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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 5. 1861. them to be better inform'd in the particulars of
his life; the time in which each of his more No. 262.-CONTENTS.
considerable pieces were written ; and the odd
turn of his humour, which, tho' impossible to be NOTES:- Spenceana: Some Account of the Life, Writ
described so fully and distinctly as might be ings, and Character of Dr. Swift, 1- Commendatory Verses of the lirst Folio Shakspere. - Who was I. M.P 3 - King Arthur's Waes-hael, 4- Sir Walter Raleigh's ! nearer to the truth, than ever it has yet been. I Last Voyage, 5 - Fletcher's “ Custom of the Country,” 7. therefore, sit down with pleasure to this task, MINOR Notes:- Hugh Boyd - Witty Renderings - Note because I am persuaded it must give pleasure to of an Entry on the Register Book of Clyst St. George,
others; and have, besides, this encouragement, Devon - John Milton - Harvest in December -- Bivouac, ! that there are more things already publisht
which may be of assistance to me in the following QUERIES:- Milton Portraits, 9- Anæsthetics - Basset : ! account, than perhaps there ever was of any one Ancient Plate-Chinese Books, &c. -- Egidia, Geils, Giles of our English writers, within so short a time after -- Thomas Green, Poet - Heryngham - John Huss, the their decease. Beside what may be collected from Bohemian Reformer -- Family of Hussey -- Royal Hospi several parts of his own works, Dr. Swift has himtal, Kilmainham, near Dublin -- Prince Maurice -- Mells
self given a sketch for his life to the thirty-third - George Pickering - Pomona in the Orkney Islands
ycar of it, publishit by his relation, who is now in J. Rees -- Starachter and Murdoch -- Frances, Duchess of
possession of his grandfather's estate in HerefordSuffolk, 10.
shire. The same gentleman has given us many QUERIES WITH ANSWERS: - Thomas Burton's "Diary")
particulars relating to that, and all the remaining “Macbeth" - Copper Coin of James II., dated later than 1688, 12.
part of his life. The Earl of Orrery bas entered REPLIES :- Silver Plate - the Monteith, 13 --The Law
(I wish I could not add) too minutely and too rences of Chelsea, 16. - Ghost in the Tower: Spectral | unkindly into his character, in his Letters: and Vision of the Baron de Guldenstubbé, 15 - Cockshut
the Observator on them has added several parSong on Bishop Trelawny - Disappearance of Birds in Cholera - Thomas Carey - Heir of Lady Katherine Grey ticulars, which his most familiar acquaintance --Zopissa - Sir Henry Killigrew -"Pilgrimage of Good
with Dr. Swift (if the author be rightlyi guess'd Intent" - Mews - Witchcraft - The Jacobites - Caradoc Vreichfras, &c. - Southey - Aylmer, Bp. of London at) must have given him more opportunities than Longevity-Jonathan Gouldsmith, M.D., 16.
almost any one, to observe, at least, during a conNotes on Books.
siderable part of the doctor's life. Mrs. Pilkington, whose admiration of him, and the pleasure
(perhaps the pride) she took in being admitted to Notes.
| his conversation, made her observe every little SPENCEANA.
thing he did, and every word he said, has given [Among the Spence MSS. sold at the sale of Mr. us a picture of him in his domestic behaviour; Singer's Books, &c. (all of which, with one exception, which, as I have been assured by several persons are now in our possession), was one entitled “ Collections who were very well acquainted with the doctor, relating to the Lives of some of the Greek, Latin, Provincial,
is exactly like him. Mr. Hawksworth has written Italian, French, and English Poets." Some of the Lives of our English Poets are well deserving of publication,
his life, in as exact and handsome a manner, as and will appear in these columns. The MS. does not we had been before taught to expect from his contain any Life of Pope or Swift. But against each of pen; and there is another (said by the author of their names appears a memorandum, “See separate it, to be chiefly collected from my Lord Orrery), Papers." No such separate Life of Pope has yet been
in the Lives of the English Poets, which I know found. But among the Spence MSS. in the possession of the Duke of Newcastle-the whole of which His Grace
not by what means, or rather by what blunder, has most kindly placed in our hands --- is the following they have chosen to attribute chiefly to a very Life of the Dean, which there can be no doubt is the unpromising name in the title-page. To what "separate Paper" referred to.
