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its inveterate enmity to serpents, which would otherwise render every footstep of the traveller dangerous. The proofs of sagacity in this little animal, are truly surprising, and afford a beautiful instance of the wisdom, with which Providence has fitted the powers of every creature to its particular situation on the globe, and rendered them subservient to the use of man. The dininutive Ichneuman attacks without dread, that most fatal of serpents, the Naja, or Cobra de Capello; and should it receive

; a wound in the combat, instantly retires, and is said to obtain an antidote from a certain herb, (according to Sparmann, the Ophiorhiza,) after which it returns to the attack, and seldom fails of victory. An experiment was tried at Columbo, to ascertain the reality of this circumstance. The Ichneuman provided for the purpose, was first shewn the snake in a close room.


On being placed on the ground, he did not shew any inclination whatever to attack his enemy, but ran jumping about the room to discover if there was any hole or aperture, by which he might get out : on finding vone, he returned hastily to his master, and hiding himself in his master's bosom, could not, by any means be induced to quit it, or to face the snake. On being carried out of the house, however, and laid down near his antagonist, in an open place, he instantly flew at the snake, and soon destroyed it. He then suddenly disappeared for a few minutes, and again returned, as soon as he had found the herb and eaten of it. It has recourse to the herb on all occasions, when engaged with a snake, whether poisonous or not. The snake procured for this experiment was of the harmless kind. It is likewise a great destroyer of the cus of crocodiles, which it digs out of the sand, and even kills multitudes of the young of those terrible reptiles; it was not, therefore, without some reason that the ancient Egyptians ranked the Ichneuman among their deities.

The description of this little reptile will naturally excite in the mind of the Christian, some profitable reflections. First, we see the great enemy of the Ichneuman is the serpent, and though so exceedingly formidable, is soon conquered by this apparent insignificant animal. The original and great enemy of man, is represented as the old serpent, the devil: the vast diversity of stratagems and devices hie exercises to destroy human beings, render him awfully formidable; yet, when man resists, the arch foe is soon put to flight. Again-the Ichneuman, by having recourse to a peculiar herb, is enabled to overcome the most dangerous serpent, in defiance of its utmost strength and venom. It is by the Christian having recourse to the throne of grace, where he receives that salutary encouragement My grace 1$ sudjicient for thee, that he is not only ohle to conquer the potent

ersary, but to triumph and glory intribulation. Further


more, when the Ichneuman had not free access to his valuable panacea, he durst not venture to attack bis enemy; he was obliged to take refuge in the bosom of his master.

What a poor defenceless creature is the christian, at a distance from his divine panacea, and where should the christian find refuge, in the time of danger, but in the bosom of his Lord.


An account of the Conversion of the Jew, E. S. Schoenberg, of

Poland, which took place in 1811, and is by himself thuis related.

None but God, who searches the heart of man, knows, that even in my early youth, I secretly revered the christian faith.None but the Almighty, who is enthroned in heaven abve, knows, that I never could hear objections against christia iity without misgivings. The guilty thought, Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified, was a deceiver of men, could never gain entrance into my heart. My way of thinking was this: As not

: one science is cultivated among the Jews, but all learning is in the possession of the Christians, why should they be thought so senseless with regard to their faith, and worship a man, as him in whom Almighty God has manifested himself in flesh and blood, if there was not at least some thing plausible in it? In my childhood already I endeavoured in simplicity to understand and to impress upon my mind that there is an Almighty, Omniscient, and Omnipresent Being, who will reward good and punish evil; that this Divine Being ought to be revered and worshipped by men; that man was not made merely to enjoy himself here, but to be prepared for an infinitely better and happier life, and that the soul of man is immortal. And God, the merciful father of mankind, whose bowels of compassion are move when a creature, made in bis image, walks on the path of temporal and eternal misery, conferred his grace on me, and guided me by his saving light into evangelical truth in the following manner:

Three weeks ago I passed by a church on a Sunday, and at the sight of the congregation, wbich came out after the service, an indescribable sensation pervaded me, which prevented me from proceeding on my way. I stood still, looked at the people, and a voice seemed to speak to me, saying:-Shouldest ihou not seriously inquire into the truth of the Christian Religion?Dost thou not consider it worth while to ascertain the truth

whether the crucified* was a seducer of men, or whether he indeed is the Light and Saviour of all nations? How wilt thou justify thyself before the righteous tribunal of God, seeing thou hast willmily transgressed the law of Moses from thy youth up? What is thy belief concerning the Messiah? Is he come already, or art thou still to expect his coming ? With an easy conscience, and with these important inquiries upon my mind, I went home. How I felt on that day I am unable to describe. Immediately endeavoured to procure some edifying Christian books and seriously resolved well to consider and properly to wigh this important subject. I obtained Dr. Romanus Teller's sermons, and must confess, that they have contributed much to my couversion. But the more I read in this work, the more my mind felt oppressed, and at last I lost all inclination to proceed in reading these Sermons. I left off reading and preferred meditation, which after three days perplexed me so much that I could neither eat nor drink, and for three weeks together have not been able to enjoy an hour's sleep, nor can I this day name the proper cause why I became averse to all commerce with men. Christianity was the only object of my meditations, , and I was so lost in my reflections, that many thought me out of my senses.

