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with blue and white in stripes, adorned with fes with a Divine commission to restore what her peotoons : not, however, that one can say much for ple denominated religion in France, and for that the taste displayed in lining the walls. The house purpose left the convent, proceeding first to her saw more changes than those of architecture. native village Saignon, where she and all the priests
Lastly came the time when the old man was laid of the province asserted her first miracle was up for weeks with the gout, and the building and wrought, by causing, says the abbé Andre, Rose's curiosity-buying, was at an end; and after the biographer, the growth of a cabbage, sufficiently duchess of York had come to see his house in 1793, large to feed the hungry villagers for several when he put a carpet on the step of his gate, and weeks, during a season of such universal drought matted his court, and presented chocolate upon a that all other vegetation withered away. It was salver, he says, 'Here will end my connections with also asserted that Rose refused every species of courts, beginning with George III, great great nourishment but consecrated wafers, which angels grandfather to the duchess of York.'"** Poor Ho were in the habit of purloining from the sacred race! it was a butterfly-sort of a life that he lived, pyx of the church, wherewith to feed this favourite except as it regarded its length. His acquaintance of heaven. The saint, however, did not remain with Hannah More was not one of its least curious long in her birth-place. The same angelic assistthings, and strange also to say, he presented her ants, by her own account, transported Rose to the with a Bible, which she politely advised him to read larger and more populous village of St. Saturnin. himself.
Here her fame, which had hitherto been known only But we must end these pleasant loiterings to the simple vine-dressers and the mountain shepabout Twickenham, and into our boat again ; where herds, spread far and wide. The abbé declares, that the rippling of the stream, and the greenness of " by the intensity of her devotion she caused the the grass, and the varied tints of bush and tree, and representation of a cross, a heart, a chalice, a spear, the spreading fields and sloping uplands, and the and sometimes the image of the virgin and child, blue sky and the white clouds, seem to come back to appear on various parts of her body, at first in on our thoughts with so much of simple earnest faint lines, and afterwards so developed as to exude truthfulness, after a glance at the poor shams and blood! thereby exciting the amazement and pious gewgaws of a vain dilettante.
admiration of every beholder." But she now One little bit of antiquarianism, and we have worked, in the little church of St. Saturnin, the done. In days of yore, as far back as the times of crowning miracle, by causing a picture of Christ king Offa, that monarch of the Mercians gave descending from the cross to emit real blood, and lands at Twickenham to the church of St. Saviour, that in the presence of the parish priest and a at Canterbury, for the purpose of providing priestly numerous congregation assembled to witness the vestments. The lands were taken away and again event. This took place, for the first time, on the restored, and king Eldred, in 948, concluded his 10th November, 1850. The scientific men of charter with this terrible anathema on those who France, who sent several deputations to ascertain should interfere with the grant: “Whatever be the existence of these singular appearances on the their sex, order, or rank, may their memory be body of the saint of St. Saturnin, came to the conblotted out of the book of life ; may their strength clusion that intense devotion, where the mind is continually waste away, and be there no restora. absorbed in one subject, might from known causes, tive to repair it.”. We do not know who are in without the intervention of any supernatural possession of the lands now, but we wish them agency, produce similar appearances, which they better things than king Eldred did.
termed stygmates sanglant! but when the statements reached them of blood oozing through the wounds painted on a picture, and at the command
of a mere mortal, they confessed that science could A MIRACLE OF MODERN TIMES!
not afford a satisfactory explanation of the phenoMR. SPENCER, a gentleman favourably known to menon. the English public by his“ Travels in Circassia," has The affair now assumed sufficient importance to given in his late work, “A Tour of Inquiry attract the attention of the government, when M. through France and Italy," the following curious Grave, the under prefect of the department, M. account of one of those pretended miracles by Guielihut, juge d'instruction, M. Jacques, substitut which Romish priestcraft still endeavours to de- du procureur de la république, and other civil and ceive the credulous multitude and maintain its military officers, were despatched to investigate the domination over the souls of men. We quote it correctness of the representations. Even Mon. chiefly on account of the remarkable ingenuity signor, the archbishop of Avignon, was summoned, which it exhibits, and the success with which the with the higher clergy of his diocese, to behold and cheat was attended among the acute and inquiring verify the miracle. On the day appointed by the people of France in our own day.
