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without the Direction of God, and he was flain, and great Lamentation was made for him, z Chron. XXXV. 20-25.

62 Q. Who fucceeded Jofiah in the Kingdom?

4. His Son Jehoahaz, who when he had reigned three Months, was put in Bonds by the King of Egspt, was carried thither, and there he died, 2 Kings xxiii. 31-34.

63 Q. Whom did the King of Egypt make King in his Room?

4. Eliakiın bis Brother, and gave him the Name of Jehoiakin, 2 Kings xxiii. 34.

64 Q. What Sort of a Governor was Jehoiakim, and what was his End ?

A. He did Evil in the sight of the Lord ; feveral neighbour Nations beset him round about, and Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, fent up his Forces against him, took some Captives, bound the King in Fetters, and he died in Shame, his dead Body being cast without the Gates of Jerofalem, and without a Burial: and his young Son Jehoiachin reigned in his Atead, 2 Chron. xxxvi. 5-8. Dan. i. 1-3. Jer. xxii. 18, 19.

65 Q. What became of this Jehoiachin, who is also called Jechoniah and Coniah ?

A. When he had reigned three Months, Nebuchadnezzar took the City of Jerusalem, and carried him to Babylon, together with ten thousand Captives, and rich Treafures of Silver and Gold that remained in the Temple and in the King's House, 2 Kings xxiv. 8-17. Jer. xxii. 24-30.

66 Was there any King in Judah after Jehoiachin?

A Yes, the last King was Zedekiah, his Father's Brother, whom Nebuchadnezzar made King in Jerusalem, ver, 17, 18.

67 Q. What fell out in the Days of Zedekiah ?

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4. He rebelled again ft Nebuchadnezzar, to whom he had sworn Subje&tion by the Name of the true God'; whereupon Nebuchadnezzar came up and took the City of Jerusalem again, after a Siege of two Years, 2 Kings xxv. 1-4.

68 Q How did he punith Zedekiah for his Rebellion ?

A. When Zedekiah fled from the City, he was feized by the Babylonians ; Nebuchadnezzar ordered his Sons to be flain before his Face, then his Eyes were put out, he was bound with Fetters of Brass,and carried to Babylon, and there was no more a King in Judah, ver. 6, 7. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 13.

69 What became of the City and Temple at this Time ?

A. The King of Babylon burnt the Temple of the Lord, the Palace of the King, and all the Houfes of Jerufalem ; he brake down the Walls of the City, and carried away the rest of the People captive; together with all the Veffels of Gold, Silver, and Brass, great and small, that belonged to the Temple, 2 Kings xxv. 8-17.

70 Q. But were the People punished thus for the Sins of their Kings?

A. The Princes, and the Priests, and the People, had a large Share in the common Idolatry and Wickedness, together with the Kings, and that in Oppofition to all the Warnings of their Prophets, whereby God was provoked to punish them all, 2 Chron. xxxvi. 14-21.

71 Q. Was there any Ruler of the scattered People that remained in the Land of Israel?

Å. Gedaliah was made Governor by the King of Babylon, but he was Nain in a little Time by a Faction under Ishmael, one of the Seed-Royal; and

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there was nothing but Confusion and Disorder in the Land, 2 Kings xxv. 22, &c.

72 Q. What became of the People afterward?

A. Johanan, the Son of Kareah, one of the Captains under Gedaliah, routed Ishmael, and drove bim out of the Land; yet being afraid of the Anger of the King of Babylon, and his Refentment of the Murder of Gedaliah his Governor, he was tempted to fly into Egypt, and to carry most of the People thither with him, where they were dispersed into several Cities, Jer. xli. 13-18. and chap. xlii, xlii.

73Q. Was tbis done by any divine Order ?

A. No; but directly against the Word of the Lord, by the Mouth of Jeremiah the Prophet, who was left among them in the Land; and they carried him also into Egypt with them, Jer. xliii

. 1-9. 74. Q. Did the Jews behave themselves better in Egypt after all their Afflictions and Distresses ?

