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It was generally understood that my father's house My friendship’s utmost zeal to try, was a 'minister's tavern;' seldom a week passed

He ask'd if I for him would die; without a call from a stranger if not an acquaint

The flesh was weak, my blood ran chill,

But the free spirit cried, 'I will!' ance, and I well recollect, that while impositions were occasionally practised on the hospitality of Then, in a moment, to my view our home, we frequently found that we had enter

The stranger started from disguise; tained angels unawares.

The tokens of his hands I knew : “One evening, an old man with a son, a lad

My Saviour stood before my eyes !

He spake, and my poor name he named; about twelve years of age, called at our door, and

Of me thou hast not been ashamed although not professing to be one of the cloth,' These deeds shall thy memorial be; my father being favourably impressed with his ap- Fear not; thou didst them unto me.'' pearance, invited him to spend the night. At evening worship, the reading of the scriptures being finished, the stranger asked permission to sing a hymn, which he did, accompanied by his HANDWRITING INDICATIVE OF CHARACTER. little son, with an effect upon the whole family A CORRESPONDENT, writing to the “Literary Gazette” which I cannot attempt to describe, but which I on the “ Art of judging the Characters of Men by their can never forget to my dying day. The next morn- Handwriting," contends that it is not all absurdity and ing it was repeated, by request, with the same folly, as some individuals, who have given no attention deep, impression upon us all, and the stranger took to the matter, are disposed to pronounce it. “Ashis departure. Whence he came, and whither he suredly,” he says, “nature would prompt every indiviwent, or who he was, I have no recollection; but dual to have a distinct sort of writing, as it has given the following is the hymn, which, though now a countenance, a voice, a manner. The flexibility of common, may be interesting to your readers, as it the muscles differs with every individual, and the was deeply so to us, from the circumstances de handwriting will follow the direction of the thoughts, tailed." if we are not mistaken, it is the pro- phlegmatic will portray his words, while the wilful

the emotions, and the habit of the writers. The duction of James Montgomery.

haste of the volatile will scarcely sketch them; the "A poor, wayfaring man of grief

slovenly will blot, and efface, and scrawl, while the Hath often cross'd me on my way,

neat and orderly-minded will view themselves in the Who sued so humbly for relief,

paper before their eyes. The merchant's clerk will That I could never answer Nay.

not write like the lawyer or the poet. Even nations I had not power to ask his name,

are distinguished by their writing: the vivacity and Whither he went, or whence he came;

variableness of the Frenchman, and the delicacy and Yet there was something in his eye

suppleness of the Italian, are perceptibly distinct from That won my love, I knew not why.

the slowness and length of the pen discoverable in the Once, when my scanty meal was spread,

phlegmatic style of the German, Dane, and Swede. He enter'd ; not a word he spake;

When we are in grief we do not write as when we are Just perishing for want of bread,

in joy. The elegant and correct mind, which has I gave him all; he bless'd it, brake,

acquired the fortunate habit of fixity of attention, will And ate, but gave me part again.

write without an erasure on the page, as Fenelon, Mine was an angel's portion then;

Gray, and Gibbon; while we find in Pope's manuAnd while I fed with eager haste,

scripts the perpetual struggles of correction, and the The crust was manna to my taste.

eager and rapid interlineations struck off in heat. The “ I spied him where a fountain burst

vital principle, then, must be true, that the handClear from the rock; his strength was gone ;

writing bears an analogy to the character, as all volunThe heedless water mock'd his thirst;

tary actions are characteristics of the individual; but He heard it, saw it hurrying on.

many causes operate to counteract or obstruct this I ran and raised the sufferer up;

result. I am personally acquainted with the handThrice from the stream he drain'd my cup; writing of fire of our greatest poets. The first, in Dipp'd, and return'd it running o'er;

early life, acquired among Scottish advocates a handI drank, and never thirsted more.

