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One was the outer Court, and the other the inner Court, 2 Chron. iv. 9. and i Kings vi. 36. Nor were the People excluded from the inner Court. See 2 Chron. xxiii. 10. In the second Temple, which was built by Zerubbabel, after the Captivity, we do not read of any Court of the Gentiles at the Building of it. But in following Years, when there were more frequent Communications and Transactions with Gentiles, there was a Partition made, called Chel, to divide them from the Jews, and the other Part of the outer Court was left for the Gentiles. In the Temple which Herod built, and which was in our Saviour's Time, there was a Court made on purpose for the Gentiles, and those Jews which were unclean. But this Division does not sufficiently appear to be of divine Appointment, tho' it must be confessed, the Partition-Wall in Eph. ii. 14. seems to refer to it. 6 Q. In what Form did he build it?
A. In Imitation of the Tabernacle of Moses and the Court thereof, but with vast and universal Improvement in the Grandeur, Riches, and Magnifi. cence of it, by the Pattern that David his Father received from God, and gave to him, i Chron. xxii. 5. and chap. xxviii. 11, 19.
7 Q. On what Spot of Ground did he build it?
A. On Mount Moriah, not very far from Mount Zion in Jerusalem: It was the place where Abraham was called to offer his Son Isaac ; and where God appeared to David when he stopped the Pestilence, 2 Chron. ii. 1. and Gen. xxii. 2. and gave him a miraculous Token of his Acceptance, by Fire from Heaven consuming his Sacrifice, i Chron. xxi. 20. Note, Tho' the Temple was built on Mount Moriah,
yet the Name of Zion is still preserved by the following holy Writers, as the Place of the Sanctuary; partly because David had written so much in his Psalms concerning Zion where the Ark and Tabernacle stood in his Days, and made the Name familiar to the People; and partly because Zion was literally the City of David; and, in a typical Şense, the City of Residence of Christ. And indeed Zivn and Moriah may be accounted but two distinct Heads of the same Mountain ; and though there was a Valley between them, Solomon joined them by a Bridge, that he might easily pass from his Palace in Zion to the Temple, Josephus makes mention of it more than once.
8 Q. How did Solomon dedicate this Temple to God?
A. By assembling all the Men of Israel, by bringing thither the Ark and the holy Things from Zion, by a devout Prayer to Gud, by Music and Praises, by a Feast of seven Days, and a vast Number of Sacrifices, 1 Kings viii. and 2 Chron. chap. vi, and vii.
9 Q. In what Manner did God Lew his Ape probation of it?
A. He filled the House with a Cloud of Glory, 10 represent' his taking Poffeffion of it; he sent Fire down from Heaven to consume the Sacrifi, ees; and he appeared in the Night to Solomon, and assured him he had heard his Prayer, and chosen that place for a House of Sacrifice to bimfelf, 2 Chron. vii. 1-3, 12.
10 Q. Wherein did God bless the Reign of Solomon ?
A. By giving him prodigious Treasures and magnificent state, and spreading the Fame of his Greatness and Wisdom over all Nations, 1 Kings X.
11 Q. What peculiar Honours were done to him on this Account?
4. The Princes round about him coveted his Friend thip, and gave him their Afiftance and many Presents, and the Queen of Sheba came to visie him, 1 Kings, chap. ix, and X.
12 Q. What Satisfaction did she find in this vifii?
A. She was astonished at the Sighe of his Grandeur and Wisdom, and confefied that the one half of it was not told her, 1 Kings x. I---10.
13 Q. Wherein diù Solomon displease God afterwards ? A. In Process of Time he forgot his
Oblic gations to God; he took Wives and Concubines in Multitudes, and that out of the Idolatrous Nations; and by them his Heart was so far led away after other Gods, that he built Places of Worthip for them very near Jerusalem, and offered Sacrifices to them. See i Kings xi. 1-9.
