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A priori reasoning, ii. 8–10, 20, 24,
Abbé and abbot, difference between,
Academy, character of its doctrines,
Academy, French, (the), i. 23; has
been of'no benefit to literature, 23;
its treatment of Corneille and Vol-
taire, 23, 24; the scene of the fiercest
Academy of the Floral Games, at
Toulouse, v. 436, 437.
Acting, Garrick's, quotation from
Fielding illustrative of, i. 332; the
true test of excellence in, 333.
Adam, Robert, court architect to
George III., vi. 41.
Addington, Henry, speaker of the
House of Commons, vi. 282; made
First Lord of the Treasury, 282;
his administration, 282, 284; cool-
ness between him and Pitt, 285,
286; their quarrel, 287; his resig-
nation, 290; v. 141, 142; raised to
the Peerage, vi. 293.
Addison, Joseph, review of Miss Ai-
kin's life of, v. 321-122; his char-
acter, 323, 324; sketch of his fa-
ther's life, 324, 325; his birth and
early life, 325-327; appointed to
a scholarship in Magdalene Col-
lege, Oxford, 327; his classical at-
tainments, 327-330; his Essay on
the Evidences of Christianity, 330;
his Latin poems, 331, 332; con-
tributes a preface tó Dryden's
Grorgics, 335; his intention to take
orders frustrated, 335; sent by the
government to the Continent, 338,
his introduction to Boileau, 310;
leaves Paris and proceeds to Ven-
ice, 344, 345; his residence in Italy,
345–350; composes his Epistle to
Montague (then Lord Halifax),
350; his prospects clouded by the
death of William III., 351; be-
comes tutor to a young English
traveller, 351; writes his Treatise
on Medals, 351; repairs to Hol-
land, 351; returns to England,
351; his cordial reception and in-
troduction into the Kit Cat Club,
351; his pecuniary difficulties, 352;
engaged by Godolphin to write a
poem in honour of Marlborough's
exploits, 354, 355; is appointed to
a Commissionership, 355; merits
of his “Campaign, " 356; criticism
of his Travels in Italy, 329, 359;
his opera of Rosamond, 361; is
made Undersecretary of State, and
accompanies the Earl of Halifax to
Hanover, 361, 362; his election to
the House of Commons, 362; his
failure as a speaker, 362; his popu-
larity and talents for conversation,
365–367; his timidity and con-
straint among strangers, 367; his fa-
vorite associates, 368–371; becomes
Chief Secretary for ireland under
Wharton, 371; origination of the
Tatler, 373, 374; his characteris.
tics as a writer, 373–378; ccmpared
with Swift and Voltaire as a mas-
ter of the art of ridicule, 377, 379;
his pecuniary losses, 382, 383 ; lose
of his Secretaryship, 382; rosigna.
tion of his Fellowship, 383; en- Æschines, his character, i. 133, 194.
couragement and disappointment Æschylus and the Greek Drama, i
of his advances towards a great 216-229.
lady, 383; returned to Parliament Afghanistan, the monarchy of, anal-
without a contest, 383; his Whig ogous to that of England in the
Examiner, 384; intercedes with 16th century, iii. 20; bravery of
the Tories on behalf of Ambrose its inhabitants, v. 29 et seq.: the
Phillipps and Steele, 384; his dis English the only army in Indis
continuance of the Tatler and com which could compete with theun,
mencement of the Spectator, 384; 30; their devastation in India, iv.
his part in the Spectator, 385; bis 2:37.
commencement and discontinuance Agricultural and inanufacturing la.
of the Guardian, 389; his Cato, 345, borers, comparison of their con-
390, 394; ii. 365, 366; his inter dition, ii. 145–148.
course with Pope, 394, 395; his con- Agujari, the singer, v. 256.
cern for Steele,
396; begins a new Aiken, Miss, review of her Life of
series of the Spectator, 397; ap Addison, v. 321-422.
pointed secretary to the Lords Jus- Aix, its capture, iii. 244.
tices of the Council on the death Akenside, his epistle to Curio, i
of Queen Anne, 397; again ap 183.
pointed Chief Secretary for Ire- Albigenses, iv. 310, 311.
land, 399; his relations with Swift Alcibiades, suspected of assisting at
and Tickell, 399, 400; removed to a mnock celebration of the Eleusis-
the Board of Trade, 401; produc ian mysteries, i. 49, note.
tion of his Drummer, 401; his Aldrich, Dean, vi. 113.