writing which cannot be distinguished from his ordi“ 'Twas night; the floods were out; it blew

nary brothers; the second, educated at a public school A wintry hurricane aloof;

where writing is shamefully neglected, composed his I heard his voice abroad, and flew

sublime and sportive verses in a schoolboy's scrawl, as To bid him welcome to my roof.

if he had never finished his task with the writingI warm’d, I clothed, I cheer'd my guest;

master ; the third writes his highly-wrought poetry Laid him on mine own couch to rest;

in the common hand of a merchant's clerk, from early Then made the earth my bed, and seem'd

commercial associations; the fourth has all the finished In Eden's garder while I dream'd.

neatness which polish his verses; the fifth is a speci“Stripp'd, wounded, beaten nigh to death,

men of a full mind, not in the habit of correction or I found him by the highway side ;

alteration, so that he appears to print down his I roused his pulse, brought back his breath, thoughts without a single erasure. The handwriting Revived his spirit, and supplied

of the first and third, not indicative of their character, Wine, oil, refreshment; he was heald.

we have accounted for; the others are specimens of I had, myself, a wound conceal'd;

their character. I will now only give one more But, from that hour, forgot the smart,

example to prove the argument. Our Eighth Henry And peace bound up my broken heart.

wrote a strong hand, as if he had seldom a good pen; "In prison I saw him next, condemn'd

the vehemence of his character conveyed itself into his To meet a traitor's doom at morn.

writing—bold, hasty, and commanding. I have no The tide of lying tongues I stemm’d,

doubt the assertor of the Pope's supremacy and its And honour' him 'mid shame and scorn. triumphant destroyer split many a good quill.”


CONSTANTINOPLE, with its suburbs, is estimated to con- THE PRICE OF DIAMOND8.-Rough diamonds, fit for tain 975,000 inhabitants. Of these, about 47,000 are slaves, cutting, are sold at 1l. 138. 4d. to 21. the carat. A carat is and 42,000 of the slaves are females, most of whom are rather more than three grains, and 156 carats equal one black, and perform the duties of house servants.

ounce troy. But if the stones are above one carat, the How EGGS TRAVEL-The New Orleans “Delta” says carat; so that, for example, a rough stone of three carats

square of the weight is multiplied by the price of a single that one hundred barrels of eggs were recently shipped costs 3 x 3 x a. or 181. “ It is similar with cut diamonds, from that city, by the steam-ship.“ Empire City," and car- and at presett (1850) the purest brilliants of one carat ried to New York. Here is a curious fact in the history of fetch more than 81., a brilliant of two carats 2 x 2 x 81. or the trade of the Crescent City. Those eggs were produced in 321. When stones are over eight or ten carats, however, this Ohio; and after having been conveyed fifteen hundred miles is altered, so that they are often valued still more highly. down the river, they were again shipped, and sent over the Diamonds of a quarter of an ounce weight are extraorGulf of Mexico, and along the Atlantic, fifteen hundred dinarily costly, but still larger are met with; and one of miles more, to New York, where they were to be re- the largest known is that of the Rajah of Mattun, in shipped to Europe, three thousand miles farther. This Borneo, which weighs nearly two ounces and a half; that of is one of the wonders of modern commerce. A voyage of the Sultan of Turkey weighs two ounces; one in the Rus. six thousand miles was hardly contemplated by the hens sian sceptre more than an ounce and a quarter. The of Ohio, when they cackled so proudly over their produc. greatest diameter of the last is one inch, the thickness ten tions.

lines. The empress Catherine 11 purchased it in the year leaves is preserved in the University of

Gottingen. It con. I also in the French and Austrian regalia. "One of the most BIBLES ON PALM LEAVES. A bible written on palm 1772, from Amsterdam, and for it was paid 75,0001. and tains 5376 leaves. Another bible, of the same material, is perfect is the French, known as the Pitt or Regent diamond. at Copenhagen. There were also in sir Hans Sloane's col. It was bought for Louis xv from an Englishman named lection more than twenty manuscripts, in various lan. Pitt, for the sum of 135,0001. sterling, but has been valued guages, on the same material.

