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“ upon my right hand, yet would I | all his sons, and the whole house of “ pluck thee thence; 25. And I will the Rechabites. 4. And I brought

give thee into the hand of them that them into the house of the Lord, into “ seek thy life, and into the hand of them the chamber of the sons of Hanan the 6 whose face thou fearest, even into the son of Igdaliah, a man of God, which was “ hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Ba- by the chamber of the princes (s), which

bylon, and into the hand of the Chal- was above the chamber of Maaseiah the “ deans. 26. And I will cast thee out, son of Shallum, the keeper of the door. " and thy mother that bare thee, into 5. And I set before the sons of the house “ another country where ye were not of the Rechabites, pots full of wine, and “ born; and there shall ye die. 27. But cups: and I said unto them, “Drink

ye “ to the land whereunto they desire to “ wine.” 6. But they said, “ We will “ return, thither shall they not return. “ drink no wine: for Jonadab (t) the “ 28. Is (p) this man Coniah a despised son of Rechab our father (t) com“ broken idol ? is he a vessel wherein “ manded us, saying, “ Ye shall drink “is no pleasure? wherefore are they no wine, neither ye, nor your sons for

cast out, he and his seed, and are cast “ ever. 7. Neither shall ye build house, “ into a land which they know not? nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard, nor “ 29.0 earth, earth, earth, hear the word “ have any ; but all your days ye shall “ of the LORD. 30. Thus saith the “ dwell in tents, that ye may live many “ LORD, “ Write ye this man childless, “ days in the land where ye be strangers."

a man that shall not prosper in his “ 8. Thus (u) have we obeyed the voice days : for no man of his seed shall 66 of Jonadab the son of Rechab our fa,

" ther in all that he hath charged us, David, and ruling any more in Ju- * to drink no wine all our days, we, our “ dah.”

“ wives, our sons, nor our daughters; CHAP. XXXV.(9)

66 9. Nor to build houses for us to dwell The word which came unto Jeremiah “in; neither have we vineyard, nor from the LORD in the days of Jehoia

6 field, nor seed. 10. But we have kim (r) the son of Josiah king of Judah,

“ dwelt in tents, and have obeyed, and saying, 2. “ Go unto the house of the “ done according to all that Jonadab “ Rechabites, and speak unto them, and

our father commanded us. 11. But “ bring them into the house of the LORD, “ it came to pass when Nebuchadrezzar “ into one of the chambers, and give

“ king of Babylon came up into the “ them wine to drink.” 3. Then I took

“ land, that we said, “Come, and let Jaazaniah the son of Jeremiah, the son

us go to Jerusalem for fear of the of Habiziniah, and his brethren, and “ army of the Chaldeans, and for fear


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coniah and Jehoiachin; he succeeded his father, God takes occasion to denounce father Jehoiakim, and reigned three months; vengeance upon the Jews for disobeying and then Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon his commandments. carried him to Babylon, and made his uncle (r) v. 1. “ Of Jehoiakim,” in the third Zedekiah king. He did that which was year of whose reign the Babylonish capevil in the sight of the Lord, and conti- tivity commenced. nued in captivity in Babylon 37 years. (s) v. 4.“ Princes," i.e." the great men 2 Kings xxiv. 8, 9.17.-xxv. 27.-2 Chron. “ of the sanhedrin. 1 Lightf. 1063." xxvi. 9, 10.

(t) v. 6. “ Father," i. e. forefather. (p) v. 28. “ Is, &c.” The meaning pro- “ Jenodab the son of Rechab" (probably bably is this “ Is Coniah a man I would the person here intended) is mentioned “have disregarded ? Is he not one I would 2 Kings x. 15.; and the transaction there

willingly have favoured? Why then, but stated occurred near 290 years before Je“ for his wickedness, is he cast out?" hoiakim's reign.

(9) From the example of the Rechabites (u) v. 8. “ Thus,” or “and,” “ accordin obeying the injunctions of their fore

“ ingly.”

“ of the army of the Syrians;

so we (1) “ Judah and upon all the inhabitants of “ dwell at Jerusalem.” 12. Then came “ Jerusalem all the evil (a) that I have the word of the Lord unto Jeremiah, “pronounced against them: because I saying, 13. “ Thus saith the Lord of “ have spoken unto them, but they have “ hosts, the God of Israel; “ Go, and “ not heard, and I have called unto “ tell the men of Judah and the inha- " them, but they have not answered." “ bitants of Jerusalem, will ye not re- 18. And Jeremiah said unto the house “ ceive instruction to hearken to my of the Rechabites, “ Thus saith the “ words ? saith the LORD. 14. The " LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; “ words of Jonadab the son of Rechab, “ Because ye have obeyed the command6 that he commanded his sons not to “ment of Jonadab your father, and “ drink wine, are performed; for unto " kept all his precepts, and done ac“ this day they drink none, but obey cording unto all that he hath com“ their father's commandment; notwith

