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fault; but he has by no means re- published the Odyssea, which he presented the dignity or the fim- dedicated to Carr Earlof Somerset. plicity of Homer. He is sometimes In addition to the antient authors paraphrastic and redundant, but of Greece and Rome, translations more frequently retrenches or im- of most of the Italian poets into poverishes what he could not feel English took place towards the and express. In the mean time, close of this century. Ariosto, he labours with the inconvenience the tales of Boccase, Bandello, and ofan aukward, inharmonious, and of other Italian authors, were unheroic measure, imposed by translated into our language, and custom, but disgustful to modern became the foundation of many cars. Yet he is not always with of the works of Shakespear, Dryout strength or spirit. He has en- den and others. Whatever could riched our language with many enrich, or furnifh with matter compound epithets, so much in our future poets, was now showthe manner of Homer, such as ered down upon them with unthe silver.footed Thetis, the filver., common exuberance. Our lantbroned Juno, the triple-featbered guage was considerably improved, helme, the high-walled Thebes, the beauties of antient literature the faire-haired boy, the filver. were studied and copied with sucflowing floods, the bugely peopled cess, the works of the modern towns, the Grecians navy-bound, classics, if I may so call them, the strong-winged lance, and many were laid open to our ancestorset in more which might be collected. medium proferuntur, and finally our Dryden reports, that Waller never poetry was arrived at that point, could read Chapman's Homerwith when she had neither contracted out a degree of transport. Pope the severity of age, nor was so is of opinion, that Chapman co- much a child as to be pleased most vers his defects 56 by a daring with what was most strange and " fiery spirit that animates his unnatural. o translation, which is something As a considerable part of the “ like what one might imagine last section of this volume, con6 Homer himself to have writ taining a general vieiv and cha« before he arrived to years of racter of the poetry of Queen Elios discretion.” But his fire is zabeth's age, is inserted in antoo frequently darkened, by that other part of our Register for this sort of fuftian which now disfi. year*, we shall not touch upon it gured the diction of our tragedy.” here.

Chapman also, in the year 1614,

* See p. 141. of this last parte

THE

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Connecticut Farms. Springfield. Unexpected effect produced by
the reduction of Charles Town, in renewing and exciting the spirit of
union and resistance in America. Great hopes founded on the ex-
pected co-operation of a French fleet and army in the reduction of
New York, and the final expulsion of the British forces from that
continent. Marquis de la Fayette arrives from France. M. de
Ternay, and the Count de Rochambeau, arrive with a French squa-
dron, and a body of land forces, and are put into podelfoon of the
fortifications and harbour of Rhode Isand. Admiral Arbuthnot
blocks up the French Squadron. Dispositions made by Sir Henry

Clinton for attacking the French auxiliaries. Gen. Washington
passes the North River, with a view of attempting New York.
Expedition to Rhode Ipand laid aside. Great difficulties experienced
by Don Bernard de Galvez, in his expedition to West Florida.
Besieges and takes the fort at Mobille. Great land and naval force
fent out from Spain, in order to join M.de Guichen in the West Indies.
Function of the hostile fleets, notwithstanding the efforts of Admiral
Sir George Rodney, to intercept the Spanish squadron and convoy.
Sickness and mortality in the Spanish fleet and army, with some other
caufes, preserve the British islands from the imminent danger to which
they were apparently exposed by the great superiority of the enemy.
These causes operate ftill farther in their consequences; which affect
the whole face and nature of the war in the new world, and entirely
fruftrate the grand views formed by France and America, for the
remainder of the campaign. Spanish fleet and army proceed to the

Havannah; and M. de Guichen returns from St. Domingo, with
* a convoy, to Europe. Great preparations made by the Americans
for effectually co-operating with the French forces on the arrival of
M. de Guichen. "Washington's army increased for that purpose, to
20,000 men. Invasion of Canada intended, and preparatory pro-
clamations ilsued by the Marquis de la Fayette. Causes which pre-
vented M. de Guichen from proceeding to North America.
George Rodney arrives, with a squadron, at New York. [13

Sir

CHAP. III.

Dreadful hurricane in the West Indies. Destruction and calamity in :

Barbadoes, St. Lucia, Granada, St. Vincent. Great losses fustained
and dangers encountered, by the British naval force in those feas. :
Frertch islands. Humanity of the Marquis de Bouille. Hurricane
in Jamaica. Town of Savanna la Mar overwhelmed. Large
trait of rich country, in a great measure destroyed. Distresses and
great losses of the Inhabitants. Bounty of the crown and parlia-

Liberal benefactions of individuals. New-York. Nego-
ciation, between Sir Henry Clinton and the American Gen. Arnold.
Major André employed in the completion of the scheme. Is taken

VOL. XXIV.

ment.

in disguise, on his return from the American camp. Avows his
name and condition in a letter to Gen. Washington." Gen. Arnold
escapes on board the Vulture ship of war. Various letters written,
and means ineffeétually used in order to save Major André from
the impending danger. He is tried by a board of American Gene-
ral Officers. His candour and magnanimity on the trial: is fen-
tenced on his own confesion, and the testimony of the papers which
were found upon him. Liberality with which he was treated, and
his sense of it. His untimely death closes the tragedy. Unusual
Sympathy which he excited in the American army. Gen. Arnold is
appointed to a command in the British army. Publishes an address
to the inhabitants of Ainerica; and a proclamation, directed to the
officers and soldiers of the continental army. Difresses in the Ame-
rican army, and some of their causes.

