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PIST. Germ roundish, girt with a downy coronet. Style cylindrick,

fhort. Stigma fimple.

PER. Berry large, fpheroidal, rugged, often warted, externally, netted within; many-feeded.

SEEDS oblong-roundish, flat, woolly, neftling in five parcels, affixed by long threads to the branchy receptacles.

Flowers axillary, mostly toward the unarmed extremity of the branch. Divifions of the Perianth, with pink tips; petals, pale; anthers, crimfon, or covered with bright yellow pollen. Fruit extremely acid before its maturity; when ripe, filled with dark brown pulp agreeably fubacid. Leaves jointedly feathered with an odd one; leaflets five, seven, or nine; small, gloffy, very dark on one fide, inversehearted, obtusely-notched, dotted round the margin with pellucid fpecks, very strongly flavoured and fcented like anife. Thorns long, fharp, folitary, afcending, nearly cross-armed, axillary, three or four petiols to one thorn. KLEINHOFF limits the heighth of the tree to thirty feet, but we have young trees forty or fifty feet high; and at Bandell there is a full-grown Capitt'ha equal in fize to the true Bilva, from its fancied refemblance to which the vulgar name has been taken when the trees flourish, the air around them breathes the odour of anife both from the leaves and the bloffoms; and I cannot help mentioning a fingular fact which may indeed, have been purely accidental: not a fingle flower, out of hundreds examined by me, had both perfect germs, and anthers visibly fertile, while others, on the fame tree and at the fame time, had their anthers profufely covered with pollen, but fcarce any styles, and germs to all appearance




SYN. Tunna, Tuni, Cach'ha, Cántalaca, Cuni, Nandivricha.
VULG. Túni, Tún; abfurdly, Viláyatì Nim.

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CAL. Perianth one-leaved, five-cleft, minute, deciduous; divifions roundish, concave, villous, expanding.

COR. Rather belled. Petals five, inverfe-egged, obtufe, concave, erect, white with a greenish tint, three exterior lapping over the two others. Nectary fhort, five-parted; divifions roundish, orangefcarlet, bright and concave at the insertion of the stamens, rather downy.


Filaments five; inferted on the divifions of the nectary, awled, somewhat converging, nearly as long as the style. Anthers doubled,

some three-parted, curved, incumbent.

PIST. Germ egged, obfcurely five-cleft. Style awled, erect, rather longer than the corol. Stigma, broad-headed, flat, bright, green, circular, ftarred.

PER. Capfule egged, five-celled, woody, gaping at the base. Receptacle five-angled.

SEEDS imbricated, winged.

Leaves feathered, scarce ever with an odd one; pairs from fix to twelve; petioles, gibbous at their infertion, channelled on one fide, convex and fmooth on the other. Stipules thick, short, roundish; leaflets oblong-lanced, pointed, waved, veined, nerve on one fide. Panicles large, diffufe, confifting of compound racemes. Nectaries yielding a fine yellow dye. Wood light, in colour like Mahagoni.


SYN. Ambuja, Ijjala.

VULG. Hijala, Badia, Jyúli.

CAL. Perianth one-leaved, belled, fleshy, downy, coloured, permanent,

five-parted; divifions erect, pointed.




COR. Five-petaled; petals egged, short pointed, revolute, downy within and without.

STAM. Filaments ten, five mostly shorter; inferted in the bell of the

calyx; awled, villous. Anthers erect, oblong, furrowed.

PIST. Germ egg-oblong, very villous. Style thread-form, curved.

Stigma headed, with five obtuse corners.

PER. Drupe fubglobular.

Nut fcabrous, convex on one fide, angled on the other.

Leaves feathered; pairs, from five to nine; leaflets oblong, daggered,

notched. Calyx pale pink. Corol darker pink without, bright yellow within. Cyme terminal, fpreading.


SYN. Pun'draca, Váfantí, Mádhavílatá.
VULG. Madhavílatá.


RHEEDE: Derenda. 6. H. M. tab. 59.

CAL. Perianth one-leaved, five-parted, permanent; divisions, coloured, oblong-oval, obtufe; between two of them, a rigid gloffy honeybearing tubercle, hearted, acute.

COR. Five-petaled, imitating a boatform corol: wings, two petals, conjoined back to back, involving the nectary, and retaining the honey.

Awning, large concave, more beautifully coloured. Keel, two petals, lefs than the wings, but fimilar. All five, roundish, elegantly fringed, with reflected margins, and short oblong claws.

STEM. Filaments ten; one, longer. Anthers oblong, thickish, furrowed.
Style one, threadform, incurv-

PIST. Germs two, or three, coalefced.

ed, shorter than the longest filament.

Stigma, fimple.

PER. Capfules two or three, moftly two, coalefced back to back; each


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keeled, and extended into three oblong membranous wings, the lateral shorter than the central.

SEEDS roundish, folitary.

Racemes axillary. Flowers delicately fragrant; white, with a shade of pink the large petal, fupported by the nectareous tubercle, fhaded Bracts linear; Wings

internally with bright yellow and pale red. of the feed, light brown; the long one ruffet. Leaves opposite, eggoblong, pointed. Petiols fhort. Stipules linear, foft, three or four to each petiol. Two glands at the base of each leaf. Stem pale brown, ringed at the infertion of the leaves, downy.

This was the favourite plant of SACONTALA, which the very justly called the Delight of the Woods; for the beauty and fragrance of its flowers give them a title to all the praises, which CA'LIDA's and JAYADE'VA bestow on them: it is a gigantick and luxuriant climber; but, when it meets with nothing to grafp, it affumes the form of a sturdy tree, the highest branches of which display, however, in the air their natural flexibility and inclination to climb. The two names Váfanti and Mádhavì indicate a vernal flower; but I have seen an Atimucta rich both in bloffoms and fruit on the first of January.


SYN. Pitana, Capitana.

VULG. Amdá, pronounced A'mrá, or Amlá.

LINN. SPONDIAS Myrobalan B. or a new species.

The natural character as in LINNAEUS. Leaves feathered with an odd one leaflets mostly five-paired, egg-oblong, pointed, margined, veined, nerved; common petiol, fmooth, gibbous at the base. Flowers raceme-panicled, yellowish white. Fruit agreeably acid; thence used


in cookery. VAN RHEEDE calls it Ambadà or Ambalam; and, as he defcribes it with five or fix ftyles, it is wonderful, that HILL fhould have supposed it a Chryfobalanus.

47. HE'MASA'GARA; or the Sea of Gold.

VULG. Himfágar.

LINN. Jagged-leaved COTYLEDON.

CAL. Perianth four-cleft; divifions acute.

COR. One-petaled: Tube, four-angled, larger at the base; border fourparted; divifions, egged, acute. Nectary, one minute concave scale at the base of each germ.

STAM. Filaments eight, adhering to the tube; four, juft emerging from its mouth; four, alternate, shorter. Anthers erect, small, furrowed.

PIST. Germs four, conical. Styles, one from each germ, awled, longer than the filaments. Stigmas simple.

PER. Capfules four, oblong, pointed, bellied, one-valved, bursting longitudinally within.

SEEDS numerous, minute.

Panicles terminal. Flowers of the brightest gold-colour. Leaves thick, fucculent, jagged, dull fea-green. Stem jointed, bending, in part recumbent. This plant flowers for many months annually in Bengal: in one bloffom out of many, the numbers were ten and five; but the filaments alternately long and short.


SYN. Gurapushpa, Madhudruma, Vánapraft'ha, Madhufht' bila, Madhu.
VULG. Maüyála, Mahuyá, Mahwá.

LINN. Longleaved BASSIA.


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