14 Q. How did God punish himn for i: ?
A. He stirred up several Enemies against him, and particularly Teroboam, his own Servant. See 2 Kings xi. 14, 23, 26.
15 Q. What was Jeroboam's own Pre:ence for disturbing the Government?
A. The Building of some expensive Palace for Pharaoh's Daughter, who was his Queen, and the raising heavy Taxes for that and other Buildings, 1 Kings ix. 24. and chap. xi. 27 and xii. 4. Note, Jeroboam doth not appear to charge Solomon
with promoting Idolatry, or with breaking the Laws of God in divine Worship; for he himself did fo afterwards, when he was King of Israel ; which was a high Provocation in the Eyes of God, both in Solomon and Jeroboam.
16 Q. And how far did God encourage Jeroboam in this Oppofition to Solomon ?
A. A hijab the Prophet, being fent of Gost, caught hold of Jeroboam's Garment when-be mer him
in the field, and sent it into twelve Pieces, and gave ten of them to Jeroboam, 1 Kings xi. 29, &c. 17 Q What was the Meaning of this? F 5
4. The Prophet told him, that God had given him ten of the Tribes of Israel, and had left the Posterity of Solomon one Tribe, that is, Judahand Benjamin, which were afterwards united into one under the Name of Jews, I 'Kings xi. 31. and chap. xii 20, 21. and 2 Chron. xi. 12.
18 Q. Was this fulfilled in Solomon's Days?
A. No; for it pleared God to withhold these
19 Q. Did Solomon ever repent of his Sins' that
A. It is generally fupposed that the Book of Ecclcfiafles is a Sort of Proof that Solomon repented, because he there describes the Vanity of every Labour and every Enjoyment under the Sun, and sums up all in the Fear of God, and keeping hs Commandments, as the whole Duty and chief Interest of Man, Eccles. chap i, and ii. and chap. xii. 13, 14;
20 Q. How long did Solomon reign?
A. Forty Years; and though he had such a shameful Number of Wives and Concubines, yet he left but one Son behind him, whose Name was Rehoboam, 'to fucceed him in the Kingdom of Israel. 1 Kings xi. 3, 43.
21 Q: What was the Character of Rehoboam?
A. Though Solomon had written so many excellent Leflons of Morality and Piety for his Son in the Book of Proverbs, and given him so many Warnings, yet he followed evil Courses; and solomon himself seems to intimate it in the Book of Ecclefiaftes, chap. ii. 19. Who knoweth whether his Son will be a wife Man or a Fool?
22 Q: What further Occasion did Rehoboam give for the Revolt of the Tribes of Israel from him!
A. Upon the Death of his Father, and his Aca cefsion to the Throne, he despised the Counsel of the old Men and hearkened to the Advice of rath young Men; he threatened the Nation of Israel to make their Yoke heavier than his Father had done ; that is, to lay heavier Taxes upon them, i Kings xii. 8, &c.
23°Q. What followed upon this Threatening of King Rehoboam ?
A. All the Tribes of Israel, except Judah and Benjamin, made Jeroboam cheir King: and thus the Nation was divided into two Kingdoms, which were afterwards called the Kingdom of Judah, and the Kingdom of Ifrael, 1 Kings xii. 15, 20, 2 Chron. xi. 11, 12.
Of the Kings of Israel.
OW "many Kings reigned over Ifrael
after they were separated from Judah? A. These nineteen, and not one of them were good; Jeroboam the first, Nadab, Baashah, Elah, Zimri, Omri, Ahab, Ahaziah, Jehoram, Jehu, Jehoaház, Joas, Jeroboam the second, Zachariah, Shallum, Manahem, Pekahiah, Pekah, and Hofhea..
2 Q: Who were the most remarkable among these Kings of Israel?
A. Jeroboam the firt; Omri, Ahab, Ahaziah, Jehu, Joash, Pekah, and Hospea.
3. What was the chief Character and Crime of Jeroboam ?
A. Instead of Worshipping God who dwelt be. tween the Cherubs in the Temple at Jerusalem,