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ANNIVERSARY SERVICES, But I would say to them, trust less to

man and more to God for your support. Dear Sir, -As you have kindly given He will take care that a quiet, earnest insertion to the expression of my con- work for His glory shall not fail for lack victions upon the subject of Sunday of means. The assistance of people who school treats, I am emboldened to trou- require the excitement of special services ble you with a few remarks upon to make them help you, is, even in the “C. B.'s” letter respecting anniversary form of money, of little worth, and it and other public services in connexion will be nobler for you not to stay your with our Sunday schools.

labours in the least degree in order to In my former letter the true aim of secure it; time is precious; we cannot the teacher was incidentally set forth as spare it for the thankless work of solicitbeing nothing less than the leading of ing their gifts. children to the Saviour in their earliest An appeal may be made to the worth years. I have no fear whatever of being of the sermons preached upon these occacontradicted on this point, and shall sions; to the people these may be of therefore proceed, without devoting any worth, but as regards the scholars thes words to its demonstration,

are generally thrown away. They are To settle the question of the utility of never intended for the children, but for anniversary services, it is only neces- the special congregation the services are sary to apply this test: do they directly supposed to draw together. or indirectly tend to the realization of

So far, then, they are worthless, but our aim ?

injurious only in the sense that they To me it seems quite impossible that take up the time which would be used in they should do so. What are the facts positive instruction resulting in spiritual respecting them? The following are two: good. But when these anniversaries are that in many cases the direct work of characterized by competitions in recitathe school is to a greater or less degree tion, singing, &c., they become producset aside in favour of the getting up of tive of evil in the way “C. B." has tunes or of recitations for the annual shewn. display; and that in the effort to re- I am not sure, however, that he has member words and tunes, the constant not exaggerated their ill effects, as emurepetition takes away all thought, and lation, while it may often cause serious the whole proceeding becomes lifeless harm, is a principle of our nature, and and mechanical, so that through the wisely guided may be made as powerful hymns sung, and the pieces learnt, there for good. It is necessary to bear in mind is no likelihood even of an indirect in the real nature of children; like ourfluence for good resulting.

selves, they are not, and cannot be, It may be said that these displays are wholly influenced by pure ethereal monecessary to rouse the attention of out- tives. We must open our eyes to look siders to the work, and to induce in at facts, not shut them, and meditate, them sufficient liberality to secure a admire, and guide ourselves by theories, supply of funds for the purposes of the however beautiful. Would " C. B.” state school ; I believe that many, who would that the hope of escaping hell and reachscarcely admit it to themselves, looking heaven had no place in his religious upon anniversary services in this light. I motives? That is unquestionably

selfish motive, but it may lead, and does

MIMPRISS'S SYSTEM. often lead, as no doubt it has done in

SIR, -A hand-bill, containing an ad“C. B.'' himself, to motives of a higher, vertisement and explanation of the holier character.

Mimpriss System of Instruction, was I do not see that competition can be given to me a few days ago, and as, in useful in any way in leading to some addition to a recommendation of Mr. thing better, though as I have before Mimpriss's publications, it contains some intimated, I believe the danger to be incorrect statements with reference to apprehended from it is considerably over those of the Sunday School Union, it estimated. But as to the giving of prizes, appears desirable to call attention to and which also comes in for “C. B.'s " con- correct observations which are calculated demnation, that is a proceeding with to convey a very erroneous impression which I cordially agree. To illustrate as to the cost of the Society's Publicamy feelings upon this question, I will tions. suppose a case, somewhat extreme, but

The hand-bill in question, affirms that nevertheless not so extreme as to be “ The fifty-two lessons for the year, issuinapplicable.

ed by the London Sunday School Union, An untaught child comes to the Sun-56, Old Bailey, are 1d. per quarter or day school, not from any love of learning, £1. 12s. per annum, for 100 children ;but from curiosity; not having been the Monthly Notes for Teachers, ld. taught, it cannot act from the highest each, or for ten teachers, 10s. per annum, motives there; you must instil those £2. 2s., less 25 per cent. discount – nett highest motives—but how is it to be £1. 11s. 6d. per annum. Mimpriss's done ? The child will not act properly, fifty-two lessons for 100 scholars are listen attentively, nor receive earnestly; 18s.; ten Manuals for the Teachers at it has not been accustomed to these 6d. each, 5s., £1.3s.; less 25 per cent, things, it knows but little of their pro- discount, 178. 3d." priety. Restless, inattentive, careless,

The cost for lessons for 100 children as it naturally is, if by the prospect of a for

thus given as prize it can be induced to subdue in some £1 11s. 6d. against 17s. 3d. measure these inclinations, which stand

Singularly enough, however, we are in the way of its tuition, an indirect further informed that the cost of good, as clearing the way for direct and Mimpriss's apparatus "for 200 children spiritual influences to be brought to bear for two years ” would be £6. 10s. 5d., upon it, will be secured. In this case the “not more in extra costliness than end justifies the means, as surely no one 2s. 11d. per annum for that supplied by will hold that the means, the reward the London Sunday School Union.” system, is evil in itself.

