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A. They obtained Pardon of God according to the Discovery of Grace and Forgiveness frattered up and down through all the five Books of Moses, and especially according to the Promises made, and the Encouragements given to Abraham, Ifaac and Jacob, and in general to all those who sincerely repent of Sin, and trust in the Meicy of God lo far as it was then revealed, and to be further revealed in Time to come, Exod. xxxiv. 6, 7. Deut. iv, 29–31. Ja. lv. 7, &c. But this Forgiveness is owing to the effectual Atonement of Christ, which was to be made in due Time, and which took away Sins past as well as to come, Rom. iii. 21, 24, 25, 26.
8 Q. Did thefe outward. Rites of Purification then do nothing towards the Removal of their moral Defilements of Sins ?
A. As their outward or ceremonial Defilements were appointed to be Emblems and Figures of the spiritual or moral Defilement of the Soul by Sin, so many of these Ceremonies of Purification, and particularly thole by Water and Blood, were Pledges and Tokens to assure them that God would forgive Sin; and they were also Figures and Emblems of the Removal of moral Defilement of Sin from the Souls of Men by the atoning Blood of Christ, and by the sanctifying Spirit of God, which is represented under the Figure of clean Water. See Heb. ix, and x. Note, The following Question perhaps might come,
in properly after the Account of Sacrifices : But: having here inquired whether the Ceremonies of Purification did any Thing towards the Removal of the moral Defilement of Sin, I thought it as proper to introduce it here, as a kind of Objec. tion against the foregoing Answers,
9 Q. But
9 Q. But were there not fome Jewith Sacrifices and Methods of Purification and Atonemen!, appointed for some real Immoralities and Wicked. ness, as when a Man had committed a Trepass against the Lord, by lying to his Neighbour, by cheating or robbing him, or by swearing fallly, when he had found any Thing that was loft, and withheld it from the Owner? Lev. vi. 1-7. Is it not said, He shall bring his Trespass-Offering to the Lord, and the Priest jall make an Atonement for him before the Lord, and it shall be forgiven nim.
A. This Trespass-Offering would set him right. indeed in the Sighi of God, as King of the Nation, against whose political Laws the Man had committed this Trespass; but it never was designed to free him from the Guilt of this Sin in the sight of God as the Lord of Conscience, unless he repentech of this Sin in his Heart, and trusted in the Mercy of God so far as it was revealed in that Day; for it is a certain Truth, that the Blood of Beasts cannot take away Sin, Heb. X. 4.
Sect. II. Of the Holy PERSONS. HERE the Reader may take Notice that seve
ral. Things mentioned in this and the two following Sections, namely, of Holy. Persons, Places and Things, are described in Figures, to give a plainer Idea of them.
10 l Having finilhed the Rites of Purification, let us inquire now what were the most remarkable Things relating to their Forms of public Worship?
A. These five, namely, holy Perfons, and holy Places, holy Things, hely Times, and holy Actions.
11 Q. What mean you by calling all these Holy? A. I meansuch Persons, such Places, such Things,
and such Times and Actions, as were devoted to God and his Worship, or appointed for his special Service, Numb. xvi. 5. Lev. xxi. 8. and xxii. 15.
12 Q. Who might be called the Holy Persons among the Jews or Israelites ?
A. The Priests, and the Nazarites, and all the Levites, Lev. xxi. 1, 6. Numb. vi, 2, 8. and viii. 14. though sometimes the whole Nation are called holy, Exod. xix. 6.
13 Q. Who were appo'nted to be Priests?
Å. First Aaron himself, and then the eldest of Aaron's Family were appointed to be High Priests in Succeffion; and the rest of his Sons and their posterity were the Priests, provided they had no Blemish in their Bodies, Lev. xvi. 32. and xxi. 17. Exod. xxix. 30. Numb. iii. 3, 4, 10, 32. chap. iv. 16. chap. xvi. 40. and xx. 25, 26.