may be most to my purpose in all of these, I When the readers of “N. & Q." remember who were shall add some things which I have learnt from the "intimate friends and acquaintance” of Swift, from
several of Swift's intimate friends and acquaintwhom Spence " learnt some things," they will at once see the value of such a work; and they will also, we are sure,
ance : and with all these helps taken together, am in agree, that the thanks of all students of English litera some hopes of giving a fuller and more expressive ture are due to the Duke of Newcastle for the liberality idea of one who was so serviceable a politician with which he has enabled us to commence our proposed
in the cause of his native country, so very exNew Series of ANECDOTES OF BOOKS AND MEN with so
cellent and humorous a writer, and so singular a interesting a Sketch.]
man, SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE, WRITINGS, AND Dr. Swift was descended from a younger CHARACTER OF DR. SWIFT.
branch of the antient family of the Swifts in A3 the works of Dr. Swift have given so much Yorkshire. His grandfather, Thomas Swift, was entertainment to almost every one that has been conversant in them, it may not be disagreable to 1 'Tis generally thought to be Dr. Delany,
minister of Goodrich, near Ross, in Hereford-her or the child. At last, they had an account of shire ; where he had an estate, too?, of about them: but they did not oblige her to bring him 100l. a year. He suffer'd very often 3 and much back to them, till they had been there for three for the royal cause in the Civil Wars, and died 4 years. Their apprehensions for him made them before the Restoration. He left behind him six | defer this his second voyage, till he was four; sons (he bad had ten ) and four daughters. The tho' the nurse's eagerness had made her overlook poetical connexions in his family are uncommon : tbe much greater danger, when he was but one. bis own wife was the famous Mr. Dryden's aunt?; Two years after his return to Ireland , and his second son marry'd the eldest daughter of he was sent to the school at Kilkenny; and when Sr William Davenant.8 "No less than five of his fourteen' (1682), to the College at Dublin. He sons' (Godwin, William, Dryden, Jonathan, and had no relish for the most usual studies there; Adam), chiefly to avoid the troublesomeness and employ'd himself in .reading history and poetry; persecution of the fanatics, quitted England, and and when he came to stand for his Batchelor's settled in Ireland. Godwin, the eldest of them, | degree, was put by it for some time for dulness was a counsellor 11; and all the other four were and insufficiency, and did not obtain it at last attornies. Ireland was then almost destitute of  without their entering the opprobrious lawyers 12, the Civil Wars having made almost mark" of its being given him by the uncommon every body soldiers. Godwin 13, in particular, indulgence” of the University,” in their Register. succeeded there so well, that he got an estate of | This disgrace affected Swift so strongly, as to make 30001. a year by the law; tho' he lost it all again, him apply himself to his studies very closely 3 for in his latter days, by being a dupe to projectors. several years immediately succeeding it. Of the others, Jonathan had marry'd a lady of About the end 4 of 1688 (possibly on his the family of the Erics 14 ; a very antient (and foreseeing that Ireland wa be the seat of war), formerly a very considerable) family in Leicester- Swift quitted that country, and went for some sbire. He died in two years after his marriage is, months to his mother, who liv'd at Leicester; and his widow, who was then big of her second and thence by her advice to Sr William Temple's, child (and who had only an annuity of 201. a year at Moor Park, near Farnham, in Surrey. There settled upon her before she and her husband left had been a very great friendships between S England), was very kindly receiv'd by Counsellor William's father and Swift's unkle, the CounselSwift into his family lô in Dublin, where she was | lor; and hiss own mother and Lady Temple were deliver'd of her second child Jonathan 17 (after. | relations. Sr William receiv'd him as handsomely wards the famous Dr Swift) on St. Andrew's 18 as might be expected from such a friend, and day, 1667. Her former child was a daughter. such a man; and when he was sufficiently ac
The opinion, or rather the whim, of Swift's quainted with his abilities, no doubt was very being a son of Sr William Temple, must be glad to invite him to make Moor Park his home. wholy without foundation 19: his mother having Swift's chief studies, whilst he resided there never been out of the English dominions; and (as 6 at the University), were poetry and history, Sr William having been abroad from the year only with the addition of politics; which, as he 1665 to 1670.
