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In the second Plate. The two undermoft Coverings, namely, that of Goats Hair, and that of fine Linen, were divided into several Curtains: but the two uppermost were not. ? he. Covering of fine Linen was ten Curtains; the Covering of Goats Hair was eleven Curtains, that. one Curtain might hang down on the five Pillars before the Entrance of the Tabernacle, or be doubled backward upon it, Exod. xxvi. 1,&c. And yet besides this there was a Hanging or Vail of fine Linen for the Door of the abernacle, of blue, purple and scarlet, wrought with Needle-work, like the Vail that hung at the Entrance of the Holy of Holies: And therefore St Paul çalls that the second Vail, Heb. ix. 3. in reference to that Hanging at the Dour of the Tabernacle, or Holy Place, which was the first.
The five Staves or Bars thrust through all the Rings on the Boards of the Tabernacle, held the Ta. bernacle together,
In the PRIESTS GARMENTS. Several of these Vestments, (even all in the upper Rank) belonged to the common Priests, as well as to the High Prielt; namely, B. the Linen Breeches, and C. the Coat, G. ihe Girdle, and M. the Mitre : Yet, thele Vestments of the common Priests are not sup. posed to be embroidered, but all white. We read dilo of Samuel, when a Child, wearing a Linen Ephod, 1 Sam. ii. 18. and of the common Priests having a sort of Ephod, 1 Sam xxii 18. but what that was, is not easy to determine; probably it was like the High Prie's, but plain and not embroidered.
Learned Men have generally supposed the curious Girdle of the Ephod to be always faltened on to the Ephod, because it is said, Exod xxviii. 8. The Girdle which is upon it ; and that it hung out on each side, like two Ends of a Girdle, to bind it round the Body; which therefore I have described in the same Man, ner, in conformity to Custom, though I think Scripture doth not certainly determine it; and on this Account I call the other Girdle G, the Girdle of the
Coat, which was common to other Priests as well as the High Priest
In the third Plate. Of the five Pillars at the Front of the Taberna: cle, three are cut off both above and below, to let the Vessels behind appear.
On the fix Loaves of Shew-bread, which food at cach End of the Golden Table, Painters and learned Men generally place two Plates or Dishes of Incense, as a Covering to the Loaves; but the Scripture does not give Order for it.
The Vail V, which is hung on four Pillars, is to be lifted up, to shew the Holy of Holies behind it, where the Ark of the Covenant stands.
On the side of the Ark, and of the Altar of In: cense, and the Table of Shew-bread, are Sțaves thrust through Rings, which were made to carry those Vessels on the Shoulders of the Prietts, Exod. xxv.
The Reader perhaps, may complain that he finds no Cherub upon the little Figure of the Ark in the most holy Place. The Reason of it is the same which I gave for not describing Solomon's Temple, namely, because learned Men are so greatly divided in their Opinions about the Shape or Form of a Cherub: And though I have taken no small Pains to inquire into this Matter, both by the Comparison of all the Texts in the Bible, where it is mentioned, and by consulting many learned Writers, yet I cannot ar. rive at any Satisfaction or Certainty what was the true Figure of those Cherubs which were placed on the Ark : and I question whether, among the numerous Forms in which learned Men and Painters have described them, there is any one which has hic exactly on the Truth. To me it appears very probable, that, if they had any Feet visible, they were cloven, like the Feet of an Ox or Calf, and perhaps they might have the Face of an Ox also. ticular Dissertation on this Subject, as the Fruit of my Inquiries, would not be so proper for this place,
But a par.