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translated, and inserted in the second volume. [P. 103—120. of the present edition.]
SINCE the author called the attention of the public, in 1805, to the neglected, and indeed unknown Saxon heroic poem on Beowulf, Dr. Thorkelin has printed it at Copenhagen in 1815. This valuable publication has assisted the author in giving a fuller analysis of this curious composition in the third volume.
On the composition of the Anglo-Saxon parliament, or witena-gemot, many have desired more satisfactory information than the author had incorporated in the preceding editions. He has inserted, in the present, all the facts that he found, which seemed to have an actual relation to this interesting subject, and has added such remarks as they have suggested to a mind, wishing to be correct and impartial.
The author has added a statement of the great principles of the Anglo-Saxon Constitution and laws, as far as an attentive consideration of our most ancient documents has enabled him to discriminate them.
He has been long since requested to give some detail of the Anglo-Saxon population. The Conqueror's Record of Domesday afforded good materials for this subject. It has been examined, with this object in view; and the reader will find, in the third volume, an enumeration of the different classes and numbers of people whom it records to have been living in England about the time of the Norman conquest.
Some pains have been taken to make the work, in its other parts, as improved and as complete as a careful diligence could secure, and at the same time to comprise the whole within the compass of three octavo volumes. This object has been attained without the sacrifice of any material information, although, to accomplish it, some parts have been necessarily printed in a smaller type, and others as appendices. But the convenience to the public of compressing this history into three volumes seemed to outbalance the disadvantage of a partial alteration of the printed letter.
As it now stands, it presents the reader with the History of England from the earliest known period to the time of the Norman conquest.
It would have been desirable, for the gratification of the curious student, that the original Anglo-Saxon of the various passages that are cited and given in English should have been added; but this would have extended the work into a fourth volume, and have made it more expensive than the author desired. The public may rely on his assurance, that he has endeavoured to make the translations literally faithful, in order that the style, as well as the sense, of the Anglo-Saxon writer may be perceived.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
THE FIRST VOLUME.
The early Division of Mankind into the civilised and
Nomadic Nations. — The most ancient Population of
The Keltic distinguished from the Gothic tribes
Dr. Percy's table of their different languages
Three great streams of population in Europe
All population the result of emigration from one race
Its slow progress, and from the East
Mankind always in two great classes
General description of the civilised class
Three genera of languages in Europe
The Gothic, Scythian, or Teutonic
Kimmerians the earliest inhabitants of Europe
Their movements when attacked by the Scythians
Their progress to the German Ocean
Kimmerians and Cymry in Britain
Manners of the Kimmerians and Cimbri
The Kelts sprang from the Kimmerians
The Kelts in the west of Europe - Their movements
PHENICIANS and CARTHAGINIANS in BRITAIN.
Phenicians in Spain and Britain
These islands the Scilly isles, and Cornwall
On the Knowledge which the GREEKS had of the BRITISH
Islands; and on the Tradition of the TROJAN Colony.
The Grecian knowledge of Europe gradual
Traditions of Grecian intercourse
Story of Brutus and his Trojans
Persons and dress of the Britons
His first expedition to Britain
Successes of the emperor Claudius
Vespasian and Titus in Britain
Boadicea's struggle for independence
Agricola's conquest and improvements
141. Saxons first mentioned by Ptolemy
Other tribes omitted by Tacitus
The Scythian, or Gothic, population of Europe
The Anglo-Saxons a branch of this
Existing works in the ancient languages from the
Scythians in Asia
The Sakai-suna probably the Saxons
The Sclavonians, or Sarmatic branch