“ manded you :"

19. Therefore thus “ standing I have spoken unto you,

" saith the LORD of hosts, the God of “ rising early (y) and speaking, but


Israel; “ Jonadab the son of Rechab “ hearkened not unto me. 15. I have “ shall not want a man to stand before “ sent also unto you all my servants the “ me for ever. (6) “ propbets, rising up early and sending them, saying, “ Return (z) ye now

CHAP. XXXVI. (c) “ every man from his evil way, and “ amend your doings, and go not after And it came to pass in the fourth “ other gods to serve them,

and ye shall year (d) of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah “ dwell in the land which I have given king of Judah, that this word came “ to you and to your fathers;" but ye

unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, “ have not inclined your ear, nor heark- 2. “ Take thee a roll of a book, and “ ened unto me. 16. Because the sons “ write therein all the words that I have “ of Jonadab the son of Rechab have “ spoken unto thee against (e) Israel, “ performed the commandment of their “ and against(e) Judah, and against(e) all “ father, which he commanded them, “ the nations, from the day I spake “ but this people hath not hearkened “ unto thee, from the days of Josiah * unto me;

17. Therefore thus saith even unto this day. 3. It be " the LORD God of hosts, the God of “ that the house of Judah will hear all “ Israel; “ Behold, I will bring upon

“ the evil (g) which I purpose to do (.x) v. 11. “ We dwell :" not that they 1, 2.) and bound him in fetters, to carry had been dwelling there for any length of him to Babylon. (2 Chron. xxxvi

. 7.) time. - It was at this very time Nebuchad. Whether he did carry him thither does not nezzar was invading the land : and this ac- appear, but Jehoiakim became his servant counts for their being then at Jerusalem. three years, and then rebelled : (2 Kings

(y) v. 14. “ Rising early," a figurative xxiv. 1.) This commission therefore to expression to denote extraordinary pains. Jeremiah and Baruch, and the reading of

(z) v. 15. “ Return, &c.” Many of the the roll, was probably after the people warnings God gave them occur in Isaiah, had suffered the horrors of a siege and and the book of Jeremiah abounds with Jehoiakim had felt the power of his adthem.

versary, but after Nebuchadnezzar had (a) v. 17. “ All the evil, &c.”i.e. “that released him. Before Christ 605. “ they should be invaded, and carried into (e) v. 2. “ Against," or “ concerning."

captivity." See ante, 629. Is. v. 26. (g) v. 3. “ All the evil, &c." See ante, and Jer. v. 15 to 18. ante, 678.

678. Jer, v. 15. - and see Jer. vii. 31 to (6) v. 19. “ For ever," i. e. “ for a long 34.- viii. 1 tu 3. and 13 to 17.-ix. ll.“ time, for many generations."

xi. 11 to 23. xiii. 13, 14. 24.- xv. I to (c) A merciful attempt by God to reclaim 9. xvi. I to 14. xvi. I to 4.- Xvid. the king and the people.

11. 16, 17.- xix. 3 to 9. - XXV. 8 to (d) v. 1. “ Fourth year.” In the third 11. &c. In the preceding year, part

of year of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar be

God's denunciations against the Jews besieged Jerusalem, took Jehoiakim (Dan. i. gan to be fulfilled. Nebuchadnezzar had




“ unto them; that they may return scribe, and Delaiah the son of She

every man from his evil way, that I maiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor,

may forgive their iniquity and their and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, “ sin." 4. Then Jeremiah called and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and Baruch the son of Neriah; and Baruch all the princes. 13. Then Michaiah wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all declared unto them all the words that the words of the LORD, which he had he had heard when Baruch read the spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book in the

of the people. book. 5. And Jeremiah commanded 14. Therefore all the princes sent Baruch, saying, “ I am shut (h) up, I

Jehudi the son of Nethaniah, the son “ cannot go into the house of the of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi, unto “ LORD: 6. Therefore go thou and Baruch, saying, “ Take in thine band “ read in the roll which thou hast 66 the roll wherein thou hast read in “ written from my mouth, the words 56 the ears of the people, and come.” “ of the Lord in the ears of the people So Baruch the son of Neriah took the “ in the Lord's house upon the fasting | roll in his land, and came unto them. “ day: and also thou shalt read them 15. And they said unto him, “ Sit “ in the ears of all Judah, that come

“ down now, and read it in our ears." “ out of their cities. 7. It may be they

So Baruch read it in

ears. “ will present their supplication before 16. Now it came to pass when they had “ the Lord, and will return every one

heard all the words, they were afraid “ from his evil way; for great is the

both one and other, and said unto anger and the fury that the LORD Baruch, “ We will surely tell the king “ hath pronounced against this people."

