

your evils that ye have committed. 6 " Ah Lord God, they say of me, “ 44. And ye shall know that I am the «« Doth he not speak parables (6)?" “ Lord, when I have wrought (u) with you for my name's sake, not according

CHAP. XXIV. (c) “ to your wicked ways, nor according

ways, nor according Again in the ninth year (d), in the to your corrupt doings, O ye house tenth month, in the tenth day of the “ of Israel, saith the Lord God.” | month, the word of the LORD came “ 45. Moreover, the word of the LORD unto me, saying, 2. “ Son of man, “ came unto me, saying, 46. “ Son of “ write thee the name of the day, eten

man, set thy face toward the south (x), “ of this same day: the king of Babylon “ and drop thy word toward the south, “ set himself against Jerusalem (e) this


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(t) v. 41. “Sanctified," i.e.“ honoured."

(u) v. 44. “ Wrought, &c.” i. e. “in “sparing you by forbearance and mercy." See v.9. 14. 22. (x) v. 46.

“ The south,” and " forest of the south field," i.e.“Judea and “ the people of Jerusalem,” which lay “ south of Chaldea, where Ezekiel was."

(y) v. 47. “ A fire, &c." In little more than two years Nebuchadnezzar and all his host besieged Jerusalem. The siege continued about a year and a half, and at the end of that time there was such a famine in Jerusalem, that all the men of war fled from it by night; the king was taken, his eyes put ont, and his sons slain : the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house was burnt with fire; the wall of Jerusalem was broken down; the young men were slain with the sword in the house o? their sanctuary, and no compassion was shewn to young man or maiden, or to him that stooped for age. 2 Kings xxv. 1 to 4. 8. 9.—2 Chron. xxxvi. 17. 19.-Jer. xxxix. 1 to 4. 8.Jer. lii. 4 to 6. 12, 13. For other distinct predictions of this judgment, see Jer. xxi. 3 to 14. -Jer. xxiv. 8 to 10.--Jer. xxv. 9. Jer, xxix. 16 to 19. and see ante, 688, Ezek. xiv. 21. and Ezek. xxi.

(z) Every green tree, and every dry tree," i. e. “ young and old, rich and poor, all ranks and ages."

(a) “ From the south, &c." “ the de“struction shall be general : from one “ end of the land to the other."

(6) v. 49. “ Parables," i.e. “ what they “ do not understand :" and accordingly in the next chapter God proceeds to tell more distinctly the judgment he was bringing upon Judea and Jerusalem.

(c) A prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem in Zedekiah's time. The prophecy was about eighteen months before the destruction. B. C. 590.

(d) v. l. “9th year,” i.e. of Zedekiah's reign.

(e) v. 2. “ Against Jerusalem this same “ day;" the same day is stated as the commencement of the siege by Jeremiah, who was in Jerusalem at the time, Jer. lii

. 4. and in 2 Kings xxv. l. “ It came to

pass in the ninth year of his reign, in “ the tenth month, in the tenth day of the “ month, that Nebuchadnezzar, king of

Babylon, came, he and all his army, “ against Jerusalem, and pitched against “ it," and see Jer. xxxix. 1. Ezekiel was then in the land of Babylon,' and could not know the day therefore but by divine communication.


“same day. 3. And utter a parable " city, I will even make the pile for “ unto the rebellious house (g), and say “ fire (r) great. 10. Heap on wood,

unto them, Thus saith the Lord “ kindle the fire, consume the flesh, “ God, “Set on a pot (h), set it on, and “ and spice it well, and let the bones be “ also pour water into it. 4. Gather

“ burned. u. Then set it (s) empty upon “the pieces thereof into it, even every " the coals thereof, that the brass of it good piece, the

thigh and the “ may be hot and may burn, and that the “ shoulder, fill it with the choice bones. 6 filthiness of it may be molten in it, " 5. Take the choice of the flock, and that the scum of it may be consumed. “ burn also the bones under it, and « 12. She hath wearied herself with “ make it boil well, and let them seethe lies (t), and her great scum went not 6 the bones of it therein. 6. Wherefore “ forth (u) out of her: her scum shall “ thus saith the Lord God, “ Woe to be in the fire (v). 13. In thy filth“the bloody city (i), to the pot whose “ iness (x) is lewdness (y) : because I

scum (k) is therein, and whose “ have purged (z) thee and thou wast “ scum is not gone out of it; bring it not purged, thou shalt not be purged “ out piece by piece (I), let no lot fall “ from thy filthiness any more, till I

upon it (m). 7. For her blood (n) is “ have caused my fury to rest (a) upon 6 in the midst of her, she set it upon

“ thee. 14. I the Lord have spoken " top

“ not (p) upon the ground to cover it “ do it: I will not go back, neither

“ with dust: 8. That it might cause “ fury to come up to take vengeance: “ I have set (9) her blood upon the top “ of a rock, that it should not be


as covered. . Therefore thus saith the

“ Lord God,“ Woe to the bloody

(g) v. 3. “ The rebellious house," i. e. u the Jews."

(h)“ A pot,” the pot typified Jerusalem, the pieces and bones the inhabitants thereof, the good pieces and the choice of the flock the chief men and rulers.

(1) v. 6. “The bloody city,” i.e. “Je“ rusalem.”

(k) “ Whose scum is therein," i. e. “ which is full of impurity.

(0) “ Piece by piece," so as to include every one.

(m) “ Let no lot fall upon it,” that none may escape: It was usual to cast lots, when there were many captives, to decide which of them should be spared ; this therefore was an intimation of more than common vengeance. In the instance here prophetically referred to, “the king of “ Babylon slew all the nobles of Judah. “ Jer. xxxix. 6."

(n) v. 7. “ Her blood,” i. e. “her sins." (0) “ She set it up upon a rock," i. e.

daringly and presumptuously;" “ she “ took no pains to conceal her sins or


(p)“ Poured it not, &c." alluding to the Levitical injunction as to beasts and fowls that might be eaten; they were to

“ will I spare, neither will I repent; “ according (6) to thy ways, and ac

cording to thy doings, shall they “ judge thee (c), saith the Lord God.” “ 15. Also the word of the Lord came unto me, saying,

16. “ Son of man, pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust. Levit. vii. 13.

(g) v. 8. “ I have set, &c.” so that her sins shall not be unnoticed or unpunished.

(r) v. 9. “ For fire," " to consume the “ city."

(s) v. 11. “ It,” i.e. " the pot” mentioned in v. 3.Jerusalem.

(t) v. 12. “ Lies," i. e. “ idols."

(u) “ Went not forth," i. e. “ ceased “ not; she did not refrain from the great« est sins."

(v) “ Her scum shall be in the fire,” i. e. “ her iniquities shall be visited with “ destruction."

(t) v. 13. “ Filthiness," i. e. (perhaps) “ idol worship.”

(y).“ Lewdness," i.e. (perhaps) “ other 6 wickedness."

(z) “ Purged," i. e. “ endeavoured to purge."

(a) “ Rest, &c.”.." not only to fall upon « thee, but to continue."

(6) v. 14. “ According to, &c." no longer sparing thee, as in former times, for my

name's sake. See Ezek. xx. 9. 14. 22. 44. ante, 691, 692. 694.

(c) “ Shall they judge thee," i. e. “shalt “thou be judged," "will I judge, Sept.”

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