A. They practised Idolatry in Egypt with Infolepçe, in Opposition to the Reproofs of Jeremiah the Prophet, Jer. xliv.

75 Q. Did they perish there, or return ?

A. Jeremiah was ordered by the Lord to foretel the Destruction of Egypt by the King of Babylon, and to denounce the utmoft Çalamities and Death, by Sword and Famine upon the Jews that fojourned there; and that but a very small Number of them should ever return to the Land of Judah ; though he foretold the Return of their Brethren from their Captivity in Babylon, Jer. xliii. 9. and chap. xliv. 11, 28, &C.

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C H A P. CH A P. XIII.

Of the Return of the Jews from Captivity in

BABYLON, and the Rebuilding the City of

Jerusalem, and the Temple. TO HOW long did the Nation of the Jews

continue in their Captivity, and their Land lie desolate ?

A. Though the Land lay not utterly defolate till the final Destruction of Jerusalem, in the Days of Zedekiah, which was between fifty and fixty Years before their first Release; yet, from their firf Captivity Ly Nebuchadnezzar informer Reigns, their Land was in some Measure desolate seventy Years, according to the Prophecy of Jeremiah. See 2 Chron, xxxvi. 21. Jer. xxv. 11, 12. Here let it be observed, that as there were several:

Seasons, and under different Kings, when Part of the Children of lfrael and Judah were carried into Captivily, and several Periods whence their Defolations may commence; so there were several Seasons also of their Return and Restoration : But the chief Duration of their Captivity and de- folate Circumstances was seventy Years. See 2 Kings xxiv. 1, 2, 10-14. and chapo. XXV. 11. compared with Ezra i. 1, 2. and chap. vi. I-12. chap. vii. 7. and Nehem. ii &c.

2 Q. Who gave them Release from their Captivity in Babylon?

A. When Babylon was taken by Cyrus, the General of the Army under Darius, the King of the Medes, the Assyrian or Babylonish Empire was finished. After Darius's Death, Cyrús himself became King of Persia, and he not only gave the People of the Jews a Release, but gave them alloa Commission to rebuild the Temple, and restored to them the Vefleis of Guld and Silver ; and this

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he did by the Hand of Shesbazzar, a Prince of Judah, Ezai. 7-II. Note, Now was that Prophecy fulfilled which Isaiah

pronounced above a hundred Years before, Ifaiah xliv. 28. that it was Cyrus who should say to Jeru. Salem, Be thou built ; and to the Temple, Be thy Foundation laid ; and chap. xlv. 13. who should build the City of God, and release his Captives.

3 Q. Which of the Tribes did accept of this Commiffion, and return to their own Land?

A. There were many Persons and Families of several Tribes of Israel, who took this Opportunity of returning: yet it was 'chieAy those of Judah and Benjamin, with the Priests and several of the Levites, who returned, and were now all united under the Name of Jews, Ezra i. 5. and iv. 12.

4Q. Who were their first Leaders and Directors?

1. Zerubbabel, a Prince of Judah, of the SeedRoyal, whose Chaldaic or Babylonish Name was Shefbazzar; he was their Prince or Captain, and Jefhua or Joshua was their High Priest, Ezra i. 11. and chap ii 2. and jii. 8. compared with v. 14–16. and Zech. chap. iii, and iv. Note, This Shelbazzar, or Zerubbabel, was the Son of

Salathiel, the Son of Jehoiachin, or Jeconiah, King of Judah: He was made Governor of the Land, under the title of Tir fhatha, by a Commission from Cyrus. Jeshua was the Son of Jozadak, or Josedech, the Son of Seraia, who was High Priest when Jerusalem was destroyed, and who was put to Death by Nebuchadnezzar,

5 Q. What was the first Thing they did after their Return?

A. They made a large Contribution toward the rebuilding of the Temple, they gathered them-selves together to Jerusalem, they set up the Altar of the God of Israel, and offered Sacrifices upon

Ezra ji. 68. and chap. iii, 1–6.

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