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ANNUAL REGISTER,

FOR THE YEAR 1781.

THE

HISTORY

OF

E U R O P E.

CHAP. I.

Retrospective view of affairs in Europe in the year 1780. Admiral Geary

appointed to the command of the channel fleet on the death of Sir Charles Hardy. East and West India convoy taken by the combined fleets, and carried into Cadiz. Los sustained by the Quebec fleet. Admiral Geary regns, and is fuccceeded by Admiral Darby. M. de Guichen arrives at Cadiz, and the French

fleets return to France. Great gallantry displayed in various engagements between British and French frigutes. Seige of Gibraltar. Spanijh fireships destroyed. Success of General Elliot in de stroying the enemy's works. Queen of Portugal refuses to accede to the armed neutrality. Germany. Election of the Archduke Maximilian to the coadjutorship of Cologne and Munster, opposed in vain by the King of Prussia. Correspondence between the King and the Elector of Cologne on the fubject. Meeting of the Emperor and the Empress of Rufiia, at Mohilow in Poland. Proceed together to Petersburgh. King of Sweden vihts Holland. Death of the Empress-Queen, and fome account of that great princess. Question, by torture, abolished for ever by the French king. Great reform of his household. Loans negociated by the court of Madrid. Public and private contributions to relieve the exigencies of the ftate. Humanity of the Bishop of Lugo. Duke of Modena abolishes the Inquisition in his dominions. THE death of Sir Charles ty with respect to a proper comman

Hardy, about the middle of der,who would undertakethe imporMay 1780, occafioned some difficul- tant charge of the channel file as VOL. XXIV.

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ANNUAL REGISTER,

FOR THE YEAR 1781.

THE

HISTORY

OF

EUROPE.

C H A P. I.

Retrospective view of affairs in Europe in the year 1780. Admiral Geary

appointed to the command of the channel fleet on the death of Sir Charles Hardy. East and West India convoy taken by the combined fleets, and carried into Cadiz. Loss Sustained by the Quebec fleet. Admiral Geary rehgns, and is fuccceeded by Admiral Darby. M. de Guichen arrives at Cadiz, and the French fleets return to France. Great gallantry displayed in various engagements between British and French frigates. Seige of Gibraltar. Spanish firefhips destroyed. Success of General Elliot in de ftroying the enemy's works. Queen of Portugal refuses to accede to the armed neutrality. Germany. Election of the Archduke Maximilian to the coadjutorship of Cologne and Munsler, opposed in vain by the King of Prujia. Correspondence between the King and the Elector of Cologne on the subject. Meeting of the Emperor and

the Empress of Rusia, at Mohilow in Poland. Proceed together to Petersburgh. King of Sweden vifts Holland. Death of the Empress-Queen, and some account of that great princess. Question, by torture, abolished for ever by the French king. Great reform of his household. Loans negociated by the court of Madrid. Public and private contributions to relieve the exigencies of the ftate. Humanity of the Bishop of Lugo. Duke of Modena abolishes the Inquisition in his dominions.

TH
THE death of Sir Charles ty with respect to a proper comman-

Hardy, about the middle of der,who would undertakethe imporMay 1780, occasioned some difficul- tant charge of the channel fleet, as Vol. XXIV.

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If the soldier finds abundant matter of entertainment and observation in the recital of these events, the statesman and philosopher will not find less room for serious contemplation in the causes and consequences of the contention. They have led to the establishment of a new epocha in the history of mankind; they have opened the way to new fystems of policy'; and to new arrangements of power and of commerce. To the whole British nation, however dispersed in the old or in the new world, every part of the history of this contention, in all its circumstances and consequences, muft at all times be in the highest degree interesting.

It would be trespassing too far on the indulgence of the public, to trouble them with any detail of the unavoidable and unfortunate interruptions which have occasioned the delay of our present publication. We console ourselves in the hope, that those causes will not appear in any degree to have operated with respect to the attention which we have paid to a faithful difcharge of our duty in the conduct of the History. The Happy return of the public tranquillity will, by lessening our labours, enable us to recover our former station in point of publication.

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Retrospective view of affairs in Europe in the year 1780. Admiral Geary

appointed to the command of the channel fleet on the death of Sir Charles Hardy. East and West India convoy taken by the combined fleets, and carried into Cadiz. Loss Sustained by the Quebec fleet. Admiral Geary rehgns, and is fuccceeded by Admiral Darby. M. de Guichen arrives at Cadiz, and the French fleets return to France. Great gallantry displayed in various engagements between British and French frigutes. Seige of Gibraltar. Spanish fireships destroyed. Success of General Elliot in de stroying the enemy's works. Queen of Portugal refuses to accede to the armed neutrality. Germany. Election of the Archduke Maximilian to the coadjutorship of Cologne and Munster, opposed in vain by the King of Prujia. Correspondence between the King and the Elector of Cologne on the subject. Meeting of the Emperor and

the Empress of Russia, at Mokilow in Poland. Proceed together to Petersburgh. King of Sweden vifts Holland. Death of the Empress-Queen, and some account of that great princess. Question, by torture, abolished for ever by the French king: Great reform of his household. Loans negociated by the court of Madrid. Public and private contributions to relieve the exigencies of the State. Humanity of the Bishop of Lugo. Duke of Modena abolishes the Inquisition in his dominions. THE death of Sir Charles ty with respect to a proper comman.

Hardy, about the middle of der,who would undertakethe imporMay 1780, occafioned some difficul- tant charge of the channel fleet, as Vol. XXIV.

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