saint for her performance, these great civil and The miracle-worker was Rose Tamisier, a pea ecclesiastical dignitaries, arrayed in the costume sant girl, gratuitously educated in a convent of and insignia of office, attended her invitation, nuns at Salon Bouches-du-Rhône, where eventually together with thousands of the curious and devout she became an inmate, and made herself remark- from every part of the province; and, to prove that able by the frequent visits she asserted she was no design was entertained of imposing on the crein the habit of receiving from certain saints and dulity of mankind, the painting, at the command of angels-above all, from the virgin Mary. At his grace the archbishop, was removed from its length, waxing bolder, she declared herself endowed place over the high altar, when lo! to the astonish
ment of the awe-struck multitude, the back, which * "Knight's London," Vol. iii. p. 98.
might have contained some machinery for carrying on the imposture, disclosed a numerous colony of bleeding picture. The church of Rome may well spiders. Still the blood continued to flow, as fast boast of her own unchangeability, if she, in the as his grace and the prefect wiped it away with thin midst of the nineteenth century as in the midst of cambric handkerchiefs from the hands, feet, and the ninth, continues the patroness of falsehood and side of the figure--and what a value did these deception; and as long as there exists amongst the handkerchiefs acquire! They were immediately cut depraved powers of fallen human nature that unacinto shreds, and transmitted to the faithful in every countable capability for deceit, and thirst for im. part of France. The public authorities and the portance, which are so often met with in the most clergy were satisfied, the spectators were satis. shallow and uncultivated minds, so long will instrufied, and the arehbishop preached an eloquent ments like Rose Tamisier be found for Rome's sermon suitable to so great an occasion; and, in service. Surely, if Protestants had nothing else order that everything should be done in due form, for which to bless the Reformation, the least the prefect and all the high dignitaries affixed their earnest among them must feel thankful that, in the names and seals of office to a public document, most remote of their parish churches, no such attesting the truth of this most mysterious pheno- impions fraud or subtle mockery as that which we menon, which was forthwith despatched to Paris, have detailed could be practised. and by means of the public press circulated through. out every country in Christendom.
Rose Tamisier was now at the very height of her fame. A pilgrimage to St. Saturnin became the THE SEA : ITS DISTRIBUTION, DEPTH, fashion of the day. While the sale of tin medals
EXTENT, AND LEVEL. bearing her effigy increased a thousandfold, she The ancients called the sea, or rather the water of derived yet more substantial benefit from the which it is composed, an element, thinking that it jewelled crosses, and images of the virgin set in was one of those simple or primeval substances diamonds, presented to her by her numerous friends. incapable of decomposition. The researches of The scientific men of France were puzzled ; chemi- modern chemistry, however, have proved water to cal analysis proved that undoubtedly blood it was be a compound produced by the combination of which flowed from the picture, yet neither eye nor two gases. Yet, in another sense, the sea is an microscope could detect the smallest puncture in element; it is an element of life to all animal and the canvass.
vegetable creation. If there were no sea, the Nevertheless, a chemist of Apt, M. Eugene Co earth would be a burning, arid waste, vegetation lignon, at length unmasked the impostor. With would languish and die, and man, with all inferior much labour and research, he discovered that human animals, would perish under an intensity of heat blood, disgorged by a leech, loses it fibrine, and incomparably more painful than that of the farmight be made to penetrate the surface of a paint. spreading wastes of the sandy deserts. The sea is ing, and then issue forth in small globules, accord as necessary to the existence of man as the soil ing to the quantity employed; and as such blood which covers the earth. It is one of the physical does not coagulate for many hours, it would con- conditions on which the continuance of his life tinue to flow from the picture, however frequently depends, not only by yielding refreshing vapours wiped off, while a drop remained.