was with so good a master of them, he might then The nurses in Ireland are remarkable for their perhaps follow more than either of the other. love to those they suckle.20 Swift's nurse, who Hence his cousin Swift may say?, “ That he was was a native of Whitebaven, in Cumberland, immerst in politics from the 21st year of his life;" was call'd thither by urgent business, when he it being the very year after he was twenty-one was but a year old. She cou'd not bear to part that he first went to live with Sr William Temple. with her foster-child; so stole away privately, and About two years after his coming to Moor carry'd him with her. The family was for some Park, Swift took a journey into Ireland for the time without knowing what was become either of recovery of his health. He had' contracted a
coldness of stomach, by a surfeit of fruit, before 1 Dr. Swift's own account, p. 8. 2 Hawksworth, p. 3. 3 Dr. Swift's own Account, p. 10.
he was twenty. He was troubled with a giddi4 In 1658. lb. p. 28.
5 Hawksworth, p. ness; which he 10 prophesied would never leave 6 Mr. Swift's Essay, p. 12. 7 Dr. Swift, p. 36. 8 Ib. 33. 9 Mr. Swift, p. 15. to 21.
i Dr. Swift's own account, p. 40.; and Mr. Swift's, 10 Dr. Swift's own account, p. 30.
p. 30. 11 Mr. Swift's Essay, pp. 15. to 21.
2 Speciali Gratiâ, Mr. Swift, p. 43. 12 Hawksworth, p. 4.
3 Eight hours a day for seven years, says Delany, p. 7. 15 Mr. Swift's Essay, pp. 15. to 21.
Ten hours a day, for nine years, says Mr. Swift, p. 36. 14 Dr. Swift, p. 37.
15 Mr. Swift, p. 22. 4 Dr. Swift's own account, p. 42. ; Mr. Swift's, p. 36. 16 Dr Swift, p. 38.
17 Mr. Swift, p. 22. 5 Mr. Swift, pp. 36. 38. 18 Nov. 30.
6 Mr. Swift.
7 Id., p. 239. 19 Mr. Swift's Essay, p. 77.
8 Dr. Swift's own account, p. 42. Ib., p. 43. 20 Dr. Swift's own Account, p. 39., and Mr. Swift's, 10 Dr. Swift, in the account of his life, speaks of himself
in the third person; and speaking in it of his giddiness,
him. As he found, after some time of tryal, this THE COMMENDATORY VERSES OF THE FIRST change of air had not the effect which the physi FOLIO SHAKSPERE. – Who was 1. M.? cians had promis'd, he returned to Sr William Temple's; grew (as he himself modestly words
The commendatory verses prefixed to the plays it) into some confidence with him, and was often
of Sbakspere, as printed in 1623, are all signed trusted with matters of great importance. Once
by their respective authors with the exception of in particular, he was sent by St William to the
the last — which I transcribe literatim from the King at Kensington, where he was obliged to ex- |
authoritative edition of that date :plain no easy point to his Majesty and the Earl of
To the memorie of M. W. Shake-speare. Portland. He says, “this? was the first time he Wee wondred (Shake-speare) that thou went'st so soone had any converse with Courts, and that it helped From the worlds-stage, to the graues-tvring-roome. to cure him of vanity.” He sometimes saw the Wee thought thee dead, but this thy printed worth, King too, at Sheen ; ands us'd to attend him in
Tels thy spectators, that thou went'st but forth
To enter with applause. An actors art, his walks about the garden, when Sr William was
Can dye, and liue, to acte a second part. laid up with the gout.
That's but an exit of mortalitie; Swift seems to have entertain'd a settled reso This, a re-entrance to a plaudite.
I. M. lution (and nobody was more firm when he had The obvious question is — Who was I. M. ? once taken a resolution than he) to be an eccle- “ Perhaps John Marston,” says Steevens ; “ Persiastic. King William once offered him to make haps John Marston,” says J. Payne Collier, him 4 a Captain of Horse ; and Sr William Temple F.S.A.; “ Perhaps John Marston," says Samuel would have made him his deputy' as Master of Weller Singer, F.S.A.; “ Perhaps John Marsthe Rolls in Ireland. He declin'd both, and stuck ton." says the rev. Alexander Dyce. to his first plan.
