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coverers, if we may believe B. Diaz and other con

Note 23, page 29, col. 2. temporary writers, ended their days in a hermitage, He spoke ; and all was silence, all was night! or a cloister.

These scattered fragments may be compared to Note 16, page 29, col. 1.

shreds of old arras, or reflections from a river broken 'Twas in the deep, immeasurable cave

and confused by the oar; and now and then perhaps of Andes.

the imagination of the reader may supply more than Vast indeed must be those dismal regions, if it be is lost. Si qua latent, meliora putat.“ It is remarkatrue, as conjectured (Kircher. Mund. Subt. I. 202), ble,” says the elder Pliny, “ that the Iris of Aristides, that Etna, in her eruptions, has discharged twenty the Tyndarides of Nicomachus, and the Venus of times her original bulk. Well might she be called by Apelles, are held in higher admiration than their Euripides (Troades, v. 222) The Mother of Mountains; finished works." And is it not so in almost everything! yet Etna herself is but“ a mere firework, when com

Call up him that left half-lold pared to the burning summits of the Andes."

The story of Cambuscan bold-
Note 17, page 29, col. 2.

Note 24, page 30, col. 1.
One-half the globe; from pole to pole confess'd.

The soldier, etc. Gods, yet confessed later.-Milton.-Ils ne lais- In the Lusiad, to beguile the heavy hours at sea, eent pas d'en être les esclaves, et de les honorer plus Veloso relates to his companions of the second watch que le grand Esprit, qui de sa nature est bon.— the story of the Twelve Knights. L. vi. LAFITAU.

Note 25, page 30, col. 1.
Note 18, page 29, col. 2.

So Fortune smiled, careless of sea or land!
Where Plata and Maragnon meet the main.

Among those who went with Columbus, were many Rivers of South America. Their collision with adventurers, and gentlemen of the court. Primero was the tide has the effect of a tempest.

the game then in fashion.-See VEGA, p. 2, lib. iii, c.9. Note 19, page 29, col. 2.

Note 26, page 30, col. 1. or Huron or Ontario, inland seas.

Yet who but He undaunted could explore. Lakes of North America. Huron is above a thou

Many sighed and wept; and every hour seemed a sand miles in circumference. Ontario receives the year, says Herrera.—1, i, 9 and 10. waters of the Niagara, so famous for its falls ; and discharges itself into the Atlantic by the river St.

Note 27, page 30, col. 2. Lawrence.

The golemn march, the vows in concert given.

His public procession to the convent of Rábida on Note 20, page 23, col. 2.

the day before he set sail. It was there that his sons By Ocean severed from a world of shade.

had received their education; and he himself appears La plû part de ces îles ne sont en effet que des to have passed some time there, the venerable Guardpointes de montagnes : et la mer, qui est au-delà, est ian, Juan Perez de Marchena, being his zealous and une vrai mer Méditerranée.—Buffon.

affectionate friend. The ceremonies of his departure Note 21, page 29, col. 2.

and return are represented in many of the fresco Hung in the tempest o'er the troubled main.

paintings in the palaces of Genoa. The dominion of a bad angel over an unknown sea,

Note 28, page 30, col. 2. infestandole con sus torbellinos y tempestades, and his While his dear boygmah, on his neck they bong. flight before a Christian hero, are described in glow- “But I was most afflicted, when I thought of my ing language by Ovalle.-Hist. de Chile, IV. 8. two sons, whom I had left behind me in a strange Note 22, page 29, col. 2.

country before I had done, or at least could be No voice, as erst, shall in the desert rise ;

known to have done, anything which might incline Alluding to the oracles of the Islanders, 80 soon 10

your highnesses to remember them. And though 1 ered down from their ancestors, and sung with loud altation of his church to come to nothing, yet I conbecome silent; and particularly to a prophecy, deliv- comforted myself with the reflection thnt our Lord

would not suffer so earnest an endeavor for the er. lamentations (Petr. Martyr. dec. 3, lib. 7) at their sol. emn festivals (Herrera, I, iii, 4) that the country would F. COLUMBUS, C. 37.

sidered that, on account of my unworthiness,” etc. be laid waste on the arrival of strangers, completely clad, from a region near the rising of the sun. Ibid. II,