at half a million.-Sketches from the Mineral Kingdom. It is found by calculation, that at 328 yards a man THE CANDLE-TREE.- This tree is confined to the val. has the appearance of one-third bis lieight; at 437 yards, ley of the Chagres, where it forms entire forests. In eater one-fourth; and at 546, one-fifth,

ing them, a person might almost fancy himself transported

into a chandler's shop. From all the stems and lower The First DUTIES OF A BRIDE IN SIBERIA.—It is a branches hang long cylindrical fruits, of a yellow rar received custom that every young bride, ou her arrival at colour, so much resembling a candle as to have given rise her husband's house, must invite guests to a dinner pre- to the popular appellation. The fruit is generally from pared by her own bands; and this repast is considered a

two to three, but not unfrequently four, feet long, and an test of the education she has received at her parents' house. inch in diameter. The tree itself is about twenty-four Shame and disgrace are the conseqnence should she be feet high, with opposite trifoliated leaves and large white found deficient on such an occasion; and shame, also, to blossoms, which appear throughout the year, but are in the parents who did not attend to this essential branch of greatest abundance during the rainy season. The Palo de her education. Whereas hier success in gratifying her Velas belongs to the natural order Crescentracea, and is a guests is taken as a proof, not only of the woman's Parmentiera, of which genus hitherto only one species, own excellence, but also as no small recommendation the P. edulis, De Cand., was known to exist. The fruit of to her own family, among whom she must have had the latter, called Quanhscilote, is eaten by the Mexicans; so good an example, and received such excellent instruc- while that of the former serves for food to numerous herds tion.

of cattle. Bullocks, especially, if fed with the fruit of this ORIGIN OF THE AMERICAN FLAG. - The American Benth.) soon get fat. It is generally admitted, however,

tree, Guinea-grass, and Batatilla (Ipomea brachypoda, Congress, on the 14th of June, 1777, resolved, “ that the that the meat partakes in some degree of the peculiar Hag of the thirteen United States be thirteen stripes, alter-apple-like smell of the fruit; but this is by no means disnately red and white; that the Union be thirteen stars; agreeable, and easily prevented, if

, for a few days previous white, in a blue field, representing a new constellation.' Some suppose that the idea of this coinbination was derived

to the killing of the animal, the food is changed. The

tree produces its principal harvest during the dry season, from the coat of arms of General Washington, which con

when all the herbaceous vegetation is burned up; and on tained three stars in the upper portion, and three bars run. ning across the escutcheon. But this Union flag was first that account its cultivation in tropical countries is espehoisted on the heights near Boston, Jan. 2, 1776. At this cially to be recommended. time different flags were used in different portions of the

COLOURS MOST FREQUENTLY HIT DURING BATTLE. colonies, and were continued until Congress adopted the It would appear, from numerous observations, that solstars and stripes. For a time a new stripe was added for diers are hit during battle according to the colour of their each new state, but it was found that in this way the flag dress, in the following order :-Red the most fatal colour; would soon become too large. By an act of Congress the the least fatal, Austrian grey. The proportions are:-red, number of stripes was reduced to the original thirteen, and 12;, 7; brown, 6; Austrian bluish grey, a star is added to the Union at the accession of each Jameson's Journal, No. 105. new state.

SABBATI AT ALL TIMEs. --By different nations every A STRANGE Country:Dr. Forbes, in the "Quarterly by the Christians, Monday by the Greeks, Tuesday by the

day in the week is set apart for public worship: Sunday Review," says: “The crabs in some of the islands in the Persians, Wednesday by the Assyrians, Thursday by the Pacific Ocean eat cocoa-nuts, boring a hole through the Egyptians, Friday by the Turks, and Saturday by the shell with one of their claws; the fish eat corals, and the Jews. Add to this the fact of the diurnal revolution of dogs hunt fish in the shallow water of the reef; the great. the earth, giving every variation of longitude a different est part of the sea-fowl roost on the branches, and many of hour, and it becomes apparent that every moment is Sabthe rats make their nests in the tops of high palm-trees.” bath somewhere.