14 Q How were they made Priests ?
1. They were solemnly separated at first to the Priest's Office, by Anointings, and Purifications, and Sacrifices, Lev. viii.
15 Q. What was the Business of the Priests ?
A. Their chief Business was to offer Sacrifices to the Lord, to burn Incense before him in the holy Place, to kindle the Lamps, to do the higher Services of the Sanctuary, and to intruct the People, Lev.'i. 5, 7, 8. and chap. ii. 2. Numb. xvi. 40. and Exod. xxx. 7.
16 Q. What was the Office of the High Prief? A. He was appointed to come nearer to God, even to enter into the most holy Place, to do fpecial Services on the yearly Day of Atonement, to oversee all the public Worthip, and to judge among them in many civil Matters as well as religious, Aets xxiii.4, 5. Lev. xvi. Numb. iii. 4, 6. Deut.xvii.
17 Q: Was there any Work which the Priests performed in common with the High Priest
A. All the Priests were to to teach the People their Duty, to aflift in judging of civil and religious Matters, and bless the People in the Name of the Lord, Deut. xvii. 8-13. and xxi. 5. Numb. vi. 29. Mal. ii. 7. Note, The Priests were appointed to give the sense of
the Law in civil as well as religious Concerns; because the same God, who was the Object of their Worship, was also King of their Nation. 18 Q. Who were the Nazarites?
A. Men or Women of any Tribe who separated or devoted themselves to the Lord for a Time by a particular Vow, Numb. vi.
19 Q. What were the Rules of a Nazarite's Vow or Separation?
A. He was to drink no Wine nor strong Liquor, to come at no dead Body, nor to suffer any Razor to come upon his Head, but let his Hair grow all the Time, unless he fell under fome ceremonial Defilement, Numb. vi. 5, 6, 9, &c.
20 Q. How was his Vow to be finished or ended ?
A. By shaving his Head at the Door of the Tabernacle, offering a Sacrifice, and burning his Hair in the Fire of it, Numb. vi, 13, 18.
21 Q. Who were the Levites ?
A. All the Tribe or Family of Levi, for they were taken into the Service of God instead of the Firft-born of all the Tribes of Israel, whom God claimed as his own, Numb. iii. 40. and viii. 13-19.
22 Q. Why did God claim all the Firft-born of Ifrael?
A. Because he saved them from the destroying Angel, when he smote all the First-born of Egypt, Numb. viii. 14-18.
23 Q. What was the Bufiness of the Levites?
do the lower Services of the San&uary, or holy Place, Numb. viii. 19. and chap. iii. 4, 6.
24 Q. How were the Levites separated to the Service of the Sanctuary?
A. By sprinkling Water of Purification on them, fhaving their Flesh, washing their Garments, and the People laying their Hands on them, as well as by several Sacrifices, Numb. vi. 6-16.
Sect. III. Of the Holy PLAĆEs, particularly
the TABERNACLE. 2; Q. NEXT to the Holy Persons let us in
quire what were the Holy Places? 4. The Tabernacle in the Days of Mofes, and the Temple in the Days of Solomon, each of which is fometimes called the Sanctuary, Exod: xxv. 8. i Chron: xxii. 19.
26 Q. What was the Tabernacle?
A. It was a Sort of moveable Building made of Pillars and Boards, set in Sockets of Silver, and fine linen Curtains embroidered with Cherubs, and coupled with Loops and Tacks of Gold, that the whole might be taken to Pieces, and carried with them in their journeys. See Exod. xxvi. Note, When Moses had received fullOrders for making
this Tabernacle, he came down from Mount Sinai, and found the People
had been guilty of Idolatry, in making a golden Calf; Then it is said, He took the Tabernacle, and pitched it without the Camp, and afar from the Camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the Congregation: And every one that fought the Lord, went out to this Tabernacle. This is suppoled to be a little occasional Tabernacle, made like a small Chapel, for present Worship; for God resided there at the Door of it in a cloudy Pillar; and Moses went into this Tabernacle, and talked with God there, Exod.