This unanimity of opinion, and this identity of In 1692, Swift made some visits to Oxford; phrase, suggest the idea that the learned annoenter'd at Hart Hall, now Hertford College 6,
tators had made no serious efforts to solve the and took his Master of Arts degree in that problem. If this inference be admitted, a new University.
conjecture may be advanced without the impuIn -94, he went again into Ireland. The
tation of temerity. open reason? was to take orders: the hidden
As no evidence has been produced in favour of one 8, some differences that had happen'd between the claims of Marston, there is no need of conhim and Sr William Temple. Just after this
troversy. I rejoice at the circumstance - so rare parting, his aims were so low, that he was de- lin Shaksperean proceedings — and shall at once sirous of being chaplain to our factory at Lisbon.
assume that I. M. denotes James Mabbe, alias However, not long after be had taken orders, L' Don Diego Puede-Ser, de Santa Maria MagdaCapel 10 (on the request of his old friend Sr Wil
lena. liam) gave him the prebend of Kilroot 11, in the
To halt at this step of my argument would be North of Ireland, and Diocess of Conner 12 ; worth
to substitute one problem for another. I must about 500l. a year. Swift grew weary of it in a
therefore give an outline of the career of the alfew months; and at the desire of Sr William, and
most-forgotten Don Diego Puede-Ser. bis promising to get him some preferment in
James Mabbe, a native of Surrey, was educated England, he resign'd his prebend in favor of a at Magdalen-college, Oxford - B.A. 1594; M.A. poor man that had a large family; and returned | 1598. In 1605 he had the honour to make an (1695] to Moor Park. After this they grew bet oration before prince Henry, and in 1606 was ter friends than ever. Swift continu'd with him
chosen one of the proctors of the University. to 18 the end of bis life; and Sr William left him a
He was taken into the service of sir John Digby, handsome legacy, and the care and 14 advantage of afterwards earl of Bristol, and accompanied him publishing his Works.
in one of his embassies to Spain, where he (To be continued.)
remained many years. Wood calls him a “noted
orator and wit of his time"; and he is praised says: “ This disorder pursu'd him, with intermissions of as a translator by Ben. Jonson, John Florio, two or three years, to the end of his life.” (P. 43.) William Browne, etc. He published the fol| His own account, p. 46.
lowing works under the pseudonym of don Diego 3 Mr. Swift, p. 108.. 4 Mr. Swift, p. 108.. 5 Dr. Swift's own account, p. 1.
Puede-Ser - i.e. Mr. James May-be or Mabbe. 6 Mr. Swift, p. 31. (see p. 44.)
1. The rogue : or the life of Guzman de Alfar7 Dr. Swift's own account, p. 47.
ache — from the Spanish of Mateo Aleman. Lon8 Mr. Swift, p. 51.
9 ld, ibid.
don, printed for Edward Blount. 1623. Folio. — 10 Dr. Swift's own account, p. 47., and Mr. Swift's, Oxford, 1630. Folio. — London, 1634. Folio. 2. pp. 60. to 67. 11 Mr. Swift, p. 348.
Devout contemplations expressed in two and forty 12 Hawksworth, p. 13. 13 Mr. Swift, p. 85.
sermons — froin the Spanish of Ch. de Fonseca. 14 Dr. Swift's own account, p. 48.
London, 1629. Folio. 3. The Spanish bawd, ex
pressed in Celestina - from the Spanish. London, of 666 pages -- and he records his services in two 1631. Folio. This translation was made at the short addresses To the reader. request of sir Thomas Richardson. 4. The exem 1 I wish Mabbe had been in the way, or Guzman plarie novells of Cervantes in sixe books. London, out of the way. The text of Shakspere might then 1610. Folio. The above were works of much have appeared in a less faulty state, and the critics celebrity in Spain, and translated into various might have been spared a world of perplexity. languages.— Mabbe was in orders, and became This remark is an afterthought, and might ad. prebendary of Wells. He seems to have passed mit of expansion, but it somewhat interrupts the
er days as the inmate of sir John Strang- | course of my argument, which I resume. ways. He died at Abbotsbury, Dorset, about Does it not now seem probable, or inore than 1642. The exact date cannot be ascertained, as probable, that Mabbe should have been applied the register of burials has perished, and no other to by Blount for a contribution to the prelimimemorial remains. I am indebted for this infor naries of Shakspere, in return for his editorial mation to the rev. G. A. Penny, vicar of Abbots- / services on Guzman, and that the initials I. M. bury.