[30

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War in South Carolina. State of affairs after the battle of Camden.
" Inaction caused by the fickly season. Sequestration of Ejlates. Col.
Furgiison defeated and killed on the King's Mountain. General
Sumpter routed by Col. Tarleton. Brig. Gen. Leslie sent on an
expedition fran New York to the Chesapeak, Proceeds to Charles
Town, and joins Lord Cornwallis. Gen. Greene arrives in North
Carolina, and takes the command of the Southern American army.
Colonel Tarleton dispatched to.oppose Gen. Morgan, who advances
on the side of Ninety-Six. Tarleton defeated with great loss. Uni-
fortunate consequences of the destruction of the light troops under
Ferguson ard Tarleton. Lord Cornwallis enters North Carolina
by the upper roads. Leaves Lord Rawdon with a considerable
force at Camden, to restrain the commotions in South Carolina. Vi-
gorous, but inifeftucil pursuit of Morgan. Destruction of the bag-
gage in the British army. Admirable temper of the troops. Ma-
ferly moveinerits by Lord Cornwallis for passing the Catawba.
General Williamson killed, and his party routed. Militia surprized
and routed by Tarleton. Rapid purfiit of Morgan, who notwith-
standing passes the Yadkin, and secures the boats on the other side.
British army marches to Salisbury; from whence Lord Cornwallis
proceeds with the utmost expedition to seize the fords on the river
Dan, and thereby cut Greene off from Virginia. Succeeds in gain-
ing the fords. Rapid pursuit of the American army.
by unexpectedly passing the Roanoke. Extraordinary exertions and
hardships of the British army. Proceeds to Hillsborough. Expe-
dition from Charles Town to Cape Fear River. Wilmington
taken, and made a place of arms and supply. Gen. Greene, being
reinforced, returns from Virginia; and the British army marches

Their escape


to Allemance Creek. Skirmish between Tarleton's corps and Lee's legion." Greene falls back to the Reedy Fork. Strange defect of intelligence, experienced by the Britisha general in North Carolina. American army being farther reinforced, Gen. Greene again advances. Movements on both sides preparatory to the battle of Guildford. Account of that severe and well-fought action. British officers killed and wounded. Col. Webster dies of his wounds. Gen. Greene retires to the Iron Works on Troublesome Creek. Lord Cornwallis obliged to march to the Deep River, through the want of provisions and forage. Necessities and distresses of the ariny oblige Lord Cornwallis to proceed to Wilmington for supplies. Unusual consequences of victory.

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CHAP. V.

Expedition to Virginia under General Arnold. State of grievances

which led to the mutiny in the American army. Pensylvania line, after a scufjle with their officers, march off from the camp, and chufe a ferjeant to be their leader. Meffage, and flag of truce, produce no satisfactory answer from the insurgents, who proceed forsi to Middle Brook, and then to Prince Town. Measures used by Sir Henry Clinton to profit of this defection. He passes over to Staten Island, and sends agents to make advantageous proposals to the mutineers. Proposals for an accommodation, founded on a redress of grievances, made by Gen. Reed, and favourably received by the insurgents; who march from Prince Town to Trenton uporz the Delaware, and deliver up the agents from Sir Henry Clinton. Grievances redressed, and matters finally settled by a committee of the congress. Ravayes made by Arnold in Virginia, draw the attention of the French, as well as the Americans, to that country. Gen. Washington dispatches the Marquis de la Fayette with forces to its relief Expedition to the Chesapeak, concerted by M. de Ternay, and the Count Rochambeari, at Rhode Isand, for the same purpose, and te cut off Gen. Arnold's retreat. Admirals Arbuthnot and Graves encounter the French fleet, and overthrow all their designs in the Chesapeak. Lord Cornwallis's departure to Wilmington, enables Gen. Greene to direct his operations to South Carolina. Sja tuation of Lord Rawdon at Camden. American army appears before that place. Greene attacked in his camp, and defeated. General revolt in the interior country of South Carolina. Difficulties of Lord Razudon's situation, notwithstanding his victory. Obliged to abandon Camden, and retire to Nelson's Ferry, where he pases the Santee. Britis.posts taken, and general hoftiliiy of the province. Great havock made by the Generals Phillips and Arnold in Virginia. Extreme difficulties of Lord Cornwallis's situation at Wilmington. Undertakes a long march to Virginia; arrives at Pe

tersburgh,

P 2

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