Note 29, page 30, col. 2. 5, 2. It is said that Cazziva, a great Cacique, after

The great Gonzalo. long fasting and many ablutions, had an interview Gonzalo Fernandes, already known by the name with one of the Zemi, who announced to him this of the Great Captain. Granada surrendered on the terrible event (F. Columbus, c. 62), as the oracles of 2d of January, 1492. Columbus set sail on the 3d of Latona, according to Herodotus (II, 152) predicted August following. the overthrow of eleven kings of Egypt, on the ap

Note 30, page 30, col. 2. pearance of men of brass, risen out of the sea.

Though Roldan, etc. Nor did this prophecy exist among the Islanders alone. It influenced the councils of Montezuma, and

Probably a soldier of fortune. There were more extended almost universally over the forests of Amer. than one of the name on board. ica Cortes. Herrera. Gomara. “ The demons whom

Note 31, page 31, col. 1. they worshipped,' says Acosta, “ in this instance told The Cross shone forth in everlasting light! thom the truth."

The Cross of the South; “ una ('roce maravigliosa, a

di tanta bellezza," says Andrea Corsali, a Florentine, Callid on the Spirit within. Disdaining flight, writing to Giuliano of Medicis, in 1515, “ che non

Calmly she rose, collecting all her might. 1

Dire was the dark encounter! Long unquell'd, mi pare ad alcuno segno celeste doverla comparare.

Her sacred seat, sovereign and pure, she held. Es'io non mi inganno, credo che sia questo il crusero At length the great Foe binds her for his prize, di che Dante parlo nel principio del Purgatorio con And awful, ag in death, the body lies!

Not long to slumber! In an evil hour spirito profetico, dicendo,

Inform'd and lifted by the unknown Power,
I'mi volsi a man destra, e posi mente,

It starts, it speaks!“ We live, we breathe no more!" etc.
All' altro polo, e vidi quattro stelle, eto.'

Many a modern reader will exclaim in the lanNote 32, page 31, col. 1.

guage of Pococurantè, “Quelle triste extravagance!" Roc of the West! to him all empire given ! Let a great theologian of that day, a monk of the Le Condor est le même oiseau que le Roc des Augustine order, be consulted on the subject. “Corpus Orientaux.-Buffon. “By the Peruvians," says Vega, ille perimere vel jugulare potest; nec id modò, verùm "he was anciently worshipped ; and there were those et animam ita urgere, et in angustum coarctare novit, who claimed their descent from him." In these de- ut in momento quoque illi excedendum sit."-LUgenerate days he still ranks above the Eagle. THERUS, De Missa Privata. Note 33, page 31, col. 1.

Note 42, page 31, col. 2.
Who bears Axalhua's dragon-folds to heaven.

And can you shrink ? etc.
As the Roc of the East is said to have carried off

The same language had been addressed to Isabelthe Elephant. See Marco Polo.—Axalhua, or the la.-F. COLUMBUS, c. 15. Emperor, is the name in the Mexican language for the great serpent of America.

Note 43, page 31, col. 2.
Note 34, page 31, col. 1.

Oh had I perish'd, when my failing frame.
To where Alaska's wintry wilds retire.

His miraculous escape, in early life, during a sea-
Northern extremity of the New World. See fight off the coast of Portugal.— Ibid. c. 5.
Cook's last Voyage.

Note 44, page 31, col. 2.
Note 35, page 31, col. 1.

The scorn of Folly, and of Fraud the prey.

Nudo nocchier, promettitor di regni !
From mines of gold-
Mines of Chili; which extend, says Ovalle, to the

By the Genoese and the Spaniards he was regarded

as a man resolved on "a wild dedication of himself Strait of Magellan. I, 4.

to unpathed waters, undreamed shores ;" and the Note 36, page 31, col. 1.

court of Portugal endeavored to rob him of the glory High-hung in forests to the casing snows. of his enterprise, by secretly dispatching a vessel in A custom not peculiar to the Western Hemisphere. the course which he had pointed out “ Lorsqu'il The Tunguses of Siberia hang their dead on trees ;

avait promis un nouvel hémisphère," says Voltaire, parceque la terre ne se laisse point ouvrir.”—M. “on lui avait soutenu que cet hémisphère ne pouvoit Pauw.

exister; et quand il l'eut découvert, on prétendit qu'il Note 37, page 31, col. 1.

avait été connu depuis long-temps." -and, through that dismal night.