denote James Mabbe? This is no more than While Mabbe flourished, and for some years circumstantial evidence; but, as it seems to me, afterwards, the fashion of commendatory verses almost irresistible. prevailed. If often the sincere tribute of friend. I must touch on internal evidence. The verses ship or admiration, they were as often due to the which occur in the translations of Mabbe afford influence of the publisher, and they promoted the no instances of resemblance to the commendatory sale of a book as much as it is now promoted by a specimen, but I have met with a prose paragraph favourable review or an attractive advertisement. in Guzman which is too curious to be omitted. It In support of this theory I might appeal to Hum is a prize to the hunters after parallel passages. phrey Moseley— but shall call in no other witness
“It is a miserable thing, and much to be pitied, that than Mabbe and his publisher,
such an idol as one of these a proud courtier), should In the year 1623 Edward Blount and Isaac | affect particular adoration; not considering that he is Jaggard acquired the copyright of sixteen ina but a man, a representant, a poor kind of comedian that edited plays of Shakspere, and printed all the
acts his part upon the stage of this world, and comes forth
with this or that office, thus and thus attended, or at authenticated plays in one volume folio Blount
least resembling such a person, and that when the play was also one of the four stationers at whose is done (which cannot be long) he must presently enter charges that renowned volume was printed. He into the tyring-house of the grave, and be turned to dust was therefore much interested in its success — and ashes as one of the sons of the earth, which is the more so, if we may rely on the evidence now in
common mother of us all.” existence, than any other individual concerned in
Guzman de Alfarache, Part I, p. 175.
As the above paragraph and the commendatory its production and publication. The commendatory verses prefixed to the plays
verses were in the press at the same time, I canare signed Ben. Ionson - Hugh Holland - L.
not but consider the verses to be a reminiscence Digges I. M. Ben. Jonson, as I conceive,
of the labours of Mabbe while occupied on the wrote to retrieve his own character : he had been
translation of Mateo Aleman--but of this opinion, taxed by the players with envy. The verses of
and of other novel opinions herein expressed, the Hugh Holland must have been written soon after
ratification must be left to disinterested critics. 1616, and are therefore out of the question,
The Terrace, Barnes, S.W. Leonard Digges and I. M. remain for consideration.
In 1617 Blount published The rape of Proserpine, translated out of Claudian by Leonard
KING ARTHUR'S WAES-HAEL. Digges; and in 1622 he published Gerardo the When the Brown Bowl is filled for Yule, let vnfortunate Spaniard, translated from the Spanish the dome or upper half be set on. Then let the of D. Gonzalo de Cespedes y Meneses by the Waes-haelers kneel, one by one, and draw up the same Leonard Digges. Here is evidence of a wine with their reeds through the two bosses at sort of connexion for a period of six years. Now, the rim. Let one breath only be drawn by each is it not probable that the verses contributed by l of the Morrice for bis Waes-hael.* Digges to the Shakspere of 1623 were written
Waeg-hael! for Lord and Dame! at the request of Blount ? I leave the query to
O! Merry be their Dole; its fate, and pass on to James Mabbe.
Drink-hael! in Jesu's name, The first of the translations made by Mabbe,
And fill the tawny Bowl: entitled The rogue : or the life of Guzman de
But cover down the curving crest, Alfarache, was published by Blount. As Mabbe,
Mould of The Orient Lady's Breast! “whose province it was to correct it,” was elsewhere, Blount edited the volume for him -- a folio
* Waes in this word is sounded Waze.
Waes-hael ! but lift no lid;
of successe, the importunity of many worthy genDrain ye the Reeds for Wine! *
tlemen, the good reporte I hearde of Captaine Drink-hael ! the milk was hid
Chudleigh: joyn'd with the consideration of my That soothed that Babe divine:
want of imploymt at that time in the churche, Hush'd, as this bollow channel flows,
(under wh misery I still suffer) were the inducemts He drew the Balsam from the Rose !
that prevailed wh me to undertake so dangerous a Waes-hael! thus glow'd the Breast, Where a God yearn'd to cling ;
To wch we set saile fro Plimouth the 12th of Drink-hael! so Jesu press'd
June ano 1617. We put in againe at Phamouth Life, from its mystic Spring ;
in Cornwaile, after at Corke in Ireland, where we Then hush, and bend in reverent sign,
arrived the 25th of June, and remained till the And breathe the thrilling reeds for Wine !