to the atmosphere, but by the absorption of noxious In short, the miracle was imitated successfully gases, which would rapidly accumulate and soon by this gentleman, in presence of the public autho- become fatal were it not for the absorbing power rities and the most eminent scientific men of the of water. The earth would be incomplete without country, and not a doubt remained on their minds a sea, for all the purposes at least to which its that Rose Tamisier was an impostor, particularly Creator has evidently destined its present existence. when it was proved that she invariably insisted on If the sea had not been necessary to man, as an being allowed to pass some time in solitary prayer element in the world of his habitation, its importin the chapel previous to performing the miracle. ance might be shown as the highway of commerce, The cheat having once become generally known, connecting distant lands, bearing the bounties of such a storm of public indignation was raised as varied climates, and the industry of races, from one compelled the authorities to have the impostor extremity of the earth to the other. As a natural arrested, and tried as such at Carpentras, the chief object, it is viewed in all its phases with unceasing town of the district; but the jury, influenced, as it interest. In calm, it impresses the mind with a was believed, through the confessional, declared feeling of security, such is its placid majesty and themselves incompetent to pronounce a verdict. grandeur; in storm, with a sense of fear and reThe affair was, however, transferred to the assizes verential awe, so terrific is its power and unconat Nismes, where, about the middle of November, trollable its fury, did not He who gave it its bounds 1851, after a long and patient investigation, aided hold the winds in his grasp. by the laborious efforts of counsel on both sides, The sea is a vast collection of water in deep the saint was pronounced guilty of a fraudulent valleys. The bed of the sea is only a continuation attempt to injure public morals and religion, and of the coasts by which the waters are bounded and condemned to six months' imprisonment, with a confined. Dry land is a succession of hills, mounfine of five hundred francs, and costs.
tains, and valleys, and the bed of the sea is formed Since that time nothing of Rose Tamisier has in the same manner; but, being relatively lower been, heard from priest or bishop; but her life, than the surrounding lands, the water has accuwritten by the abbé Andre, and containing no mulated, modifying, enlarging, and in some cases mention of Colignon's discovery, continues to be forming its reservoirs and channels. The earth circulated among the peasantry, with whom she is has, at several distinct periods of its history, been still the saint of the marvellous cabbage and the the theatre of terrific catastrophes affecting the superficial arrangements of mountains and valleys, sounding, he says, was made with a thirty-two and consequently of land and water. The up- pound shot and a line 5000 fathoms in length, and heaving of stratified rocks, the intrusion of igneous the time occupied was one hour nine minutes. or volcanic masses, and other phenomena, dis- Some curious experiments were made by Mr. tinctly traced by geology, sufficiently attest this Massey, under the orders of the lords of the admifact. Upon strata, tilted into an almost perpendi- ralty, in 1. M. sloop " Trinculo," commanded by cular direction, are frequently found horizontal captain Booth. A strong copper globe, inclosed beds containing marine or fresh-water shells, and in a net of cord, was fixed to a line 840 fathoms bearing such appearances as might be expected in long, at a distance of about 40 fathoms from the earthy deposits from water in periods of greater or lead. When the line was drawn up it was found less tranquillity. Even at the top of lofty hills and that the globe had been exploded by the external mountains, this curious phenomenon has been fre- pressure of the water, and the line divided, so that quently observed, leading consecutively to the the lead was lost. On another occasion, a globe conclusion that some of the highest peaks of the was sunk with a greater weight, the line being of earth, rising above the denser clouds, and round the same length, and this also was exploded, but which the lightnings hover like the eagle over the line returned without having reached the bother craggy home, were at some former period atom. La Place, the French astronomer, calculated portion of the bed of ocean. The Apennines, the that the mean depth of the sea is nearly the same Alps, and the Andes give the same evidence; but as the difference between the polar and equatorial our proof may be taken from lesser heights and diameters; but it is the opinion of astronomers nearer home. That great mass of chalk
traversing generally, that the greatest depth of the ocean does the counties of Sussex, Surrey, and Kent, and not exceed 30,000 feet, and, except in the remarkforming the most lofty districts round the metro- able results said to have been obtained by the polis, contains a countless multitude of sea-shells. American officer, a bottom has seldom been reached This important mineral formation is from seven to at a depth exceeding one mile. eight hundred feet thick, and its entire mass is Seven-tenths of the surface of the earth is covered crowded with the relies of marine animals, the with water, a fact which led some thoughtless and shells of mollusks, and the bones of fish. The sceptical minds to impugn the wisdom of the archalk, therefore, must have been formed at the rangement, and to charge God with folly. Some bottom of the sea, and was once its bed ; but, by of these would-be creators even explained how the some great physical force, the ancient receptacle of world should have been constructed, and the the ocean was lifted above its surface, and a new benefits to be derived from the adoption of their basin received its waters.