Note 45, page 31, col. 2. ** Aquella noche triste.” The night, on which

-He spoke not uninspired. Cortes made his famous retreat from Mexico through

He used to affirm, that he stood in need of God's the street of Tlacopan, still goes by the name of La particular assistance ; like Moses when he led forth NOCHE TRISTE.—HUMBOLDT.

the people of Israel, who forbore to lay violent hands Note 38, page 31, col. 1.

upon him, because of the miracles which God wrought By his white plume reveal'd and buskins white. by his means. “So," said the Admiral, "did it hapPizarro used to dress in this fashion; after Gonzalo, pen to me on that voyage.”—F.COLUMBUS, C. 19.whom he had served under in Italy.

"And so easily," says a Commentator, "are the work

ings of the Evil One overcome by the power of God!" Note 39, page 31, col. 1. O'er him e Vampire his dark wings display'd.

Note 46, page 31, col. 2. A species of bat in S. America ; which refreshes "In his own shape shall Death receive you there." by the gentle agitation of its wings, while it sucks This denunciation, fulfilled as it appears to be in the blood of the sleeper, turning his sleep into death. the eleventh canto, may remind the reader of the - ULLOA.

Harpies in Virgil. -Æn. III, v. 247.
Note 40, page 31, col. 1.
'Twas Merion's self, covering with dreadful shade.

Note 47, page 31, col. 2.
-Now one,

Rose to the Virgin-
Now other, as their shape served bost his end.

Salve, regina. Herrera, I, i, 12.-It was the usual Undoubtedly, says Herrera, the Infernal Spirit as-service, and always sung with great solemnity. “I sumed various shapes in that region of the world.

remember one evening,” says Oviedo, “when the ship Note 41, page 31, col. 1.

was in full sail, and all the men were on their knees, Then, inly gliding, etc.

singing Salve, regina," etc. Relacion SommariaThe original passage is here translated at full The hymn, O Sanctissima, is still to be heard after Then, inly gliding like a subtle lame.

1-magnum si pectore possit Thrice, with a cry that thrill'd the mortal Traine,

Excussiese deum.


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sunset along the shores of Sicily, and its effect may

Note 56, page 32, col. 1. be better conceived than described. See BRYDONE, I,

What long-drawn tube, etc. 330.

For the effects of the telescope, and the mirror, on Note 48, page 31, col. 2.

an uncultivated mind, see Wallis's Voyage round Chosen of Men!

the World, c. 2 and 6. I believe that he was chosen for this great service; and that, because he was to be so truly an apostle, as

Note 57, page 32, col. 2.

Through citron-groves, and fields of yellow maize. in effect he proved to be, therefore was his origin ob

Ætas scure; that therein he might resemble those who

illis aurea. Apertis vivunt hortis. P. MARwere called to make known the name of the Lord TYR, dec. i, 3. from seas and rivers, and not from courts and palaces.

Note 58, page 32, col. 2. And I believe also, that, as in most of his doings he

Ceiba. was guarded by some special providence, his very

The wild cotton-tree, often mentioned in History. name was not without some mystery: for in it is ex- "Cortes," says Bernal Diaz, “ took possession of the pressed the wonder he performed ; inasmuch as he country in the following manner

. Drawing his sword, conveyed to a new world the grace of the Holy he gave three cuts with it into a great Ceiba, and Ghost, etc.-F. COLUMBUS, c. 1.


Note 59, page 32, col. 2.
Note 49, page 31, col. 2.

There sits the bird that speaks!
First from the prow to hail the glimmering light.
A light in the midst of darkness, signifying the mal. viii, 12.

The Parrot, as described by Aristotle.—Hist. Anispiritual light that he came to spread there.-F. CoLUMBUS, C. 22. HERRERA, I, i, 12.

Note 60, page 32, col. 2.

Half bird, hall fly.
Note 50, page 32, col. 1.

