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(3 Lice. (4.) Flies. (5.) Murrain among Cattle. (6.) Boils, and Blisters on Man and Beast. (7.) Thunder, Lightning, and Hail. (8.) Locuits. (9.) Thick Darkness. (10.) The First-born lain.

15 Q. Were Pharaoh and his People willing to release the Israelites at laft?

A Yes ; when they saw they were all like to be destroyed, for there was not a House wherein there was not one dead: Then they haftened them out, and lent them Jewels and Gold to adorn their Sacrifices and Worship, Exod. xii. 29–36.

16 Q. How great was the Number of the'll. raelites that went out of Egypt?

A. Six hundred thousand men, besides Chil. dren, and all went on Foot, Exod. xii. 37.

17 Q. Which Way did the Israelites bend their Journey?

A. Towards the Wilderness of the Red-fea, as they were guided by God himself marching before them in a Pillar of Cloud by Day, and in a Pillar of Fire by Night, Exod. xiii. 18, 21.

18 Q. But did not Pharaoh and his Army purfue them after they were gone?

A. Yes, they repented that they let them go, and pursued them to the Red-sea, resolving to deftroy them, Exod. xiv. 5. and xv. 9.

19 Q. How did the People of Israel, who came out of Egypt, get over the Red-fea ?

A. When they were in Distress with the Red-rea before them, and Pharaoh's Army behind them, they cried unto God, whereon Mofes bid them stand ftill, and see the Salvation of the Lord. Then, at the Command of God, Mofes struck the Sea with his Rod, and divided the Waters asunder, and the Children of Israel went through upon dry Land, Exod. xiv. 10, 16, 21, 29.

20 Q. What

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20 Q. What became of the Egyptians that fol. lowed them ?

A. God troubled their Army, retarded their March, and when Mofes stretched out bis Hand over the Sea again, the Waters returned upon them, and they were drowned, Exod. xiv. 28.

21 Q. Whither did the Children of Israelgothen?

A. They went wherefoever God guided them by the Pillar of Cloud, and the Pillar of Fire; and they moved, and they rested, according to the Rest or the Motion of this Cloud, Exod. xiii. 21. Numb. X. 33, 34:

22 Q. How did the People of Israel, who had feen all these Wonders, behave themselves in their Travels ?

1. At every new Difficulty, when they wanted Meat or Water, or met with Enemies, they fell a murmuring against God and Moles, Exod. xv. 23, 24. and xvi, 2, 3.

23 Q. How long was it before they came to the Place that God promised them ?

A. They wandered forty Years in the Wilderness for their Sins, Numb. xiv. 32, 33. See Psalm lxxviii.

24 Q: What did they eat all the Time ?

1. God fed them with Manna, or Bread that came down every Night from Heaven, and lay all round the Camp, Exod. xvi. 4, 15,35. Deut, viii. 3.

25 Q. What did they drink in the Wilderness?

A. Moses {mote the Rack with his Rod, and Water gushed out in a River, which attended them in their Journeys, Exod. xvii. 5, 6. 1 Cor. x. 4. Numb, xx. 11. Nehem. ix. 15.

26 Q. What did they do for Clothes during these forty Years?

A. Their Raiment waxed not old, nor did their Shoes wear out, Deut. xxix. 5.


27 Q. Did

27 Q. Did Moses govern all the People himfell?

A. By his Father-in-law Jethro's Advice, and by God's Approbation, he appointed Officers and Judges over the People for common Cases, but every harder Cause was brought to Mofes, Exod. xviii.

28 Q. You told me, that Moses was a Lawgiver to the Jews or People of Israel, pray how came he by those wise and holy Laws which he gave them?

