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lytes, either under the Old or New Teftament, be--
fides thofe who were circumcifed and complete.

17 Q. Having heard this particular Account of Synagogues and Profelytes, proceed now to fay what was the laft Act of Nehemiah's Reformation, which we read in Scripture?

A. That he turned out Manaffeh, the Son or Grandfon of the High Prieft, for marrying the Daughter of Sanballat, the Horonite, Neb. xiii. 28.

18 Q. What did Sanballat do with his Son-inlaw Manaffeh, on this Occafion?

A. He procured a Grant from Darius Nothus, who was now King of Perfia, to build on Mount Gerizim, near Samaria, a Temple like that at Je--rufalem, and to make Manaffeh, his Son-in-law, the High Prieft of it.

19Q. What was the Confequence of this Practice?

A. Samaria thenceforth became the Refuge of the rebellious Jews, who were called to Account: for breaking the Sabbath, eating unclean Meats, or were found guilty in finning against the Law in any remarkable Inftances.

20 Q. WhatChange was wrought hereby among the Samaritans?

A. Their fift Original was from fome Eaftern Heathens, who were planted there by the King of Affyria, after the Captivity of Ifrael; but when,, on feveral Occafions, the Jews flocked to them, it made a confiderable Change in their Religion: For though before they worshipped the God of Ifrael in Conjunction with other Gods, 2Kings xvii. 24-41. they now caft off their Idolatry: A d fince a Temple was built amongst them, in which the Jewish Service was performed, and the Law of Mofes read publicly, they came much nearer to the Worship of the true God, prefcribed in Scripture.

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21 Q. Didi

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21 Q. Did not the Jews love them the better on this Account?

A. No, by no Means; but they hated them grievously: The Enmity which began from the Oppofition which the Samaritans made to the Jews in their rebuilding Jerufalem and the Temple, was fo exceedingly increased by their sheltering all the rebellious Jews, that the Jews at Jerufalem published the bittereft Curse against them that ever was denounced against any People.

22 Q. What Miferies were contained in this Curfe?

A. The Jews forbid all Communication with the Samaritans; declared all the Fruits of their Land, and their Cattle unclean; excluded them from being ever received as Profelytes; and barred them, as far as poffible, from having any Portion in the Refurrection of the Dead to eternal Life.

23 Q. What Appearance of this great Enmity do we find in the New Testament?

A. This feems to be confirmed by the Words of Scripture, John iv. 9. The Jews have no Dealings with the Samaritans? And the Woman of Samaria afked our Saviour, How is it that thou, being a few, afkeft Drink of me, who am a Woman of Samaria? And when the Jews would give the worst Name they could to our Saviour, they faid, Thou art a Samaritan, and haft a Devil, John viii. 48.

Sect. II. Of the Jewish Affairs under the Perfian

and Grecian Monarchies.

H

OW were the Jews governed after the
Death of Nehemiah?

A. We find not any more particular Governors

of

of Judea, made by the Kings or Emperors of Per-fia; but Judea feems to be made fubject to thofe whom the Perfian Kings made Governors of Syria; and that, under them, the Regulation of Affairs was committed to the High Priest; fo that he had all the Sacred Authority, and the Civil Powers allo, in a good Meafure, under the Syrian Governor.

2 Q. Did the High Priefts continue their rega-Jar Succeffions, as to the eldest of Aaron's Family? A. This Succeffion was fometimes interrupted by the Emperors of the World, or their deputed Governors of the Provinces, appointing another. Perfon to take that Office.

3 Q. What is the firft remarkable Inftance of that Kind?

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A. When Johanan, or Jonathan, the Son of Jojada, Neh. xii. 11. had poffeffed the Royal Prieft-· hood feveral Years, Bagofes, the Governor of Syria, appointed his younger Brother, Jefhua, to depote him, and take the Priesthood; upon which there was a Tumult in the inner Court of the Temple, and Johanan flew Jefhua there.

4 Q. How did Bagofes, the Governor, refent this? A. He entered into the inner Court of the Temple, though the Jews forbid him, as being unclean; but he told them he was purer than the dead Carcase of him whom they had flain there; and im- pofed on the Priests a Fine of about thirty-one Shillings for every Lamb that was offered throughout the Year?

5Q. What was the next more famous Difficulty and Deliverance which the Jews met with?

A. They were most remarkably saved from the Oppreffion and Refentment of Alexander the Great, who was King of Macedonia in Greece, when they

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had

had refused to assist him in the Siege of Tyrus.

6 Q. In what Manner were they delivered ?

A. When Alexander marched against Jerusalem, designing to punish the Jews on this Account, Jaddua the High Priest, the Son of Johanan, being directed by a Night Vision, met the Conqueror in his Priestly Robes, with the other Priests attending him in proper Habits, and all the People in white Garments : Alexander being struck with this Sight, faluted the High Priest with a religious Veneration, embraced him, entered Jerusalem in a friendly Manner, and offered Sacrifice to God in the Temple, for his late Victorics.

z Q How came Alexander so suddenly to change his purpose, and behave himself with so much Mildness?

A. Alexander declared, that he himself, in Macedonia, had seen this very same Perfon, thus habited, in a Night Vision, encouraging him to pursue his Expedition against the Persians, and pram fing him Success,

8 Q. What further Favours did Alexander shew the Jews ?

Å. When Jaddua, the High Priest, had shewn bim the Prophecies of Daniel, particularly chapter vili. ver. 21. where the He-Goat is interpreted to be the King of Grecia, who should conquer the Medes and Perfians; and chapter xi. 3. He bid the Jews ask what they had to desire of him: And, according to their Request, he granted them the Liberty of their own Laws and Religion, and a Freedom from Tribute or Taxes every seventh Year, because then they neither sowed nor reaped.

9Q Did Alexander succeed in his following Wars, and his Attempts against the Persian Empire, according to the Jewish Prophecy?

A. When he departed out of Judea and Palestine,

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he marched into Egypt, which speedily submitted to him: There he built the City Alexandria, and peopled it with several Nations, among whom were many Jews, to whom he gave the fame Privileges as to his own Macedonians. The next Spring he haftened to find out Darius Codomannus, King of Persia, whom he had routed once before, and he now vanquished him in a final decisive Battle near Arbela, and became Mafter of the Perfian Empire.

10 Q. How long did he reign after this Battle?

A. He went on and conquered India ; but in five Years Time he fell into fuch Riot and Drunkenness, that put an End to his Life ; though others fay he was poisoned.

11 Q. What became of the Jews after Alexander's Death?

A. A little after the Death of Alexander, four of his Generals divided his Empire, who.were the four Horns of the He-Godt, mentioned by the Prophet Daniel, which grew up, after breaking the first Horn, Dan. viii. 22. and ch. xi. 4. and the Jews fell under the Dominion of Ptolemy, after ward fürnamed Soter, who had Egypt, Arabia, Colo-Syria, and Palestine, or the Land of Israel, for his Share. Here it may be observed, that as.Ptolemy had Egyp-,

Palestine, &c. for his Share, fo-Cassander had Mas cedonia and Greece ; Lysimachus had Thrace and Bithynia, and some other Provinces thereabout; Seleucus had Syria, and the Northern and Eastern Provinces in Asia. Thus was the Empire of Alexander the Great divided among bis Generalse

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