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honour or power. The late cabinet broke up because, each of them having a journal at his command, proceeded from the council-table to the office of the said journal, revealed the secrets of the council, and abused his colleagues. M. de Brouckere therefore said he could not sit with M. Van de Weyer, and M. Van de Weyer said he could not sit with M. de Brouckere, while M. Gendebien paid the same compliment to M. Tielmans, and M. Tielmans to M. Gendebien, each accusing the other of treachery, slander, and defamation.”
Such is the legitimate and necessary result of the anti-Christian principle, that “ the people are the source of political power.” Yet Lord Grey, the chief Minister of the Crown, has received and acknowledged a communication from an illegal political society, calling itself the Birmingham Political Union, and answered a remonstrance coming from it. For this conduct he deserves to be impeached, and if he had been the minister of George III. he would have been dismissed his office immediately.
Since we know, from the sure word of Prophecy that the time is come, not for renovation, but for destruction; that all the wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God; that they who, while they call on Jehovah, trust to other arms besides his, share the same fate as those who reject him altogether; that God will “ cut off them that are turned back from the Lord, and those that have not sought the Lord nor inquired for him” (Zeph. i.); that the great day of the Lord is at hand,-a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of darkness and desolation, of wasteness and gloominess, when the blood of men shall be poured out like dust, and their flesh as dung; that the whole land shall be devoured, for God shall make a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land :knowing all these things, we have no difficulty in ascertaining the real nature and certain end of all speculations of improvement from which God is discarded. We earnestly exhort all to turn unto Jesus while it is called to-day; to "call on the Lord while he may be found.”
All faces are turned to blackness, and there is not a person of any penetration who is not appalled at the prospect which is before him. The language of all the public journals is most extraordinary. While in some articles they speak of the wisdom of the measures of our present rulers, and the benefit which is to result from them to the country, in other articles they use language as desponding as the most gloomy of the prophets. The Quarterly Review, indeed, has furnished the reasons for its forebodings, and those reasons are very satisfactory; but the Edinburgh Review gives no ground for its melancholy anticipations; and, considering that Lord Brougham, Mr. Jeffrey, Lord Holland, Lord Lansdowne, Sir James Mackintosh, &c., the principal writers in it, are now at the helm of public affairs, and carrying into effect those measures which it has advocated so long, it is perfectly marvellous that it should contain such a passage as the
following. It speaks of the present as "a moment when the
a storms that are gathering around us demand all our judgment
Whilst such dangers are impending, indeed, wisdom would counsel us to improve the breathing time that is permitted, by strengthening the out-works of our empire, before the body of the place be invested, and the struggle, foreign or domestic, draws every mind into its absorbing vortex."
But few see in these things the sign of the coming of the Son of Man. Why are they hypocrites on this account? Assuredly they are hypocrites, who pretend to have no hopes nor expectations but what are founded upon the Bible, yet evidence that their heart is not where the Bible has directed it to be placed, by the anxiety with which they lament the downfall of churches, and the ruin of empires, and the fallacy of the promises of Bible and Missionary societies, instead of rejoicing in the coming of the Son of Man to purge out iniquity by his baptism of fire. Their hopes have been fixed upon a heaven and upon a futurity of man's devising, and not upon the heaven and futurity which the Bible has pointed out.
The Dissenters have now openly and avowedly joined the infidels and revolutionists, and promised to aid them in their sacrilegious attempts at the destruction of the Church. As the most wicked and abandoned act of which a parent can be guilty, is the neglect of the religious principles and education of his children ; so the most wicked act of which a government can be guilty, is to neglect and abandon the religious instruction of its subjects. To this infidel conduct the Atheists and Dissenters, Carlile and Dr. Pye Smith, Taylor, the devil's chaplain, and Dr. Bennett, are urging on the Ministers and the King of England. The Dissenting hierarchy assert that their present conduct is according to the principles of their fathers : never was more barefaced falsehood uttered. The early Non-conformists, to a man, lamented the intolerance which drove them from á pale within which they were ever desirous to return, and from a church which they would have sacrificed their lives to uphold. No, no; the Dissenters are as ignorant of history as we have often shewn them to be of theology and of the Bible; and, as a body, are as little to be respected as Papists, infidels, Socinians, or any other class of heretics. Of individuals we say nothing; we judge no one; but we speak of classes by their words and actions. There may be, and are, pious Papists; but Papists are a class we shall ever denounce, while we are ready to acknowledge many individuals amongst them as brethren. So also of Dissenters: the tern is not descriptive of a religious class, but of a political class; and that class the most totally devoid of all principle that ever figured on the arena of the world. The fate of Tyre is, indeed, ours to the very letter. It is the “rowers” who have brought the vessel of the state into this raging sea, where she will be broken in pieces ; for which nothing can account but their being under the curse of blindness.