Here are birds so small, says Herrera, that though
Pedro ! Rodrigo !

they are birds, they are taken for bees or butterflies. Pedro Gutierrez, a Page of the King's Chamber; Rodrigo Sanchez of Segovia, Comptroller of the Fleet.

Note 61, page 32, col. 2.

the fairy king of fowers. Note 51, page 32, col. 1.

The Humming-bird. Kakopit (florum regulus) is Slowly, bare-headed, through the surf we bore the name of an Indian bird, referred 10 this class by The sacred cross.

Seba. Signifying to the Infernal powers (all' infierno todo)

Note 62, page 32, col. 2. the will of the Most High, that they should renounce

Reigns there, and revels, etc. a world over which they had tyrannized for so many There also was heard the wild cry of the Flamingo ages.-OVALLE, iv, 5.

What clarion winds along the yellow sands?

Far in the deep the giant-fisher stands,
Note 52, page 32, col. 1.

Folding his wings of flame.
But what a scene was there!

Note 63, page 32, col. 2.
“This country excels all others, as far as the day Soon in the virgin's graceful ear to shine.
surpasses the night in splendor.—Nor is there a better

Il sert après sa mort a parer les jeunes Indiennes, people in the world. They love their neighbor as qui portent en pendans d'oreilles deux de ces charthemselves; their conversation is the sweetest imagin. mans oiseaux.-Buffon. able, their faces always smiling : and so gentle, so affectionate are they, that I swear to your Highnesses,"

Note 64, page 32, col. 2. etc.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 30, 33.

'Mid branching palms and amaranths of gold!

According to an ancient tradition. See Oviedo, Note 53, page 32, col. 1

Vega, Herrera, etc. Not many years afterwards a -Nymphs of romance, etc.

Spaniard of distinction wandered everywhere in Dryades formosissimas, aut nativas fontium nym- search of it: and no wonder, as Robertson observes, phas de quibus fabulatur antiquitas, se vidisse arbi- when Columbus himself could imagine that he had trati sunt.-P. MARTYR, dec. i, lib. v.

found the seat of Paradise. And an eminent Painter of the present day, when he first saw the Apollo of the Belvidere, was struck

Note 65, page 33, col. 1. with its resemblance to an American warrior.

And guavas blush'd as in the vales of light. West's Discourse in the Royal Academy, 1794. They believed that the souls of good men were

conveyed to a pleasant valley, abounding in guavas Note 54, page 32, col. 1.

and other delicious fruits.-HERRERA, I, üi, 3. F. CoAnd see, the regal plumes, the couch of state!

LUMBUS, C. 62. “The Cacique came down to the shore in a sort

Note 66, page 33, col. 1. of palanquin-attended by his ancient men.—The There silent sate many an unbidden Guest. gifts, which he received from me, were afterwards “ The dead walk abroad in the night, and feast carried before him.”-F. COLUMBUS, c. 32.

with the living" (F. COLUMBUS, C. 62); and seat of

the fruit called Guannàba.”—P. MARTYR, dec. i, 9. Note 55, page 32, col. 1. The wondrous ring, and lamp, and horse of brang.

Note 67, page 33, col. 1. The ring of Gyges, the lamp of Aladdin, and the

And sires, alas, their sons in battle slain ! horse of the Tartar king.

War rererses the order of nature. In time of peace,


says Herodotus, the children bury their fathers; in

Note 79, page 33, col. 2. time of war the fathers bury their children! But the

Thy reverend form. Gods have willed it 80,-1, 87.

His person, says Herrera, had an air of grandeur. Note 68, page 33, col. 1.

His hair, from many hardships, had long been grey.

In him you saw a man of an unconquerable courage, Cazziva. An ancient Cacique, in his life-time and after his sity, ever trusting in God :-and, had he lived in an

and high thoughts; patient of wrongs, calm in adverdeath, employed by the Zemi to alarm his people-cient times, statues and temples would have been Sce F. COLUMBUS, C. 62.

erected to him without number, and his name would Note 69, page 33, col. 1.

have been placed among the stars. Unseen, unheard !-Hence, Minister of III.