This intimation naturally excites curiThe operation of low, though not im- osity as to whether the cost would be proper, motives, is thus made to secure increased in proportion, if the system the opportunity for the teaching of higher should survive for four consecutive motives, and therefore such lower mo

but in any Sunday school ;

years tives ought to be received and used without pressing this enquiry too closely, gladly, instead of being condemned be. I would remark on the foregoing state cause they are not of the highest cha- 'ments :racter. In this way the giving of prizes. Firstly. That the Scripture lessons acts, and therefore I defend it.

for elementary classes, published by W. W.

the Sunday School Union, contain 104 lessons, not 52 only; and that consequently the question of price assumes a very different appearance.


year is

Secondly. That by the admission of their own Bibles, as is becoming inthe writer of the hand-bill, the cost creasingly the practice ; whilst the large of Mr. Mimpriss's apparatus for two texts, price 1d. per class per month, may years is greater than that of the lessons be used for the infant classes. of the Union,--this is the case to a much This will show an excess in the larger extent than he admits,- unless costliness” of Mr. Mimpriss's system his Sunday school knowledge is exceed- of about £2. 128. on the two years, ingly limited, he must be aware, as instead of 2s. 1fd. per annum as stated doubtless all your readers are, that the in the hand-bill. elementary classes form but a portion

I am

that the monetary of the Sunday school; and that there- question is an inferior one, and should fore, a portion only of the 200 scholars not have drawn attention to this, had (probably about one-half) would require it not been for the inaccuracies referred to be provided with the lesson books, to.

T. J.C. those in the Scripture classes using



A SUNDAY SCHOOL TEACHER'S but they will not fail to observe that

the parties most nearly interested in the

proceedings of the day, sought their AYONG the objections to Sunday enjoyment, not so much in the gratificaschools, referred to by Mr. Parnell at tion of any selfish feelings, as in difthe recent anniversary of the Sunday fusing happiness to the greatest possible School Union, and mentioned in a pre-extent. vious portion of this magazine, (page 423) Our female readers will perceive that one was, that teachers were too fond of by a delicate attention, which they will each other, and were too apt to take each appreciate, the pleasures of the day other “ for better or for worse."

were enjoyed by those in whose welfare The speaker did not dispute the fact, the bride felt the deepest interest. Thus, but would not admit it to be an evil, and a general invitation was given to the the meeting evidently concurred with young women composing the Bible him in opinion. There was one illustra- class, to which we have already refertion of this tendency to union which had red, and some other members of the then recently occurred, and which would girls' school, to meet at the school, for probably have been mentioned by the the purpose of a country ride, on Wedspeaker, had he been acquainted with it. nesday, April 15th. Nearly 50 teachers It is an old proverb that extremes meet, and young women accepted the invitaand so it was not at all surprising that tion, and met at the school at a to 10 a somewhat experienced teacher of the o'clock, when they were informed of the infant class, in a school in the metropolis, ceremony that was to be performed prior should select as his partner for life, the to the excursion, and that they would teacher of the Young Women's Bible have the much-coveted privilege of Class; and we have pleasure in record- being witnesses of it. All therefore ing the manner in which the wedding assembled in the chapel where the day was spent. Our readers will, marriage took place, the spectators perhaps, think it was a singular one, joining, at the commencement and the


conclusion, in singing appropriate pieces for act of generosity, and could express from the “Select Music" of the Sunday no acknowledgment, which best suited School Union.

the feelings of their delighted benefactor, The bride and bridegroom, and all the who knew that, to the greater number assembly, then visited the school room, of them, it would be a most acceptable where the day school was unexpectedly and useful boon, many of them being stopped, while the bride gave to each young persons earning their own live

lihood. scholar envelope containing a coloured picture-card and sixpence.