They will have none of God's ways,
And He has left them to their own. We have already spoken of the manner in which our present rulers endeavour to gain the applause of the mob by means of the newspapers. The extent to which this system is carried in France may be conceived by the following list of French journals, together with the names of the editors, and the offices they bear.
Journal des Debats.-M. de Villemaine, President of the Council of Public Instruction (since appointed a Councillor of State).
Le Temps.—M. Baude, Prefect de la Manche (now a Councillor of State.) M. Billard, Secretary-General of the Minister of the Interior. M. Barbaroux, Sub-Prefect.
Le Nationel.-M. Thiers, Orator of the Budget (and since Councillor of State). M. Mignet, Director of the Archives of the Foreign Department (and since Councillor of State). M. Carrel, sent on a mission to several departments. M. Passet, Prefect of the Department de l'Eure. Mr. Chambolle, Secretary of the Presidency of the Chamber of Deputies. M. Ganja, Sub-Prefect (which place he refused).
Journal de Paris.-M. Berville, First Advocate-General of the Court of Paris. M. Fain, attached to the King's Cabinet. M. Guilleaume, attached to the King's. Cabinet.
Le Courrier Français.-M. Benis la Garde, Director of the General Police. M. La Garde, the son (one of the Secretaries, Draughtsman of the Chamber of Deputies), Private Secretary of General Sebastiani (the Minister of the Navy). M. Norvius, formerly editor of La Renomme, Prefect of the Department de la Dordogne. M. Roujoux, Prefect of the Department du Lot.
Revue Française.-M. Guizot, Minister of the Interior (Home Department) and Councillor of State. The Duke de Broglie, Minister of Public Instruction and of Worship. M. Alexandre de Labordes, Prefect of the Seine (this place is now filled by M. Odillon Barrot, and the Direction of the Fine Arts has not been confided to M. de Laborde). M. Benjamin Constant, President of the Committee of Legislation in the Council of State. M. C. Dunoyer, Prefect of the Department de L'Allier.
Revue Britannique.—M. Saulnier, Director, Prefect of the Department de La Mayenne. Gazette des Ecoles.-M. Guillard, restored to a Professorship.
Constitutionnel.-M. Année, attached to the Cabinet of the Minister of War (Count Girard). M. Etienne, the son, Referendary in the Court of Accounts. M. Leon Thiessé, Sub-Prefect of Brest.
Nothing can exceed the state of turmoil and agitation which pervades every part of Europe. The Journal des Debats says
Europe ferments and boils; it seems that the volcano, which closed in 1814, is beginning to emit flames again; some great eruption approaches. It is singular that it is the North which is threatened at present. Italy and Spain are restless, but they do not move as yet; Germany is agitated, and exhibits the first concussion. This thunder in the North is a sinister omen.”
As to France, the following extracts from the correspondent
of a London Journal, sent on purpose to report what he says, may be relied on.
“ Rouen.-Half the departments in France are in a state of excitement-in a perfect fever. I have told you over and over again, although you, no doubt, ihought I had only drawn the dark side of the picture, that the revolution which has taken place, has taken place in Paris, and the provinces have not been consulted upon the occasion. I tell you again that the greatest discontent prevails. It is not my business to give opinions, but it is my duty to state facts; from these you may draw this conclusion, that all is not over, neither in France nor in other parts of the continent of Europe. At the hour I am writing. the whole of the national guard are marching under my window to quell a disturbance of the most serious nature. The workmen of the manufactories of Bapaume, Darnetal, and other districts, have arrived at the entrance of the town. They demand an increase of wages, a reduction in the price of bread, a diminution of the hours of labour, and the non-use of machinery.
“I have just returned from the place where the operatives (4,000 or 5,000) were assembled. The national guard have experienced the greatest difficulty in dispersing them. Several of the former have been severely wounded with stones and other missiles; one person was stabbed with a knife. Hitherto the national guard have judiciously refrained from firing, but this forbearance cannot last. On Tuesday, it is expected, these misguided people will assemble in greater numbers, and great apprehensions are entertained that they will set fire to the manufactories out of town. The number of guards does not exceed 7,000 or 8,000 men, the 38th regiment of infantry has just arrived—but the enraged populace exceed 40,000. The national guard are worn out with fatigue; many to whom I have spoken have been on duty forty-eight hours, They are determined, should the people throw stones at them on Monday, to make use of their arms. The whole town, as you may suppose, is in the greatest agitation. As a precautionary measure, a part of the bridge of boats which connects the town with the populous and manufacturing district of Saint Sever, has been removed; the mob, 'most to be feared, will, therefore, be divided into two parties. The stone-bridge is well guarded. Another cause of uneasiness is the state of Paris. The printers having determined that mechanical presses should not be used, and the compositors being unwilling to work, several Paris papers have not reached us to-day. Two-thirds of the manufacturers here are supplied with machinery moved by steam-engines; the operatives have already intimated their intentions to destroy them-should such a resolution be carried into effect half the town would be ruined. The people of Paris, they who effected the revolution of July, have been justly extolled; but the populace of the provinces is of a totally different character, and if they obtain the upper hand, most dreadful scenes must ensue."