DISTANCE TRAVELLED BY THE MAILS.-- The post- COALS.—The Great Northern Railway now brings about office authorities have, at the present time, to pay for half a million tons of coal a year to London. A metromails being conveyed over nearly 20,000 miles of railway politan return has just been issued, showing that last year in Great Britain daily; and in addition to this, they have 3,745,345 tons were brought into the port of London, to pay for the conveyance of mails over common roads, in against 3,490,963 tons of the preceding year. London mail-coaches and mail-carts, a distance of nearly 4000 consumes three and a half millions tons of coal per annum. miles daily.

The Lancashire coal-fields produce 4,000,000 tons annually.

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pade; no hope now that, in years to come, the CHAPTER VII.-BREAD CAST UPON THE WATERS. name of Grafton would be restored to its former So Bertie Grafton ran away from school and lost position, and regrafted on the flourishing firm. the favour of his city patrons. No seat in the old Bertie did not think of this, perhaps, when, like a dusty counting-house for him after such an esca- guilty thing, he hurried on, through that short No. 91, 1853.


summer night and early morning, to receive, as he / Joy, joy! The crisis is past, and the danger feared, his mother's last whispered blessing. Well, over. 'The mother knows her boy now, and puzit may be, that he should not have run away from zles herself in trying to remember when the holischool; but, dear gentle reader, think of poor days began, and puzzles Bertie too, by asking Bertio as favourably as you can. The fault, if many questions which, at that time, he must not fault it was, was quickly followed by its appropri- answer. Then, again, she sinks into a slumber, ate punishment.

sweet and reviving like the sleep of infancy; and Mr. C. was not very sorry, I think, though Bertie, with glad heart and streaming eyes, leaves he did express his deep regret the next day, in a her in charge of the snuffy nurse—but a kind note to Mrs. Grafton, that her son's conduct at clever body, in spite of snuff-box and camphor-bag school, and especially his last act and deed, ren- —while le carries the glad tidings to Lotté and dered it both unnecessary and improper that he Harry: “Not motherless ; not motherless! The

- Mr. C.-should take any further interest in doctor says there is hope for us. She won't die his future advancement. And Mr. Robinson, now-dear, dear, mother!" the new partner, was not very sorry either ; After night comes morning; but it was not a for he had an eye on the promised desk for morning without clouds that slowly dawned upon his son Sam. It may be, also, that Bertie was the Graftons. True, the mother was raised-miranot very sorry when he opened the letter, which culously, the doctor said, and marvellously, certainly his mother was too ill to read, and found that -- from the brink of the grave; and, as marvel. thenceforward, so far as C. and Robinson were lously, neither Bertie nor his sisters, nor Mrs. concerned, he was to be master of his own actions; Davis, nor Mary the maid, sickened with the and that his box of clothes and books-concerning fever. It was fumigation and ventilation that which he had had grave doubts whether he should kept it off, Mrs. Davis said; it was snuff and see them again, having given them up indeed in camphor, the nurse said ; and whether there were philosophical resignation, supposing that they more or less of virtue in either of these disinwould be retained in part liquidation of his last fectants, the plague was stayed: only the poor half-year's fees at “the Academic Institution" — canary sickened and died. Nevertheless, it was no would be punctually forwarded to the Grove by the bright hopeful day yet. Mrs. Grafton's illness London carrier, carriage not paid.