Note 80, page 34, col. 1. The Author is speaking in his inspired character.

By dogs of carnage.Hidden things are revealed to him, and placed before

One of these, on account of his extraordinary sagahis mind as if they were present.

city and fierceness, received the full allowance of a

soldier. His name was Bezerillo. Note 70, page 33, col. 1.

Note 81, page 34, col. 1. -too soon shall they fulfil.

Swept-till the voyager, in the desert air. Nor could they, (the Powers of Darkness) have more effectually prevented the progress of the Faith, ple, as hives are full of bees; and now where are

With my own eyes I saw kingdoms as full of peothan by desolating the New World; by burying na- they ?-Las Casas. tons alive in mines, or consigning them in all their errors to the sword. -- Relacion de B. De Las Casas.

Note 82, page 34, col. 1.

Starts back to hear his alter'd accents there.
Note 71, page 33, col. 1.

No unusual effect of an exuberant vegetation.When forth they rush as with the torrent's sweep.

The air was so vitiated," says an African traveller, Not man alone, but many other animals, became

that our torches burnt dim, and seemed ready to be extinct there.

extinguished; and even the human voice lost its natu

ral tone.”
Note 72, page 33, col. 2.

Note 83, page 34, col. 1.
Who among us a life of sorrow spent.

Here, in His train, shall arts and arms attend.
For a summary of his life and character, see “ An

“There are those alive,” said an illustrious orator, Account of the European Settlements.”—P. I, c. 8. " whose memory might touch the two extremities. Note 73, page 33, col. 2.

Lord Bathurst, in 1704, was of an age to comprehend Signs like the ethereal bow-that shall endure.

such things—and, if his angel had then drawn up the

curtain, and, whilst he was gazing with admiration, It is remarkable that these phenomena still remain had pointed out to him a speck, and had told him, among the mysteries of nature.

* Young man, there is America——which, at this day, Note 74, page 33, col. 2.

serves for little more than to amuse you with stories He stood, and thus his secret soul address'd.

of savage men and uncouth manners; yet shall, beTe tua fata docebo. Virg.

fore you taste of death,' etc."-BURKE in 1775. Saprai di tua vita il viaggio. Dante.

Note 84, page 34, col. 1.

Assembling here, etc.
Note 75, page 33, col. 2.

How simple were the manners of the early colo
And dash the floods of ocean to the stars.

nists! The first ripening of any European fruit was When he entered the Tagus, all the seamen ran distinguished by a family-festival. Garcilasso de la from all paris to behold, as it were some wonder, a Vega relates how his dear father, the valorous Anship that had escaped so terrible a storm.-F. Colum-dres, collected together in his chamber seven or eight

gentlemen to share with him three asparaguses, Note 76, page 33, col. 2.

the first that ever grew on the table-land of Cusco. And Thee restore thy Secret to the Deep.

When the operation of dressing them was over (and I wrote on a parchment that I had discovered what it is minutely described) he distributed the two I had promised;-and, having put it into a cask, 1 largest among his friends ; begging that the company threw it into the sea.-Ibid. c, 37.

would not take it ill, if he reserved the third for him

self, as it was a thing from Spain. Note 77, page 33, col. 2.

North America became instantly an asylum for the To other eyes, from distant cliff descried. oppressed ; Huguenots, and Catholics, and sects of Balboa immediately concluded it to be the ocean every name and country. Such were the first settlers for which Columbus had searched in vain ; and when, in Carolina and Maryland, Pennsylvania and New at length, after a toilsome march among the moun-England. Nor is South America altogether without tains, his guides pointed out to him the summit from a claim to the title. Even now, while I am writing, which it might be seen, he commanded his men to the ancient house of Braganza is on its passage across halt, and went up alone-HERRERA, 1, x, 1.

the Atlantic,

Cum sociis, natoque, Penatibus, et magnis dis.
Note 78, page 33, col. 2.

Note 85, page 34, col. 1.
Hung in thy chamber, buried in thy grave.