“ Three o'clock Sunday afternoon.-The drums are beating to arms, and the national guard are marching in every direction; it is not, however, anticipated, that a conflict will take place until Tuesday. In order to show you that the press is not to be depended upon, the paper published here merely says :Some meetings of workmen took place yesterday; a few of them were arrested, and tranquility was restored.' No mention is made of the wounded national guard, of the formidable and determined appearance of the working people, nor of the agitated state of the town. If another revolution takes place, there will be a civil war between those who possess something, and those who have nothing to lose, Business is in an absolute state of stagnation, and the Paris post of to-day brings an awful list of bankruptcies ; several hundred bills drawn from this town on Paris have been returned protested."
“ Metz.-I am afraid we shall soon witness the effects of the revolution. Could things have terminated in the departments in three days, as they did in Paris, all would have been well; but this is, unfortunately, not the case. The military here have set a dreadful example of insubordination—the necessary
résult of the principles now recognised—THE SOVEREIGNTY OF THÉ PEOPLE. With such principles—at least, as they are understood in the provinces--the soldiers may, if they think proper, choose or dismiss their officers. Only let what has happened here spread through the land, and, instead of democratical anarchy, we shall become the slaves of military despotism. The regiment of dragoons quartered in this town were dissatisfied with their officers, and in a state of mutiny they have compelled those who commanded them to leave the town. The 6th regiment of artillery have followed the example ; 150 men marched in arms to the residence of their colonel, whom they fortunately did not find at home-- they carried away the colours and the military chest. The ad regiment of cavalry have acted in a similar manner at Pont a Mousson, Béfort, and Sarreguemines.”
“ Nismes.—We are in an extremely agitated state, and I fear before many days elapse blood will be spilt. The greatest hatred exists between the Protestants and Catholics; the former are the Liberals, and belong to the present order of things ; the latter are Ultras, and demand Henry V. or a republic. · I hear, from the very best authority, that a commissaire extraordinaire is to be sent immediately into this department, and others are to leave Paris for the provinces; this ought to have taken place three weeks ago; if they do not soon arrive they will be too late to quell the disturbances.”
“ Amiens.—Last night a serious disturbance took place, and we are dreadfully alarmed lest it should recommence. The labouring class have had several meetings; they exclaim that they also must derive some advantage from the revolution. Hitherto none but the followers of Napoleon, or the friends of the Deputies, have profited by the change. Bread must be sold at two sous a pound instead of five sous, at which price it is now sold. In accordance with this democratic notion, they proceeded to the houses of the bakers, mealmen, and corn-factors, vociferating, A bas les magaziniers. They broke the windows of several houses, and destroyed a great quantity of furniture. Several farmers, who were returning to their homes, were pelted by the mob, and a number of persons were severely wounded. The national guard had much difficulty in driving the rioters away. The Congregation are the instigators, and supply money to those who are at the head of these tumultuous meetings. They intend to assemble in greater numbers in a few days-these men come principally from the Faubourg de Hem. The nobility, and there are many here, are in great dread, and already anticipate a second emigration.”
“ Rennes. We had entertained hopes that all was settled —it may be so for ought we know in Paris, but this department is in the most dreadful state of agitation. Public confidence is destroyed. We blame not the government of the King; yet they shew not the energy necessary at such a juncture. It is the people whom we fear. The SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE IS A TERRIFIC WORD IN THE PROVINCES. The principle may be just and necessary in Paris ; the population is enlightened; but in our province liberty is mistaken for licentiousness, and equality means that the poor must share with the rich. I am afraid that my next letters will give you an account of dreadful riots in the departments of La Somme and Du Gard, where tumultuous meetings have already taken place.”
“ Bordeaux.-It is with sorrow we inform you that affairs have assumed a serious aspect. The canaille are injuring our excellent cause. An immense number of these wretches repaired on Friday last to the chateau of M. de Gombaut, Maréchal de Camp, at Béyte. He had been previously informed of their intention, and had left his house. His portrait, regimentals, and some furniture, were burnt by the mob. His crime was that of belonging to the Noblesse. The same miscreants then proceeded to Talence, where Count Maxime de Puységur resides. This nobleman was also absent; his life would probably have been sacrificed.” “Soissons.-- There was a riot here to-day; the working classes have assemVOL. IV.NO. I.