had terribly diminished her slender hoard, and her Sorrow! alas, there was one sorrow in Bertie's occupation was gone; while poor Bertic-ah well! heart which swallowed up every smaller, meaner his mother could not find it in her heart to blame grief. Reader, have you ever watched by the bed him. side of a brother, sister, husband, wife, child, or And then, when strength and energy were parent, all but hopeless, yet hoping against hope. slowly returning, came Mrs. Davis the landlady, That life would be spared and health restored ? hoping and trusting that Mrs. Grafton would not And have you not felt, in that sickening anguish be inconvenienced, but she had some thoughts of and agony of spirit, that if but this one prayer changing her condition. Her life was very lonely, could be granted, low easily a double weight of and Mr. Somebody or other, whom she had known mere worldly care and anxiety could be borne ? a good many years, off and on, was very kind, and What was it to Bertie Grafton, when his weeping had made her a handsome offer, which she had sisters hung upon his neck, and sobbed out their made up her mind at last to accept. And she orphan griefs; or when he looked upon his should soon want her first floor, she thought; and mother's unconscious, meaningless, restless, altered so if Mrs. Grafton-she would not hurry her on countenance, and vainly strove to call her recol. any account—but if Mrs. Grafton could suit herlection for one moment to himself, her only son; self with other lodgings—and so on. or when the physician, with pitying accents, bade There was no help for it; and, a month later, him prepare himself for the worst; or when the the Graftons had not only left the Grove, but had commiserating landlady, to raise the boy's spirits, disappeared from the neighbourhood. Soon their called hiin aside to whisper in his ears how much names were almost forgotten; or if, by any achis poor mamma put her in mind of her own dear cident, they were recalled to the memory of the husband, who died, ten years ago next autumn, friends of their prosperous days, it was—"Ah, of just such a fever ;--what was it to Bertie then, poor Grafton; he did things in pretty good style: that a dark black cloud had arisen in another a pity he was so gay. Widow and children left quarter, and that disappointment and penury badly off, very much reduced, poor things. What seemed to be his allotted portion through life? became of them, I wonder!" Oh, if she might but live, how easily could these be borne; or rather, how penitently would he One day, a middle-aged man entered the dusty retrace his erring steps, where conscience told him bustling warehouse of C. and Robinson. He had he had erred ! how resolutely he would trample the confident bearing of a inan who knew his own down his despicable pride! how manfully he would value, commercially, and the quick bustling air begin the struggle of life! and how perseveringly of one who appreciated, to a fraction of a minute, he would thenceforward-God helping him--carry the value of time also. But, in spite of these, there on the conflict till difficulties had vanished ! was a subdued tone, amounting almost to hesitancy,

And thus, in sadness and dread, did one day with which, after glancing around him impatiently, after another pass away, while nothing short of he addressed a young man who seemed to have actual force could have removed the boy from the some connection with the business, and demanded infected chamber, into which none beside a hireling to speak with Mr. Grafton. nurse, duly fortified with snuff and camphor, the "Grafton, sir !" replied the other. " There is no doctor, and himself, rarely dared to intrude. one of that name here.".

“I mean the Mr. Grafton of the firm," continued “So Mr. Grafton is dead?" the stranger" one of the partners."

Ay, sir ; and his poor family-ah well, the “ This is c. and Robinson's house," said the wheel will turn round; 'tis up with you now, Mr. young man, rather loftily. “My father is Mr. Haycraft, I reckon, by the looks of it." Robinson, sir ; if you want to see him on business, * Pretty well for that, Ephraim; and you ?" he is in the counting-house : there is no Mr. Graf- “Much of a muchness, as it always was : stuck ton now; he died years ago."

on to the axle, Mr. Haycraft; so 'tisn't far up nor “Ha! I hadn't heard of this; it is many years far down neither,” said the old porter. since I was in town. Dead !" he exclaimed in an The stranger dipped his hand into his pocket, accent of concern ; "I did not expect this. But and, in less time than it takes to tell, a sovereign what of his family? Mr. Grafton was married, was in Ephraim's palm. and had a son, I think."