Untouch'd, shall drop the fetters from the slave. I always saw them in his room, and he ordered Je me transporte quelquefois au-delà d'un siécle. there to be buried with his body.-F. COLUMBUS, C. 86. J'y vois le bonheur à côté de l'industrie, la douce

ECS, C. 40.

tolérance remplaçant la farouche inquisition; j'y vois,

Note 87, page 34, col. 1. un jour de fête, Péruviens, Mexicains, Américains

-the slayer slain. libres, François s'embrassant comme des frères, et bén- Cortes, Pizarro." Almost all,” says Las Casas, issant le régne de la liberté, qui doit amener partout“ have perished. The innocent blood, which they had une harmonie universelle.—Mais les mines, les es- shed, cried aloud for vengeance; the sighs, the tears claves, que deviendront-ils ? Les mines se fermeront, of so many victims went up before God." les esclaves seront les frères de leurs maîtres.

Note 88, page 34, col. 1.

'Mid gems and gold, unenvied and unblest. There is a prophetic stanza, written a century ago

L'Espagne a fait comme ce roi insensé qui demanda by Bp. Berkeley, which I must quote, though I shall

que tout ce qu'il toucheroit se convertit en or, et qui suffer by the comparison.

fut obligé de revenir aux dieux pour les prier de finir
Westward the course of empire takes its way. sa misère.-MONTESQUIEU.
The four first acts already past,

Note 89, page 34, col. 2.
A fifth shall close the drama with the day.
Time's noblest offspring is the last.

Where on his altar-tomb, etc.

An interpolation.
Note 86, page 34, col. 1.

Note 90, page 34, col. 2.
The spoiler spoil'd of all.

Though in the western world His grave. Cortes. “A peine put-il obtenir audience de Charles- An anachronism. The body of Columbus was not Quint; un jour il fendit la presse qui entourait la yet removed from Seville. coche de l'empereur, et monta sur l'étrier de la por- It is almost unnecessary to point out another, in tière. Charles demanda quel étoit cet homme: “C'est,' the Ninth Canto. The telescope was not then in use; répondit Cortez, celui qui vous a donné plus d'états though described long before with great accuracy by que vos pères ne vous ont laissé de villes.'” -VOLTAIRE. Roger Bacon.



With folded arms and listless look to snuft

The morning air, or the caged sky-lark sung,

From his green sod up-springing—but in vain, A FEW copies of this Poem were printed off in the His tuneful bill o'erflowing with a song autumn of the year before last, while the Author was Old in the days of Homer, and his wings abroad. It is now corrected, and republished with With transport quivering, on my way I went, some additions.

Thy gates, Geneva, swinging heavily, Whatever may be its success, it has led him in Thy gates so slow to open, swift to shut; many an after-dream through a beautiful country; As on that Sabbath-eve when he arrived,' (1) and may not perhaps be uninteresting to those who whose name is now thy glory, now by thee have learnt to live in past times as well as present, Inscribed to consecrate (such virtue dwells and whose minds are familiar with the events and In those small syllables) the narrow street, the people that have rendered Italy so illustrious. His birth-place-when, but one short step too late,

The stories, taken from the old Chroniclers, are He sate him down and wept-wept till the morning; given without exaggeration ; and are, he believes, as Then rose to go—a wanderer through the world. true to the original text as any of the Plays that may 'T is not a tale that every hour brings with it. be said to form our popular history.

Yet at a City-gate, from time to time,

Much might be learnt; and most of all at thine May 1st, 1823.

London—thy hive the busiest, greatest, still
Gathering, enlarging still. Let us stand by,

And note who passes. Here comes one, a Youth,

Glowing with pride, the pride of conscious power,

A Chatterton—in thought admired, caress'd,

And crown'd like Petrarch in the Capitol ;

Ere long to diem to fall by his own hand,

And fester with the vilest. Here come two,
Day glimmer'd in the east, and the white Moon

Less feverish, less exalted-soon to part, Hung like a vapor in the cloudless sky,

A Garrick and a Johnson ; Wealth and Fame Yet visible, when on my way I went,

Awaiting one-even at the gate, Neglect Glad to be gone-a pilgrim from the north,

And Want the other. But what mulutudes,
Now more and more attracted as I drew

Urged by the love of change, and, like myself,
Nearer and nearer. Ere the artisan,
Drowsy, half-clad, had from his window leant,

1 Rousseau.

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