plans. Science as well as religion frowns on these These changes, or revolutions, as they are called impious visionaries. The profoundest researches by geologists, account for the formation of moun of the mathematician and astronomer not only tains and valleys, and the distribution of land and prove that the present is the best distribution, but water. Nor are instances wanting in modern that no other could secure the permanent stability history of great and violent forces, by which, in of existing physical conditions, or supply the neces. the interval of a few hours, the relative positions sities of animal life. This conclusion is not to be of land and water have been reversed. But with avoided, although the mind is at first startled with out dwelling on the dreadful convulsions of nature, the contemplation of the great extent of the water now happily infrequent, it is sufficient to observe compared with the dry land. The southern hemi. that water in motion is of itself a disturbing and sphere, as will be seen by examining a terrestrial reproducing agent. England, now separated from globe, is an almost continuous sea ; and the Pacific the continent of Europe by the Straits of Dover, ocean is of greater extent than all the dry land was once, probably, united to France, for the chalk upon the surface of the earth. But this rast mass cliffs of Dover range with those of Calais ; while of water is constantly changing both its place and at Boulogne and the adjoining coast there is a still condition. At one time it is floating as an impermore strange coincidence with_the strata and ceptible vapour in the atmosphere, then, collected stratification of Folkstone and Hythe. There is in clouds, descending in fertilizing showers upon no reason to suppose that the two countries were mountain and plain. Down the steep declivities of separated by any sudden elevation or depression of elevated districts it descends in small unconnected the land, or by any volcanic force; it appears to streams, which uniting form rivulets and torrents, have been produced by the slow, but not the less and falling into the plains combine in the gorges powerful,
action of the waves of the ocean. This and deepest ravines of the valleys, producing rivers. was an effect similar to many still in progress. Winding along their sinuous channels, they here
If the bed of the sea is uneven like the surface and there spread over the low grounds, and everyof land, consisting of mountains, hills, and valleys, where carry fertility in their course, discharging the depth of water must vary considerably. Mr. themselves at last into the ocean from which they Scoresby, whose name is well known as a scientific rose, having fulfilled their missions of mercy, until voyager in the Polar ocean, once threw his sound. they recommence a series of mutations little ing-line in the Greenland sea to the depth of 1200 differing from that already described. Thus is the fathoms, or one mile 640 yards, without finding a earth preserved as a fit nursery for vegetation, and bottom. An officer in the United States service a habitation for mankind. reported recently that, in a voyage from Rio de In a study of the distribution of the waters of Janeiro to Saldana Bay, Cape of Good Hope, he the ocean, there must be a constant reference to sounded in latitude 28° 21' S. and longitude 290 the force by which all its states of motion and rest 17' W., and reached the bottom at the depth of are governed—that force is gravitation. One of 3100 fathoms, or three and a half miles. The the most important effects of this cause is, that water maintains its level unless disturbed by the the end but from the centre, the very part where interference of other forces. It is scarcely possible it is most extended. The force by which this proto imagine how great a confusion and disorder pulsion from the greater diameter is produced has would result from the suspension of this law, if been called the centrifugal force, and is found, but for an hour. The invariability of the law gives both by experiment and calculation, to increase to man the power of binding that vast element, with the distance from the centre in the same water, to his service, and of making it subservient manner as the gravitating force decreases. If the to his wants. It flows through the channels he earth revolved with the same velocity as the mop, cuts in his lands, and drains or irrigates his fields proportioned to its size, and its central attractive at his pleasure; it spouts from his fountains, falls force were not proportionably greater, all other in graceful sheets over the little barriers he con- things being equal, the sea would be in the same structs, moves the machinery he invents to lessen manner projected from the equatorial regions. his daily toil, and brings to his cities the produc- But the centrifugal force at the earth's equator is tions of neighbouring or remote countries, deposit- so determined, that although it has sufficient. ing them at the very threshold of his barns and power to accumulate a greater body of water, it warehouses. But this element, so beneficent, so