“Many thanks, Mr. Haycraft; I didn't mean “Oh yes," said the youth, and smiled know that, though, nor wish it; but 'tis like you in ingly; " there was a son. I knew something old times, and I won't refuse it, trusting you won't about him."

miss it. But, sir, if you are well to do, as you “ Well! what about him?"

seem, I won't say another word, only I am afraid “Nothing very brilliant," replied the young man. the Graftons" * We went to the same school, and the young “True, I want to know about them; more than fellow was to have been taken into our house; but half my business in town was to see Mr. Grafhe took it into his head to take leg-bail, and so he ton; and if you can tell me anything about his lost his chance."

family-_-" “And what became of him, then p" the stranger “ think I can, sir, a little; but there's Mr. C. asked.

coming this way; and, somehow, he doesn't like "Can't tell, sir; know nothing of him. Of to have the Graftons talked about ; besides, if you course, it was nothing to our firm."

don't want to see him" “ Ha! I see.

Can you tell me anything about “ True; it mightn't be pleasant: not that I Mrs. Grafton, then ? What became of her? Where should care much about it; but it may as well be is she to be found ? Do you know what her cir- avoided. But I must know something more about cumstances are !"

the Graftons : come to the coffee-room this “Can't tell, I am sure, sir," replied the young evening, Ephraim, and we'll have a chat together. man, rather tired, it appeared, of the catechetical I will be sure to be in the way:" and the speaker conversation, for he turned on his heel and left stepped out of the doorway into the narrow lane. the stranger to his cogitations, which were soon It is as true as though an alderman had said it, interrupted, however, by the approach of a ware- that there often are passages in men's lives that houseman, who civilly inquired if he were a buyer. would not tell well for their characters if ruthlessly

"I am not sure," said the stranger, and then dragged to the light: deeds, it may be, long added; “ No, not to-day, I believe. I came expect- répented of, but which remain in memory, sticking ing to find Mr. Grafton ; but he is dead, I hear. there like burrs. “If I had had my legal deserts, Can you give me any information about his fa- said a gentleman of unspotted character and exemmily

plary integrity, in our hearing, “ I should have been No; the person addressed had heard of Mr. transported, or might have been hung, years ago." Grafton certainly, but it was before he was in the This might be a peculiar case; and whether the house that Mr. Grafton was a partner. He couldn't speaker were strictly literal or somewhat hyperbotell ; perhaps Mr. Robinson could give him the lical in his self-condemnation, was best known to information he sought.

himself and ONE other. But the fact we have stated “Robinson! wasn't he the traveller for the firm, is the same. Ask that ermined judge to look back years ago ?"

through the vista of half a century, and say whether Yes; the warehouseman knew that: Mr. Robin- the young criminal he has just sentenced to imprison still travelled sometimes, but he was at home sonment be, all circumstances taken into account,

Would the inquisitive gentleman please to more deserving of this punishment than he himself step into the counting-house ? he would find him once would have been ; or the fervent denouncer of there, and Mr. C. also.

vice, whether his own hands were always pure. Ask An odd man, this curious stranger. He took a that fond and faithful husband, or that careful, few steps towards the counting-house, then turned, watchful parent, whether there be not, in some muttered something about “no consequence-not nook and corner of his memory, transactions of worth while," and hurried towards the entrance ancient date, which he would not dare to reveal to door of the warehouse. A grey-headed porter the partner of his bosom, or the children of his was in the way, packing up a box, over which he affection. Ask any man you meet, if there be not stooped. The porter looked up, and the stranger in his recollection the dark shadow of some guilty looked down.

thing of which he is now ashamed ; whether there “Mr. Haycraft !” exclaimed the former, with a be not some human presence he uniformly seeks to start of surprise.

shun, because that one other beside himself is cog“Ha! Ephraim; you here still ?” said the nizant of a sin or disgrace which is deeply instranger in a low tone. “Hush! you needn't say grained in his history, like some dreadful secret you know me. Don't tell Mr. C. I have been written with sympathetic ink on paper, which

Great changes, Ephraim, since you know needs only a simple contact with an antagonist when.”

element to bring out again the fatal handwriting, · Yes, sir ; and none the better; 'new lords, new so that he who runs may read. laws,' they say."

In a large town in one of the distant counties of



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