Freeholder, 402; his estrangement Alexander the Great compared with
from Pope, 403, 104; his long court Clive, iy. 297.
ship of the Countess Dowager of Alfieri, his greatness, i. 61; influence
Warwick and union with her, 411, of Dante upon his style, 61, 62;
412; takes up his abode at Holland comparison between him and Cow-
House, 412; appointed Secretary per, ii. 350 ; his Rosmunda con-
of State by Sunderland, 413; fail trasted with Shakspeare's Lady
ure of his health, 413, 418; resigns Macbeth, i. 175; influence of Pla.
his post, 413; receives a pension, tarch and the writers of his school
414; bis estrangement from Steele
and other friends, 414, 415; advo- Allahabad, v. 27.
cates the bill for limiting the num- Allegories of Johnson and Addison,
ber of Peers, 415; refutation of a ii. 252.
calumny upon him, 417; intrusts Allegory, difficulty of making it in.
his works to Tickell, and dedi teresting, ii. 253.
cates them to Craggs, 418; sends Allegro and Penseroso, i. 215.
for Gay on his death-bed to ask his Alphabetical writing, the greatest of
forgiveness, 418, 419; his death human inventions, iii. 453; com-
and funeral, 420; Tickell's elegy parative views of its value by
on his death, 421; superb edition Plato and Bacon, 453, 454.
of his works, 421; his monument America, acquisitions of the Catholic
in Poet's Corner, Westminster Ab Church in, iv. 300; its capabilities,
bey, 422; praise 1 by Dryden, i. 301.
American colonies, British, war with
Addison, Dr. Langslot, sketch of his them, v. 57, 58; act for imposing
lifa, v. 324, 325.
stamp duties upon them, vi. 65:
Adiaphorists, a sec: of German Prot their disaffection, 76; revival of
cstants, iii. 7, 8.
the dispute with them, 105: prog-
Adultery, how represented by the ress of their resistance, 106.
Dramatists of the Restoration, iv Anabaptists, their origin, iii. 12.
Anacharsis, reputed contriver of the
Advancement of Learning, by Ba potter's wheel, iii. 438.
con, its publication, iii. 388. Analysis, critical not applicable with
exactness to poetry, i. 325; but Arithmetic, comparative estimate of
grows more accurate as criticism by Plato and by: Bacon, iij. 448.
Arlington, Lord, his character, iv
Anaverdy Khan, governor of the 30; his coldness for the Triple Al.
Carnatic, iv. 211, sez.
liance, 37; his impeachmeni, 56.
Angria, his fortress of Gheriah re- Armies in the middle ages, how con
duced by Clive, iv. 228.
stituted, i. 282, 478; a powerful
Anne, Queen, her political and relig restraint on the regal power, 478;
ious inclinations, iii. 130; changes subsequent change in this respect,
in her government in 1710, 130; 479.
relative estimation by the Whigs Arms, British, successes of, against
and the Tories of her reign, 133 the French in 1758, iii. 211-247.
140; state of parties at her acces- Army, (the) control of, by Charles
sion, v. 352, 353; dismisses the I., or by the Parliament, i. 189;
Whigs, 381, 382; change in the con its triumph over both, 497; dan-
duct of public affairs consequent on ger of a standing army becoming
her death, 397; touches Johnson for an instrument of despotism, i.
the king's evil, vi. 173; her cabi 487.
net during the Seven Years' War, Arne, Dr., set to music Addison's
opera of Rosamund, v. 361.
Antijacobin Review, (the new), vi. Arragon and Castile, their old institu
405; contrasted with the Antijac tions favorable to public liberty
obin, 406, 107.
Antioch, Grecian eloquence at, iv. Arrian, i. 395.
Art of War, Machiavelli's, i. 306
Anytus, iii. 12).
Arundel, Earl of, iii. 434.
Apostolical succession, Mr. Gladstone Asia, Central, its people, v. 28.
claims it for the Church of Eng- Asiatic Society, commencement of
land, iv. 166-178.
its career under Warren Hastings,
Apprentices, negro, in the West In v. 98.
dies, vi. 367, 374-376, 378-383. Assemblies, deliberative, iii. 240.
Aquinas, Thomas, iii. 478.
Assembly, National, the French, iji.
Arab fable of the Great Pyrainid, 46-48, 68-71, v. 443–416.
Astronomy, comparative estimate of
Arbuthnot's Satirical Works, v. 377. by Socrates and by Bacon, iii. 452.