The grateful guests then returned to The newly married couple, and the their homes at an early hour, and the invited guests, then entered the carriages newly-married couple to their quiet in waiting, and were conveyed to the residence at Kilburn; and the next residence of the bridegroom's sister, and morning our friend was found at his partook of an excellent cold collation.

accustomed duties as usual, with no After spending some little time there, difference, except, if possible, with a all the party returned by way of the happier face, from the recollection of the Orphan Working School, at Haverstock happiness he had succeeded in diffusing Hill, at which they alighted, and,

on that, to him, important day. cordially received by the secretary and

We have not given the names through matron, were conducted over the estab- fear of offending our friend, but he will lishment, to inspect its varied depart- be recognized by some of our readers, to

whom his long continued labours on ments; after which, the orphan scholars, boys and girls, were assembled, and

behalf of the young are well known,

and who will cordially join in the prayer delighted their novel visitors by singing

that his life, and that of his companion, geveral pieces with most excellent effect; and the Secretary then received for each may be long spared, and that their useof the 280 orphan scholars an envelope,

fulness and happiness may continually

increase. enclosing a picture-card and a shilling, which they acknowledged by grateful cheers.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY, The party then took their tea in the large room belonging to one of the local The fifty-eighth general meeting of Young Men's Christian Associations, this Society was held on 11th May, in where the time-honoured bride-cake was the large school-room, Borough-road; introduced and heartily enjoyed.

Earl Russell in the chair. The room After a few cheerful kindly remarks was crowded, and among the principal from the bridegroom and his newly- persons present were :

:-Lord Lyveden, made wife, the former, whose face was Sir John Boileau, Mr. S. Gurney, M.P., radiant with gratified benevolence, said, Mr. A. Russell, M.P., Mr. Hanbury, M.P., “Now, before you leave, I have some- Mr. J. P. Heywood, Professor Pillans, thing to give you to take home with the Dean of Dromore, the Rev. Mr. you, and, of course, I shouldn't like Arthur, the Rev. W. Bevan, the Rev. you to spend it on finery, or anything of Mr. Rycroft, and Mr. Gurney Hoare. that sort, and if you have no particular The Secrètary, (Mr. E. J. Wilks,) read use for it yourselves, I dare say you know the report, of which the following is an some poor person who would be glad of abstract:it.” They then gave each of the forty- " The agencies of the Society have nine guests a piece of cake and an en continued during the year in active and velope, which was found to contain two successful operation. In the training picture-cards and a new £5. note. The department provision is now made for party was surprised by this unlooked- the instruction and residence of 200


students; at Stockwell for 100 young Earl Russell, in addressing the meetwomen, and at the Borough-road for ing, said :—Who is there now that 100 young men. Both institutions are questions that the education of the full. At the Christmas examination for whole country is a benefit to the whole certificates all were presented, and all country? Who is there

that passed, the proportion in the first-class questions that in adopting a Scriptural being large. In the model schools at and religious education, and not merely the Borough-road, 619 boys have been a secular educatiou, we have founded admitted during the year, and 404 education upon the right basis, and that girls; the average attendance in the having all the means having the greattwo schools is 892. More than 90,000 est facility in this country, from the children have received in them the general religious belief of the people, in elements of a sound scriptural educa- amalgamating religion with secular edu. tion. In the practising schools at cation, we have been right to adopt the Stockwell over 300 children are in daily religious basis which we have adopted ? attendance, of whom 120 are in the And who is there, after all, that doubts infant school. The inspection of schools that the education which we and other is systematically pursued, to the ad- societies have diffused throughout the vantage of both teachers and com- country has been a great national mittees. No less than 917 visits have benefit, and that its extension and its been paid to towns and villages, and comprehending the whole kingdom the total number of visits paid to schools would be of the greatest advantage to by the society's agents amounts to the present and to future times. If you 1,188. The inspectors concur in re- look to the beginning of the century, porting that there is a great and steady when there were years of scarcity nearly improvement in school building and all amounting to famine, you will find that the appliances for efficient teaching, and the ignorance of that time was not that an increasing interest is taken by ignorance merely of the poorer classes, parents in the education of their chil- but there was ignorance in the governdren. In addition to grants of school ment and ignorance on the judicial materials made to schools at home and bench, which tended to aggravate the abroad, special aid in this form has been evils of the scarcity from which the rendered to schools established by relief people were suffering. If you look again committees in the manufacturing dis- to the years 1817 and 1819, you will tricts of Lancashire and Cheshire. The find the working-classes breaking out foreign operations of the society have into acts of violence, which we ascribe, been continued, and various communi- not to their being worse men than exist cations have been received from all at present, but to the ignorance in which quarters of the world, supplying in- they lived of the laws which gorer teresting details of the spread of scrip- society, and by which their wants were tural education. A new minute of then inadequately supplied. Contrast council relating to training schools will with those periods of 1801, 1817, and lead to a serious reduction in the amount | 1819, that which we have seen at the received for the training department, present time—the severe

sufferings and necessitate some specific method of which all engaged in the cotton manusupplying that deficiency. From the facture have undergone, the patience statement of finances it appeared that with which they have borne those prithe total income for the year amounted vations, and the good sense they have to £16,205. 14s. 7d., and the total shown in every effort they have made, expenditure to £16,090. 195. 5d., leaving and the remarkable prudence with which a balance of £114, 159. 2d.”

they have shown themselves to be en

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