A. He conversed with God four score Days and Nights in Mount Sinai, and there he learnt them, Exod. xxiv, 12-18. Deut. ix. 9, 18. Note, The People of Israel were not all called Jews, till

after their Return from the Captivity of Babylon, the chief Part of those who returned being of the Tribe of Judah: Yet in all later Histories, the Ilraelites are so universally called Jews, that I have sometimes used this Name even in the earlier Part of their History. It is plain, that Mofes was twice with God on Mount Sinai, and that forty Days each time; for Moses coming down, and finding the Idolatry of the golden Calf, broke the Tables of the Law which God wrote firft; and God called him up the second Time, and wrote the Law on new Tables. See Exod. xxxiv. 1-5, 28.

29 Q. What Token was there that Moses had been with God?

A. The Face of Mofes fhone so that the People could not converse with him till he put a Vail on his Face, Exod. xxxiv, 26-35.

30 Q. What Sort of Laws were those which Mofes gave the Jews ?

A. Moral Laws, Ceremonial Laws, and Judicial Laws, and all by God's own Appointment, Exod. xxiv. 12.. Ifa. xxxiii. 22.

31 Q. What was the Religion of the Jews, or Ifraelites ?

A. The same with the Religion of Adam after

his Fall, of Noah, and Abraham, in Chap. 1.
Q: 50. with these Additions given bì Mores.
Note, This is called the Jewish, or MOSAICAL. or LE-


be considered under three Characters : 1. As the Universal Creator of all Men, and as the Lord God and Ruler of the Souls and Consciences of all; and of the Jews, as a Part of Mankind: And under this Character He required of the Jeus a'l the Duties of the Light of Nature, or the Moral Law, which obliged all Mankind, as well as them, and that under every Dispensation. 2 He may be considered as the God of Ifrael, or the Jews, as a Church outward and visible; whom He had separated from the rest of the Nations to be a peculiar People to Himself; and so He prescribed to them peculiar Forms of Worship, and special Ceremonies and Rites of Religion, as Tokens of their Duty and his Grace. 3. He may be considered as the proper King of thie Ifraelites, as a Nation, and as they were his Subjects; and so He gave them Judicial or Political Laws, which relate to their Government, and the common Affairs of the civil Law.-But these three Sarts of Laws are not kept so entirely distinct as not to be intermingled with each other. It is all indeed but one Body of Laws, and given properly to that one People under different Dispensations. And on this Account it is sometimes hard to say, under which Head some of these Commands of God muit be reduced. Some Commands relating to their Houses and Garments, their Plowing and Sowing, and the Prohibition of particular Sorts of food, are naturally ranked under their Political Laws: and yet there is plainly something Ceremonial or Reli. gious designed or included in them. Again, Tha: which we call the Moral Law, or the Ten Commands, is for the most part the Law of Nature, but it has something of a positive Institution, ceremonial or ritual, in it. This is very plain in the fourth



Command, of the seventh Day Sabbath : But in this History it was not proper to enter into too nice Inquiries on this Subject. The three Branches of this Distinction of the Jewish Laws in the main are evident enough, though they happen to be . intermingled in some Instances. *

*** CH A P. IV.

Of the MORAL LAW. *Q. WHICH was the Moral Law given to

the Jews? A. All those Commands which relate to their Behaviour, considered as Men, and which lie fcattered up and down in the Books of Mofes ; but they are as it were reduced into a small Compass in the ten Commandments,

2 Q. How were these ten Commands firft given them?

A. By the Voice of God on Mount Sinai, three Months after their coming out of Egypt, and it was attended with Thunder, and Fire, and Smoke, and the Sound of a Trumpet, Exod. xix. 18, 19. and xx. I, 18.

32. Where was this Moral Law more efpecially wiitten?

A. In the Two Tables of Stone which God wrote with his own Hand, and gave to Mofes, Exod. xxiv, 12 chap, xxxii. 15, 16. and xxxiv. 1,

4.Q: What did the first Table contain ?

A. Their Duty towards God in the four firsCommanúments. See Exod. xx. 3-11. Deut. v. 22.

5 Q: What are these four first Commandments ?

A. 1. 6. Thou shalt have no other Gods before 6 me.”

II. *6 Thou shalt not make to thyself any graven

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