Archimedes, leis slight estimate of Athenian jurymen, stipend of, i. 33,
his inventious, iii. 450.
note; police, name of, 34, note;
Archytas, rebuked by Plato, iii. 449. magistrates, name of, who took
Arcot, Nabob of, his relations with cognisance of offences against re-
England, i'. 211-219; his claims ligion, 53, note; orators, essay on,
recognized by the English, 213. 139-157; oratory unequalled, 145;
Areopagitica, Hilton's allusion to, i. causes of its excellence, 145; its
quality, 151, 153, 156; Johnson's
Argyle, Duke of, secedes from Wal ignorance of Athenian character,
pole's adm.nistration, iii. 204. 146, ii. 418; intelligence of the
Arimant, Dryden's, i. 357.
populace, and its causes, i. 146-
Ariosto, i. 60.
149; books the least part of their
Aristodemus, i. 62; iv. 303.
education, 147; what it consisted
Aristophanes, iv. 352; his clouds a in, 148; their knowledge necessari-
true picture of the change in his ly defective, 148; and illogical
countrymen's character, i. 383. from its conversational character,
ristotle, his authority impaired by 149; eloquence, history of, 151,
the Reformation, iii. 446; the most 153; when at its height, 153, 154;
profound critic of antiquity, i. 140, coincidence between their progrese
141; his doctrine in regard to poe in the art of war and the art of
try, 10; the superstructure of his oratory, 155; steps by which
treatise on poetry not equal to its Athenian oratory approached to
finished excellence contemporano
ous with those by which its Attila, iv. 300.
character sank, 153; causes of this Attributes of God, subtle speculations
phenomenon, 154; orators, in pro touching them imply no high do
portion as they became more ex. gree of intellectual culture, in
pert, grew less respectable in 303, 304.
general character, 155; their vast Aubrey, his charge of corruption
abilities, 156; statesmen, their against Bacon, iit. 413; Bacon's
deeline and its causes, 155; ostra decision against him after his
cism, 182; comedies, impurity of,
ii. 2; reprinted at the two Uni- Augsburg, Confession of, its adoptin
in Sweden, iv. 329.
" Athenian Revels," Scenes from, i. Augustin, St.
, iv. 300.
Aurungzebe, his policy, iv. 205, 206.
Athenians (the) grew more sceptical Austen, Jane, notice of, v. 307, 308.
with the progress of their civiliza- Austin, Sarah, her character as 1
tion, i. 383; the causes of their
translator, iv. 299–349.
deficiencies in logical aceuraey, Austria, success of her armies in the
383, 384; Johnson's opinion of Catholic cause, iv. 337.
them, ii. 418.
Authors, their present position, ii.
Athens, the most disreputable part 190–197.
of, i. 31, note; favorite epithet of, Avignon, the Papal Court transferred
36, note; her decline and its char-
from Rome to, iv. 312.
acteristics, 153, 154; Mr. Mitford's
preference of Sparta over, 181;
contrasted with Sparta, 186, 187;
seditions in, 188; effect of slavery Baber, founder of the Mogul empire,
in, 189; her liturgic system, 190; iv. 202.
period of minority in, 191, 192; Bacon, Lady, mother of Lord Bacon,
influence of her genius upon the iii. 349.
world, 200, 201.
Bacon, Lord, review of Basil Mon-
Attainder, an act of, warrantable, ii. tagu's new edition of the works of,
iii. 336-495; his mother distin-
Atterbury, Francis, life of, vi. 112 guished as a linguist, 349; his ear.
131; his youth, 112; his defence ly years, 352-335; his services
of Luther, 113; appointed a royal refused by government, 365–356;
chaplain, 113; his share in the his admission at Gray's Inn, 357;
controversy about the Letters of his legal attainments, 358; sat in
Phalaris, 115-119; iv. 110; promi Parliament in 1593, 359: part ha
nent as a high-churchman, v. 119, took in politics, 360; his friendship
120; made Dean of Carlisle, 120; with the Earl of Essex, 365–379;
defends Sacheverell, 121; made examination of his conduct to Es-
Dean of Christ Church, 121; de sex, 373-384; influence of King
sires to proclaim James II., 122; James on his fortunes, 383; his ser
joins the opposition, 123; refuses vility to Lord Southampton, 384;
to declare for the Protestant suc influence his talents had with the
cession, 123; corresponds with the public, 386; his distinction in Par-
Pretender, 123, 124; his private liament and in the courts of law,
life, 124, 125, 129; reads the funer 388; his literary and philosophical
al service over the body of Ad works, 388; his “Novum Orga-
dison, 124; v. 420; imprisoned for num," and the admiration it ex
bis part in the Jacobite
conspiracy, cited, 388; his work of reducing
V 125; his trial and sentence, and recompiling the laws of Eng-
126, 127; his exile, 128, 129; his !and, 389; his tampering with the
j'avor with the Pretender, 129, 130; judges on the trial of Peachan,
vindicates himself from the charge 389-394; attaches himself to Buck
of having garbled Clarendon's ingham, 396; his appointment u
history, 130; his death and burial, Lord Keeper, 399; his share in the
vices of the administration, 401
bis animosity towards Sir Edward Balance of power, interest of the
Coke, 406, 407; his town and coun- Popes in preserving it, iv. 338.