19th of August. These delayes, however occa
sioned, forced diverse younge gentlemen and Waes-hael ! in shadowy scene,
others to sell their private provisions both of apLo! Christmas children, we!
parell and dyet, to the untimely death of many of Drink-hael ! behold we lean
them. At a far Mother's knee ;
The first shippe we gave chase unto at sea we To dream that thus her Bosoin smiled,
found to be one of London ; fro whome noAnd learn the lip of Bethlehem's Child !
thinge was taken but by mutuall curtesy. The Ben. TAMAR.
30th of August we gave chase to a fleet of four or
five sayle, but could not gett up wh them, nor SIR WALTER RALEIGH'S LAST VOYAGE
knowledge directly what they were.
The next day other foure shippes wch we tooke, So many doubts still hang over the second voyage of Sir Walter Raleigh to Guiana-his final and fatal voyage
and found to be frenchmen & Biscaners. Sir Wal- that every fresh original testimony respecting it must
ter Raleigh stayed them two dayes, the reason be regarded with interest. The following journal is (as was reported) bycause they were bound for printed from a contemporary manuscript, kindly commu Sivill in Spayne ; nothinge was taken fro them by nicated by Sir T. E. Winnington, Bart., and will take its
force, only a shallop and fishing seane, for which place among the most valuable of the historical materials
they were payed and so departed. for this important incident - an incident not only in the personal history of Raleigh and King James, but even in
At Lancerok, one of the Canary Ilands, we the greater history of our native country. The writer
put in, desiringe only water and some other prowas the preacher, or chaplain, of the Flying Chudleigh, visions, which yf the inhabitants could parte with, or Chidley, or the Flying Joan, as it is more frequently they should be payd for, when we were promised termed, commanded by Capt. Chidley, or Chudleigh, of the
our desires, but so long delayed, that three of our Devonshire family of that name, and afterwards Sir John. The sbip in which he sailed was a vessel of only 120 tons,
men being basely murthered without doinge any and carried 14 guns. From her size, it was not likely
harme to the Ilanders, we retired to our shippes. that she should have taken any very prominent part in At Gomera, after some intercourse of messages the voyage: but all who were on board must have had
(they seeing our force) gave us free leave to water, opportunities, some more and some less, of observing what
for at first they withstood us. went on; and it is in that light that the present narra
These passages I the rather relate, bycause they tive must be regarded. The writer's feeling was evidently not friendly to Raleigh; but his means of information
put not only my selfe, but many other gentlemen were not the most complete, and in this narrative he was in a comfortable hope that Sir Walter Raleigh addressing persons whose favour he was desirous of se had a certainty of his project, whereof by his curing, and whom he knew to be Raleigh's enemies. We
many former delayes we made great doubt: till shall be glad to receive any information respecting him.]
we sawe these places wherein we receaved such MR. JONES, TOUCHING SIR WALTER RALEIGH HIS injuries spared : which might, as we thought by VOYAGE.
our forces, have been easily overcome and ruined. To the Right Honorable the Lordes of his Majes Yet for ought I could perceive their would have ties most honorable Privy Counsell. A true and
beepesmale scruple made of surprisinge any Spanish briefe relation of Sir Walter Raleigh his late
shippinge, for at the Grand Canaryes a Spanish Voyage to Guiana. By Samuel Jones, preacher caruel was taken, her men being all formerly in one of his Shippes called the Flyinge Chud
fled; her ladinge was for the most part salte, some leigh.
little wine, and other provisions, whereby it seemed Right Honourable --
she was bound a fishinge. And about the same A Comon reporte of his Maties Large Comis.
time neare the Canaries a Spanish canter, a sion to Sir Walter Raleigh, the great expectation
boat of fifteene or sixteene tunnes, laden with
fish of smale worth, in her some 14 Spaniards, * In Rome, at the Chalice, the Pope does not sip or
all which were set free except one, that desired to drink, but he draws through a silver reed or pipe. Nasus
accompany us in our voyage, and did, being used is the Ritual name, from váw, to flow.
as one of our own men. Frõ these lands we