66 of all these words.” 17. And they 8. And Baruch the son of Neriah did asked Baruch, saying, “ Tell us now, according to all that Jeremiah the 6 How didst thou write all these words prophet commanded him, reading in at his mouth ?” 18. Then Baruch the book the words of the Lord in the

answered them, He pronounced Lord's house. 9. And it came to pass

“ all these words unto me with his in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son

“ mouth, and I wrote them with ink in of Josiah king of Judah, in the ninth

“ the book.” 19. Then said the princes month, that they proclaimed a fast unto Baruch,“ Go hide thee, thou before the LORD to all the people in

“ and Jeremiah, and let no man know Jerusalem, and to all the people that

6 where ye be.” 20. And they went in came from the cities of Judah unto to the king into the court, but they laid Jerusalem. 10. Then read Baruch in up the roll in the chamber of Elishama the book the words of Jeremiah in the the scribe, and told all the words in the house of the LORD, in the chamber ears of the king. 21. So the king sent of Gemariah the son of Shaphan the

Jehudi to fetch the roll, and he took it scribe, in the higher court, at the entry

out of Elishama the scribe's chamber; and of the new gate of the Lord's house, in Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and the

ears of all the people. 11. When in the ears of all the princes which stood Michaiah the son of Gemariah the son beside the king. 22. Now the king sat of Shaphan had heard out of the book in the winter house in the ninth month; all the words of the LORD, 12. Then and there was a fire on the hearth he went down into the king's house, burning before him. 23. And it came into the scribe's chamber, and lo, all to pass that when Jehudi had read three the princes sat there, even Elishama the or four leaves, he (i) cut it with the besieged Jerusalem, made Jehoiakim pri- but all the evil God had threatened had soner, and carried away to Babylon part by no means been accomplished. of the vessels of the house of God, and (h) v. 5. “ Shut up,” i. e. (probably) many of the children of the king's seed “ in prison." See Jer. xxvi. and of the princes, amongst whom was (i) v. 23. “ He," i. e. the king. Daniel the prophet (see Dan. i. 1 to 6.);

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pen-knife, and cast it into the fire that “ Thus saith the LORD; “ Thou hast was on the hearth, until all the roll was “ burned this roll, saying, “ Why hast consumed in the fire that was on the " thou written therein, saying, “ The hearth. 24. Yet they were not afraid, “ king of Babylon shall certainly come nor rent their garments, neither the “ and destroy this land, and shall cause king, nor any of his servants that heard " to cease from thence man and beast?" all these words. 25. Nevertheless El- 6 30. Therefore thus saith the Lord of nathan and Delaiah and Gemariah “ Jehoiakim, king of Judah ; " he shall had made intercession to the king, that “ have none to sit upon the throne of he would not burn the roll; but he “ David, and his dead body shall be would not hear them. 26. But the “ cast out (k) in the day to the heat

, king commanded Jerahmeel the son of “ and in the night to the frost. 31. And Hammelech, and Seraiah the son of “ I will punish him and his seed and Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Al- “his servants for their iniquity, and I deel, to take Baruch the scribe and “ will bring upon them, and upon the Jeremiah the prophet : but the Lord “ inhabitants of Jerusalem, and upon hid them. 27. Then the word of the “ the men of Judah, all the evil that LORD came to Jeremiah (after that the “ I have pronounced against them." king had burnt the roll, and the words “ but (1) they hearkened not." 32. Then which Baruch wrote at the mouth of took Jeremiah another roll, and gave it Jeremiah,) saying, 28. “ Take thee to Baruch the scribe the son of Neriah, “ again another roll, and write in it all who wrote therein from the mouth of “ the former words that were in the Jeremiah, all the words of the book “ first roll, which Jehoiakim the king of which Jehoiakim king of Judah had “ Judah hath burnt. 29. And thou burnt in the fire; and there were added “shalt say to Jehoiakim king of Judah, besides unto them many like words.

CHAP. II. (m)

heard him that spake unto me. 3. And And he (n) said unto me (0), “ Son of he said unto me, « Son of man, I send “ man, stand upon thy feet, and I will “ thee to the children of Israel (P), to “ speak unto thee.” 2. And the spirit “ a rebellious nation that hath rebelled entered into me when he spake unto “ against me; they and their fathers me, and set me upon my feet, that I “ have transgressed against me, even

(k) v. 30. “ Cast out, &c." God had commencement of the Babylonish capbefore denounced against him, (Jer. xxii. tivity, and about 594 years before Christ. 19. ante, 680.) that he should “ be buried See Ezek. i. 1. He was contemporary “ with the burial of an ass, drawn therefore six or seven years with Jeremiah, “ and cast forth beyond the gates of but Jeremiah prophesied in Judea, Ezekiel “ Jerusalem;" and accordingly Nebuchad. in Babylon. nezzar caused his body to be cast from (n) v. 1. “ He.” The preceding chap. the top of the walls of Jerusalem, and ter contains a description of a vision of vouchsafed him no sepulchre. Josephus's Ezekiel, in which he saw the likeness of a Antiquities, B. 10. c. 7.