does not sufficiently neutralize the gravitation of docile, is only under control because its Creator has the planet as to eject it from the surface. The placed it under a law compelling it always to seek level of the sea, however, is disturbed by centrifuthe lowest depression, and in all its reservoirs to gal force, and a larger body of water is accumumaintain its level. Even with the protection of lated at the equatorial than any other regions of this law, accidental causes sometimes momentarily the terrestrial surface. overpower the continued agency of gravitating What has been said prepares the mind to appreforce, and, escaping from its appointed channels, it ciate another instance of adaptation, in that proporspreads with desolating power over cultivated dis- tion which exists between the masses of water and tricts and poşulous towns.
the height of those mountain ranges in the tropics It is easy to understand why water and other which form the summit-peaks of dry land. There liquids maintain their level. There is a powerful is no self-evident reason why the mountains of the attractive force in every body, drawing every par- Cordilleras should have been no higher than they ticle towards the centre. This attraction acts are. The force that raised them might have been upon fluids in the same degree as upon solids ; but a thousand times greater. If such had been the as the component parts of all liquids are less closely elevation of this vast range, the seas on both sides united, and have a less restrained motion among of the coasts of America would have been raised each other, the effects of the attraction upon them by their attraction, and the ports of Japan and of are more perceptible. If no other force than ter- France would have been left dry. Hence, it aprestrial gravitation acted upon the water of the pears that in the distribution of land and water, ocean, it would have exactly the same form of the height of mountains is an element of calculasurface as the globe itself, the outline of which, as tion as well as the centripetal and centrifugal is well known, only differs from a right sphere in a forces. slight depression of the poles, and a corresponding The long continuance of the wind from one extension at the equator. This bulging of the quarter will frequently occasion a disturbance of the equatorial diameter is by geologists attributed to oceanic level in a particular locality. There is on the diurnal revolution of the earth, the accumula- record a remarkable instance of this in the effects tion there of water by centrifugal force, and the of a storm in November 1824. This tempest apconsequent deposition of a thicker mass of sedi- pears to have commenced on the coasts of England mentary matter. But, whether this be the cause and Holland, and to have then extended itself along or not, the form is similar to that which would be the coasts of Norway, Sweden, and Russia. On taken by a viscid or fluid body turning on its axis. the 18th and 19th of the month it was most vioIn consequence of the rotation of the earth on its lent. At Stockholm, vessels were driven from their poles, every point of the surface describes a circle moorings and suddenly overwhelmed. At Udivalla in one solar day. But it must be evident, from an the sea was raised eight feet above its ordinary inspection of a terrestrial globe, that a place situ- level, and ships were washed upon the land to a ated upon the equator describes the larger circle; distance of 4000 feet from their anchorage. But in fact, the circle of rotation has its maximum at at no place were the effects more violent than at the equator, and diminishes with the distance from St. Petersburg. The bridges of the Neva were that line till it vanishes at the poles.
washed away, the houses in the lower part of the If we observe the effect of a rapid rotatory mo- town were inundated to the depth of ten feet, and tion upon a fluid body, and apply our observations a brig, washed on shore, was wrecked in the street to the result of diurnal rotation upon the waters of the Grand Perspective. The loss of life during of the ocean round the equator, we shall discover the storm cannot be calculated, but must be counted one of the most important deviations from the by thousands. universal law, that the surface of water takes and The sea frequently breaks its bounds, and flows retains a constant level. A simple illustration is in a huge wave over both neighbouring and distant obtained in trundling a mop: When it is dipped shores, during violent volcanic eruptions. Thus, at into the sea by a sailor and turned round with a the time of the destruction of Catania, it made an rapid motion by two strings attached to the stick, inroad on the coast and did much damage. So resting upon the gunwale of the vessel, it swells also, during the great earthquake at Lisbon, the out in the middle and has a form very similar to water of the ocean was elevated in a huge wave that of the earth. But, as the mop revolves, the extending hundreds of miles from the site of direct water with which it is saturated flies off, not from disturbance.
