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The faces of the baubaci liave not quite so strong a resemblance to human faces, as those of monkies have, but they are much more alert and strong, and superior to the largest monkies in size
They live in a sort of huts, which they themselves build with sticks and stones; a considerable number of them inhabit contiguous huts, which resemble cities, and they seem to have a sort of polity and form of civil government ; they however have no other use of speech, but a sort of cry, or inarticulate howl.
A TERRIBLE PHENOMENON.
How dreadful are the Elements of Nature when suffered to fly uncontrolled—till he who holdeth the reins of universal governsay-peace,
Ar Charleston in South Carolina, a most violent whirlwind, of that kind commonly known by the name of typhones, passed down Ashley river and fell upon the shipping in Rebellion Road, with such fury and violence as to threaten the destruction of the whole fleet. This terrible phenomena was first seen from the town, coming down Wappoo Creek, resembling a column of smoke and vapour, whose motion was very irregular and tumultuous, and came with great swiftness. The quantity of vapour which composed this impetuous column, and its prodigious velocity gave such a surprising momentum, as to plough Ashley river to the bottom, and laid the channel bare ; this occasioned such a sudden flux, and reflux, as to float many boats, pettiaugers, and even sloops and schooners, which were before lying dry, at a distance from the tide. When it was coming down Ashley river it made a noise like constant thunder ; its diameter at that time was judged to be about 300 fathoms, and its height about 35 degrees; it was met at West Point by another gust, which came down Cooper's river, but was not equal to the other : but upon their meeting together, the tumultuous agitation of the air was much greater, so that the froth and vapour seemed to be thrown up to the height of 40 degrees, while the clouds that were driving in all directions to this place, seemed to be precipitated, and whirled round at the same time with incredible velocity. Just after this it fell upon the shipping in the road, and was scarce three minutes in its passage, though the distance was near two leagues; there were forty-five sail in the road, five of which were sunk outright, and his majesty's ship Dolphin, with eleven others, lost their masts, &c. The damage done to the shipping, which is valued at 20,000 sterling, was done almost instantaneously, and some of those that were sunk, were buried in the water so suddenly, as scarce to give time to those that were below to get upon deck : and it is remarkable that but four lives were lost in them. The strong gust which came down Cooper's river, checked the progress of that pillar of destruction from Wappoo Creek, wbich, had it kept its then direction, must bave driven the town of Charleston before it like chaff. This tremendous column was first seen about noon, upwards of three miles W. by S. from Charleston, and has destroyed in its course, several houses, negro huts, &c. on the plantations, and many, both white people and negroes, were killed and hurt; besides, many cattle have also been found dead in the fields. In several parts of its course it left an avenue of a great width, from which every tree and shrub was torn up: great quantities of branches and limbs of trees were furiously driven about, and agitated in the body of the column as it passed along. The fleet lying in the road, ready to sail for Europe, was the largest and richest, that ever cleared out from Charleston. About four o'clock the wind was quite fallen, the sky clear and serene, so that it was scarcely credible that such a dreadful scene had been so recently exhibited, were not the sinking and dismasted vessels so many shocking and melancholy proofs of it; the sinking of the five ships in the road was so sudden, that it was a doubt whether it was done by the immense pressing of the column pressing them instantaneously into the deep, or whether it was done by the water being forced suddenly from under them, and thereby letting them sink so low as to be immediately covered and ingulphed by the lateral mass of water.
A SINGULAR PROVIDENCE,
Displayed by Justice and Sagacity, conquering Fraud and
A GENTLEMAN of about five hundred pounds a year estate, in the eastern part of England had two sons. The eldest had a rambling disposition. He took a place in a ship and went abroad; after several years his father died. The younger son destroyed the father's will and seized upon the estate. He gave out that his eldest brother was dead, and bribed some false witnesses to attest the truth of it. In a course of time the eldest brother returned; he came home in miserable circumstances.His youngest brother repulsed him with scorn, told him that he was an impostor and a cheat, and asserted that his real brother was dead long ago, and he could bring witnesses to prove it.The poor fellow having neither money nor friends was in a most dismal situation. He went round the parish making bitter complaints, and at last he came to a lawyer; who when be bad heard the poor man's mournful story, replied to him in this manner :~"You have nothing to give me: if I undertake your cause and loose it, it will bring me into very foul disgrace, as all the wealth and evidence is on your brother's side. But, however, I will undertake your cause upon this condition :-You shall enter into obligation to pay me a thousand guineas if I gain the estate for you. If I loose it I know the consequence, and I venture upon it with my eyes open.” Accordingly he entered an action against the younger brother, and it was agreed to be tried at the next general assizes at Chelmsford in Essex.