I therefore resolved to leave off my solitary contemplations as much as possible, and rather to apply to people who make a profession of the Christian Religion, in hopes to be instructed and edified by them; but alas! seeking Christians, I found infidels; and as I could not shake off my comictions, it is easy to imagine what my feelings were. One evening, when I was about to retire to rest after having closely reflected on the same subject, a great an iety came upon me; I trembled in every linb, muwhole frame was shaken, and in this anguish I fell asleep. After about an hour's sleep, I awoke, and my terror was greater than before. I fell asleep again, and behold a poor man came towards me, with white handkerchief in his hand, called me by my name, and said, (wiping the drops of sweat froin my face) Wilt thou know me? where canst thou learn who lan but in the Holy Scriptures? Search in the Akedat and thou wilt find me. Search in the Prophets, I will help thee, and thou shalt and trutli. I was fast asleep, but cried so loud that all who slept in the same room, awoke and roused me from sleep. I rose immediately, meditated upon the passage oi the Akeda, and, ab! what rays of light shone upon this passage ! Now I saw it with open eyes, and comprehended it with divine clearness, that the Akeda was only a shadow of the crucifixion of Jesus

* The epithet oi opprobrium which the Jews universally apply to our Saviour-but more properly translated The Hanged One.

+ The Burnt Offering of Abraham

Christ. I did not omit in the morning to search in the prophets, and my joy was inexpressibly great when I found the clearest passages concerning the crucifixien.

I continued my investigations for a week, and inade an extract from the prophecies, which have an immediate reference to the incarnation and sufferings of the Messiah ; my conviction became so strong, that Jesus crucified is the Redeerner of the world, that I could not refrain from publickly avowing that the Christian faith is the only true faith upon the face of the earth, and that I could not longer remain a Jew. One evening I wrote my confession of faith, and firmly resolved to leave this world as a Christian, which, I hope to fulál through the enabling grace of God.

An account of the kinds of diamonds of which the Pectoral or

Breast-plate of the Jewish-high-priest was composedalso the foundations of the New Jerusalem.

By Adam CLARKE, LL. D.


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The first foundation was jasper:) A stone very liard, some species of which are of a sea-green colour.

The second a sapphire.] This is a stone of a fine blue colour, next in hardni ss to the diamond.

The third, a chalcedony.] A genus of the semi-pelluc d gems; of which there are four species :

1. A bluish white ; this is the most common sort. 2. The dull milky veined ; this is of little worth. 3. The brownish black ; the least beautiful of all.

4. The yellow and red, the most beautiful, as it is the most valuable, of all. Hitherto this has been found only in the EastIndies.

The fourth an emerald.] This is of a bright green colour, without any mixture; and is one of the most beautiful of all the gems. The true oriental emerald is very scarce, and said to be found only in the kingdom of Cambay.

The fifth, sardonyr.] The onyx is an accidental variety of the agate king : it is of a dark horny colour, in which is a plate of a bluish white and sometimes of red. When on one or both sides the white there happens to lie also a plate of a reddish colour, the jewellers call the stone a sardonyx.

The sixth, sardius.] The sardins, sardel, or sardine stone, is a precious stone, of a blood red colour.

The seventh chrysolite.] The gold stone. It is of a dusky green, with a cast of yellow. It is a species of the topaz.

The eighth, beryl.] This is a pellucid gem of a bluish green colour.

The ninth, a topaz.) A pale dead green, with a mixture of yellow. It is considered by the mineralogists, as a variety of the sapphire.

The tenth, a chrysoprasus.] A variety of the chrysolite, called by some the yellowish green and cloudy topaz. it differs only from the chrysolite, in having a bluish hue.

The eleventh, a jacinth.] A precious stone of a dead red colour, with a mixture of yellow. The twelfth, an amethyst.) A gem generally of a purple or vio

A let colour, composed of a strong blue and deep red.

An account of a Negro Sale, which took place at Demarara, un

Island of the West Indies, related by an eye witness.

A few days ago I had the opportunity of being present at a more regular sale or market of slaves than I had seen before : and here I witnessed all the heart-rending distress attendant upon such a scene. I saw nunbers of our fellew-beings regularly bartered for gold, and transferred like cattle, or any common merchandise, from one possessor to another. It was a sight which European curiosity had rendered me desirous to behold, although I had anticipated from it only a painful gratification. I may now say, I have seen it! and while nature animates my breast with even the feeblest spark of bumanity, I can never forget it!

The poor Africans who were to be sold, were exposed naked, in a large, empty building, like an open barn. Those who came with intention to purchase, minutely inspected them, bandled them, made them jump and stamp with their feet, and throw out their arms and legs ; turned them abcut, looked into their

uths, and according to the usual rules of traffic with respect to cattle, examined them, and made them shew themselves in a variety of ways, to try if they were sound and healthy. All this was as distressful as humiliating, and tended to excite strong aversion and disgust; but a wound still more severe was inflicted on the feelings, by some of the purchasers selecting only such as their judgment led them to prefer, regardless of the bonds of nature and affection. The urgent appeals of friendship and attachment were unheeded-sighs and tears made no impression -and all the imploring looks, and penetrating expressions of grief, were unavailing! Hungry commerce corroded even the golden chains of affection, and sordid interest burst every tie of

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