Dints. HOW TO PROMOTE PEACE AND HARMONY IN A FAMILY.-1. We may be quite sure that our will is likely to be crossed in the day; so prepare for it.
2. Everybody in the house has an evil nature as well as ourselves, and therefore we are not to expect too much.
3. Learn the different temper of each individual. 4. Look upon each member of the family as one for whom Christ died.
5. When any good happens to any one, rejoice at it.
6. When inclined to give an angry answer, lift up the heart in prayer.
7. If, from sickness, pain, or infirmity, we feel irritable ; let us keep a very strict watch over ourselves.
8. Observe when others are so suffering, and drop a word of kindness and sympathy suited to their state.
9. Watch for little opportunities of pleasing, and put little annoyances out of the way.
10. Take a cheerful view of everything, of the weather, etc., and encourage hope.
11. Speak kindly to the servants, and praise them for little things when you can.
12. In all little pleasures which may occur, put self last. 13. Try for “the soft answer that turnetlı away wrath."
14. When we have been pained by an unkind word or deed, let us ask ourselves, “ Have I vot often done the same, and been forgiven ?
15. In conversation, do not let us exalt ourselves, but bring others forward.
16. Be very gentle with the younger ones, and treat them with respect, remembering that we were once young too.
17. Never judge one another, but attribute a good mo. tive when we can.
18. Compare our manifold blessings with the trifling an. noyances of the day.
A BEAUTIFUL IMAGE.-A deaf and dumb person being asked to give his idea of forgiveness, took a pencil and wrote"It is the sweetness which flowers yield when trampled upon."
A PEACE - MAKER. - A student of the seminary at Bebek, one of the youngest in the body, was spending his vacation in Psamatia, a quarter of the city of Constantino. ple on the sea of Marmora, six or seven miles distant from Pera. It happened one evening, in the providence of God, that he was brought into a family the parents of which were at variance with each other, and both openly saying that they wished to separate for life. Perceiving the state of things, he took a testament and read to them Christ's law of the marriage institution. Then he preached the gospel to them so faithfully, that, partly in amazement at such a youthful preacher and partly from the force of truth, they relented, and proposed that he should judge between them and settle their strifes, after having heard a full statement from each of them. “No!” said he, " this is not the way; let me tell you Christ's way. Forgive! Make all your strifes into a bundle and throw them into the Marmora, and forget them; and begin from this evening to live by the gospel, and you and your children will be happy.” They finally promised to do so, and he prayed with them and left them at a late lour, promising to visit them again.
The effect of this and his subsequent visits was such, that a relative of the family, who was equally unhappy with his wife, sceing the change, went for the youthful peacemaker and brought him home. He kept him with him a week; much of the time being spent in reading the Scriptures together, and in prayer. Both these families are now peaceful and happy, and say that they have just begun to live, and that since he came to them no angry words have passed their lips. What a fine instance of a vacation well spent. How worthy to awaken an emulation among the students of our own land in doing good. How promising a proof, too, of what the gospel may yet do for Turkey.--Missionary Journal.
On lofty spire and dome,
And lowly cottage home.
The frozen mountain-snow,
The streamlet gushes now.
Where pride and beauty dwell ;
And lingers in the dell.
Its rich deep lustre falls,
Of gloomy prison walls.
With freedom uncontrollid,'
Roll out like molten gold.
Who ere another eve
Will home and kindred lcgve.
With joy each parting ray,
Shall bring a festal day.
O'er dim and dying eyes,
The way-worn pilgrim lies.
Below shall all be run,
As that bright setting sun.