throne and of a man upon it, and the (2) v. 31. “ But, &c.” or because they appearance of the likeness of the glory

of “ have not hearkened."

the Lord, and heard a voice of one that (m) A commission from God to Ezekiel spake, and that speaker is the person here to convey to the Jews God's communi. intended. See Ezek. i. 4 to 28. cations. "Ezekiel was one of the captive (o) “ Me," i. e. “ Ezekiel." Jews in the land of Babylon, and this (p) v. 3. “ The children of Israel," j.e. commission was given him in the 5th year “ the Jews," many of whom were in cap. of Zedekiah, about twelve years after the tivity with Ezekiel.

“ unto this very day. 4. For they are hand was sent unto me; and, lo, a roll “impudent children and stiff-hearted : of a book was therein. 10. And he “I do send thee unto them; and thou spread it before me; and it was written “shalt say unto them, “ Thus saith the within and without (r): and there was “ LORD God.” 5. “ And they, whe- written therein lamentations, and mourn“ther they will hear or whether they ing, and woe. “ will forbear, (for they are a rebellious “ house,) yet shall know that there

CHAP. XIII, (s) “ hath been a prophet among them. And the word of the Lord came unto “6. And thou, son of man, be not me, saying, 2.“ Son of man, prophesy “afraid of them, neither be afraid “ against the prophets of Israel that “ of their words, though briers and “ prophesy, and say thou unto them “thorns (9) be with thee, and thou “ that prophesy out of their own “ dost dwell among scorpions : be not “ hearts (t), “ Hear ye the word of “afraid of their words, nor be dis- " the Lord;" 3. Thus saith the Lord mayed at their looks, though they be

66 Woe unto the foolish

pro“ a rebellious house. 7. And thou shalt “phets, that follow their own spirit,

speak my words unto them, whether “ and have seen nothing." 4. O Israel, “they will hear, or whether they will “thy prophets are like the foxes in the “ forbear: for they are most rebellious. “ deserts (u). 5. Ye have not gone up “ 8. But thou, son of man, hear what “ into the gaps (x), neither made (x) up I

say unto thee; Be not thou rebel- “ the hedge for the house of Israel, to “ lious like that rebellious house; open “ stand in the battle in the day of the “thy mouth, and eat that I give thee." “ LORD. 6. They have seen vanity, 9. And when I looked, behold, an " and lying divination, saying, “ The


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(9) v. 6. “ Through briers and thorns, them that after seventy years were ac« &c." i. e. “ whatever difficulties, in- complished at Babylon, God would cause “sults, and danger, you may have to them to return to Jerusalem. Jer. xxix. “ encounter."

4, 5, 6. 10. (r) v. 10. “ Within and without," to (u) v. 4. “ Foxes in the deserts :" with imply that it was full: foreboding great more than ordinary craft and voracity; abundance of what it contained, i. e. of with all the subtilty and keenness those lamentations, and mourning, and woe. animals would have in their wildest state;

(s) A denunciation against false pro- intent only upon their own gain, pursuing phets : delivered in the 6th year of Zede- it with the utmost cunning, and disregardkiah, about 13 years after the commence. ing the misery they brought upon others. ment of the Babylonish captivity, and (x) v. 5. " Gone up into the gaps," and 593 before Christ.

“ made up the hedge;" military metaphors. (t) v. 2. “Out of their own hearts," i. e. When a place is besieged, and a breach “ without warrant or communication from made, some must withstand the enemy in “God:" pretended prophets, who, accord- the breach, and others make up new works ing to verse 3. “ follow their own spirit, in its stead; the former are said to “stand " and have seen nothing." This was “ in the gap," the latter to “ make up then a common subject of complaint “ the hedge." The first expression oc about two years before, Hananiah pro. curs, Psalm cvi. 23. and both, Ezek. xxii. claimed it as the word of the Lord, that 30. “ He would have destroyed them, had within two years God would bring back “ not Moses his chosen stood before him from Babylon the captives that had been “ in the gap :" and " I sought for a man carried thither, (Jer. xxviii. I to 17.) and among them that should a make up the some time in Zedekiah's reign, Jeremiah hedge, and stand in the gap before me wrote from Jerusalem to the captives in “ for the land, that I should not destroy. Babylon to caution them against these “ the land, but I found none." The meanlying prophets, and to advise them to build ing here is, “ you have exposed yourselves houses in Babylon, to plant gardens and “ to no danger, have made no exertions marry, that they might be increased there, “ to reclaim the people, or avert God's and not diminished : discountenancing all “ vengeance." hope of a speedy return, but assuring

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