The lawyer having engaged in the cause of the poor man, and stimulated by the prospect of a thousand guineas, set his wits to work to contrive the best methods to gain his end. At last he hit upon this happy thought, that he would consult the first of all the judges, Lord Chief Justice Hale. Accordingly be flew up to London, and laid open the cause in all its circumstances. The judge, who was the greatest lover of justice of any man in the world, heard the cause patiently and attentively, and promised him all the assistance in his power. (It is very probable that he opened his whole scheme and method of proceeding, enjoining the utmost secrecy.) The Judge contrived matters in such a manner as to have finished all bis business at the King's Bench before the assizes begun at Chelmsford, and ordered his carriage to convey him down very near the seat of the assizes. He dismissed his man and horses, and sought out for a single house.He found one occupied by a miller. After some conversation, and making himself quite agreeable he proposed to the miller to change clothes with him. As the judge had a very good suit on, the man had no reason to object. Accordingly the judge shifted himself from top to toe, and put on a complete suit of the miller's best. Armed with the miller's hat and shoes, and stick, away he marches to Chelinsford; he had procured good lodging to his liking, and waited for the assizes that should come on the next day. When the trials came on, he walked like an ignorant country-fellow backwards and forwards along the county-hall. He had a thousand eyes within him, and when the court began to fill, he soon found out the poor fellow that was plaintiff. As soon as he came into the hall, the miller drew up
. to him: “Honest friend, said he, how is your cause like to go to-day?"" Why, replied the plaintiff, my cause is in a very pre. carious situation, and if I lose it. I am ruined for life." "Well
honest friend, replied the miller, will you take my advice? I will let you into a secret which perhaps you do not know; every Englishman has the right and privilege to except against any one juryman through the whole twelve; now do you insist upon your privilege, without giving a reason why, and if possible get me chosen in his room, and I will do you all the service in my power.” Accordingly when the clerk of the court had called over the jurymen, the plaintiff excepted to one of them by name : the judge on the bench was highly offended with this liberty. “What do you mean," says he, “by excepting against that gentleman?” “I mean my lord to assert my privileges as an Englishman without giving a reason why." The judge, who had been deeply bribed, in order to conceal it by a show of candour, and having a confidence in the superiority of his party“Well, sir,” said he, “as you claim your privilege I will grant you the favour, who would you wish to have in the room of that man excepted against ?" After a small time taken in consideration—“My lord,” says he, “I wish to have an honest man chose in," and he looks around the court—"My lord, there is that miller in the court, we will have him if you please.” Accordingly the miller was chosen in. As soon as the clerk of the court had given them all their oaths, a little dexterous fellow came into the department, and slips ten golden Caroluses into the hands of eleven jurymen, and gave the miller but five. He ohserved that they were all bribed as well as bimself, and said to his next peiglıbour, in soft whisper, “How much have you got?" "ten pieces," said he. lle concealed what he had binself. The cause was opened by the plaintiff's counsel ; and all the scraps of evidence they could pick up were adduced in his favour.
The younger brother was provided with a great number of evidences and pleaders, all plentifully bribed as well as the judge. The evidence deposed that they were in the self-same country where the brother died, and saw him buried. The counsellors pleaded upon this accumulated evidence, and every thing went with a full tide in favour of the younger brother. The judge summed up the evidence with great gravity and deliberation, "and now gentlemen of the jury," said he, " lay your heads together and bring in your verdict as you shall deem most just.” They waited but a few minutes before they determined in favour of the younger brother. The judge said, “Gentlemen are you agreed, and who shall speak for you ?” “We are agreed my jord,” replied one, “our foreman shall speak for us.” “ Hold, my lord,” replied the miller, “we are not all agreed.” “Why," says
the judge in a very curly manner, “what is the matter with you? What reason have you for disagreeing ?"_“I have several reasons, my lord,” replied the miller ; "the first is, they have given to all these gentlemen of the jury ten broad pieces of gold, and to me but five; besides, I have many objections to make to the false reasonings of the pleaders, and the contradictory eridence of the witnesses.” 'Upon this the miller began a discourse that discovered such vast penetration of understanding, such extensive law, and expressed with such energetic and manly eloquence that astonished the judge and whole court. As he was going on with his powerful demonstrations, the judge in a surprise of soul stopped him—“Where did you come from and who are you ?”_"I came from Westminster-Hall,” replied the miller, “my name is Matthew Hale, I am Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench. I have observed the iniquity of your proceedings this day, and therefore come down from a seat which you are no ways worthy to hold, you are one of the corrupt parties in this iniquitous business. I will come up this moment and try the cause all over again." Accordingly Sir Matthew went up with his miller's dress and bat on, began the trial from its very original-searched every circumstance of truth and falsehood -evinced the eldest brother's title to the estate, from the contradictory evidence of the witnesses, and the false reasoning of the pleaders—unravelled all the sophistry to the very bottom, and gained a complete victory in favour of truth and justice.
THOUGHTS ON THE MAGIC ART.
The Magic Art has been generally divided into three kinds, natural, artificial, and diabolical.
The first of these is no other than natural philosophy; but highly improved and advanced, whereby the person, who is well skilled in the power and operation of natural bodies, is able to produce many wonderful effects, mistaken by the illiterate for diabolical performances, even though they lie perfectly within the verge of nature.
Artificial Magic is what we call legerdemain, or slight of hand, whose effects are far from what they seem. They are deceptions and impostures, far from exceeding the power of art, and yet, what many times pass with the vulgar for diabolical likewise.
Diabolical Magic is that which is done by help of the devil, who, having great skill in natural causes, and a large command over the air, and other elements, may assist those that are in league and covenant with bim, co do many strange and astonishing things.