try residences, 408, 409: his titles Banim, Mr., his defence of James II.
of Baron Verulam and Viscount as a supporter of toleration, iii.
St. Albans, 109: report against him 304.
of the Committee on the Courts of Banking operations of Italy in the
Justice, 413; nature of the charges, 14th century, i. 276.
41.3, 114; overwhelming evidence Baptists, (the) Bunyan's position
to them, 414, 416; his admission
among, vi. 146, 147.
of his guilt, 416; his sentence, 417; Bar (the) its degraded condition in
examination of Mr. Montagu's ar- the time of James II., i. 520.
guments in his defence, 417–430; Barbary, work on, by Rev. Dr. Ad.
mode in which he spent the last dison, v. 325.
years of his life, 431, 432; chief Barbarians, Mitford's preference of
peculiarity of his philosophy, 435- to Greeks, i. 196.
417; his views compared with Barcelona, capture of, by Peterbor-
those of Plato, 448-459; to what ough, iii. 110.
liis wide and durable fame is chief- Barère, Bertrand, Memoirs of, re-
ly owing, 463; his frequent treat- viewed, v. 423-539; opinions of
ment of moral subjects, 467; his the editors as to his character, 424;
views as a theologian, 469; vulgar his real character, 425, 427-429,
notion of him as inventor of the in- 467; has hitherto found no apolo-
ductive method, 470; estimate of gist, 426; compared with Dantor.
his analysis of that method, 471- and Robespierre, 426; his natural
479; union of audacity and sobri- disposition, 427; character of his
ety in his temper, 480 ; his ampli- . memoirs, 429, 430; their mendac-
tude of comprehension, 481, 482; ity, 431-436, 445; their literary
his freedom from the spirit of con- value, 436; his birth and educa-
troversy, 484; his eloquence, wit, tion, 436, 437; his marriage, 438,
and similitudes, 484; his disci- first visit to Paris, 439; his jour-
plined imagination, 487; his bold- nal, +39; elected a representative
ness and originality, 488; unusual of the Third Estate, 40; his char-
development in the order of his acter as a legislator, 441; his or-
faculties, 489; his resemblance to atory, 442, 471, 472; his early
the mind of Burke, 489; specimens political opinions, 442; draws a
of his two styles, 490, 491; value report on the Woods and Forests,
of his Essays, 491; his greatest 443; becomes more republican,
performance the first book of the 443; on the dissolution of the No.
Novum Organum, 492; contem- tional Assembly he is made a
plation of his life, 492-495; his judge, 416; chosen to the Conven-
reasoning upon the principle of tion, 449; belongs to the Giron-
heat, ii. 96; his system generally dists, 455; sides with the Moun-
as opposed to the schoolmen, 78, tain in condemnation of the king,
79, 103; his objections to the sys. 456, 457; was really a federalist,
tem of education at the Universi- 460; continues with the Girondists,
ties, vi. 415.
461; appointed upon the Commit:
Bacon, Sir Nicholas, his character, tee of Public Safety, 463; made its
Secretary, 463; wavers between
Baconian philosophy, its chief pecu- the Girondists and the Mountain,
liarity, iii. 435; its essential spirit, 464; joins with the Mountain, 465;
439; its method and object differ- remains upon the Committee of
ed from the ancient, 448; compar- Public Safety, 466; his relation
ative views of Bacon and Plato, to the Mountain, 466-468; takes
448-459; its beneficent spirit, 455, the initiative against the Gimn.
458, 463 ; its value compared with dists, 468, 469; moves the execg.
ancient philosophy, 459-471. tion of Marie Antoinette, 469, 470
Baillie, Gen., destruction of his de- speaks against the Girondists, 434,
tachment by Hyder Ali, v. 72. 435, 474; one of the Committee of