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HISTORY, BIOGRAPHY, GEOGRAPHY, DISCOVERY, INVEN-
TION, ARTS, SCIENCES, LITERATURE.
C. B. BEACH, M. A.
AUTHOR OF " GUIDE TO LITERATURE."
THE STUDENT'S CYCLOPÆDIA.
MAB-MACAULAY Mab, a fairy celebrated by Shakes- both England and America. Such has peare, Ben Jonson and other poets. been the progress of this mission that She is usually called Queen Mab, but in the 12th year after its foundation it this does not mean that she is queen of held 15,000 meetings, attended by nearthe fairies. That place belongs to Ti- ly 1,000,000 persons and distributed tania, the wife of Oberon. For a descrip- more than 500,000 Bibles and tracts. tion of Queen Mab's mischievous ways, Macaroni (mak-a-ro'-ni), a pecul. telling how she comes “athwart men's iar paste or dough manufactured from noses as they lie asleep,"eto., see Shakes- wheat flour into tubes, ribbons or peare's Romeo and Juliet. In Shelley's threads. It is an Italian invention, and Queen Mab she is made queen of the although the process is very simple, fairies and given a much wider realm the manufacture of macaroni is almost to reign over--the deeds and thoughts wholly limited to Italy and France, of men.
probably because the wheat raised in Macadam, John Loudon, inventor those countries contains so large a proof the system of roadmaking known as portion of gluten. Macaroni is used "macadamizing," was born in Ayr, Scot- for soups and is exported to all parts of land, Sept. 21, 1756. In 1810 he began the world. to make experiments in roadbuilding, McArthur, Duncan, an American a work to which his future life was pioneer, was born in Dutchess county, devoted. His system was adopted on New York, June 14, 1772. He was with nearly all the public roads of England, General Wayne in his campaign and was introduced into France and against the Indians in 1797, and soon other countries. The principles of his after that settled in Ross county, Ohio, system may be briefly stated: In con- where he acquired a large landed esstructing a road it is not necessary to tate. In the war of 1812 he was comlay a foundation of large stones, as it is missioned brigadier-general in the a matter of indifference whether the army, and in 1814 succeeded General foundation be hard or soft. The mate- Harrison in command of the army of rial for the road must consist of bro- the west. As such he partly executed ken stones, one or two ounces in weight, a bold plan for conquering upper Canscattered to a depth of six to ten inches ada, which he was obliged to relinquish and pressed together as closely as pos- on account of the failure of other forces şible. The road is to have a slight fall to coöperate with him. He served a from the middle to the sides, and ditch-term in congress, 1823-25, and was goves are to be dug on each side of the ernor of the State from 1830–'33. He road of sufficient depth to drain it. died April 28, 1839. Macadam was offered the honor of Macassar (ma-cas'-sar), a strait knighthood some time before his death, about 400 miles long and from 100 to but declined it. He died at Moffat, 200 miles wide, connecting the Java and Dumfriesshire, Nov. 26, 1836.
Celebes seas, and separating the island McAll Mission, the largest Prot- of Celebes from that of Java. estant mission in France, was found- Macaulay (ma-kaw'-14), THOMAS ed in 1871 by Rev. R. W. McAll and BABINGTON, the great English historian his wife. It embraces more than one and essayist, was born in the village of hundred stations, nearly all of which Rothley, Leicestershire, Oct. 25, 1800. are in the city of Paris and is supported From his earliest infancy he showed an by Protestants of all denominations in eager desire for knowledge and remarkY.C.-47.